Q. long final vowels were shortened; [-SV̄] > [-SV̆]

Q. long final vowels were shortened; [-SV̄] > [-SV̆]

In Quenya all primitive long final vowels shortened, excluding monosyllables and handful of other rare exceptions such as the strong imperative Q. avá “don’t!” (PE17/143; WJ/371). Unlike the corresponding sound change in Sindarin, this phonetic development did not occur until quite late in Quenya’s history, in either late Parmaquesta [PQ] or early Tarquesta [TQ]. In notes on the Namárie poem written in the 1960s, Tolkien lists the absence of long final vowels as one the signs that this poem was in TQ:

Galadriel’s song is in Quenya “Tarquesta”, that is the “colloquial” form of the language, though with some archaisms (dual) and poetic words, and abnormal poetic metric word order. The signs of “lateness” are ... the shortening of all vowels in final syllables (PE17/76).

As further evidence that long vowels still survived in PQ: the Quenya accusative remained an active part of PQ and this inflection was represented with long final vowels (Plotz). The accusative case was lost in TQ (PE17/76).

Not all long vowels were necessarily lost at the same time. For example, in ancient compounds it seems long final vowels were lost at a comparatively ancient period, before the Quenya stress shift:

The degree of stress was, however, sufficient in all branches at an early period to cause certain vocalic reductions in (anciently) unstressed syllables, which are common to the Eldarin tongues (though not necessarily developed before their actual separation) ... Also often interiorly in long words with a far-retracted accent — for the most part in old compounds — ... long vowels were often reduced to short vowels in medial or final syllables (Outline of Phonetic Development [OP1], 1930s, PE19/57).

Furthermore, the resulting short final a, e, o were lost in long compounds, something not true of shorter words (PE19/59).

It seems long vowels shortened generally in final syllables, not just final vowels. Again, there are rare exceptions such as Q. palantír. Examples of long-vowel reduction in final syllables include:

This last example is a strong argument that long vowels were shortened first in long compounds, since we see -ōrē > -ōrĕ [> *-ōr(ǝ)] > -or. Thus the shortening of long vowels in final syllables was in two waves: (1) final vowels at the end of long compounds and (2) vowels in final syllables, including syllables that became final after short vowel losses. Compare Q. Valinórë with Valinor.

Conceptual Development: Tolkien mentioned long-vowel-shortening in final syllables as far back as the Qenyaqetsa of the 1910s:

Shortening of all final syllables in dissyllables & longer words by reduction of consonant groups and by the shortening of long vowels (PE12/4).

@@@ separate entry on early shortening in compounds; compare order with stress shift

Reference ✧ PE17/76

Order (02100)

After 01200 [ae], [ao] generally became [ē], [ō]
Before 02400 short final [a], [e], [o] lost in long compounds
Before 03400 [θ] became [s] nēthā > néþa > Q. nésa VT47/14
Before 03500 [sp], [sk] became [ps], [ks] buzbō > puspo > Q. pupso PE19/101

Phonetic Rule Elements

[-Sī] > [-Sĭ]
[-Sē] > [-Sĕ]
[-Sā] > [-Să]
[-Sō] > [-Sŏ]
[-Sū] > [-Sŭ]
[-SāC] > [-SăC]
[-SāC] > [-SăC]
[-SōC] > [-SŏC]
[-SūC] > [-SŭC]

