stops were unvoiced before voiceless consonants; [{bdg}{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}] > [{ptk}{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}]

stops were unvoiced before voiceless consonants; [{bdg}{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}] > [{ptk}{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}]

References ✧ PE18/102; PE19/90, 95

Phonetic Rule Elements

[b{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}] > [p{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}] ✧ PE19/90 (b > p; before voiceless consonants); PE19/95 (b > p; before s)
[d{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}] > [t{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}] ✧ PE19/90 (d > t; before voiceless consonants); PE19/95 (d > t; before s)
[g{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}] > [k{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}] ✧ PE19/90 (g > k; before voiceless consonants); PE19/95 (g > k; before s)

Phonetic Rule Examples

magta- > makta- g{ptkpʰtʰkʰs} > k{ptkpʰtʰkʰs} MAG > S. maetha- ✧ PE17/161
magte > makte g{ptkpʰtʰkʰs} > k{ptkpʰtʰkʰs} MAG > S. maeth ✧ PE17/161
wegtē > wektē g{ptkpʰtʰkʰs} > k{ptkpʰtʰkʰs} weg-tē > S. gwaith ✧ PE17/190

ᴹ✶stops were unvoiced before voiceless consonants; [{bdg}{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}] > [{ptk}{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}]

GS/§4.7 ds, dt, gt > ts, tt, kt @@@

Phonetic Rule Elements

[b{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}] > [p{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}]
[d{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}] > [t{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}]
[g{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}] > [k{ptkpʰtʰkʰs}]

Phonetic Rule Examples

wegtē > wektē g{ptkpʰtʰkʰs} > k{ptkpʰtʰkʰs} ᴹ✶weg-tē > N. gweith ✧ Ety/WEG