Q. hamna n. “pile, (artificial) mound” (Category: Mound, Pile)
A noun appearing in Outline of Phonology (OP2) as part of revisions made in 1959 or later. It had the gloss “pile, (artificial) mound” and was derived from the root √KHAB “heap up, pile up” from a primitive form ✶khabnā (PE19/91). In this word, the ancient voiced stop b became nasal m before another nasal.
Conceptual Development: In the original draft of OP2, this word was given as hahta “piled mound, heap”, but this word was deleted and the section where it appeared was rejected (PE19/92). See the entry for ᴹQ. hahta for a discussion of the earlier iteration of this word.
References ✧ PE19/91-92
|✶khabnā > hamna||[kʰabnā] > [xabnā] > [xamnā] > [hamnā] > [hamna]||✧ PE19/91|
|✶khagdā > hahta||[kʰagdā] > [kʰaktā] > [xaktā] > [xaxtā] > [haxtā] > [haxta]||✧ PE19/92|
A noun in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “pile, mound” derived from the root ᴹ√KHAG “pile up” (Ety/KHAG). It also appeared in the Outline of Phonetic Development (OP1) from the 1930s with the gloss “heap, piled mound” (PE19/45). In that document it illustrated how combinations of voiced stops were unvoiced so that ᴹ✶khagdā > *khakta > hahta. This derivation reappeared in Outline of Phonology (OP2) from the 1950s, but there the root was changed √KHAG >> √KHAB in revisions made in 1959 or later, and a new Quenya form Q. hamna was given (PE19/91-92).
References ✧ Ety/KHAG; PE19/45
|ᴹ✶khagda > hahta||[kʰagda] > [kʰakta] > [xakta] > [xaxta] > [haxta]||✧ Ety/KHAG|