Phonetic Rule Examples

aikā > aika -Sā > -Să gayakā > Q. aika ✧ PM/363
ājā > āja -Sā > -Să gāyā > Q. áya ✧ PM/363
akwā > akwa -Sā > -Să akwā > Q. aqua ✧ WJ/392
aldā > alda -Sā > -Să galadā > Q. alda ✧ Let/426
aldā > alda -Sā > -Să galadā > Q. alda ✧ PE17/25
aldā > alda -Sā > -Să galadā > Q. alda ✧ PE17/50
aldā > alda -Sā > -Să galadā > Q. alda ✧ PE17/63
aldā > alda -Sā > -Să galadā > ʒalaðā > ʒalðā > Q. alda ✧ PE17/135
aldā > alda -Sā > -Să galadā́ > Q. alda ✧ PE17/153
aldā > alda -Sā > -Să galadā > Q. alda ✧ PE17/153
aldā > alda -Sā > -Să GAL > Q. alda ✧ PE22/160
aldā > alda -Sā > -Să AQ. ʒalda > Q. alda ✧ VT39/7
aldarembinā > aldarembina -Sā > -Să galad(a)rembinā > Q. aldarembina ✧ PE17/127
alkariŋkwā > alkariŋkwa -Sā > -Să aklarinquā > Q. alcarinqua ✧ PE17/24
alkwā > alkwa -Sā > -Să álkwā > Q. alqua ✧ PE18/100
alkwā > alkwa -Sā > -Să alak- > Q. alqua ✧ SA/alqua
almā > alma -Sā > -Să galmā > Q. alma ✧ PE17/153
altā > alta -Sā > -Să galatā > Q. alta ✧ PE17/50
andā > anda -Sā > -Să ANAD > Q. andā ✧ PE17/40
andā > anda -Sā > -Să andā > Q. anda ✧ PE17/90
andā > anda -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶andā > ᴹQ. anda ✧ Ety/ÁNAD
aŋgā > aŋga -Sā > -Să angā > Q. anga ✧ PM/347
aŋgā > aŋga -Sā > -Să ᴹ√ANGĀ > ᴹQ. anga ✧ Ety/ANGĀ
antā > antā -Sā > -Să amtā > Q. anta ✧ PE18/85
antā > antā -Sā > -Să an-tā > Q. anta- ✧ PE17/91
antā > antā -Sā > -Să am-tā > Q. anta- ✧ PE17/91
antā > antā -Sā > -Să antā- > Q. anta- ✧ PE22/163
aratā > arata -Sā > -Să (a)rātā > Q. arata ✧ PE17/49
ardā > arda -Sā > -Să gardā > Q. arda ✧ WJ/402
artā > arta -Sā > -Să áratā > Q. arta ✧ PE17/118
elā > elā -Sā > -Să el/ele/el-ā > Q. ela! ✧ WJ/362
eldā > elda -Sā > -Să eledā > Q. Elda ✧ Let/281
eldā > elda -Sā > -Să elenā > Q. Elda ✧ PE17/139
eldā > elda -Sā > -Să edelā > Q. Elda ✧ PE17/139
eldā > elda -Sā > -Să edelā > Q. elda ✧ PE17/151
eldā > elda -Sā > -Să elenā > Q. elda ✧ PE17/152
eldā > elda -Sā > -Să edelā > eledā > Q. elda ✧ PE17/152
eldā > elda -Sā > -Să eldā > Q. Elda ✧ WJ/362
Eldakāzā > Eldakāza -Sā > -Să Eldă-kāzā > Eldă-kār(ă) > Q. Eldacar ✧ PE17/114
elenjā > elenja -Sā > -Să elenā > Q. elenya ✧ WJ/362
eriŋkwā > eriŋkwa -Sā > -Să erikwa > Q. erinqua ✧ VT42/10
halā > hala -Sā > -Să skalā > Q. hala ✧ PE17/184
hamnā > hamna -Sā > -Să khabnā > Q. hamna ✧ PE19/91
hanwā > hanwa -Sā > -Să khadmā > χanmā > χanw̃ā > Q. hanw̃a ✧ PE22/148
haxtā > haxta -Sā > -Să khagdā > Q. hahta ✧ PE19/91
haxtā > haxta -Sā > -Să khagdā > Q. hahta ✧ PE19/92
hekā > heka -Sā > -Să HEK > Q. heka ✧ WJ/364
hekwā > hekwa -Sā > -Să hek-wā > Q. hequa ✧ WJ/364
hīnā > hīna -Sā > -Să khīnā/khinā > Q. hína ✧ WJ/403
-imā > -ima -Sā > -Să imā > Q. ima ✧ PE22/137
-iŋkwā > -iŋkwa -Sā > -Să ikwā > Q. -inqua ✧ WJ/412
-jā > -ja -Sā > -Să -ı̯ā > Q. #-ya ✧ PE17/68
-jā > -ja -Sā > -Să -jā > Q. -ya ✧ VT49/17
julmā > julma -Sā > -Să julmā > Q. yulma ✧ WJ/416
j̊andā > j̊anda -Sā > -Să sya-n-dā > Q. hyanda ✧ PE18/101
j̊annā > j̊anna -Sā > -Să syadnā > Q. †hyanna ✧ PE19/92
kambā > kamba -Sā > -Să kambā > Q. kamba ✧ VT47/8
kantā > kanta -Sā > -Să kanatā > Q. kanta ✧ VT42/24
kārimā > kārima -Sā > -Să kārimā > Q. kárima ✧ PE22/137
kārimā > kārima -Sā > -Să KAR > Q. kárima ✧ PE22/155
-kazā > -kaza -Sā > -Să kāsā > Q. -kar ✧ PE17/114
keurā > keura -Sā > -Să keu-rā > Q. keura ✧ VT48/8
kēβā > kēβa -Sā > -Să kēwā > Q. kēva ✧ VT48/8
kiukā > kiuka -Sā > -Să kiukā > Q. kiuka ✧ PE19/107
kweneljā > kwenelja -Sā > -Să kwenedyā > Q. †quenelya ✧ PE19/93
laijā > laija -Sā > -Să lājā > Q. laia ✧ PE22/153
laijā > laija -Sā > -Să lājā > Q. laia ✧ VT49/13
laikā > laika -Sā > -Să laikā > Q. laica ✧ Let/282
laikā > laika -Sā > -Să LAY > Q. laika ✧ PE17/159
laikwā > laikwa -Sā > -Să laiquā > Q. laiqua ✧ PE17/153
lambā > lamba -Sā > -Să lambā > Q. lamba ✧ WJ/394
lambā > lamba -Sā > -Să lab-mā > Q. lamba ✧ WJ/416
laɸtā > laɸta -Sā > -Să lepet(ā) > Q. lepta ✧ VT47/27
laβā > laβa -Sā > -Să labā́ > Q. lava ✧ PE22/152
laβuvā > laβuva -Sā > -Să laƀuvā > Q. †lavuva ✧ PE22/152
lindā > linda -Sā > -Să lindā > Q. Lindar ✧ WJ/380
lindā > linda -Sā > -Să Lindā > Q. Lindar ✧ WJ/382
l̥ōnā > l̥ōna -Sā > -Să Slōnā > Q. ‽hlōna ✧ PE17/136
lūβā > lūβa -Sā > -Să LUB > Q. lúva ✧ PE17/122
lūβā > lūβa -Sā > -Să dūbā > Q. lúva ✧ PE17/168
maijā > maija -Sā > -Să magyā > Q. maiya ✧ PE19/75
maijā > maija -Sā > -Să magyā > maı̯ya > Q. maia ✧ PE19/94
maikā > maika -Sā > -Să maikā > Q. maika ✧ VT39/11
makwā > makwa -Sā > -Să makwā > Q. maqua ✧ VT47/6
makwā > makwa -Sā > -Să makwā > Q. maqua ✧ VT47/7
makwā > makwa -Sā > -Să makwā > Q. maqua ✧ VT47/19
makwā > makwa -Sā > -Să MAP > mapā > mākwa > Q. măqua ✧ VT47/20
maldā > malda -Sā > -Să malnā > Q. malda ✧ PE17/51
malinā > malina -Sā > -Să malnā > Q. malina ✧ PE17/51
malsā > malsa -Sā > -Să maslā > Q. malsa ✧ PE19/101
māmā > māma -Sā > -Să mbāba > Q. māma ✧ VT47/35
māmā > māma -Sā > -Să māmā > Q. máma ✧ WJ/395
mārā > māra -Sā > -Să manrā > Q. māra ✧ PE17/162
mardā > marda -Sā > -Să mbardā > Q. marda ✧ PE17/107
mardā > marda -Sā > -Să mbardā > Q. marda ✧ PE17/107
mardā > marda -Sā > -Să mbard(a) > Q. marda ✧ PE21/76
martā > marta -Sā > -Să mbartā > Q. marta- ✧ PE17/104
mastā > masta -Sā > -Să mbazdā > Q. masta ✧ PE17/52
mastimā > mastima -Sā > -Să matˢtimā > Q. mastima ✧ PE22/137
mattā > matta -Sā > -Să matnā > Q. matta ✧ PE22/136
meldā > melda -Sā > -Să melnā > meldā > Q. melda ✧ PE17/41
meldā > melda -Sā > -Să mel-nā > Q. melda ✧ PE17/56
miksā > miksa -Sā > -Să mikrā > Q. miχa ✧ WJ/337
mīnā > mīna -Sā > -Să meinā > Q. mína ✧ VT39/11
mīnā > mīna -Sā > -Să meinā > Q. mína- ✧ VT39/11
mornā > morna -Sā > -Să mornā > Q. morna ✧ Let/382
ŋaltā > ŋalta -Sā > -Să ñalatā > Q. ñalta ✧ PM/347
naŋkā > naŋka -Sā > -Să ndakna > Q. nanca ✧ PE17/68
naukā > nauka -Sā > -Să naukā > Q. nauka ✧ PE17/45
nāβā > nāβa -Sā > -Să nābā > Q. #Náva ✧ WJ/389
nersā > nersa -Sā > -Să neresā > Q. Nessa ✧ WJ/416
nēθā > nēθa -Sā > -Să nēthā > néþa > Q. nésa ✧ VT47/14
olkā > olka -Sā > -Să OKO > Q. olca ✧ PE17/149
olkā > olka -Sā > -Să oklā > Q. olca ✧ PE17/170
olkā > olka -Sā > -Să oklā > Q. olca ✧ VT43/24
olkā > olka -Sā > -Să oko > Q. olca ✧ VT48/32
ollā > olla -Sā > -Să or-lā > Q. olla ✧ PE17/65
ōmazjā > ōmazja -Sā > -Să óma-syā > Q. ómaryo ✧ PE17/76
paldā > palda -Sā > -Să palnā > Q. palda ✧ VT47/8
paltā > palta -Sā > -Să palátā > Q. palta ✧ VT47/8
parmā > parma -Sā > -Să PAR > Q. parma ✧ PE17/86
parmā > parma -Sā > -Să PAR > Q. parma ✧ PE17/171
pattā > patta -Sā > -Să pathnā > Q. †patta ✧ PE19/88
paxtā > paxta -Sā > -Să PAK > Q. pahta ✧ PE17/171
paxtā > paxta -Sā > -Să PAKAT > Q. pahta ✧ PE17/126
pendā > penda -Sā > -Să pendā > Q. penda ✧ PE17/173
rembinā > rembina -Sā > -Să rembinā > Q. rembina ✧ PE17/26
restā > resta -Sā > -Să reddā > rezdā > Q. resta ✧ PE19/91
restā > resta -Sā > -Să reddā > Q. resta ✧ PE19/92
rīā > rīa -Sā > -Să rīgā > Q. ría ✧ PM/347
ruθkā > ruθka -Sā > -Să (U)RUÞ > Q. ruxa ✧ PE17/188
sārā > sāra -Sā > -Să sagrā > Q. sára ✧ PE19/95
sartā > sarta -Sā > -Să satrā > Q. sarta ✧ PE17/183
siðā > siða -Sā > -Să sidā̆ > Q. sira ✧ VT49/18
silmā > silma -Sā > -Să silimā > Q. silma ✧ PE17/23
sinā > sina -Sā > -Să sĭnā > Q. sina ✧ VT49/18
sōlā > sōla -Sā > -Să soglā > Q. sóla ✧ PE19/95
-stā > -sta -Sā > -Să -stā > Q. #-sta ✧ PE22/137
-tā > -ta -Sā > -Să -tā > Q. #-ta ✧ PE17/93
taltā > talta -Sā > -Să taltā > Q. talta ✧ PE18/89
taltā > talta -Sā > -Să talatā > Q. talta ✧ PE17/186
taŋkalā > taŋkala -Sā > -Să tanklā > Q. tancala ✧ PE18/100
taŋkatā > taŋkata -Sā > -Să tankātā- > Q. tankata ✧ PE22/157
tārā > tāra -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶tārā > ᴹQ. tára ✧ Ety/TĀ
tārā > tāra -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶tārā > ᴹQ. tára ✧ Ety/TÁWAR
telɣumā > telɣuma -Sā > -Să Val. delgūmā > Q. telluma ✧ WJ/399
tēmā > tēma -Sā > -Să teʒmā > Q. tēma ✧ PE18/104
tēmā > tēma -Sā > -Să teŋ-mā > Q. †tę̄ma ✧ PE19/82
textā > texta -Sā > -Să tek-tā > Q. tehta ✧ PE17/43
tjauβā > tjauβa -Sā > -Să kyăwŭbā > Q. tyauva ✧ PE22/152
tjāβā > tjāβa -Sā > -Să kjāwā > Q. tyáva ✧ PE22/152
tjelkā > tjelka -Sā > -Să kelekā > Q. tyelka ✧ VT41/10
toinā > toina -Sā > -Să tawĭnā > Q. toina ✧ PE17/115
tultā > tulta -Sā > -Să tultā- > Q. tultā- ✧ PE22/156
θandā > θanda -Sā > -Să thandā > Q. #sanda ✧ UT/282
θindā > θinda -Sā > -Să þindā > Q. sinda ✧ PE17/72
-ulā > -ula -Sā > -Să ū̆lā > Q. *-ula ✧ PE22/137
ulkā > ulka -Sā > -Să ū̆k’lā > Q. ulka ✧ VT43/24
umbartā > umbarta -Sā > -Să mbartā > ṃbartā > Q. umbarta- ✧ PE17/104
ūrā > ūra -Sā > -Să ugrā > Q. úra ✧ PE22/160
-uβā > -uβa -Sā > -Să -ubā > Q. uva ✧ PE22/131
wenjā > wenja -Sā > -Să gwenyā > Q. wenya ✧ PE17/191
-zjā > -zja -Sā > -Să -syā > Q. -rya ✧ PE17/76
-zjā > -zja -Sā > -Să -sjā > sya > zya > Q. -rya ✧ VT49/17
ɸanā > ɸana -Sā > -Să phanā > Q. fana ✧ PE17/173
ɸanā > ɸana -Sā > -Să phanā > Q. fana ✧ PE17/174
ɸanjā > ɸanja -Sā > -Să phanyā > Q. fanya ✧ PE17/175
ɸanwā > ɸanwa -Sā > -Să fan-mā > Q. fanwa ✧ PE17/180
ɸelextā > ɸelextā -Sā > -Să PHELEK > Q. felehta ✧ PE17/118
ɸeljā > ɸelja -Sā > -Să phelgā > Q. felya ✧ PE17/118
-βā > -βa -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶-bā > ᴹQ. -vā̆- ✧ PE22/97
-βā > -βa -Sā > -Să -u̯a > Q. -va ✧ PE17/59
-βā > -βa -Sā > -Să -vā > Q. -va ✧ WJ/407
βā > βa -Sā > -Să > Q. Va! ✧ PE17/143
βā > βā -Sā > -Să > Q. ✧ PE17/145
βā > βa -Sā > -Să BA > Q. ✧ PE22/162
βā > βa -Sā > -Să BA > Q. ✧ WJ/371
βardā > βarda -Sā > -Să baradā > Q. Varda ✧ PE17/22
βardā > βarda -Sā > -Să BARAD > Q. Varda ✧ PE17/23
βāβā > βāβa -Sā > -Să wā-wā > Q. váva ✧ PE17/33
βāβā > βāβa -Sā > -Să wā-wā > Q. váva ✧ PE17/34
aksān > aksan -SāC > -SăC Val. akašān > Q. axan ✧ WJ/399
amān > aman -SāC > -SăC Ámān > Q. Aman ✧ PE17/162
amān > aman -SāC > -SăC mān- > Q. Aman ✧ SA/mān
