ᴹQ. [pt], [kt] became [ps], [xt]; [pt|kt] > [ps|xt]

ᴹQ. [pt], [kt] became [ps], [xt]; [pt|kt] > [ps|xt]

References ✧ PE19/39, 41, 44

Order (01300)

Before 01500 initial voiceless nasals and liquids were voiced

Phonetic Rule Elements

[pt] > [ps] ✧ PE19/50 (pt > ps)
[kt] > [xt] ✧ PE19/52 (k + t > ht)
[pt] > [xt] ✧ PE19/52 (pt > ht)

Phonetic Rule Examples

aktō > axtō kt > xt ᴹ✶-k’tō > ᴹQ. -ahto ✧ PE18/62
ekta- > exta- kt > xt ᴹ√EK > ᴹQ. ehta ✧ PE22/127
ektar > extar kt > xt ᴹ√EK > ᴹQ. ehtar ✧ PE22/127
ekte > exte kt > xt ᴹ√EKTI > ᴹQ. ehte ✧ Ety/EK
ektele > extele kt > xt ᴹ✶ektele > ᴹQ. ehtele ✧ Ety/KEL
ektelu- > extelu- kt > xt ᴹ✶et-kelu > ᴹQ. ehtelu- ✧ PE22/103
ektjar > extjar kt > xt ᴹ√EKTE > ᴹQ. ehtar ✧ Ety/EK
ektjar > extjar kt > xt ᴹ√EKTI > ᴹQ. ehtyar ✧ Ety/EK
jakt > jaxt kt > xt ᴹ✶yakta- > ᴹQ. yat ✧ Ety/YAK
kirjaktō > kirjaxtō kt > xt ᴹ✶kirya-k’tō > ᴹQ. kiryahto ✧ PE18/62
lakte > laxte kt > xt ᴹ√LAKH > ᴹQ. lahte ✧ PE22/103
lekta- > lexta- kt > xt ᴹ√LEK > ᴹQ. lehta ✧ Ety/LEK
lukta- > luxta- kt > xt ᴹ√LUK > ᴹQ. luhta- ✧ Ety/LUK
makta- > maxta- kt > xt ᴹ✶maktā- > ᴹQ. mahta- ✧ Ety/MAK
maktar > maxtar kt > xt ᴹ√MAK > ᴹQ. mahtar ✧ Ety/MAK
nakta- > naxta- kt > xt ᴹ√NDAG > ᴹQ. nahta- ✧ PE22/102
nakta > naxta kt > xt ᴹ√NAK > ᴹQ. nahta ✧ Ety/NAK
nakta > naxta kt > xt ᴹ√nakat > ᴹQ. nahta ✧ PE14/17
nektē > nextē kt > xt ᴹ✶negdē > ᴹQ. nehte ✧ EtyAC/NEG
oktā > oxtā kt > xt ᴹ✶oktā > ᴹQ. ohta ✧ Ety/KOT
oktā > oxtā kt > xt ᴹ✶OKTĀ > ᴹQ. ohta ✧ Ety/OKTĀ
oktā > oxtā kt > xt ᴹ✶òkotā́ > okǝtā > oktā́ > ᴹQ. ohta ✧ PE19/55
rikta- > rixta- kt > xt ᴹ√RIK(H) > ᴹQ. rihta- ✧ Ety/RIK(H)
rokta- > roxta- kt > xt ᴹ√ROKO > ᴹQ. rohta ✧ PE22/127
sukto > suxto kt > xt ᴹ√SUK > ᴹQ. suhto ✧ Ety/SUK
tekta > texta kt > xt ᴹ√TEK > ᴹQ. tehta ✧ Ety/TEK
xakta > xaxta kt > xt ᴹ✶khagda > ᴹQ. hahta ✧ Ety/KHAG
apta- > apsa- pt > ps ᴹ✶abtā > apta > ᴹQ. apsa ✧ PE19/45
kapta > kapsa pt > ps ᴹ√KAP > Lin. kapsa ✧ PE19/43
laptā > lapsā pt > ps ᴹ✶labdā > ᴹQ. lapsa ✧ PE19/45
lepta > lepsa pt > ps ᴹ✶lepta > ᴹQ. lepsa ✧ PE19/42
lepte > lepse pt > ps ᴹ√LEPET > ᴹQ. lepse ✧ Ety/LEP
lepte > lepse pt > ps ᴹ✶lepti > ᴹQ. lepse ✧ Ety/LEP
lipta > lipsa pt > ps ᴹ✶libda > ᴹQ. lipsa ✧ Ety/LIB²
tjelepta > tjelepsa pt > ps ᴹ√KYELEP/TELEP > ᴹQ. telepsa ✧ Ety/KYELEP
lepta > lexta pt > xt ᴹ✶lepta > ᴹQ. †lehta ✧ PE19/42

ᴱQ. [kt] became [xt]; [kt] > [xt]

compare ektele >> ehtil

Related

Phonetic Rule Elements

[kt] > [xt]

Phonetic Rule Examples

ekta > exta kt > xt ᴱ✶ekta- > ᴱQ. ehta ✧ PE13/158
ndakta- > ndaxta- kt > xt ᴱ✶ndag+ta > ᴱQ. nahta- ✧ PE14/66
sakta- > saxta- kt > xt ᴱ✶stak+ta > ᴱQ. sahta ✧ PE14/66
sikta > sixta kt > xt ᴱ✶siktā > ᴱQ. sihta ✧ PE13/163