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ᴹQ. hahta n. “heap, pile, (piled) mound” (Category: Mound, Pile)

⚠️ᴹQ. hahta, n. “heap, pile, (piled) mound” (Category: Mound, Pile)
Q. hamna “pile, (artificial) mound, [ᴹQ.] heap”
Q. hahta “fence, hedge”

A noun in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “pile, mound” derived from the root ᴹ√KHAG “pile up” (Ety/KHAG). It also appeared in the Outline of Phonetic Development (OP1) from the 1930s with the gloss “heap, piled mound” (PE19/45). In that document it illustrated how combinations of voiced stops were unvoiced so that ᴹ✶khagdā > *khakta > hahta. This derivation reappeared in Outline of Phonology (OP2) from the 1950s, but there the root was changed √KHAG >> √KHAB in revisions made in 1959 or later, and a new Quenya form Q. hamna was given (PE19/91-92).

Neo-Quenya: For purposes of Neo-Quenya, I’d use the later form Q. hamna and give Q. hahta its later meaning “fence, hedge” (PE19/91).

References ✧ Ety/KHAG; PE19/45




Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶khagda > hahta [kʰagda] > [kʰakta] > [xakta] > [xaxta] > [haxta] ✧ Ety/KHAG