anār > anar -SāC > -SăC NAR > Q. Anar ✧ Let/425
anār > anar -SāC > -SăC (A)NAR > Q. anā̆r ✧ PE17/38
anār > anar -SāC > -SăC (a)nar > Q. Anar ✧ SA/nár
astār > astar -SāC > -SăC as’tāră > Q. astar ✧ PE17/183
karuβān > karuβan -SāC > -SăC kar|ubā|ni > Q. caruvan(ye) ✧ PE22/167
kasāð > kasað -SāC > -SăC Kh. khazād > Q. †kazār ✧ PE17/45
kasāð > kasað -SāC > -SăC Kh. Khazād > Q. Kasar ✧ WJ/388
keurān > keuran -SāC > -SăC keu̯rānă > Q. keuran- ✧ VT48/7
airē > aire -Sē > -Sĕ airē > Q. aire ✧ PE17/149
andūnē > andūne -Sē > -Sĕ ṇdūnē > Q. andúne ✧ PE19/77
aromē > arome -Sē > -Sĕ Arǭmēz > Arome > Q. Orome ✧ PE17/138
aromē > arome -Sē > -Sĕ Val. Arǭmēz > Arōmē > Arome > Q. Orome ✧ WJ/400
atjāβiē > atjāβie -Sē > -Sĕ akyāwiē > Q. atyā́vie ✧ PE22/152
aulē > aule -Sē > -Sĕ Val. Aʒūlēz > Q. Aulë ✧ WJ/399
ējē > ēje -Sē > -Sĕ e-ēŋiı̯ē > ēŋie > ēiı̯ē > Q. †éye ✧ VT49/29
ekwē > ekwe -Sē > -Sĕ ekwē > Q. eque ✧ WJ/392
estē > este -Sē > -Sĕ ezdē > Q. Este ✧ PE19/91
estē > este -Sē > -Sĕ Ezdē > Q. Este ✧ PE19/92
estē > este -Sē > -Sĕ ezdē > Q. Este ✧ WJ/403
hīθilōmē > hīθilōme -Sē > -Sĕ χīþilōmē > Q. hīsilōmi ✧ PE17/133
huinē > huine -Sē > -Sĕ AQ. phuinē > Q. huine ✧ PE19/71
īðē > īðe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶īdē > ᴹQ. íre ✧ Ety/ID
imbē > imbe -Sē > -Sĕ imbē > Q. imbe ✧ PE17/92
iŋgōlē > iŋgōle -Sē > -Sĕ ñgōlē > Q. Ingolë ✧ PM/360
iŋgōlē > iŋgōle -Sē > -Sĕ NGOL > Q. iñgole ✧ WJ/383
iŋgolondē > iŋgolonde -Sē > -Sĕ ṇ̃golondē > Q. Ingolonde ✧ PE19/77
julmē > julme -Sē > -Sĕ julmē > Q. yulme ✧ WJ/416
kilmē > kilme -Sē > -Sĕ KIL > Q. kilmē ✧ PE22/149
kurwē > kurwe -Sē > -Sĕ kurwē > Q. Kurwe ✧ VT41/10
kwārē > kwāre -Sē > -Sĕ kwārē > Q. quáre ✧ PE17/42
kwendē > kwende -Sē > -Sĕ kwenedē > Q. qende ✧ PE17/141
kwendē > kwende -Sē > -Sĕ kwened- > Q. Quendi ✧ PE17/152
lambē > lambe -Sē > -Sĕ lambē > Q. lambe ✧ PE17/126
lambē > lambe -Sē > -Sĕ LABA > Q. lambe ✧ PE22/151
lambē > lambe -Sē > -Sĕ lambē > Q. lambe ✧ VT39/15
lambē > lambe -Sē > -Sĕ lambē > Q. lambe ✧ WJ/394
lambē > lambe -Sē > -Sĕ lab-mē > Q. lambe ✧ WJ/416
lassē > lasse -Sē > -Sĕ lassē > Q. lasse ✧ Let/282
lassē > lasse -Sē > -Sĕ lassē > Q. lasse ✧ VT39/9
laurē > laure -Sē > -Sĕ LAWAR > laurē > Q. laure ✧ PE17/159
laurē > laure -Sē > -Sĕ glawarē > glaurē > ʒlaurē > Q. laurē ✧ PE19/79
laurē > laure -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ√GLAW(-R) > ᴹQ. laure ✧ Ety/GLAW(-R)
laɸtē > laɸte -Sē > -Sĕ labdē > Q. lapte ✧ PE19/92
-lē > -le -Sē > -Sĕ -lē > Q. -le ✧ PE17/58
-lē > -le -Sē > -Sĕ -lē > Q. -lë ✧ VT39/16
lē > le -Sē > -Sĕ de > Q. ✧ VT49/51
lempē > lempe -Sē > -Sĕ lepenē̆ > lepnē > Q. lempe ✧ VT47/24
lenwē > lenwe -Sē > -Sĕ ledmē > Q. lenwe ✧ PE17/51
lōmē > lōme -Sē > -Sĕ dōmē > Q. lómë ✧ PE17/152
lōmē > lōme -Sē > -Sĕ DOM > Q. lóme ✧ PE22/153
lōmē > lōme -Sē > -Sĕ dōmē > Q. lómë ✧ SA/dú
londē > londe -Sē > -Sĕ LON > Q. londe ✧ VT42/10
lossē > losse -Sē > -Sĕ lossē > Q. losse ✧ PE17/161
luinē > luine -Sē > -Sĕ duinē > Q. **luine ✧ RC/766
lūmē > lūme -Sē > -Sĕ ULU > Q. lūmē ✧ PE17/168
massē > masse -Sē > -Sĕ mbassē > Q. masse ✧ PE17/52
massē > masse -Sē > -Sĕ maʒ-sē > mahsē > massē > Q. masse ✧ PE19/101
massē > masse -Sē > -Sĕ maʒsē > Q. masse ✧ PE21/70
matuβanjē > matuβanje -Sē > -Sĕ mat-ubā-ni/njē > Q. matuvanye ✧ PE22/132
miŋkwē > miŋkwe -Sē > -Sĕ min(i)k(e)we > minikwē̆ > Q. minkwe ✧ VT48/7
miŋkwē > miŋkwe -Sē > -Sĕ min(i)kewe > minikwē > Q. minque ✧ VT48/8
mistē > miste -Sē > -Sĕ mizdē > Q. miste ✧ PE19/101
nanwē > nanwe -Sē > -Sĕ ndanmē > Q. nanwe ✧ VT48/26
naskwē > naskwe -Sē > -Sĕ nazgwē > Q. nasque ✧ PE19/101
nextē > nexte -Sē > -Sĕ nek-tē > Q. nehte ✧ PE17/55
nextē > nexte -Sē > -Sĕ negdē > Q. nehte ✧ PE19/91
njellē > njelle -Sē > -Sĕ ṇgyellē > Q. nyelle ✧ PE19/78
nōrē > nōre -Sē > -Sĕ nōrē > Q. nórë ✧ PE17/106
nōrē > nōre -Sē > -Sĕ nō-rē > Q. nóre ✧ PE17/107
nōrē > nōre -Sē > -Sĕ ndōrē > Q. nóre ✧ PE19/76
nōrē > nōre -Sē > -Sĕ nōrē > Q. nóre ✧ WJ/413
nōrē > nōre -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶nōrē > ᴹQ. nōre ✧ PE18/56
ŋwāmē > ŋwāme -Sē > -Sĕ ñgwaumē > Q. ñwáme ✧ PE19/106
olassiē > olassie -Sē > -Sĕ gwa-lassa/gwa-lassiē > Q. olassiē ✧ Let/282
olassiē > olassie -Sē > -Sĕ walass(s) > Q. olassie ✧ PE17/84
ornē > orne -Sē > -Sĕ ornē > Q. orne ✧ Let/426
oromē > orome -Sē > -Sĕ Oromē > Q. Orome ✧ PE17/99
oromē > orome -Sē > -Sĕ Orǭmē > Q. Orome ✧ PE17/153
oromē > orome -Sē > -Sĕ Oromē > Q. Orome ✧ PE21/81
sanwē > sanwe -Sē > -Sĕ sam-wē > Q. sanwe ✧ PE17/183
sanwē > sanwe -Sē > -Sĕ sam-wē > Q. sanwe ✧ VT41/5
serkē > serke -Sē > -Sĕ SEREK > Q. serke ✧ PE17/184
taurē > taure -Sē > -Sĕ tau-rē > Q. taure ✧ PE17/115
telumē > telume -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶tel·u·mē > ᴹQ. telume ✧ PE21/16
tjelpē > tjelpe -Sē > -Sĕ kyelepē > Q. tyelpe ✧ Let/426
tjelpē > tjelpe -Sē > -Sĕ kyelep- > Q. †tyelpe ✧ UT/266
tūrē > tūre -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶tūrē > ᴹQ. túre ✧ Ety/TUR
θūlē > θūle -Sē > -Sĕ thū́lē > thúle > Q. súle ✧ PE17/124
umbē > umbē -Sē > -Sĕ ubmē > Q. umbe ✧ PE22/168
uskwē > uskwe -Sē > -Sĕ uskwē > Q. usque ✧ PE18/100
uskwē > uskwe -Sē > -Sĕ usukwē > Q. uskwe ✧ PE21/71
-wē > -we -Sē > -Sĕ > Q. -we ✧ PE17/189
-wē > -we -Sē > -Sĕ > Q. -we ✧ PE17/189
-wē > -we -Sē > -Sĕ -wēg(o) > > Q. -we ✧ PE21/81
-wē > -we -Sē > -Sĕ > Q. -wë ✧ PM/340
ɸaralē > ɸarale -Sē > -Sĕ phár-alē > Q. farále ✧ PE22/138
ɸaralē > ɸarale -Sē > -Sĕ phár-alē > Q. fărăle ✧ PE22/138
ɸindelē > ɸindele -Sē > -Sĕ espin-delē > Q. phindele ✧ PE17/17
βalinōrē > βalinōre -Sē > -Sĕ Bali(a)nōrē > Q. Valinórë ✧ PE17/26
βalinōrē > βalinōre -Sē > -Sĕ Valinōrē > Q. Valinóre ✧ WJ/413
βextē > βexte -Sē > -Sĕ weg-tē > Q. vehte ✧ PE17/189
βextē > βexte -Sē > -Sĕ WE’E > we’te > wehte > Q. vehte ✧ PE17/190
barθī > barθi -Sī > -Sĭ barathī(e) > Q. Varsi ✧ PE17/23
-ī > -i -Sī > -Sĭ ī > Q. *-i ✧ PE17/62
kalakwendī > kalakwendi -Sī > -Sĭ kala-kwendī > Q. Kalaquendi ✧ WJ/373
kwendī > kwendi -Sī > -Sĭ kwendī > Q. Quendi ✧ PE17/137
lassī > lassi -Sī > -Sĭ lassḗi > lássei > Q. lassī ✧ PE19/106
morikwendī > morikwendi -Sī > -Sĭ mori-kwendī > Q. Moriquendi ✧ WJ/373
nostarī > nostari -Sī > -Sĭ ONO > Q. nostari ✧ PE17/111
tarkildī > tarkildi -Sī > -Sĭ tarkhildī > Q. tarkildi ✧ PE17/101
βerī > βeri -Sī > -Sĭ verī > Q. veri ✧ VT49/45
aratō > arato -Sō > -Sŏ árātō > Q. aratō ✧ PE17/118
arpō > arpo -Sō > -Sŏ arp(h)ō > Q. arpo ✧ PE19/89
aθumō > aθumo -Sō > -Sŏ athmō > Q. aþumo ✧ PE22/166
axtō > axto -Sō > -Sŏ ak’tō > Q. ahto ✧ PE18/85
azmarō > azmazō -Sō > -Sŏ asmarō > Q. armaro ✧ VT48/20
eldō > eldo -Sō > -Sŏ edelō > eledo > Q. †Eldo ✧ WJ/363
holmō > holmo -Sō > -Sŏ khomlō > Q. holmo ✧ PE19/97
indō > indo -Sō > -Sŏ inidō/in’dō > Q. indo ✧ PE22/165
kānō > kāno -Sō > -Sŏ kānō > Q. káno ✧ PM/362
kānō > kāno -Sō > -Sŏ kan- > Q. cáno ✧ UT/400
kondō > kondo -Sō > -Sŏ kondō > Q. condo ✧ PE17/113
kundō > kundo -Sō > -Sŏ kundō > Q. cundo ✧ PE17/117
kwentarō > kwentaro -Sō > -Sŏ kwentrō > Q. quentaro ✧ PE18/100
kwentarō > kwentaro -Sō > -Sŏ kwentrō > Q. quentaro ✧ PE19/83
laŋgō > laŋgo -Sō > -Sŏ langō > Q. lango ✧ PE17/92
mālō > mālo -Sō > -Sŏ MEL > Q. mālo ✧ PE18/96
mandō > mando -Sō > -Sŏ mbandō > Q. mando ✧ MR/350
mandō > mando -Sō > -Sŏ mbandō > Q. mando ✧ MR/471
martanō > martano -Sō > -Sŏ mbartanō > Q. Martamo ✧ LT1A/Talka Marda
maskō > masko -Sō > -Sŏ mazgō/ŭ > Q. makso ✧ PE19/101
ŋaurō > ŋauro -Sō > -Sŏ ñgwaurō > Q. ñauro ✧ PE19/106
nextanō > nextano -Sō > -Sŏ NEK > Q. nehtanō ✧ PE17/167
ŋoldō > ŋoldo -Sō > -Sŏ ngolodō > Q. Ñoldor ✧ MR/350
ŋoldō > ŋoldo -Sō > -Sŏ ngolodō > Q. noldo ✧ MR/350
ŋoldō > ŋoldo -Sō > -Sŏ ngolodõ > Q. Noldo ✧ MR/470
ŋoldō > ŋoldo -Sō > -Sŏ ñgolodō > Q. ñoldo ✧ PE17/153
ŋoldō > ŋoldo -Sō > -Sŏ ñgolodō > Q. ñoldo ✧ PE19/76
ŋoldō > ŋoldo -Sō > -Sŏ Ñgolodō > Q. Noldo ✧ PM/360
ŋoldō > ŋoldo -Sō > -Sŏ ngol- > Q. Noldor ✧ SA/gûl
ŋoldō > ŋoldo -Sō > -Sŏ ñgolodō > Q. Ñoldo ✧ WJ/364
ŋoldō > ŋoldo -Sō > -Sŏ ñgolodō > Q. Ñoldor ✧ WJ/380
ŋoldō > ŋoldo -Sō > -Sŏ ñgolodō > Q. Ñoldo ✧ WJ/383
ostō > osto -Sō > -Sŏ ostō > Q. osto ✧ VT39/6
ostō > osto -Sō > -Sŏ ostō > Q. osto ✧ WJ/414
puspō > puspo -Sō > -Sŏ buzbō > puspo > Q. pupso ✧ PE19/101
raurō > rauro -Sō > -Sŏ rau̯rō > Q. rauro ✧ PE19/104
rokkō > rokko -Sō > -Sŏ rokkō > Q. rocco ✧ Let/282
rokkō > rokko -Sō > -Sŏ rokkō > Q. rokko ✧ Let/382
rondō > rondo -Sō > -Sŏ rondō > Q. rondo ✧ WJ/414
sartō > sarto -Sō > -Sŏ satrō > Q. sarto ✧ PE17/183
tamō > tamo -Sō > -Sŏ tamō > Q. tamo ✧ PE17/108
turukondō > turukondō -Sō > -Sŏ Turukondō > Q. Turukondo ✧ PE17/113
θēlō > θēlo -Sō > -Sŏ steglō > thélo > þélo > Q. sélo ✧ PE19/95
melkōr > melkor -SōC > -SŏC mbelekōro > Q. Melkor ✧ WJ/402
olōθ > oloθ -SōC > -SŏC ñwa-lōth > Q. olos ✧ PE17/160
ainū > ainu -Sū > -Sŭ AYA > Q. ainu ✧ PE17/146
ainū > ainu -Sū > -Sŭ AYA-N > Q. ainur ✧ PE17/149
ainū > ainu -Sū > -Sŭ Q. †aina > Q. ainu ✧ PE17/149
ainū > ainu -Sū > -Sŭ Val. ayanūz > Q. Ainu ✧ WJ/399
erū > eru -Sū > -Sŭ er > Q. Eru ✧ SA/er
herū > herū -Sū > -Sŭ kherū > Q. heru ✧ Let/282
herū > herū -Sū > -Sŭ kherū > Q. heru ✧ PE17/97
ilū > ilu -Sū > -Sŭ ilū- > Q. ilu ✧ VT39/20
l̥azū > l̥azu -Sū > -Sŭ slasū > Q. hlaru ✧ PE17/77
-ū > -u -Sū > -Sŭ ū > Q. u ✧ Let/427
βerū > βeru -Sū > -Sŭ verū > Q. veru ✧ VT49/45
ŋorθūs > ŋorθus -SūC > -SŭC ñgor(o)-thūsō > ñorthus > Q. ñorsus ✧ PE17/183

ᴹQ. long final vowels were shortened; [-SV̄] > [-SV̆]

Reference ✧ PE19/57

Order (02000)

After 01100 [ae], [ao] generally became [ē], [ō]
Before 02300 short final [a], [e], [o] lost in long compounds
Before 03400 [θ] became [s]
Before 03500 [sp], [sk] became [ps], [ks]

Phonetic Rule Elements

[-Sī] > [-Sĭ]
[-Sē] > [-Sĕ]
[-Sā] > [-Să]
[-Sō] > [-Sŏ]
[-Sū] > [-Sŭ]
[-SāC] > [-SăC]
[-SēC] > [-SĕC]
[-SōC] > [-SŏC]

