S. Baranduin loc. “Brandywine, (lit.) Brown River”
The Sindarin name of the Brandywine river in the shire (LotR/210). It is a combination of baran “brown” and duin “river”, thus literally meaning “Brown River” (LotR/1138). As discussed by Tolkien at the end of Appendix F, the English name “Brandywine” is a punning alteration of the name rather than a translation, based on the similar Westron punning-form Bralda-hîm “Heady Ale”, a variation on the proper Westron form Branda-nîn.
Conceptual Development: In Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s, this name first appeared as N. Branduin (TI/61). In The Etymologies, it appeared in both forms Branduin and Baranduin, already with the etymology given above (Ety/BARÁN, EtyAC/DUI). At several point in the drafts, it was changed to Malevarn, but this was only a transient name (TI/66, PM/39).
References ✧ LotR/1138; LotRI/Baranduin, Brandywine; PM/39, 54, 67; PMI; RC/765; SA/duin; SD/129; SDI1/Baranduin; SI; UTI; VT48/23
|Varanduin||soft-mutation; b-mutation||✧ SD/129|
|baran||“brown, golden-brown”||✧ LotR/1138; PM/54; RC/765|
|duin||“(large) river”||✧ LotR/1138; PM/54; RC/765; SA/duin|
|✶duinē||“(large) river”||✧ VT48/23|
N. Branduin loc.
References ✧ Ety/BARÁN; EtyAC/DUI; LRI/Baranduin; TI/61, 66; TII/Baranduin
|baran||“brown, swart, dark brown”||✧ Ety/BARÁN|
|duin||“water, river”||✧ EtyAC/DUI|