ᴹ✶voiced stops unvoiced before voiceless consonants; [{bdg}{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}] > [{ptk}{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}]

ᴹ✶voiced stops unvoiced before voiceless consonants; [{bdg}{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}] > [{ptk}{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}]
GS/§4.7 ds, dt, gt > ts, tt, kt @@@

References ✧ PE18/53; PE19/45-46

Phonetic Rule Elements

[bt] > [pt] ✧ PE19/52 (b + t > pt)
[bs] > [ps] ✧ PE19/50 (b + s > ps)
[dt] > [tt]
[ds] > [ts] ✧ PE19/50 (d + s > ts)
[gt] > [kt] ✧ PE19/52 (g + t > k + t)
[gs] > [ks] ✧ PE19/50 (g + s > ks)

Phonetic Rule Examples

labsa- > lapsa- bs > ps ᴹ√LAB > ᴹQ. lapsa ✧ Ety/LAB
abta- > apta- bt > pt ᴹ✶abtā > apta > ᴹQ. apsa ✧ PE19/45
sjadsē > sjatsē ds > ts ᴹ✶syadsē > syatsē > ᴹQ. hyatse ✧ Ety/SYAD
ndagta- > ndakta- gt > kt ᴹ√NDAG > ᴹQ. nahta- ✧ PE22/102
wegtē > wektē gt > kt ᴹ✶weg-tē > N. gweith ✧ Ety/WEG

ᴱ✶voiced stops unvoiced before voiceless consonants; [{bdg}{ptks}] > [{ptk}{ptks}]

Phonetic Rule Elements

[gt] > [kt]

Phonetic Rule Examples

ndagta- > ndakta- gt > kt ᴱ✶ndag+ta > ᴱQ. nahta- ✧ PE14/66