Phonetic Rule Examples

aldā > alda -Sā > -Să ᴹ√GÁLAD > ᴹQ. alda ✧ Ety/GALAD
aldā > alda -Sā > -Să ᴹ√GÁLAD > ᴹQ. alda ✧ Ety/GALAD
aldā > alda -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶galadā > ᴹQ. Alda ✧ SD/302
alkwā > alkwa -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶alk-wā > ᴹQ. alqa ✧ Ety/ÁLAK
anda-mundā > anda-munda -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶andambundā > ᴹQ. andamunda ✧ Ety/MBUD
aŋkā > aŋka -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶an-kā́ > ᴹQ. anka ✧ Ety/NAK
aranjā > aranja -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶(a)ranı̯ā > ᴹQ. (a)ranya ✧ EtyAC/RAN
arkā > arkā -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶akrā > ᴹQ. arka ✧ Ety/AK
assā > assa -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶gassā > ᴹQ. assa ✧ Ety/GAS
eŋgwā > eŋgwa -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶GENG-WĀ > ᴹQ. engwa ✧ Ety/GENG-WĀ
ennā > enna -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶edenā > ᴹQ. enna ✧ EtyAC/EDE
-estā > -esta -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶-stā > ᴹQ. -esta ✧ PE18/35
haldā > halda -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶skalnā > ᴹQ. halda ✧ Ety/SKAL¹
halmā > halma -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶skalmā > ᴹQ. halma ✧ EtyAC/SKEL
harnā > harna -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶skarnā > ᴹQ. harna ✧ Ety/SKAR
heldā > helda -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶skelnā > ᴹQ. helda ✧ Ety/SKEL
helmā > helma -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶skelmā > ᴹQ. helma ✧ Ety/SKEL
jānā > jāna -Sā > -Să ᴹ√YAN > ᴹQ. yána ✧ Ety/YAN
jantā > janta -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶yantā > ᴹQ. yanta ✧ Ety/YAT
jernā > jerna -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶gyernā > ᴹQ. yerna ✧ Ety/GYER
j̊almā > j̊alma -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶syalmā > ᴹQ. hyalma ✧ Ety/SYAL
j̊andā > j̊anda -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶sya-n-dā > ᴹQ. hyanda ✧ PE18/51
j̊annā > j̊anna -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶syadnā > ᴹQ. hyanna ✧ PE19/45
j̊ōlā > j̊ōla -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶hyōlā > ᴹQ. hyóla ✧ SD/419
kandawā > kandawa -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶kándāvā̀ > ᴹQ. kandava ✧ PE19/60
kauβā > kauβa -Sā > -Să ᴹ√KAV- > kavuva > ᴹQ. kauva ✧ PE22/105
kirjā > kirja -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶kiryā́ > ᴹQ. kíryā ✧ PE19/60
kiukā > kiuka -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶kiukā > ᴹQ. ciuca ✧ PE19/54
kōmā > kōma -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶kṓmā > ᴹQ. cṓma ✧ PE19/59
kornā > korna -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶kornā > ᴹQ. korna ✧ Ety/KOR
kwenjā > kwenja -Sā > -Să kwenyā > Q. quenyā ✧ PE17/137
kwennā > kwenna -Sā > -Să kwetnā > Q. quenna ✧ PE19/86
kwentā > kwenta -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶kwentā > ᴹQ. qenta ✧ Ety/KWET
kwiŋgā > kwiŋga -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶kwingā > ᴹQ. qinga ✧ Ety/KWIG
laikwā > laikwa -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶laı̯k-wā > ᴹQ. laiqa ✧ Ety/LÁYAK
laiwā > laiwa -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶slaiwā > ᴹQ. laiwa ✧ Ety/SLIW
lapsā > lapsa -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶labdā > ᴹQ. lapsa ✧ PE19/45
lattā > latta -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶dattā > ᴹQ. latta ✧ Ety/DAT
lattā > latta -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶dattā > ᴹQ. latta ✧ EtyAC/DAT
lembā > lemba -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶lebnā > ᴹQ. lemba ✧ Ety/LEB
liā > lia -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶ligā > ᴹQ. lia ✧ Ety/SLIG
lindā > linda -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶LINDĀ > ᴹQ. linda ✧ Ety/LIND
londā > londa -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶londā > ᴹQ. londa ✧ EtyAC/LOD
luŋgā > luŋga -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶lungā > ᴹQ. lunga ✧ Ety/LUG¹
maijā > maija -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶magyā > ᴹQ. mai(y)a ✧ PE19/46
maldā > malda -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶smaldā > ᴹQ. malda ✧ Ety/SMAL
malina > malina -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶smalinā > ᴹQ. malina ✧ Ety/SMAL
maltā > malta -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶smaltā > ᴹQ. malta ✧ EtyAC/SMAL
malwā > malwa -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶smalwā > ᴹQ. malwa ✧ Ety/SMAL
mārā > māra -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶magrā > ᴹQ. mára ✧ Ety/MAƷ|MAG
maskā > maska -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶mazgā > ᴹQ. maksa ✧ Ety/MASAG
maskā > maska -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶mazgā > ᴹQ. maksa ✧ EtyAC/MASAG
maskā > maska -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶mazgā > ᴹQ. maksa ✧ EtyAC/MASAG
meldā > melda -Sā > -Să ᴹ√MEL > ᴹQ. melda ✧ Ety/MEL
nā > na -Sā > -Să ᴹ√NĀ¹ > ᴹQ. an/ana/na ✧ Ety/NĀ¹
netsā > netsa -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶neth-rā > ᴹQ. nessa ✧ Ety/NETH
nirwā > nirwa -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶nidwō > ᴹQ. nirwa ✧ Ety/NID
njarrō > njarro -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶nyadrō > ᴹQ. nyarro ✧ Ety/NYAD
nūrā > nūra -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶nūrā > ᴹQ. núra ✧ Ety/NU
oijā > oija -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶oı̯yā > ᴹQ. oia ✧ Ety/OY
olwā > olwa -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶golbā > ᴹQ. olwa ✧ Ety/GÓLOB
oxtā > oxta -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶oktā > ᴹQ. ohta ✧ Ety/KOT
oxtā > oxta -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶OKTĀ > ᴹQ. ohta ✧ Ety/OKTĀ
oxtā > oxta -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶òkotā́ > okǝtā > oktā́ > ᴹQ. ohta ✧ PE19/55
pantā > panta -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶pantā > ᴹQ. panta ✧ Ety/PAT
parkā > parka -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶parkā > ᴹQ. parka ✧ EtyAC/A
parmā > parma -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶parmā > ᴹQ. parma ✧ Ety/PAR
parmā > parma -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶parmā > ᴹQ. parma ✧ PE18/51
pattā > patta -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶pathnā > ᴹQ. pasta ✧ Ety/PATH
poikā > poika -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶poikā > ᴹQ. poika ✧ Ety/POY
rāmā > rāma -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶rāmā > ᴹQ. ráma ✧ Ety/RAM
rambā > ramba -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶rambā > ᴹQ. ramba ✧ Ety/RAMBĀ
ranā > rana -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶Ranā > ᴹQ. Rana ✧ Ety/RAN
randā > randa -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶randā > ᴹQ. randa ✧ Ety/RAD
rautā > rauta -Sā > -Să ᴹ√RAUTĀ > ᴹQ. rauta ✧ Ety/RAUTĀ
restā > resta -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶reddā/red-tā > ᴹQ. resta ✧ EtyAC/RED
rimbā > rimba -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶rimbā > ᴹQ. rimba ✧ Ety/RIM
riŋgā > riŋga -Sā > -Să ᴹ√RINGĀ > ᴹQ. ringa ✧ EtyAC/RINGI
rundā > runda -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶rundā > ᴹQ. runda ✧ Ety/RUD
samnā > samna -Sā > -Să sapnā > Q. samna ✧ PE19/86
saŋgwā > saŋgwa -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶sagmā > ᴹQ. sangwa ✧ Ety/SAG
sārā > sāra -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶sagrā > ᴹQ. sára ✧ Ety/SAG
settā > setta -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶settā > ᴹQ. setta/setya ✧ EtyAC/SET
silmā > silma -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶silimā > ᴹQ. silma ✧ Ety/SIL
sōlā > sōla -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶soglā > ᴹQ. sóla ✧ PE19/46
suŋgwā > suŋgwa -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶sukmā > ᴹQ. sungwa ✧ Ety/SUK
taŋgwā > taŋgwa -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶takmā > ᴹQ. tangwa ✧ Ety/TAK
taŋkilā > taŋkila -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶tanklā > ᴹQ. tankila ✧ PE19/40
tarjā > tarja -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶targā > ᴹQ. tarya ✧ Ety/TÁRAG
taurā > taura -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶taurā > ᴹQ. taura ✧ Ety/TUR
tellā > tella -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶télesā > ᴹQ. tella ✧ Ety/TELES
teŋgwā > teŋgwa -Sā > -Să tekmā > tegmā > teñma > Q. tengwa ✧ PE17/43
teŋgwā > teŋgwa -Sā > -Să tek-mā > Q. tengwa ✧ PE17/44
teŋgwa > teŋgwa -Sā > -Să tekma > Q. tengwa ✧ PE18/104
teŋgwā > teŋgwa -Sā > -Să teñ-wā > Q. teñgwa ✧ PE19/97
teŋgwā > teŋgwa -Sā > -Să teŋmā > Q. tengwa ✧ PE22/149
teŋgwā > teŋgwa -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶tekma > ᴹQ. tengwa ✧ Ety/TEK
teŋgwā > teŋgwa -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶tekmā > tegmā > teñma > ᴹQ. teñgwa ✧ PE19/43
teŋnā > teŋna -Sā > -Să teknā > Q. tenna ✧ PE19/86
terewā > terewa -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶terḗwā > ᴹQ. tereva ✧ Ety/TER
tiukā > tiuka -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶tiu̯kā > ᴹQ. tiuka ✧ Ety/TIW
tjelkā > tjelka -Sā > -Să ᴹ√KYELEK > ᴹQ. tyelka ✧ Ety/KYELEK
tjulmā > tjulma -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶tyulmā > ᴹQ. tyulma ✧ Ety/TYUL
tjulmā > tjulma -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶kyulumā > ᴹQ. tyulma ✧ SD/419
torōmā > torōma -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶torṓmā > ᴹQ. toróma ✧ PE19/59
tuimā > tuima -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶tuimā > ᴹQ. tuima ✧ Ety/TUY
tultā > tulta -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶tultā- > ᴹQ. tulta- ✧ Ety/TUL
tumnā > tumna -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶tubnā > ᴹQ. tumna ✧ Ety/TUB
tūnā > tūna -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶Tūnā̆ > ᴹQ. Tún/Túna ✧ Ety/TUN
tūnā > tūna -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶Tuknā > Tuʒna > ᴹQ. Tūna ✧ PE19/43
tundā > tunda -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶tundā > ᴹQ. tunda ✧ Ety/TUN
tuŋgā > tuŋga -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶tungā > ᴹQ. tunga ✧ Ety/TUG
turmā > turma -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶turumā́ > ᴹQ. turma ✧ Ety/TURÚM
tussā > tussa -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶tussā > ᴹQ. tussa ✧ Ety/TUS
θaŋgā > θaŋga -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶stangā > ᴹQ. sanga ✧ Ety/STAG
θaŋgā > θaŋga -Sā > -Să ᴹ√STAG > ᴹQ. sanga ✧ PE22/107
θaŋkā > θaŋka -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶stankā > ᴹQ. sanka ✧ Ety/STAK
θauzā > θauza -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶thausā > ᴹQ. saura ✧ Ety/THUS
θērā > θēra -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶stegrā > ᴹQ. thḗra ✧ PE19/46
θintā > θinta -Sā > -Să ᴹ√STINTĀ > ᴹQ. sinta ✧ Ety/STINTĀ
θūnā > θūna -Sā > -Să stuknā > Q. thúna ✧ PE19/86
ulmōvā > ulmōva -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶Ulmṓvā > ᴹQ. Ulmṓva ✧ PE19/60
wārā > wāra -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶waʒrā > ᴹQ. vára ✧ Ety/WAƷ
westā > westa -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶wed-tā > ᴹQ. vesta ✧ Ety/WED
wildā > wilda -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶wilnā > wilda > ᴹQ. vilda ✧ EtyAC/WIL
wilmā > wilma -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶wilmā > ᴹQ. wilma ✧ Ety/WIL
wilwā > wilwa -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶wilwā > wilwa > ᴹQ. vilwa ✧ Ety/WIL
windjā > windja -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶windı̯ā > win(d)ya > ᴹQ. vinya ✧ Ety/WIN
winjā > winja -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶winyā > winya > ᴹQ. vinya ✧ Ety/WIN
yattā > yatta -Sā > -Să ᴹ√YATH > ᴹQ. yatta ✧ EtyAC/YAK
ɸaŋgā > ɸaŋga -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶spangā > ᴹQ. fanga ✧ Ety/SPÁNAG
ɸeljā > ɸelja -Sā > -Să ᴹ√PHÉLEG > ᴹQ. felya ✧ Ety/PHÉLEG
βalā > βala -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶bálā > ᴹQ. Vala ✧ Ety/BAL
βanā > βana -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶bánā > ᴹQ. Vana ✧ Ety/BAN
βanjā > βanja -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶bányā > ᴹQ. vanya ✧ Ety/BAN
βardā > βarda -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶barádā > ᴹQ. Varda ✧ Ety/BARÁD
βardā > βarda -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶baradā > ᴹQ. Varda ✧ Ety/BARATH
βarnā > βarna -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶barnā́ > ᴹQ. varna ✧ Ety/BAR
βerkā > βerka -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶berékā > ᴹQ. verka ✧ Ety/BERÉK
βestā > βesta -Sā > -Să ᴹ✶bestā > ᴹQ. vesta ✧ Ety/BES
βestā > βesta -Sā > -Să ᴹ√BES > ᴹQ. vesta ✧ Ety/WED
anār > anar -SāC > -SăC ᴹ✶anār- > ᴹQ. Anar ✧ Ety/ANÁR
anār > anar -SāC > -SăC ᴹ√NAR¹ > ᴹQ. Anar ✧ Ety/NAR¹
anār > anar -SāC > -SăC ᴹ✶Anār > ᴹQ. Anar ✧ SD/306
aβār > aβar -SāC > -SăC ᴹ✶ábārō̆ > ᴹQ. Avar/Avaro ✧ Ety/AB
parmān > parman -SāC > -SăC ᴹ✶parmānĕ > parmān > ᴹQ. parman ✧ PE21/61
talām > talam -SāC > -SăC ᴹ✶talām > ᴹQ. talan ✧ PE21/62
aiwē > aiwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶AIWĒ > ᴹQ. aiwe ✧ Ety/AIWĒ
andūnē > andūne -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶ṇdūnē > ᴹQ. andūne ✧ Ety/NDŪ
atakwē > atakwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶atakwē > ᴹQ. ataqe ✧ Ety/TAK
erdē > erde -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶eredē > ᴹQ. erde ✧ Ety/ERÉD
erdē > erde -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶erdē > ᴹQ. erde ✧ EtyAC/ERÉD
estē > este -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶EZDĒ > ᴹQ. Este ✧ Ety/EZDĒ
estē > este -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶EZDĒ > ᴹQ. Este ✧ Ety/SED
estē > este -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶Ezdē > ᴹQ. Este ✧ PE19/45
ezdē > ezde -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ√SED > ᴹQ. erde ✧ EtyAC/SED
haimē > haime -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶khaimē > ᴹQ. haime ✧ Ety/KHIM
harwē > harwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶skarwē > ᴹQ. harwe ✧ Ety/SKAR
huorē > huore -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶Khō-gorē > ᴹQ. Huore ✧ Ety/KHŌ-N
iŋgōlē > iŋgōle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ√ÑGOL > ᴹQ. †ingole ✧ Ety/ÑGOL
iŋgolondē > iŋgolonde -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ√ÑGÓLOD > ᴹQ. Ingolonde ✧ Ety/ÑGOLOD
iŋgolondē > iŋgolonde -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶ŋgolóndē > ᴹQ. Ingolonde ✧ PE18/40
janwē > janwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶yatmā > ᴹQ. yanwe ✧ Ety/YAT
jāwē > jāwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶yagwē > ᴹQ. yáwe ✧ Ety/YAG
j̊atsē > j̊atse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶syadsē > syatsē > ᴹQ. hyatse ✧ Ety/SYAD
kwārē > kwāre -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ√KWAR > ᴹQ. qáre ✧ Ety/KWAR
kwendē > kwende -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶kwenedē > ᴹQ. qende ✧ Ety/KWEN(ED)
kwēnē > kwēne -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶kwǣnē > ᴹQ. qēne ✧ PE22/32
kwessē > kwesse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶kwessē > ᴹQ. qesse ✧ Ety/KWES
laiβē > laiβe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶laibē > ᴹQ. laive ✧ Ety/LIB²
lassē > lasse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶lassē > ᴹQ. lasse ✧ Ety/LAS¹
laurē > laure -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶laurē > ᴹQ. laure ✧ Ety/LÁWAR
līnē > līne -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶slignē > ᴹQ. líne ✧ Ety/SLIG
liŋgē > liŋge -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ√LIÑ > liŋŋē > ᴹQ. †linge ✧ PE22/103
līwē > līwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶slīwē > ᴹQ. líve ✧ Ety/SLIW
lōmē > lōme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ√DOƷ > ᴹQ. lóme ✧ Ety/LUM
lōmē > lōme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶slōmē > ᴹQ. lōme ✧ PE21/32
lōmelindē > lōmelinde -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶dōmilindē > ᴹQ. lōmelinde ✧ SD/302
londē > londe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶londē > ᴹQ. londe ✧ Ety/LOD
manwē > manwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶Manwege > ᴹQ. Manwe ✧ EtyAC/MAN
maskē > maske -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶mazgē > ᴹQ. makse ✧ Ety/MASAG
maskē > maske -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ√MÁSAG > ᴹQ. makse ✧ EtyAC/MASAG
miŋkwē > miŋkwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ√MÍNIK-W > ᴹQ. minqe ✧ Ety/MINI
mistē > miste -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶mizdē > ᴹQ. miste ✧ Ety/MIZD
morikwendē > morikwende -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶móri-kwenedḕ > ᴹQ. móri-kwèn(ǝ)dĕ ✧ PE19/57
morikwendē > morikwende -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶móri-kwènedḗ > móri-kwènǝdĕ > móri-kwèndĕ > móri-kwèn(d) > ᴹQ. Moriquen ✧ PE19/59
nēθē > nēθe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶nēthē > ᴹQ. nése ✧ Ety/NETH
nextē > nexte -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶negdē > ᴹQ. nehte ✧ EtyAC/NEG
nonwē > nonwe -Sē > -Sĕ notmē > Q. nonwe ✧ PE19/86
nōrē > nōre -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶ndōrē > ᴹQ. nóre ✧ PE19/36
nōrē > nōre -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶ndṓrē > ᴹQ. nōrē ✧ PE19/59
ondolindē > ondolinde -Sē > -Sĕ Gondō̆-lindē > Q. Ondolinde ✧ PE17/133
oromē > orome -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶Orǭmē > ᴹQ. Orome ✧ Ety/ORÓM
oromē > orome -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ√ORÓM > ᴹQ. Orome ✧ Ety/ROM
oromē > orome -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶Górōmē > ᴹQ. Orōme ✧ EtyAC/GÓROM
oromē > orome -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶Òrōmḗ > Oromḗ > ᴹQ. Orome ✧ PE19/58
oromē > orome -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶Orǭmē > ᴹQ. Orome ✧ PE22/37
raŋgwē > raŋgwē -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶rakmē > ᴹQ. rangwe ✧ Ety/RAK
rīē > rīe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶rīgē > ᴹQ. ríe ✧ Ety/RIG
rimbē > rimbe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶rimbē > ᴹQ. rimbe ✧ Ety/RIM
salkwē > salkwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶SALÁK-(WĒ) > ᴹQ. salqe ✧ Ety/SALÁK-(WĒ)
silmē > silme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶silimē > ᴹQ. silme ✧ Ety/SIL
taksē > takse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶taksē > ᴹQ. takse ✧ Ety/TAK
taŋgē > taŋge -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ√TAÑ > taŋŋē > ᴹQ. †tange ✧ PE22/103
taθarē > taθare -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶tatharē > ᴹQ. tasare ✧ Ety/TATHAR
taurē > taure -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶tau̯rē > ᴹQ. taure ✧ Ety/TÁWAR
teŋgwē > teŋgwe -Sē > -Sĕ tekmē > Q. tengwe ✧ PE19/86
terenē > terene -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶terēn(ē) > ᴹQ. terene ✧ Ety/TER
tjulussē > tjulusse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶tyulussē > ᴹQ. tyulusse ✧ Ety/TYUL
tuilē > tuile -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶tuı̯lē > ᴹQ. tuile ✧ Ety/TUY
tuilē > tuile -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶tuilḗ > ᴹQ. tuile ✧ PE19/54
tupsē > tupse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶tupsē > ᴹQ. tupse ✧ Ety/TUP
θambē > θambe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶stambē > ᴹQ. sambe ✧ Ety/STAB
θamnē > θamne -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶stabnē > ᴹQ. samna ✧ Ety/STAB
θaŋgaj̊ando > θaŋgaj̊ando -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶stangasyandō > ᴹQ. sangahyando ✧ Ety/SYAD
uŋgwē > uŋgwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶uñgwē > ᴹQ. ungwe ✧ Ety/UÑG
uŋkwalē > uŋkwale -Sē > -Sĕ ṇ̃kwalē > Q. unquale ✧ PE19/78
uŋkwalē > uŋkwale -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶ŋ̣kwalē > ᴹQ. unqale ✧ PE18/42
uŋkwalē > uŋkwale -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶ŋ̣kwalē > ᴹQ. unqale ✧ PE18/65
uskwē > uskwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶us(u)k-wē > ᴹQ. usqe ✧ Ety/USUK
uskwē > uskwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶uskwē > ᴹQ. usqe ✧ PE18/50
waksē > wakse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶wahsē > ᴹQ. vakse ✧ Ety/WAƷ
-wē > -we -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶-wē > ᴹQ. -we ✧ Ety/WEG
wērē > wēre -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶wǣdē > ᴹQ. vēre ✧ Ety/WED
wiŋgē > wiŋge -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶wingē > ᴹQ. winge ✧ Ety/WIG
winjē > winje -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶winyē > ᴹQ. vinye ✧ EtyAC/WIN
ɸinē > ɸine -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶spinē > ᴹQ. fine ✧ Ety/SPIN
βessē > βesse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴹ✶bessē > ᴹQ. vesse ✧ Ety/BES
kwenwēn > kwenwen -SēC > -SĕC ᴹ✶qend(ǝ)mēn > ᴹQ. †qenwen ✧ PE21/25
terēn > teren -SēC > -SĕC ᴹ✶terēn(ē) > ᴹQ. teren ✧ Ety/TER
alar-sī > alar-si -Sī > -Sĭ ᴹ√LAR/LAS > ‽ᴹ✶alar-si ✧ EtyAC/LAR
-lī > -li -Sī > -Sĭ ᴹ√LI > ᴹQ. -li ✧ Ety/LI
-lī > -li -Sī > -Sĭ ᴹ✶ > ᴹQ. -lī ✧ PE21/19
tārī > tāri -Sī > -Sĭ ᴹ✶tārī > ᴹQ. tári ✧ Ety/TĀ
βalī > βali -Sī > -Sĭ ᴹ✶bal-ī́ > ᴹQ. †Vali ✧ Ety/BAL
alakō > alako -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶álākō > ᴹQ. alako ✧ EtyAC/ÁLAK
andō > ando -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶adnō > ᴹQ. ando ✧ Ety/AD
axtō > axto -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶-k’tō > ᴹQ. -ahto ✧ PE18/62
j̊andō > j̊ando -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶syandō > ᴹQ. #hyando ✧ Ety/SYAD
kallō > kallo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶kalrō > ᴹQ. kallo ✧ Ety/KAL
kānō > kāno -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ√KAN > ᴹQ. káno ✧ EtyAC/KAN
kirjaxtō > kirjaxto -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶kirya-k’tō > ᴹQ. kiryahto ✧ PE18/62
kōmallō > kōmallo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶kṓmallṑ > ᴹQ. cōmállō̆ ✧ PE19/59
kwentarō > kwentaro -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶kwentrō > ᴹQ. qentaro ✧ Ety/KWET
kwentarō > kwentaro -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶kwe-n-trō > ᴹQ. qentaro ✧ PE18/51
kwentarō > kwentaro -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶kwentrō > ᴹQ. quentaro ✧ PE19/40
mālō > mālo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶mālō > ᴹQ. málo ✧ Ety/MEL
mālō > mālo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ√MEL > ᴹQ. málo ✧ PE18/46
manō > mano -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶manō > ᴹQ. māno ✧ EtyAC/MAN
maskō > masko -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶mazgō > ᴹQ. makso ✧ PE19/48
morkō > morko -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶morókō > ᴹQ. morko ✧ Ety/MORÓK
naniθārō > naniθāro -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶ndani-thārō > ᴹQ. Nanisáro ✧ LR/188
ŋoldō > ŋoldo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ√ÑGÓLOD > ᴹQ. noldo ✧ Ety/ÑGOLOD
ŋoldō > ŋoldo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ√ŊGÓLODŌ > ŋoldo > ᴹQ. noldo ✧ PE18/40
ŋoldō > ŋoldo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶ñgolodō > ᴹQ. ñoldo ✧ PE19/36
ŋoldō > ŋoldo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶ñgòlodṓ > ᴹQ. ñgoldṓ ✧ PE19/58
onōrō > onōro -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶wa-nōrō > ᴹQ. onóro ✧ Ety/TOR
panō > pano -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶panō > ᴹQ. pano ✧ Ety/PAN
puspō > puspo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶buzbō > ᴹQ. pupso ✧ PE19/48
rokkō > rokko -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶rokkō > ᴹQ. rokko ✧ EtyAC/ROK
ronjō > ronjo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶ronyō > ᴹQ. ronyo ✧ Ety/ROY¹
tanō > tano -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶tanō > ᴹQ. tano ✧ Ety/TAN
tiŋkō > tiŋko -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶TINKŌ > ᴹQ. tinko ✧ Ety/TINKŌ
tiukō > tiuko -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶tiu̯kō > ᴹQ. tiuko ✧ Ety/TIW
tuilindō > tuilindo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶tuilelindō > ᴹQ. tuilindo ✧ Ety/TUY
turō > turo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶tūrō > ᴹQ. turo ✧ Ety/TUR
θārō > θāro -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶thārō > ᴹQ. #sáro ✧ LR/188
ulmō > ulmo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶Ulumō > ᴹQ. Ulmo ✧ Ety/ULU
ulmō > ulmo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶Ulmṓ > ᴹQ. Úlmō ✧ PE19/60
ulundō > ulundo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶ulgundō > ᴹQ. ulundo ✧ Ety/ÚLUG
βennō > βenno -Sō > -Sŏ ᴹ✶besnō > ᴹQ. venno ✧ Ety/BES
ondōm > ondom -SōC > -SŏC ᴹ✶góndōm > góndōr > ᴹQ. ondor ✧ PE21/58
ondōm > ondom -SōC > -SŏC ᴹ✶gondōm > ʒondō̆n > ᴹQ. ondor ✧ PE21/63
ondōt > ondot -SōC > -SŏC ᴹ✶gondōt > ʒondō̆t > ᴹQ. ondot ✧ PE19/52
ulmōn > ulmon -SōC > -SŏC ᴹ✶Ulmṓn > ᴹQ. Úlmōn ✧ PE19/60
βalindōr > βalindor -SōC > -SŏC ᴹ✶balī́-ndō̆re > ᴹQ. Valinor ✧ Ety/BAL
βalindōr > βalindor -SōC > -SŏC ᴹ✶Bắlī + ndṓrḗ > Bálīndṑrē > Bálĭndṑrĕ > Balindor > ᴹQ. Valinor ✧ PE19/59
βalinōr > βalinor -SōC > -SŏC ᴹ✶Balī-nṓrē̆ > Bali-nṓr(e) > ᴹQ. Valinor ✧ PE18/56
herū > herū -Sū > -Sŭ ᴹ√KHER > ᴹQ. heru ✧ Ety/KHER
kulū > kulu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴹ√KUL > ᴹQ. kulu ✧ Ety/KUL
kundū > kundu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴹ√KUND-Ū > ᴹQ. †kundu ✧ Ety/KUNDŪ
undū > undu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴹ√UNU > ᴹQ. undu ✧ Ety/UNU
undū > undu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴹ√NDŪ > ᴹQ. undu ✧ PE22/127
βezū > βezu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴹ✶besū > ᴹQ. veru ✧ Ety/BES

ᴱQ. long final vowels were shortened; [-SV̄] > [-SV̆]

References ✧ PE12/4

Phonetic Rule Elements

[-Sī] > [-Sĭ]
[-Sē] > [-Sĕ]
[-Sā] > [-Să]
[-Sō] > [-Sŏ]
[-Sū] > [-Sŭ]

Phonetic Rule Examples

aikʷā > aikʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶aik-wa > ᴱQ. aiqa ✧ PE13/158
ajnā > ajna -Sā > -Să ᴱ√AY̯A > ᴱQ. aina ✧ QL/34
ajstā > ajsta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√AY̯A > ᴱQ. aista ✧ QL/34
akasā > akasa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√aksa > ᴱQ. aksa ✧ GL/17
akasā > akasa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√AKASA > ᴱQ. aksa ✧ QL/29
alā > ala -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ALA¹ > ᴱQ. ala ✧ QL/29
alakjā > alakja -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶alakya- > ᴱQ. alatya ✧ PE13/158
alanðā > alanða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√lařa > ᴱQ. alanda ✧ QL/34
aldā > alda -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ALA² > ᴱQ. alda ✧ QL/29
aldā > alda -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶aldá > ᴱQ. alda ✧ PE13/136
almā > alma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ALA¹ > ᴱQ. alma ✧ QL/29
amā > ama -Sā > -Să ᴱ√AMA > ᴱQ. ama ✧ QL/30
ambṛtā > ambṛta -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶(a)mbrtá > ᴱQ. ambarta ✧ PE13/137
ambṛtā > ambṛta -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶a-mbṛtá > ᴱQ. ambarta ✧ PE13/159
amuā > amua -Sā > -Să ᴱ√AM(U) > ᴱQ. anwa ✧ QL/30
amuntā > amunta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√AM(U) > ᴱQ. amunta ✧ QL/30
anā > ana -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ANA > ᴱQ. ana ✧ QL/31
aŋajandā > aŋajanda -Sā > -Să ᴱ√NAẎA > ᴱQ. angayanda ✧ QL/34
apaðʲkā > apaðʲka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√paẏa > ᴱQ. apaika ✧ QL/34
ārā > āra -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ARA > ᴱQ. ára ✧ QL/32
araβkā > araβka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√rava > ᴱQ. arauka ✧ QL/34
arkʷā > arkʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ARA > ᴱQ. arqa ✧ QL/32
atemɸā > atemɸa -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶a · tefe- > ᴱQ. atempa ✧ QL/30
awárnā > awárna -Sā > -Să ᴱ√AW̯A > ᴱQ. avarna ✧ QL/33
awéstā > awésta -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶awestá > ᴱQ. avesta ✧ PE13/137
awéstā > awésta -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶awestá > ᴱQ. avesta ✧ PE13/160
awstā > awsta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√AWA > ᴱQ. austa ✧ QL/33
axtā > axta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√‘AHA > ᴱQ. akta ✧ QL/29
aɸestā > aɸesta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√AFA > ᴱQ. avesta ✧ QL/29
aɸsā > aɸsa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√AFA > ᴱQ. apsa ✧ QL/29
aβanwā > aβanwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√AVA > ᴱQ. avanwa ✧ QL/33
baltā > balta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√PALA > ᴱQ. palta ✧ QL/71
boðtā > boðta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√BOÐO > ᴱQ. posta ✧ QL/75
bulwā > bulwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√PULU > ᴱQ. pulwa ✧ QL/75
dagā > daga -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶dagā́ > ᴱQ. tá- ✧ PE13/161
darwā > darwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶dar’wa- > ᴱQ. tarwa ✧ PE13/161
daxrā > daxra -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TAHA > ᴱQ. tāra ✧ QL/87
ðōrā > ðōra -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ÐORO > ᴱQ. sōra ✧ QL/85
ðʲalkā > ðʲalka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ẎALA > ᴱQ. yalka ✧ QL/105
ðʲatrā > ðʲatra -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ẎATA > ᴱQ. yarta ✧ QL/105
ðʲattā > ðʲatta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ẎATA > ᴱQ. yatta ✧ QL/105
dʲejendā > dʲejenda -Sā > -Să ᴱ√DYĒ > die-’yenda > ᴱQ. dienda ✧ QL/105
dʲelmā > dʲelma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√DẎELE > ᴱQ. ’yelma ✧ QL/106
dʲelwā > dʲelwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√DẎELE > ᴱQ. ’yelwa ✧ QL/106
dʲendā > dʲenda -Sā > -Să ᴱ√DYĒ > ᴱQ. ’yenda ✧ QL/105
dʲendʲejērā > dʲendʲejēra -Sā > -Să ᴱ√DYĒ > dyen-diéra > ᴱQ. ’yendiéra ✧ QL/105
dʲestā > dʲesta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√DYĒ¹ > ᴱQ. ’yesta ✧ QL/105
dʲṇ̄tā > dʲṇ̄ta -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶yn̄t > ᴱQ. ’yanta ✧ QL/106
ejkā > ejka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√EI̯KA > ᴱQ. †aika ✧ QL/29
ektā > ekta -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶ekta- > ᴱQ. ehta ✧ PE13/158
elmendā > elmenda -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶elmenda > ᴱQ. elmenda ✧ PE13/143
eltā > elta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ELE > ᴱQ. elta ✧ QL/35
enā > ena -Sā > -Să ᴱ√E > ᴱQ. ena ✧ QL/34
eŋgā > eŋga -Sā > -Să ᴱ√EŊE > ᴱQ. enga ✧ QL/36
enjā > enja -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ENE¹ > ᴱQ. enya ✧ QL/35
ennā > enna -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ENE > ᴱQ. enna ✧ QL/35
enwā > enwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√E > ᴱQ. enwa ✧ QL/34
erdā > erda -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ERE > ᴱQ. erda ✧ QL/36
ettā > etta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ETE > ᴱQ. etta ✧ QL/36
fḹkwā > fḹkwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√FḶKḶ > ᴱQ. falqa ✧ QL/38
galā > gala -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KALA > ᴱQ. kala ✧ QL/44
galendā > galenda -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KALA > ᴱQ. kalenda ✧ QL/44
galmā > galma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KALA > ᴱQ. kalma ✧ QL/44
galwā > galwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KALA > ᴱQ. kalwa ✧ QL/44
gōpā > gōpa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KOPO > ᴱQ. kópa ✧ QL/47
gʷalnā > gʷalna -Sā > -Să ᴱ√GWALA¹ > ᴱQ. ’walna ✧ QL/103
gʷanwā > gʷanwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√GWĀ > ᴱQ. ’wanwa ✧ QL/102
gʷelbā > gʷelba -Sā > -Să ᴱ√GWELE > ᴱQ. ’welba ✧ QL/103
gʷenðā > gʷenða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√GWEÐE > ᴱQ. ’wenda ✧ QL/103
gʷeŋgā > gʷeŋga -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶gu̯eg- > ᴱQ. wenga ✧ GL/44
gʷildā > gʷilda -Sā > -Să ᴱ√GWILI > ᴱQ. ’wilda ✧ QL/104
gʷinðā > gʷinða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√GWIÐI > ᴱQ. ’winda ✧ QL/103
gʷiŋkā > gʷiŋka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√WIKI > ᴱQ. ’winka ✧ QL/104
gʷṝðā > gʷṝða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√GWṚÐR > ᴱQ. warda ✧ QL/104
gʷṝθā > gʷṝθa -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶gu̯r̄́þa > ᴱQ. warda ✧ GL/44
ɣaldā > ɣalda -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶ʒaldá > ᴱQ. halda ✧ PE13/144
ɣarðā > ɣarða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ƷARA > ᴱQ. arda ✧ QL/32
ɣarwā > ɣarwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ƷARA > ᴱQ. arwa ✧ QL/32
ɣolwejā > ɣolweja -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶ʒolwéya > ᴱQ. olwea ✧ PE13/145
ɣombā > ɣomba -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ONO¹ > ᴱQ. omba ✧ QL/70
ɣonwā > ɣonwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ONO¹ > ᴱQ. onwa ✧ QL/70
ɣuðnā > ɣuðna -Sā > -Să ᴱ√UŘU > ᴱQ. urna ✧ QL/98
ikʷistā > ikʷista -Sā > -Să ᴱ√IQI > ᴱQ. iqista ✧ QL/43
ilkʷā > ilkʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ILI¹ > ᴱQ. ilqa ✧ QL/42
ilmā > ilma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ILI¹ > ᴱQ. ilma ✧ QL/42
injā > inja -Sā > -Să ᴱ√INI > ᴱQ. inya ✧ QL/42
iŋkʷā > iŋkʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√IMI¹ > ᴱQ. inqa ✧ QL/42
-issā > issa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ISI > ᴱQ. #-issa ✧ LT2A/Eldarissa
iswā > iswa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ISI¹ > ᴱQ. iswa ✧ QL/43
iθkā > iθka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ISI² > ᴱQ. iska ✧ QL/43
jaðā > jaða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√YAÐA > ᴱQ. yara ✧ QL/105
jaisā > jaisa -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶ı̯aisa > ᴱQ. yaisa ✧ GL/37
jamā > jama -Sā > -Să ᴱ√Y̯AMA > ᴱQ. yāma ✧ QL/105
janðā > janða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√YAÐA > ᴱQ. yanda ✧ QL/105
jāβā > jāβa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√Ẏ̯AVA > ᴱQ. yāva ✧ QL/105
jaβstā > jaβsta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√Ẏ̯AVA > ᴱQ. yausta ✧ QL/105
jḹtā > jḹta -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶yḹta > ᴱQ. yalta ✧ QL/106
kaɣʷkā > kaɣʷka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KAẆA > ᴱQ. kauka ✧ QL/45
kajmā > kajma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KAYA > ᴱQ. kaima ✧ QL/46
kalā > kala -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶kalā > ᴱQ. kala ✧ GL/39
kambā > kamba -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KAMA > ᴱQ. kamba ✧ QL/44
kamwā > kamwa -Sā > -Să ‽ᴱ√KAMA² > ᴱQ. kanwa ✧ QL/44
kapandā > kapanda -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KAPA > ᴱQ. kapanda ✧ QL/45
karmā > karma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KARA > ᴱQ. karma ✧ QL/45
kaslā > kasla -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶kasla > ᴱQ. kalla ✧ PE13/140
kastejā > kasteja -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KASA > ᴱQ. kastea ✧ QL/45
kaxmā > kaxma -Sā > -Să ‽ᴱ√KAHA > ᴱQ. káma ✧ QL/43
kaβkā > kaβka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√kava- > ᴱQ. kauka ✧ GL/25
kektā > kekta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KEKE¹ > ᴱQ. kekta ✧ QL/46
keletā > keleta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KELE > ᴱQ. keleta ✧ QL/46
kīlā > kīla -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KILI > ᴱQ. kíla ✧ QL/46
kinðā > kinða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KIŘI > ᴱQ. kinda ✧ QL/47
kḹkā > kḹka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KḶKḶ > ᴱQ. kalka ✧ QL/47
kḹpā > kḹpa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KLPL > ᴱQ. kalpa ✧ QL/47
kṇdōrā > kṇdōra -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶kṇdōrā́ > ᴱQ. kandṓra ✧ PE12/5
kṇdōrā > kṇdōra -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶kṇ̹dō̜ra > ᴱQ. kandó̹ra ✧ PE12/6
kṇðōrā > kṇdōra -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KṆŘṆ > ᴱQ. kandōra ✧ PME/47
kṇðōrā > kṇdōra -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KṆŘṆ > ᴱQ. kandōra ✧ QL/47
kṇðwā > kṇdwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KṆŘṆ > ᴱQ. kanwa ✧ QL/47
koðʲnā > koðʲna -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KOẎO > ᴱQ. koina ✧ QL/48
koðʲβā > koðʲβa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KOẎO > ᴱQ. koiva ✧ QL/48
kojβā > kojβa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KOI̯-VI > ᴱQ. koiva ✧ GL/29
kolwā > kolwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KOLO¹ > ᴱQ. kolwa ✧ QL/47
kōmā > kōma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KOMO > ᴱQ. kōma ✧ QL/47
korðā > korða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KOŘO¹ > ᴱQ. korda ✧ QL/48
kormā > korma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KORO² > ᴱQ. korma ✧ QL/48
kṛkā > kṛka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KṚKṚ > ᴱQ. karka ✧ QL/48
kṛpalimā > kṛpalima -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶kṛ̹pa̜lima > ᴱQ. ka̜rpa̹lima ✧ PE12/6
kumbā > kumba -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KUMU > ᴱQ. kumba ✧ QL/49
kunðā > kunða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√KUŘU > ᴱQ. kunda ✧ QL/49
kʷalmā > kʷalma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√QALA > ᴱQ. qalma ✧ QL/76
kʷalnā > kʷalna -Sā > -Să ᴱ√QALA > ᴱQ. †qalna ✧ QL/76
kʷambā > kʷamba -Sā > -Să ᴱ√QAMA > ᴱQ. qamba ✧ QL/76
kʷampā > kʷampa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√QAPA > ᴱQ. qampa ✧ QL/76
kʷaptā > kʷapta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√QAPA > ᴱQ. qapta ✧ QL/76
kʷārā > kʷāra -Sā > -Să ᴱ√QARA > ᴱQ. qāra ✧ QL/76
kʷasilla > kʷasilla -Sā > -Să ᴱ√QASA > ᴱQ. qasilla ✧ QL/76
kʷetsā > kʷetsa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√QETE > ᴱQ. qetsa ✧ QL/77
kʷettā > kʷetta -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶qettā̆ > ᴱQ. qetta ✧ PE13/164
-kʷilnā > -kʷilna -Sā > -Să ᴱ√QILI¹ > ᴱQ. -qilna ✧ QL/77
kʷiŋgā > kʷiŋga -Sā > -Să ᴱ√QINGI > ᴱQ. qinga ✧ QL/77
kʷiŋkʷā > kʷiŋkʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√QIQI > ᴱQ. qinqa ✧ QL/77
kʷīβā > kʷīβa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√QIV > ᴱQ. Qîva ✧ GL/29
kʷḹtā > kʷḹta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√QḶTḶ > ᴱQ. qalta ✧ QL/78
kʷḷtā > kʷḷta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√QḶTḶ > ᴱQ. qilta ✧ QL/78
kʷṇtā > kʷṇta -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶qṇ́tā > ᴱQ. qanta ✧ PE12/11
kʷṇtā > kʷṇta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√QṆTṆ > ᴱQ. qanta ✧ QL/78
kʷṇtā > kʷṇta -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶qṇtā́ > ᴱQ. cunta ✧ PE12/11
kʷolā > kʷola -Sā > -Să ᴱ√QOLO > ᴱQ. qolda ✧ QL/78
kʷonðā > kʷonða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√QOŘO > ᴱQ. qonda ✧ QL/78
kʷottā > kʷotta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√QOTO > ᴱQ. qotta ✧ QL/78
kʷṝðā > kʷṝða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√QṚŘṚ > ᴱQ. qarda ✧ QL/78
kʷṝðkā > kʷṝðka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√QṚŘṚ > ᴱQ. qarka ✧ QL/78
laðmā > laðma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LAŘA > ᴱQ. larma ✧ QL/51
laðʲkʷā > laðʲkʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LAẎA > ᴱQ. laiqa ✧ QL/52
lamā > lama -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LAMA > ᴱQ. lăma ✧ QL/50
lanðā > lanða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LAŘA > ᴱQ. landa ✧ QL/51
latinā > latina -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LATA > ᴱQ. latsin(a) ✧ QL/51
latwā > latwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LATA > ᴱQ. latwa ✧ QL/51
lawā > lawa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LAW̯A > ᴱQ. Loa ✧ QL/52
leikā > leika -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LAIKA > ᴱQ. laika ✧ QL/50
leŋkā > leŋka -Sā > -Să ‽ᴱ√LEKE > ᴱQ. ‽lenka ✧ QL/52
leŋkā > leŋka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LENE > ᴱQ. ‽lenka ✧ QL/53
lenwā > lenwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LENE > ᴱQ. lenwa ✧ QL/53
leptā > lepta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LEPE > ᴱQ. lepta ✧ QL/53
lestā > lesta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LESE > ᴱQ. lesta ✧ QL/53
lexā > lexa -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶leχa > ᴱQ. lea ✧ GL/53
leɸsā > leɸsa -Sā > -Să ‽ᴱ√LEFE > ᴱQ. lepsa ✧ QL/52
liðillā > liðilla -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LIŘI > ᴱQ. lirilla ✧ QL/54
lijā > lija -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LI+ya > ᴱQ. lia ✧ QL/53
likʷillā > likʷilla -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LIQI > ᴱQ. liqilla ✧ QL/54
likʷiltā > likʷilta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LIQI > ᴱQ. liqilta ✧ QL/54
limbā > limba -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ > ᴱQ. limba ✧ QL/53
limnā > limna -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LIMI > ᴱQ. limna ✧ QL/54
lindā > linda -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LINI > ᴱQ. linda ✧ QL/54
ḹkā > ḹka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ḶK/KAL > ᴱQ. alka ✧ QL/30
ḷkalā > ḷkala -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶ḷkălā́ > ilkắla > ᴱQ. ilcála ✧ PE12/4
ḷmā > ḷma -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶ḷma > ᴱQ. ulma ✧ QL/97
lṇ̄kʷā > lṇ̄kʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LṆQṆ > ᴱQ. lanqa ✧ QL/55
lṇtā > lṇta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LANTAN > ᴱQ. lanta ✧ QL/51
lṇtanwā > lṇtanwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶lṇ̹ta̜nwa > ᴱQ. lanta̹nwa ✧ PE12/6
lojmā > lojma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LOY̯O > ᴱQ. loima ✧ QL/56
lombā > lomba -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LOMO > ᴱQ. lomba ✧ QL/55
lōpā > lōpa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LOPO > ᴱQ. lōpa ✧ QL/56
lordā > lorda -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LORO > ᴱQ. lorda ✧ QL/56
lustā > lusta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LUSU > ᴱQ. lusta ✧ QL/57
luxtā > luxta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√LUHU > ᴱQ. lukta ✧ QL/56
maðillā > maðilla -Sā > -Să ‽ᴱ√MARA > ᴱQ. marilla ✧ QL/59
maðʲrā > maðʲra -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MAẎA > ᴱQ. maira ✧ QL/60
makkā > makka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MAKA > ᴱQ. makka ✧ QL/58
malakʷā > malakʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MALA¹ > ᴱQ. malaqa ✧ QL/58
malastā > malasta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MALA¹ > ᴱQ. malasta ✧ QL/58
malwā > malwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MALA² > ᴱQ. malwa ✧ QL/58
maŋkā > maŋka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MANGA > ᴱQ. manka ✧ QL/59
marinā > marina -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MARA¹ > ᴱQ. marin(a) ✧ QL/59
matsā > matsa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MATA > ᴱQ. matsa ✧ QL/59
maθkā > maθka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MASA² > ᴱQ. maska ✧ QL/59
mawā > mawa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MAWA > mawa > ᴱQ. moa ✧ QL/60
maxkʷā > maxkʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MAHA > ᴱQ. maqa ✧ QL/57
maxrā > maxra -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MAHA > ᴱQ. māra ✧ QL/57
mbalkā > mbalka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MALA³ > ᴱQ. malka ✧ QL/58
mbaskā > mbaska -Sā > -Să ᴱ√M(B)ASA > ᴱQ. maksa- ✧ QL/59
mbastā > mbasta -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶mb[asta] > ᴱQ. masta ✧ PE16/141
mbastā > mbasta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√M(B)ASA > ᴱQ. masta ✧ QL/59
mbastā > mbasta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√M(B)ASA > ᴱQ. mas- ✧ QL/59
mbaswā > mbaswa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√M(B)ASA > ᴱQ. maswa ✧ QL/59
mburjā > mburja -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶mburyá: > ᴱQ. murya ✧ PE13/139
mektā > mekta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MEKE > ᴱQ. mekta ✧ QL/60
mekwā > mekwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MEKE > ᴱQ. meqa ✧ QL/60
mellā > mella -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MELE > ᴱQ. ‽mella ✧ QL/60
melwā > melwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MELE > ᴱQ. melwa ✧ QL/60
minijā > minija -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶miníya > ᴱQ. minya ✧ PE13/150
minijā > minija -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶miníı̯ā > ᴱQ. minya ✧ PE13/164
minwā > minwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MINI > ᴱQ. minwa ✧ QL/61
mittā > mitta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MĪ² > ᴱQ. mitta ✧ QL/61
mḹðā > mḹða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MLŘL > ᴱQ. malda ✧ QL/62
mṇgðʲā > mṇgðʲa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MṆGṆ > mnʒ+ʒ̑ǝ > mandy·ya > ᴱQ. manya ✧ QL/62
mṇtʲā > mṇtʲa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MṆT͡YṆ > ᴱQ. mintya ✧ QL/62
mornā > morna -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MORO > ᴱQ. morna ✧ QL/62
morwā > morwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MORO > ᴱQ. morwa ✧ QL/62
mṛðmā > mṛðma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MṚŘṚ > ᴱQ. marma ✧ QL/63
mṛkwā > mṛkwa -Sā > -Să ‽ᴱ√MṚKṚ > ᴱQ. marqa ✧ QL/63
mukwā > mukwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√MUKU > ᴱQ. muqa ✧ QL/63
ŋaðʲrā > ŋaðʲra -Sā > -Să ᴱ√NAẎA > ᴱQ. naira ✧ QL/65
naksā > naksa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√NAKA > ᴱQ. naksa ✧ QL/64
ŋarā > ŋara -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ŊARA > ᴱQ. nara ✧ QL/64
nastā > nasta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ > ᴱQ. nasta ✧ QL/64
naswā > naswa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√NASA > ᴱQ. naswa ✧ QL/64
naβmā > naβma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√NAVA > ᴱQ. nauma ✧ QL/65
ndolpā > ndolpa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ndolo- > ᴱQ. nolpa ✧ GL/30
nelkʷā > nelkʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√NELE > ᴱQ. nelqa ✧ QL/65
nelmā > nelma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√NELE > ᴱQ. nelma ✧ QL/65
nembā > nemba -Sā > -Să ᴱ√NEME > ᴱQ. nemba ✧ QL/65
nemjā > nemja -Sā > -Să ᴱ√NEME > ᴱQ. ‽nemya ✧ QL/65
nestā > nesta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√NESE > ᴱQ. nesta ✧ QL/66
nindʲā > nindʲa -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶nindyā > ᴱQ. ninya ✧ PE13/164
ninwā > ninwa -Sā > -Să ‽ᴱ√NINI > ᴱQ. ninwa ✧ QL/66
ṇkʷillā > ṇkʷilla -Sā > -Să ᴱ√(U)ṆQ(U)Ṇ¹ > ᴱQ. unqilla ✧ QL/98
nḹðā > nḹða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√nḷřḷ > ᴱQ. nalda ✧ QL/66
nolwā > nolwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√NOLO > ᴱQ. nolwa ✧ QL/67
nondā > nonda -Sā > -Să ᴱ√NŌ/NOWO‽/NONO‽ > ᴱQ. nonda ✧ QL/66
norokā > noroka -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶norokā́ > ᴱQ. norka ✧ GL/31
nostā > nosta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ > ᴱQ. nosta ✧ QL/66
noswā > noswa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√NOSO > ᴱQ. noswa ✧ QL/68
nowā > nowa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√NŌ/NOWO‽/NONO‽ > ᴱQ. nua ✧ QL/67
noxlā > noxla -Sā > -Să ᴱ√NOHO > ᴱQ. nōla ✧ QL/67
nṛkʷā > nṛkʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√NṚQṚ > ᴱQ. narqa ✧ QL/68
ṇ̄tā > ṇ̄ta -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶ṃ̄t- > ᴱQ. anta ✧ GL/19
ṇtā > ṇta -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶mtā > ᴱQ. anta ✧ PE12/26
nʲaðā > nʲaða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√NYAŘA > ᴱQ. nyara ✧ QL/68
nʲanðā > nʲanða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√NYAŘA > ᴱQ. nyanda ✧ QL/68
ŋʷakā > ŋʷaka -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶ŋu̯a- > ᴱQ. māka ✧ GL/41
oðʲwā > oðʲwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√OẎO > ᴱQ. oiwa ✧ QL/71
ojkā > ojka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√OYO > ᴱQ. oika ✧ QL/71
oksā > oksa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√OSO¹ > ᴱQ. oksa ✧ QL/71
okʷkā > okʷka -Sā > -Să ‽ᴱ√OQO > ᴱQ. okka ✧ QL/70
oldā > olda -Sā > -Să ᴱ√OLO² > ᴱQ. olda ✧ QL/69
omā > oma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√OMO > ᴱQ. oma ✧ QL/70
ompā > ompa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√OMO > ᴱQ. ompa ✧ QL/70
orontā > oronta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ORO¹ > ᴱQ. oronta ✧ QL/70
orostā > orosta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ORO¹ > ᴱQ. orosta ✧ QL/70
ortā > orta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ORO¹ > ᴱQ. orta ✧ QL/70
orwā > orwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ORO¹ > ᴱQ. orwa ✧ QL/70
ossā > ossa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√OSO² > ᴱQ. ossa ✧ QL/71
ostā > osta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√OSO > ᴱQ. osta ✧ LT2A/Belegost
ostā > osta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√OSO² > ᴱQ. osta ✧ QL/71
owā > owa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√OWO > ᴱQ. oa ✧ QL/34
owā > owa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√OWO > ᴱQ. oa ✧ QL/71
oxmā > oxma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√OHO² > ᴱQ. ōma ✧ QL/69
parmā > parma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√PARA > ᴱQ. parma ✧ QL/72
patiŋkā > patiŋka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√PATA¹ > ᴱQ. patinka ✧ QL/72
peiā > peia -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶peia > ᴱQ. pea ✧ PE13/146
pendā > penda -Sā > -Să ᴱ√PENE > ᴱQ. penda ✧ QL/73
pentā > penta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√PETE > ᴱQ. ‽penta ✧ QL/73
penwā > penwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√PENE > ᴱQ. penwa ✧ QL/73
permā > perma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√PERE > ᴱQ. perma ✧ QL/73
pīkʷā > pīkʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√PIQI > ᴱQ. pīqa ✧ QL/74
pilnā > pilna -Sā > -Să ᴱ√PILI² > ᴱQ. pilna ✧ QL/74
piŋɣʷā > piŋɣʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√PIẆI > ᴱQ. pingwa ✧ QL/74
pḹtʲā > pḹtʲa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√PḶT͡YḶ > ᴱQ. paltya ✧ QL/74
pṇtā > pṇta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√PṆTṆ > ᴱQ. panta ✧ QL/72
pōjā > pōja -Sā > -Să ᴱ√PO > ᴱQ. pōya ✧ QL/74
pojkā > pojka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√POYO > ᴱQ. poika ✧ QL/75
polkā > polka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√POLO > ᴱQ. ‽polka ✧ QL/75
puðmā > puðma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√PUŘU > ᴱQ. purma ✧ QL/75
raðtā > raðta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√RAŘA > ᴱQ. rasta ✧ QL/79
raɣʷkā > raɣʷka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√RAẆA > ᴱQ. rauka ✧ QL/79
rakʷā > rakʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶a-rak-wa > ᴱQ. ráqa ✧ PE13/160
ranðā > ranða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√RAŘA > ᴱQ. randa ✧ QL/79
ranθā > ranθa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√RAÞA > ᴱQ. ranta ✧ QL/79
rawā > rawa -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶raw̯a > ᴱQ. roa ✧ QL/79
raxmā > raxma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√RAHA > ᴱQ. rāma ✧ QL/78
raβnā > raβna -Sā > -Să ᴱ√RAVA > ᴱQ. rauna ✧ QL/79
renðā > renða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√reðe > ᴱQ. renda ✧ QL/79
reθstā > reθsta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√RESE > res+sta > ᴱQ. resta ✧ QL/79
retʲimā > retʲima -Sā > -Să ᴱ√RET͡YE > ᴱQ. retima ✧ QL/79
riðʲmā > riðʲma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√RIẎI > ᴱQ. rīma ✧ QL/80
riðʲnā > riðʲna -Sā > -Să ᴱ√RIẎI > ᴱQ. (-)rīna ✧ QL/80
riðʲsimā > riðʲsima -Sā > -Să ᴱ√RIẎI > ᴱQ. rīsima ✧ QL/80
riðʲstā > riðʲsta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√RIẎI > ᴱQ. rista ✧ QL/80
riŋgā > riŋga -Sā > -Să ᴱ√RIŊI > ᴱQ. ringa ✧ QL/80
riŋkʷā > riŋkʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√RINI > ᴱQ. rinqa ✧ QL/80
ṛmā > ṛma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√‘(A)ṚM(A)R/‘ṚMṚ > ᴱQ. arma ✧ QL/32
rōmā > rōma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ > ᴱQ. rōma ✧ QL/80
rontā > ronta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ROTO > ᴱQ. ronta ✧ QL/80
rōstā > rōsta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ > ᴱQ. rosta ✧ QL/80
rōtā > rōta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ROTO > ᴱQ. rōta ✧ QL/80
ruɣjā > ruɣja -Sā > -Să ᴱ√RU’U > ᴱQ. rūya ✧ QL/80
ruŋɣwā > ruŋɣwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√RU’U > ᴱQ. ‽rungwa ✧ QL/80
saðʲkʷā > saðʲkʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SAẎA > ᴱQ. saiqa ✧ QL/82
salmā > salma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SALA > ᴱQ. salma ✧ QL/81
sampā > sampa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SAPA > ᴱQ. sampa ✧ QL/82
saŋgā > saŋga -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SAŊA > ᴱQ. sanga ✧ QL/81
saŋwā > saŋwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SAŊA > ᴱQ. sangwa ✧ QL/81
sapwā > sapwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SAPA > ᴱQ. satwa ✧ QL/82
sarmā > sarma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SARA > ᴱQ. sarma ✧ QL/82
saθʲwā > saθʲwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SAH͡YA > ᴱQ. saiwa ✧ QL/81
saxsōðā > saxsōða -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶saχsōđa > ᴱQ. saxóra ✧ PE12/18
saxsōðā > saxsōða -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶saχ-sōđā > ᴱQ. saxóra ✧ PE12/21
saxxōðā > saxxōða -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶saχsōđa > ᴱQ. Sahóra ✧ PE12/18
saxxōðā > saxxōða -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶saχ-sōđā > ᴱQ. Sahóra ✧ PE12/21
selkā > selka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SELE > ᴱQ. selka ✧ QL/83
sendā > senda -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ > ᴱQ. senda ✧ QL/82
siktā > sikta -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶siktā > ᴱQ. sihta ✧ PE13/163
silmā > silma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SILI > ᴱQ. silma ✧ QL/83
silwā > silwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SILI > ᴱQ. silwa ✧ QL/83
simpā > simpa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SIPI > ᴱQ. simpa ✧ QL/84
siriptā > siripta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SIRIP > ᴱQ. siripta ✧ QL/84
siβildā > siβilda -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SIVI > ᴱQ. sivilda ✧ QL/84
sjapā > sjapa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√saẏap- > ᴱQ. hyapa ✧ PE12/26
skantā > skanta -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶skantá > ᴱQ. hanta ✧ PE13/147
sleiwā > sleiwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶sleiwa > ᴱQ. laiwa ✧ PE13/149
sḹkā > sḹka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SḶKḶ¹ > ᴱQ. salka ✧ QL/84
sḷkā > sḷka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SḶKḶ² > ᴱQ. silka ✧ QL/86
sḷpā > sḷpa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SḶPḶ > ᴱQ. sulpa ✧ QL/84
sḹpā > sḹpa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SḶPḶ > ᴱQ. ‽salpa ✧ QL/84
sḷtā > sḷta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SḶTḶ > ᴱQ. silta ✧ QL/84
smaikā > smaika -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶smaika- > ᴱQ. maika ✧ GL/33
sṇkā > sṇka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SṆKṆ > ᴱQ. SANKA¹ ✧ QL/85
sṇtā > sṇta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SṆTṆ > ᴱQ. santa ✧ QL/85
sōðā > sōða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SOŘO > ᴱQ. sōra ✧ QL/86
sōlā > sōla -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SOLO > ᴱQ. sōla ✧ QL/85
sōmā > sōma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ > ᴱQ. sōma ✧ QL/85
sonðā > sonða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SOŘO > ᴱQ. sonda ✧ QL/85
sonðā > sonða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SOŘO > ᴱQ. sonda ✧ QL/86
sowinā > sowina -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SOW̯O > ᴱQ. soina ✧ QL/86
soβnā > soβna -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶souna > ᴱQ. sauna ✧ PE13/148
soβsā > soβsa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SOVO > ᴱQ. sausa ✧ QL/86
sṛkʷā > sṛkʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SṚKṚ > ᴱQ. sarqa ✧ QL/86
sṣ̄tʲā > sṣ̄tʲa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SṢT͡YṢ > ᴱQ. sastya ✧ QL/86
stainā > staina -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶stainá > ᴱQ. saina ✧ PE13/153
sukjā > sukja -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SUKU > ᴱQ. sutya ✧ QL/87
suksā > suksa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SUKU > ᴱQ. suksa ✧ QL/87
sulkā > sulka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SUKU > ᴱQ. ‽sulka ✧ QL/87
suŋkʷā > suŋkʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SUQU > ᴱQ. sunqa ✧ QL/87
suθʲiβā > suθʲiβa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SUH͡YU > ᴱQ. suiva ✧ QL/86
suxmā > suxma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SUHU > ᴱQ. sūma ✧ QL/86
swadā > swada -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶swada > ᴱQ. fara ✧ PE13/146
taðwā > taðwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TAÐA > ᴱQ. tarwa ✧ QL/87
tākwā > tākwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TAQA > ᴱQ. tāqa ✧ QL/89
talā > tala -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TALA > ᴱQ. tala ✧ QL/88
talkwā > talkwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TALA > -wa > ᴱQ. talka ✧ QL/88
talmā > talma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TALA > ᴱQ. talma ✧ QL/88
tāmā > tāma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TA > ᴱQ. tāma ✧ QL/87
tamillā > tamilla -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TAMA > ᴱQ. tamilla ✧ QL/88
tanðā > tanða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TAÐA > ᴱQ. tanda ✧ QL/87
taŋkā > taŋka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TAKA > ᴱQ. tanka ✧ QL/88
taŋkā > taŋka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√tak- > ᴱQ. tanka ✧ PE14/66
taŋkā > taŋka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TAKA > ᴱQ. tanka ✧ QL/88
tanθā > tanθa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TAÞA > ᴱQ. tanta ✧ QL/90
tarnā > tarna -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TARA¹ > ᴱQ. tarna ✧ QL/89
tawmā > tawma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TAW̯A > ᴱQ. tauma ✧ QL/90
taxsōðā > taxsōða -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶taχ-sṓđā́ > ᴱQ. tahóra ✧ PE12/21
taxsōðā > taxsōða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TAHA > ᴱQ. †tahōra ✧ QL/87
tekkā > tekka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TEKE > ᴱQ. tekka ✧ QL/90
teldā > telda -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TELE > ᴱQ. telda ✧ QL/90
teleptā > telepta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TELPE > ᴱQ. telepta ✧ QL/91
telwā > telwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TEL+U > ᴱQ. telwa ✧ QL/91
-tendā > -tenda -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TENE > ᴱQ. -tenda ✧ QL/91
teŋkā > teŋka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TEKE > ᴱQ. tenka ✧ QL/90
tennā > tenna -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TENE > ᴱQ. tenna ✧ QL/91
texā > texa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TEHE > ᴱQ. tea ✧ QL/90
timpā > timpa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TIPI > ᴱQ. timpa ✧ QL/92
tinðā > tinða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TIŘI > ᴱQ. tinda ✧ QL/93
tiwkā > tiwka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TIW̯I > ᴱQ. tiuka ✧ QL/93
tḹdā > tḹda -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TḶDḶ > ᴱQ. talda ✧ QL/93
tḹpā > tḹpa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TḶPḶ > ᴱQ. talpa ✧ QL/93
tḹtā > tḹta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TḶTḶ > ᴱQ. talta ✧ QL/93
tḷtā > tḷta -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶tḷtā́ > ᴱQ. tilta ✧ PE13/165
tṇkʷā > tṇkʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TṆQṆ > ᴱQ. tunqa ✧ QL/93
toldā > tolda -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TOLO > ᴱQ. tolda ✧ QL/94
tompā > tompa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TOMPO > ᴱQ. tompa ✧ QL/94
toŋā > toŋa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TOŊO > ᴱQ. tonga ✧ QL/94
toŋwā > toŋwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TOŊO > ᴱQ. tongwa ✧ QL/94
torkʷā > torkʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TORO > ᴱQ. torqa ✧ QL/94
tormā > torma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TORO > ᴱQ. torma ✧ QL/94
torwā > torwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TORO > ᴱQ. torwa ✧ QL/94
towā > towa -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶tou̯ > ᴱQ. toa ✧ GL/71
tṛkā > tṛka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√tṛk > ᴱQ. tarka ✧ GL/69
tṛkā > tṛka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TṚKṚ > ᴱQ. tarka ✧ QL/94
tuakkā > tuakka -Sā > -Să ‽ᴱ√TUAKK > ᴱQ. tuakka ✧ QL/95
tuðʲstā > tuðʲsta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TUẎU > ᴱQ. tuista ✧ QL/96
tuksā > tuksa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TUKSA > ᴱQ. tuksa ✧ QL/95
tulmā > tulma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TULU > ᴱQ. tulma ✧ QL/95
tuluŋkā > tuluŋka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TULUK > ᴱQ. tulunka ✧ QL/95
tumnā > tumna -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TUM(B)U² > ᴱQ. tumna ✧ QL/95
turkʷimā > turkʷima -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TURU > ᴱQ. turqima ✧ QL/96
turwā > turwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TURU > ᴱQ. turwa ✧ QL/96
θermā > θerma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√SERE > ᴱQ. serma ✧ QL/83
θḷðā > θḷða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ÞḶÐḶ > ᴱQ. silda ✧ QL/84
θṇkā > θṇka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√þṇkṇ > ᴱQ. sanka² ✧ QL/85
θʲṇðā > θʲṇða -Sā > -Să ᴱ√HYAŘA > ᴱQ. hyanda ✧ QL/41
tʲaβstā > tʲaβsta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TYAVA > ᴱQ. tyausta ✧ QL/49
tʲūkā > tʲūka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TYU > ᴱQ. tyūka ✧ QL/50
tʲulmā > tʲulma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TYULU > ᴱQ. tyulma ✧ QL/50
tʲūmā > tʲūma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TYU > ᴱQ. tyūma ✧ QL/50
tʲurdā > tʲurda -Sā > -Să ᴱ√TYURU > ᴱQ. tyurda ✧ QL/50
ūkʷā > ūkʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√UQU > ᴱQ. ūqa ✧ QL/98
ulkā > ulka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√ULU² > ᴱQ. ulca ✧ QL/97
urɣirdā > urɣirda -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶ur’-irda > ᴱQ. ulird(e)a ✧ PE13/144
urwā > urwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√URU > ᴱQ. urwa ✧ QL/98
ūβā > ūβa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√Ū¹ > ᴱQ. ūva ✧ QL/96
wikā > wika -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶wikā > ᴱQ. vika ✧ PE13/162
xambā > xamba -Sā > -Să ᴱ√HAM > ᴱQ. hamba ✧ QL/39
xelkā > xelka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√HELE > ᴱQ. helka ✧ QL/39
xempā > xempa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√HEPE > ᴱQ. hempa ✧ QL/40
xessā > xessa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√HESE > ᴱQ. hessa ✧ QL/40
xestā > xesta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√HESE > ᴱQ. hesta ✧ QL/40
xiswā > xiswa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√HISI > ᴱQ. hiswa ✧ QL/40
xosmā > xosma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√HOSO > ᴱQ. horma ✧ QL/41
xourā > xoura -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶χou̯-ră > ᴱQ. haura ✧ GL/49
xulkʷā > xulkʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√HULU > ᴱQ. hulqa ✧ QL/41
xundā > xunda -Sā > -Să ᴱ√HUNU > ᴱQ. hunda ✧ QL/41
ɸajkā > ɸajka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√FAYA > ᴱQ. faika ✧ QL/37
ɸalkā > ɸalka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√FALA > ᴱQ. falka ✧ QL/37
ɸamβā > ɸamβa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√FABA > ᴱQ. famba ✧ QL/36
ɸansā > ɸansa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√FANA > ᴱQ. fansa ✧ QL/37
ɸawstā > ɸawsta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√FAWA > ᴱQ. fausta ✧ QL/37
ɸaβkā > ɸaβka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√FABA > ᴱQ. fauka ✧ QL/37
ɸeŋkʷā > ɸeŋkʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√FEŊE > ᴱQ. fenqa ✧ QL/38
ɸilmā > ɸilma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√FILI > ᴱQ. filma ✧ QL/38
ɸilwā > ɸilwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√FILI > ᴱQ. filwa ✧ QL/38
ɸiŋgʷā > ɸiŋgʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√FIŊI > ᴱQ. fingwa ✧ QL/38
ɸinwā > ɸinwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√FINI > ᴱQ. finwa ✧ QL/38
ɸoɣā > ɸoɣa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√FOƷO > ᴱQ. foa ✧ QL/38
ɸoɣinā > ɸoɣina -Sā > -Să ᴱ√FOƷO > ᴱQ. foina ✧ QL/38
ɸoxā > ɸoxa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√foχo > ᴱQ. foa ✧ GL/36
βaðʲmā > βaðʲma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√VAẎA > ᴱQ. vaima ✧ QL/100
βaðʲtʲā > βaðʲtʲa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√VAẎA > ᴱQ. Vaitya ✧ QL/100
βajmā > βajma -Sā > -Să ᴱ√VAYA > ᴱQ. vaima ✧ LT1A/Vai
βajnā > βajna -Sā > -Să ᴱ√VAYA > ᴱQ. vaina ✧ LT1A/Vai
βanwā > βanwa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√VAHA > ᴱQ. vanwa ✧ QL/99
βārā > βāra -Sā > -Să ᴱ√VARA > ᴱQ. vāra ✧ QL/100
βarjā > βarja -Sā > -Să ᴱ√VARA > ᴱQ. varya ✧ QL/100
βaskā > βaska -Sā > -Să ᴱ√VASA > ᴱQ. vaska ✧ QL/100
βastā > βasta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√VAHA > ᴱQ. vasta- ✧ QL/99
βaxā > βaxa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√VAHA > ᴱQ. vā² ✧ QL/99
βeðtā > βeðta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√VEŘE > ᴱQ. vesta ✧ QL/101
βelkā > βelka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√melek/mbelek/belek > ᴱQ. velka ✧ GL/22
βentā > βenta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√VETE > ᴱQ. venta ✧ QL/101
βiksā > βiksa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√VIKI > ᴱQ. viksa ✧ QL/101
βilinā > βilina -Sā > -Să ᴱ√VILI > ᴱQ. vilina ✧ QL/101
βilnā > βilna -Sā > -Să ᴱ√VILI > ᴱQ. Vilya ✧ QL/101
βḹdā > βḹda -Sā > -Să ᴱ√VḶŘḶ > ᴱQ. valda ✧ QL/102
βḹkā > βḹka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√VḶKḶ > ᴱQ. valka ✧ QL/101
βṝðā > βṝða -Sā > -Să ᴱ✶vṝđa > ᴱQ. Varda ✧ QL/102
βṛkā > βṛka -Sā > -Să ᴱ√VṚKṚ > ᴱQ. varka ✧ QL/102
βṛkʷā > βṛkʷa -Sā > -Să ᴱ√VṚKṚ > ᴱQ. varqa ✧ QL/102
βṛtā > βṛta -Sā > -Să ᴱ√vṛt- > ᴱQ. varta ✧ QL/102
aikassē > aikasse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶aikasse > ᴱQ. aikasse ✧ GL/17
ajē > aje -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√AY̯A > ᴱQ. áye ✧ QL/34
ajrē > ajre -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√AY̯A > ᴱQ. aire ✧ QL/34
ajwē > ajwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√aı̯² > ᴱQ. aiwe ✧ GL/17
amuntē > amunte -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√AM(U) > ᴱQ. amunte ✧ QL/30
aŋaðʲassē > aŋaðʲasse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√NAẎA > ᴱQ. angayasse ✧ QL/34
aŋaðʲassē > aŋaðʲasse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√NAẎA > ᴱQ. angayasse ✧ QL/81
aŋaðʲsinē > aŋaðʲsine -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√NAẎA > ᴱQ. angaisine ✧ QL/34
anariē > anarie -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√ANA > ᴱQ. anarie ✧ QL/31
aŋaθʲassē > aŋaθʲasse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√ŊAH͡YA > ᴱQ. angayasse ✧ QL/65
apaðʲrē > apaðʲre -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√paẏa > ᴱQ. apaire ✧ QL/34
awsiē > awsie -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√AW̯A > ᴱQ. ausie ✧ QL/33
awtē > awte -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√AW̯A > autē- > ᴱQ. aute ✧ QL/33
aβandē > aβande -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√AVA > ᴱQ. avande ✧ QL/33
bulmē > bulme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√PULU > ᴱQ. pulme ✧ QL/75
daðʲormē > daðʲorme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TAʕA > ᴱQ. tayorme ✧ QL/87
daxormē > daxorme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TAHA > tahorme > taorme > ᴱQ. torme ✧ QL/87
ðʲallē > ðʲalle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√ẎALA > ᴱQ. yalle ✧ QL/105
dʲeðē > dʲeðe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√DYEÐE > ᴱQ. ’yere ✧ QL/105
dʲejē > dʲeje -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶dyeye > ᴱQ. die ✧ QL/105
ekki > ekke -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√EKE > ᴱQ. ekke ✧ QL/35
endē > ende -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√ENE² > ᴱQ. ende ✧ QL/35
enē > ene -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√E > ᴱQ. ene ✧ QL/34
ewlē > ewle -Sē > -Sĕ ‽ᴱ√EWE > ᴱQ. eule ✧ QL/36
galainē > galaine -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√KALA > ᴱQ. kalaine ✧ QL/44
gālē > gāle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√KALA > ᴱQ. kále ✧ QL/44
gallē > galle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√KALA > ᴱQ. kalle ✧ QL/44
gwindē > gwinde -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√QIMI > ᴱQ. (i) qinde ✧ QL/77
gʷassalē > gʷassale -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√GWASA > ᴱQ. ’wassale ✧ QL/103
gʷegiē > gʷegie -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶gu̯eg- > ᴱQ. wie ✧ GL/44
gʷelbē > gʷelbe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√GWELE > ᴱQ. ’welbe ✧ QL/103
gʷelwē > gʷelwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√GWELE > ᴱQ. ’welwe ✧ QL/103
gʷemβē > gʷemβe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√GWEVE > ᴱQ. ’wembe ✧ QL/103
gʷentē > gʷente -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√gwed² > ᴱQ. wente ✧ GL/46
gʷiðtē > gʷiðte -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√GWIÐI > ᴱQ. ’wiste ✧ QL/103
gʷimpelē > gʷimpele -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√GWIMI > ᴱQ. ’wimpele ✧ QL/104
gʷinðelē > gʷinðele -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√GWIÐI > ᴱQ. ’windele ✧ QL/103
gʷintelē > gʷintele -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√GWINI > ᴱQ. ’wintele ✧ QL/104
ɣolwē > ɣolwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶ʒolwé: > ᴱQ. olwe ✧ PE13/145
ɣolwē > ɣolwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶ʒolwē > ᴱQ. holwe ✧ PE13/162
ɣuŋwē > ɣuŋwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√GUŊU > ᴱQ. ungwe ✧ QL/98
iluē > ilue -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√ILU > ᴱQ. ilwe ✧ QL/42
imbē > imbe -Sē > -Sĕ ‽ᴱ√IɃI > ᴱQ. imbe ✧ QL/41
īnē > īne -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√I > ᴱQ. íne ✧ QL/41
issē > isse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√ISI¹ > ᴱQ. isse ✧ QL/43
itsē > itse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√ITI > ᴱQ. itse ✧ QL/43
jaksē > jakse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶ı̯aksĕ > ᴱQ. yakse ✧ GL/37
jolmē > jolme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√Y̯OLO > ᴱQ. yolme ✧ QL/106
kaɣʷrē > kaɣʷre -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√KAẆA > ᴱQ. kaure ✧ QL/45
kajmē > kajme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√KAYA > ᴱQ. kaime ✧ QL/46
kalendē > kalende -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√KALA > ᴱQ. kalende ✧ QL/44
kaβnē > kaβne -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√KAV > ᴱQ. kaune ✧ PME/45
kaβnē > kaβne -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√KAVA > ᴱQ. kaune ✧ QL/45
kektelē > kektele -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√KEKE¹ > ᴱQ. kektele ✧ QL/46
kektelē > kektele -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√KELE > ᴱQ. †kektele ✧ QL/46
kerē > kere -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√KERE > ᴱQ. kere ✧ QL/46
kiðmē > kiðme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√KIŘI > ᴱQ. kirme ✧ QL/47
kilmē > kilme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√KILI > ᴱQ. kilme ✧ QL/46
kṇtelē > kṇtele -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√KᴬNTᴬN > ᴱQ. kantele ✧ QL/45
koðʲlē > koðʲle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶koile > ᴱQ. koile ✧ PE13/141
koðʲlē > koðʲle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√KOẎO > ᴱQ. koire ✧ QL/48
kolmē > kolme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√KOLO > ᴱQ. kolme ✧ QL/47
kolukē > koluke -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√KOLO¹ > ᴱQ. koluke ✧ QL/47
kornē > korne -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√KORO² > ᴱQ. korne ✧ QL/48
koxlē > koxle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√KOHO > ᴱQ. kōle ✧ QL/47
kṛpalē > kṛpale -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√KᴬRPᴬR > ᴱQ. karpale ✧ QL/45
kuβnē > kuβne -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√kuv > ᴱQ. kūne ✧ PME/49
kuβnē > kuβne -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√KUVU > ᴱQ. kūne ✧ QL/49
kʷalmē > kʷalme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√QALA > ᴱQ. qalme ✧ QL/76
kʷalumē > kʷalume -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√QALA > ᴱQ. †qalume ✧ QL/76
kʷamē > kʷame -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√QAMA > ᴱQ. qāme ✧ QL/76
kʷelmē > kʷelme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√QELE > ᴱQ. qelme ✧ QL/76
kʷiðmē > kʷiðme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√QIŘI > ᴱQ. ‽qirme ✧ QL/77
kʷilē > kʷile -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√QILI¹ > ᴱQ. qile ✧ QL/77
kʷiltassē > kʷiltasse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√QILI¹ > ᴱQ. qiltasse ✧ QL/77
kʷinē > kʷine -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√QINI > ᴱQ. qīne ✧ QL/77
kʷḷðē > kʷḷðe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√QḶŘḶ > ᴱQ. qilde ✧ QL/78
kʷoðsē > kʷoðse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√QOŘO > ᴱQ. qosse ✧ QL/78
laðʲrē > laðʲre -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√laẏa > ᴱQ. laire ✧ PME/52
laðʲrē > laðʲre -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√LAẎA > ᴱQ. laire ✧ QL/52
lamβē > lamβe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√LAVA > ᴱQ. lambe ✧ QL/52
lawlē > lawle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√LAWA > ᴱQ. laule ✧ QL/52
lawstē > lawste -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√LAWA > ᴱQ. lauste ✧ QL/52
lewɣʷē > leɣʷme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√LEẆE > ᴱQ. leume ✧ QL/53
lejē > leje -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶leyé > ᴱQ. lie ✧ PE13/148
lempē > lempe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√LEPE > ᴱQ. lempe ✧ QL/53
leptilē > leptile -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√LEPE > ᴱQ. lepsilẹ ✧ QL/53
liē > lie -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√ > ᴱQ. lie ✧ QL/53
lijantē > lijante -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√LI+ya > ᴱQ. liante ✧ QL/53
lijnē > lijne -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√LI+ya > ᴱQ. līnẹ ✧ QL/53
limbē > limbe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√ > ᴱQ. limbe ✧ QL/53
limpē > limpe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√LIPI > ᴱQ. limpe ✧ QL/54
liŋkʷē > liŋkʷe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√LIQI > ᴱQ. linqe ✧ QL/54
liptē > lipte -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√LIPI > ᴱQ. lipte ✧ QL/54
līsē > līse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√LISI > ᴱQ. līse ✧ QL/55
ḷkē > ḷke -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√(I)ḶK > ᴱQ. ilke ✧ QL/42
loɣtē > loɣte -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√LO’O > ᴱQ. lōte ✧ QL/55
lojmē > lojme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√LOY̯O > ᴱQ. loime ✧ QL/56
loumē > loume -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶Lou̯m > Laum > ᴱQ. laume ✧ QL/51
lūkē > lūke -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√LUKU > ᴱQ. lūke ✧ QL/56
luxndē > luxnde -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√LUHU > ᴱQ. lunde ✧ QL/56
maksē > makse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√MAKA² > ᴱQ. makse ✧ QL/58
mallē > malle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√MALA¹ > ᴱQ. ‽malle ✧ QL/58
mandē > mande -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√MANA > ᴱQ. mande ✧ QL/58
maŋgē > maŋge -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√MANGA > ᴱQ. mange² ✧ QL/59
mantiē > mantie -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶mat- > ᴱQ. mansie ✧ PE14/58
mantjē > mantje -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶mat- > ᴱQ. mantye ✧ PE14/58
maptalē > maptale -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√MAPA > ᴱQ. maptale ✧ QL/59
matī > mati -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶matī > ᴱQ. matsi ✧ PE14/70
maθkē > maθke -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√MASA² > ᴱQ. maske ✧ QL/59
mawlē > mawle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√MAWA > ᴱQ. maule ✧ QL/60
mektē > mekte -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√MEKE > ᴱQ. mekte ✧ QL/60
mentē > mente -Sē > -Sĕ ‽ᴱ√MEME > ᴱQ. mente ✧ QL/61
mikʷē > mikʷe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√MIQI > ᴱQ. miqe ✧ QL/61
mimbē > mimbe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√MIMI > ᴱQ. mimbe ✧ QL/61
miŋkʷē > miŋkʷe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√MĪ¹ > ᴱQ. minqe ✧ QL/61
mirmirē > mirmire -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√MIRI > [mirm]ire > ᴱQ. mirmile ✧ QL/61
mirtʲinē > mirtʲine -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√MIRI > ᴱQ. mirtine ✧ QL/61
murmē > murme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√MURU > ᴱQ. murme ✧ QL/63
mẓðē > mẓðe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶mẓđē > ᴱQ. mirde ✧ PE12/14
naliē > nalie -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√NALA > ᴱQ. nalie ✧ QL/64
nāsē > nāse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√NASA > ᴱQ. nāse ✧ QL/64
nāβē > nāβe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√NAVA > ᴱQ. nāve ✧ QL/64
ndoðnē > ndoðne -Sē > -Sĕ ‽ᴱ√NOŘO > ᴱQ. norne ✧ QL/67
ndoldarē > ndoldare -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√NDOLO > ᴱQ. noldare ✧ QL/65
ndōrē > ndōre -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶ndŏre > ᴱQ. nōre ✧ PE13/161
nēgittē > nēgitte -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶nēgittĕ > ᴱQ. neite ✧ GL/60
neldē > nelde -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√NELE > ᴱQ. ‽nelde ✧ QL/65
nessē > nesse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√NESE > ᴱQ. nesse ✧ QL/66
nextē > nexte -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√NEHE > ᴱQ. nekte ✧ QL/65
nḹðlē > nḹðle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶nḷdle > ᴱQ. nalle ✧ QL/66
noldarē > noldare -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱQ. ŇOLDO > ᴱQ. noldare ✧ QL/67
ŋōlemē > ŋōleme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√ŇOLO > ᴱQ. nōleme ✧ QL/67
nolmē > nolme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√NOLO > ᴱQ. nolme ✧ QL/67
nossē > nosse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√ > ᴱQ. nosse ✧ QL/66
noswē > noswe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√NOSO > ᴱQ. noswe ✧ QL/67
nōtē > nōte -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√NOTO > ᴱQ. nōte ✧ QL/67
nṝgwē > nṝgwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶nr:gwé > ᴱQ. narwe ✧ PE13/150
nṛkʷelē > nṛkʷele -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√NṚQṚ > ᴱQ. narqele ✧ QL/68
nṛθilē > nṛθile -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√NṚŘṚ > ᴱQ. nardile ✧ QL/68
nṛθwē > nṛθwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√NṚŘṚ > ᴱQ. narwe ✧ QL/68
nustē > nuste -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√NUSU > ᴱQ. nuste ✧ QL/68
nuxmē > nuxme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√NUHU > ᴱQ. nūme ✧ QL/68
nuɸtē > nuɸte -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√NUFU > ᴱQ. nupte ✧ QL/68
nʲēnʲē > nʲēnʲe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√NYEHE > ᴱQ. nyenye ✧ QL/69
nʲexiē > nʲexie -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶nı̯eχie > ᴱQ. nie ✧ GL/60
nʲexiē > nʲexie -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶nyeχie > ᴱQ. nie ✧ QL/68
ōðē > ōðe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√OŘO > ᴱQ. ōre ✧ QL/70
ōðomē > ōðome -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√OŘO > ᴱQ. Orome ✧ QL/71
ōðontē > ōðonte -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√OŘO > ᴱQ. oronte ✧ QL/70
oðʲnē > oðʲne -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√OẎO > ᴱQ. oine ✧ QL/71
ojsē > ojse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√OYO > ᴱQ. oise ✧ QL/71
oldē > olde -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√OLO² > ᴱQ. olde ✧ QL/69
olē > ole -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√OLO¹ > ᴱQ. ole ✧ QL/69
ōlemē > ōleme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√OLO¹ > ᴱQ. ōleme ✧ QL/69
olmē > olme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√OLO¹ > ᴱQ. olme ✧ QL/69
oŋgwē > oŋgwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√ONGO > ᴱQ. ongwe ✧ QL/70
ormē > orme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√ORO¹ > ᴱQ. orme ✧ QL/70
ornē > orne -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶orne- > ᴱQ. orne ✧ PE13/164
oswē > oswe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√OSO¹ > ᴱQ. oswe ✧ QL/71
otokē > otoke -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√OTO > ᴱQ. otoke ✧ QL/71
ouxē > ouxe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶ou̯χe > ᴱQ. ue ✧ QL/71
ouxē > ouxe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√OWO > ᴱQ. UE ✧ QL/97
owallē > owalle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√OWO > ᴱQ. oalle ✧ QL/71
paðʲmē > paðʲme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√PAẎA > ᴱQ. paime ✧ QL/72
palassē > palasse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√Palas > ᴱQ. palasse ✧ QL/72
pellē > pelle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√PELE¹ > ᴱQ. pelle ✧ QL/73
pīɣʷē > pīɣʷe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√PIẆI > ᴱQ. pīwe ✧ QL/74
piɣʷlē > piɣʷle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√PIẆI > ᴱQ. piule ✧ QL/74
pilwē > pilwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√PILI¹ > ᴱQ. pilwe ✧ QL/74
pirimbē > pirimbe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶p’rimbe > ᴱQ. pirimbe ✧ PE13/152
pirutē > pirute -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√PIRI > ᴱQ. pirute ✧ QL/74
pisjē > pisje -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶pisye > ᴱQ. pihye ✧ PE13/147
pḷkʷē > pḷkʷe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√PḶQḶ > ᴱQ. pulqe ✧ QL/74
pōmē > pōme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√PO > ᴱQ. pōme ✧ QL/74
pusē > puse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√PUSU > ᴱQ. puse ✧ QL/76
pusulpē > pusulpe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√PUSU > ᴱQ. pusulpe ✧ QL/76
putsē > putse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√PU(HU) > ᴱQ. putse ✧ QL/75
raɣʷmē > raɣʷme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√RAẆA > ᴱQ. raume ✧ QL/79
raktē > rakte -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√RAKA > ᴱQ. rakte ✧ QL/78
rambē > rambe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√RAMA > ᴱQ. rambe¹ ✧ QL/78
ramwē > ramwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√RAMA > ᴱQ. †ranwe ✧ QL/79
ramβē > ramβe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√RAVA > ᴱQ. rambe² ✧ QL/79
raβstē > raβste -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√RAVA > ᴱQ. rauste ✧ QL/79
reðsē > reðse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√reðe > ᴱQ. resse ✧ QL/79
ressē > resse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√RESE > ᴱQ. resse ✧ QL/79
rimbē > rimbe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√RIMI > ᴱQ. rimbe ✧ QL/80
riŋwē > riŋwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√RIŊI > ᴱQ. ringwe ✧ QL/80
rīpē > rīpe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√RIPI > ᴱQ. rīpe ✧ QL/80
rōtelē > rōtele -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√ROTO > ᴱQ. rōtele ✧ QL/80
rotsē > rotse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√ROTO > ᴱQ. rotse ✧ QL/80
ruɣē > ruɣe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√RU’U > ᴱQ. rue ✧ QL/80
saɣʷlē > saɣʷle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√SAẆA > ᴱQ. saule ✧ QL/82
salambē > salambe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√SALA > ᴱQ. salambe ✧ QL/81
salmē > salme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√SALA > ᴱQ. salme ✧ QL/81
salumbē > salumbe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√SALA > ᴱQ. salumbe ✧ QL/81
sambē > sambe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√SAMA > ᴱQ. sambe ✧ QL/81
sampē > sampe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√SAPA > ᴱQ. sampe ✧ QL/82
sawkē > sawke -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√SAW̯A > ᴱQ. sauke ✧ QL/82
sestē > seste -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√ > ᴱQ. (a)seste ✧ QL/82
sīðē > sīðe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√SIŘI > ᴱQ. sīre ✧ QL/84
silē > sile -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√SILI > ᴱQ. sile ✧ QL/83
silkʷē > silkʷe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√SILI > ᴱQ. ‽silqe ✧ QL/83
siripē > siripe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√SIRIP > ᴱQ. sirpe ✧ QL/84
ṣkʷē > ṣkʷe -Sē > -Sĕ ‽ᴱ√ṢQṢ > ᴱQ. USQE ✧ QL/98
sḷkʷē > sḷkʷe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√SḶKḶ² > ᴱQ. silqe ✧ QL/86
solmē > solme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√SOLO > ᴱQ. solme ✧ QL/85
sowilē > sowile -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√SOW̯O > ᴱQ. soile ✧ QL/86
soβnē > soβne -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√SOVO > ᴱQ. saune ✧ QL/86
sṣtē > sṣte -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶sṣtē > ᴱQ. siste ✧ PE12/14
sūkē > sūke -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√SUKU > ᴱQ. sūke ✧ QL/86
sūlē > sūle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√SULU > ᴱQ. sūle ✧ QL/87
suŋkʷē > suŋkʷe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√SUQU > ᴱQ. sunqe ✧ QL/87
suxjē > suxje -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√SUHU > ᴱQ. †sūye ✧ QL/86
suxlimē > suxlime -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√SUHU > ᴱQ. sūlime ✧ QL/86
suxnē > suxne -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√SUHU > ᴱQ. sūne ✧ QL/86
taðassē > taðasse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TAÐA > ᴱQ. tarasse ✧ QL/87
tailkʷē > tailkʷe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶taı̯lkwē > ᴱQ. talqe ✧ GL/25
talantē > talante -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TALA > ᴱQ. talante ✧ QL/88
talmē > talme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TALA > ᴱQ. talme ✧ QL/88
taŋgē > taŋge -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TAŊA > ᴱQ. tange ✧ QL/89
tarwē > tarwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TARA¹ > ᴱQ. tarwe ✧ QL/89
tastē > taste -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TASA > ᴱQ. taste ✧ QL/89
tawlē > tawle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TAW̯A > ᴱQ. taule ✧ QL/90
taximē > taxime -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TAHA > ᴱQ. Taime ✧ QL/88
taβlē > taβle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TAVA > ᴱQ. taule ✧ QL/90
teðtē > teðte -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TEŘE > ᴱQ. teste ✧ QL/91
telekʷē > telekʷe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶kelekwé > ᴱQ. telqe ✧ PE13/140
telepē > telepe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶t’lépe > ᴱQ. telpe ✧ PE13/154
telepē > telepe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶t’lḗpe > ᴱQ. telpe ✧ PE13/154
telumbē > telumbe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TELE > ᴱQ. telumbe ✧ QL/90
temɸē > temɸe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TEFE > ᴱQ. tempe ✧ QL/90
teŋwē > teŋwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TEŊE > ᴱQ. tengwe ✧ QL/91
tetelassē > tetelasse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶tet’l-asse > ᴱQ. teltasse ✧ GL/70
tetsē > tetse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TETE > ᴱQ. tetse ✧ QL/92
tettelē > tettele -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TETE > ᴱQ. tettele ✧ QL/92
texiē > texie -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶teχiḗ > tēye > tĕ́hie > ᴱQ. tī̆e ✧ PE12/8
texsē > texse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√tehe > ᴱQ. tekse ✧ PE15/69
teɸiē > teɸie -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TEFE > ᴱQ. tēvie ✧ QL/90
tildē > tilde -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TILI² > ᴱQ. tilde ✧ QL/92
tillē > tille -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TILI² > ᴱQ. tille ✧ QL/92
tilwē > tilwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TILI¹ > ᴱQ. tilwe ✧ QL/92
timpē > timpe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TIPI > ᴱQ. timpe ✧ QL/92
timpinē > timpine -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TIPI > ᴱQ. timpine ✧ QL/92
tinwē > tinwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TINI > ᴱQ. tinwe ✧ QL/92
tirnē > tirne -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TIRI > ᴱQ. tirne ✧ QL/93
tōlē > tōle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TOLO > ᴱQ. tōle ✧ QL/94
tuðturē > tuðture -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TUŘU > ᴱQ. tusture ✧ QL/96
tuðʲlē > tuðʲle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TUẎU > ᴱQ. tuile ✧ QL/96
tulwē > tulwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TULU > ᴱQ. tulwe ✧ QL/95
tumbē > tumbe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TUMU¹ > ᴱQ. tumbe ✧ QL/95
tūrē > tūre -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TURU > ᴱQ. tūre ✧ QL/95
θexŋē > θexŋe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√SEHE > ᴱQ. senge ✧ QL/82
θextē > θexte -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√SEHE > ᴱQ. sehte ✧ QL/82
θṇkē > θṇke -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√þṇkṇ > ᴱQ. sanke ✧ QL/85
tʲetsē > tʲetse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TYETE > ᴱQ. tyetse ✧ QL/50
tʲulussē > tʲulusse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√TYULU > ᴱQ. tyulusse ✧ QL/50
ulmē > ulme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√ULU > ᴱQ. ulme ✧ QL/97
umbē > umbe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√Ū¹ > ᴱQ. umbe ✧ QL/96
uswē > uswe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√USU¹ > ᴱQ. uswe ✧ QL/98
wijē > wije -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶wiı̯ḗ > ᴱQ. vie ✧ PE13/162
xatsē > xatse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√HATA > ᴱQ. hatse ✧ QL/39
xelkē > xelke -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√HELE > ᴱQ. helke ✧ QL/39
xērē > xēre -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√HERE > ᴱQ. hēre ✧ QL/40
xilθē > xilθe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ✶χilþē > ᴱQ. hilde ✧ GL/49
xīsē > xīse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√HISI > ᴱQ. híse ✧ QL/40
xolālē > xolāle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√HO > ᴱQ. holále ✧ QL/40
xollē > xolle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√HO > ᴱQ. holle ✧ QL/40
xossē > xosse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√HOSO > ᴱQ. hosse ✧ QL/41
xulālē > xulāle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√HUHU > ᴱQ. hulále ✧ QL/41
ɸanōrē > ɸanōre -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√FANA > ᴱQ. fanōre ✧ QL/37
ɸanwē > ɸanwe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√FANA > ᴱQ. fanwe ✧ QL/37
ɸilkʷē > ɸilkʷe -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√FILI > ᴱQ. filqe ✧ QL/38
ɸiniē > ɸinie -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√FINI > ᴱQ. finië ✧ LT1A/Finwë
ɸoɣlē > ɸoɣle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√FOƷO > ᴱQ. fôle ✧ QL/38
ɸūmē > ɸūme -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√FUMU > ᴱQ. fūme ✧ QL/39
βaðʲlē > βaðʲle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√VAẎA > ᴱQ. vaile ✧ QL/100
βaðʲnē > βaðʲne -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√VAẎA > ᴱQ. vaine ✧ QL/100
βaksē > βakse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√VAKA > ᴱQ. vakse ✧ QL/99
βandē > βande -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√VAHA > ᴱQ. vande ✧ QL/99
βandē > βande -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√VANA > ᴱQ. vande ✧ QL/99
βarnē > βarne -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√VARA > ᴱQ. varne ✧ QL/100
βassalē > βassale -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√VASA > ᴱQ. vassale ✧ QL/100
βeðsē > βeðse -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√VEŘE > ᴱQ. †vesse ✧ QL/101
βeltē > βelte -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√VETE > ᴱQ. velte ✧ QL/101
βeluntē > βelunte -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√VELU > ᴱQ. velunte ✧ QL/100
βenē > βene -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√VENE > venē- > ᴱQ. vene ✧ QL/100
βeniē > βenie -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√VENE > ᴱQ. venie ✧ QL/100
βīkē > βīke -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√ > ᴱQ. vīke ✧ QL/101
βiktē > βikte -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√VIKI > ᴱQ. vikte ✧ QL/101
βīlē > βīle -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√VILI > ᴱQ. vīle ✧ QL/101
βornē > βorne -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√VORO > ᴱQ. vorne ✧ QL/102
βṝtʲanē > βṝtʲane -Sē > -Sĕ ᴱ√VṚT͡YṚ > ᴱQ. vartyane ✧ QL/102
ajnī > ajni -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√AY̯A > ᴱQ. aini ✧ QL/34
āmī > āmi -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√AMA > ᴱQ. âmi ✧ QL/30
atkʷī > atkʷi -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√ATA > ᴱQ. aqi ✧ QL/33
botī > boti -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√POT-I > ᴱQ. potsi ✧ QL/75
daxrī > daxri -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√TAHA > ᴱQ. tāri ✧ QL/87
eðusmānī > eðusmāni -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ✶eruᶻmāni > ᴱQ. Erumāni ✧ QL/36
ɣirdī > ɣirdi -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ✶ʒirdī > ᴱQ. hirdi ✧ PE13/161
imī > imi -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√IMI² > ᴱQ. imi ✧ QL/42
kemī > kemi -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√KEME > ᴱQ. kemi ✧ QL/46
lajtī > lajti -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√LAYA > ᴱQ. laisi ✧ LT1A/Tári-Laisi
lamnī > lamni -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ✶labnai > lamnī > ᴱQ. lamni ✧ PE14/70
-lēnī > -lēni -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√LENE > ᴱQ. lēni ✧ QL/53
-lī > -li -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√ > ᴱQ. -li ✧ QL/53
lopsī > lopsi -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√LOPO > ᴱQ. lopsi ✧ QL/56
mauárdī > mauárdi -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ✶mau̯ardī > ᴱQ. mawardi ✧ PE12/14
mṇtʲī > mṇtʲi -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√MṆT͡YṆ > ᴱQ. minti ✧ QL/62
mōrī > mōri -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√MORO > ᴱQ. mōri ✧ QL/62
ṇkʷī > ṇkʷi -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√(U)ṆQ(U)Ṇ² > ᴱQ. unqi ✧ QL/98
nṛθī > nṛθi -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√NṚŘṚ > ᴱQ. Nardi ✧ QL/68
nʲēnī > nʲēni -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√NYE(NE) > ᴱQ. nyēni ✧ QL/68
okʷī > okʷi -Sī > -Sĭ ‽ᴱ√OQO > ᴱQ. oqi ✧ QL/70
ollī > olli -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√OLO² > ᴱQ. olli ✧ QL/69
-pī > -pi -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√ > ᴱQ. -pi ✧ QL/73
rāβī > rāβi -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√RAVA > ᴱQ. Râvi ✧ QL/79
renðī > renði -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√reðe > ᴱQ. rendi ✧ QL/79
rimbī > rimbi -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√RINI > ᴱQ. rimbi ✧ QL/80
rinmī > rinmi -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√RINI > ᴱQ. rimni ✧ QL/80
sinðī > sinði -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√SIŘI > ᴱQ. sindi ✧ QL/84
suwī > suwi -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√SUẈU > ᴱQ. SUI ✧ QL/87
swnī > swni -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ✶sw(ǝ)nī́ > ᴱQ. suni ✧ PE12/26
swnī > swni -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ✶sẇǝnī́ > ᴱQ. suni ✧ QL/82
tolī > toli -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√TOLI > ᴱQ. toli ✧ QL/94
ulukwī > ulukwi -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√ULUKU > ᴱQ. ulqi ✧ QL/97
xaloitī > xaloiti -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√HALA > ᴱQ. haloisi ✧ QL/39
xerī > xeri -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√HERE > ᴱQ. heri ✧ QL/40
xilmī > xilmi -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√HIL > ᴱQ. hilmi ✧ QL/40
βeðī > βeði -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√VEŘE > ᴱQ. †veri ✧ QL/101
βītʲī > βītʲi -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ√VIT͡YI > ᴱQ. vīsi- ✧ QL/101
βṛðnī > βṛðni -Sī > -Sĭ ᴱ✶vṛ̆đní > ᴱQ. varni ✧ QL/102
ajmō > ajmo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√AY̯A > ᴱQ. aimo ✧ QL/34
almō > almo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√ALA² > ᴱQ. almo ✧ QL/29
amṝtō > amṝto -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√mᵃrtᵃr > ᴱQ. Amarto ✧ QL/34
aŋaðʲnō > aŋaðʲno -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√NAẎA > ᴱQ. Angaino ✧ QL/34
bonðō > bonðo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√BOÐO > ᴱQ. pondo ✧ QL/75
bulkō > bulko -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√PULU > ᴱQ. pulko ✧ QL/75
ðʲakkō > ðʲakko -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√Ẏak > ᴱQ. yakko ✧ QL/105
ɣondō > ɣondo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√ONO¹ > ᴱQ. ondo ✧ QL/70
ɣʷaðtō > ɣʷaθto -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√ẆAÐA > ᴱQ. wasto ✧ QL/102
inðō > inðo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√IŘI > ᴱQ. indo ✧ QL/43
jambō > jambo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√Y̯AMA > ᴱQ. yambo ✧ QL/105
jandō > jando -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√YA > ᴱQ. yando ✧ QL/104
kamillō > kamillo -Sō > -Sŏ ‽ᴱ√KAMA² > ᴱQ. kamillo ✧ QL/44
kampō > kampo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√KAPA > ᴱQ. Kampo ✧ QL/45
kamβō > kamβo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√KAVA > ᴱQ. kambo ✧ QL/45
koxuō > koxuo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√KOHO > koχuo > ᴱQ. kuo ✧ QL/47
kumpō > kumpo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√KUMU > ᴱQ. kumpo ✧ QL/49
kumpō > kumpo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√KUPU > ᴱQ. kumpo ✧ QL/49
kuptulō > kuptulo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√KUPU > ᴱQ. kuptulo ✧ QL/49
kʷampō > kʷampo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√QAPA > ᴱQ. qampo ✧ QL/76
laðʲtō > laðʲto -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√LAẎA > ᴱQ. laito ✧ QL/52
lumβō > lumβo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√LUVU > ᴱQ. lumbo ✧ QL/57
lūtō > lūto -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√LUTU > ᴱQ. lūto ✧ QL/57
mauárdō > mauárdo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√MAWA > ᴱQ. mavardo ✧ QL/60
mbastō > mbasto -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√MBARA > ᴱQ. masto ✧ QL/60
mṛtō > mṛto -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√MṚTṚ > ᴱQ. marto ✧ QL/63
mūkō > mūko -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√MUKU > ᴱQ. mūko ✧ QL/63
naβillō > naβillo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√NAVA > ᴱQ. navillo ✧ QL/65
ndolmō > ndolmo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√NDOLO > ᴱQ. nolmo ✧ QL/65
nenðō > nenðo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√NEŘE > ᴱQ. nendo ✧ QL/66
nonnō > nonno -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√NŌ/NOWO‽/NONO‽ > ᴱQ. nonno ✧ QL/66
notsō > notso -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√NOTO > ᴱQ. notso ✧ QL/67
nowō > nowo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√NŌ/NOWO‽/NONO‽ > ᴱQ. nuo ✧ QL/66
-ō > -o -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ✶ō > ᴱQ. -o ✧ GG/10
ōðontō > ōðonto -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√OŘO > ᴱQ. oronto ✧ QL/70
oðtō > oðto -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√OŘO > ᴱQ. osto ✧ QL/71
orō > oro -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√ORO¹ > ᴱQ. oro ✧ QL/70
otsō > otso -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√OTO > ᴱQ. ‽otso ✧ QL/71
paðʲremō > paðʲremo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√PAẎA > ᴱQ. pairemo ✧ QL/72
panō > pano -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√PANA > ᴱQ. pano ✧ QL/72
pelkō > pelko -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√PELE² > ᴱQ. pelko ✧ QL/73
peltō > pelto -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√PELE¹ > ᴱQ. pelto ✧ QL/73
pokō > poko -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√POKO > ᴱQ. poko ✧ QL/75
pumpō > pumpo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√PUMU/PUPU > ᴱQ. pumpo ✧ QL/75
riŋkō > riŋko -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√RINI > ᴱQ. rinko ✧ QL/80
saðʲpō > saðʲpo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√saẏap- > ᴱQ. saipo ✧ PE12/26
saðʲpō > saðʲpo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√SAYAPA > ᴱQ. saipo ✧ QL/82
sarnō > sarno -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√SARA > ᴱQ. sarno ✧ QL/82
silmō > silmo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√SILI > ᴱQ. Silmo ✧ QL/83
taβnō > taβno -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√TAVA > ᴱQ. tauno ✧ QL/90
telimbō > telimbo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√TELE > ᴱQ. telimbo ✧ QL/90
tḷpō > tḷpo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√TḶPḶ > ᴱQ. tulpo ✧ QL/93
tṇ̄pō > tṇ̄po -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√TṂPṂ > ᴱQ. tampo ✧ QL/93
tṇpō > tṇpo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√TṂPṂ > ᴱQ. tumpo ✧ QL/93
toŋō > toŋo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√TOŊO > ᴱQ. tongo ✧ QL/94
tumbō > tumbo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√TUM(B)U² > ᴱQ. tumbo ✧ QL/95
tumpō > tumpo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√TUPU > ᴱQ. tumpo ✧ QL/95
tunðō > tunðo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√TUŘU > ᴱQ. tundo ✧ QL/96
tuntō > tunto -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√TUN+TƎ > ᴱQ. tunto ✧ QL/95
tūpō > tūpo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√TUPU > ᴱQ. tūpo ✧ QL/95
ɸajnō > ɸajno -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√FAYA > ᴱQ. faino ✧ QL/37
ɸalmō > ɸalmo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√FALA > ᴱQ. falmo ✧ QL/37
ɸamβō > ɸamβo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√FABA > ᴱQ. fambo ✧ QL/37
βaŋkō > βaŋko -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√VAKA > ᴱQ. vanko ✧ QL/99
βaxkō > βaxko -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ✶baχa > ᴱQ. vakko ✧ GL/21
βṝtʲō > βṝtʲo -Sō > -Sŏ ᴱ√VṚT͡YṚ > ᴱQ. vartyo ✧ QL/102
aimaktū > aimaktu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√AY̯A > ᴱQ. aimaktu ✧ QL/34
ajnū > ajnu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√AY̯A > ᴱQ. ainu ✧ QL/34
alū > alu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√ALU > ᴱQ. alu ✧ QL/30
amū > amu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√AM(U) > ᴱQ. amu ✧ QL/30
eðū > eðu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√ERE/ESE > ᴱQ. eru ✧ QL/36
enū > enu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√ENU > ᴱQ. Enu ✧ QL/35
gʷṛðū > gʷṛðu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√GWṚÐR > ᴱQ. urdu ✧ QL/104
gʷṛθū > gʷṛθu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ✶gu̯rþū́ > ᴱQ. urdu ✧ GL/43
ilū > ilu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√ILU > ᴱQ. ILU ✧ QL/42
kanū > kanu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√KANA¹ > ᴱQ. kanu ✧ QL/44
kelū > kelu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√KELU > ᴱQ. kelu ✧ LT1A/Kelusindi
kulū > kulu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√KULU > ᴱQ. kulu ✧ QL/49
kʷelū > kʷelu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√QEL+U > ᴱQ. qelu ✧ QL/76
kʷolū > kʷolu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√QOLO > ᴱQ. qolu ✧ QL/78
kʷṛðū > kʷṛðu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√qṛđ > ᴱQ. kurdu ✧ GL/28
larū > laru -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√LARA > ᴱQ. laru ✧ QL/51
maðʲrū > maðʲru -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√MAẎA > ᴱQ. ‽mairu ✧ QL/60
marū > maru -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√MARA¹ > ᴱQ. maru ✧ QL/59
matū > matu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√MATA > ᴱQ. matu ✧ QL/59
mbṇðū > mbṇðu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√Mᵇ(A)NÐ(A)N > ᴱQ. -MANDU ✧ QL/58
nēnū > nēnu -Sū > -Sŭ ‽ᴱ√NENE > ᴱQ. nēnu ✧ QL/65
nurrū > nurru -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√NURU > ᴱQ. nurru ✧ QL/68
pilū > pilu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√PILI¹ > ᴱQ. pilu ✧ QL/74
polū > polu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√POL-I > ᴱQ. ‽polu ✧ QL/75
rimū > rimu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√RIMI > ᴱQ. rimu ✧ QL/80
riŋkū > riŋku -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√RINI > ᴱQ. rinku ✧ QL/80
rukū > ruku -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√RUKU > ᴱQ. ruku ✧ QL/80
suxrū > suxru -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√SUHU > ᴱQ. Súru ✧ LT1A/Súruli
tarū > taru -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√TARA² > ᴱQ. taru ✧ QL/89
telū > telu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√TEL+U > ᴱQ. telu ✧ QL/91
tuðū > tuðu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√TUŘU > ᴱQ. turu ✧ QL/96
ukʷkū > ukʷku -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√UQU > ᴱQ. ukku ✧ QL/98
ulukū > uluku -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√ULUKU > ᴱQ. ulku ✧ QL/97
urū > uru -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√URU > ᴱQ. uru ✧ QL/98
xerū > xeru -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√HERE > ᴱQ. heru ✧ QL/40
xilū > xilu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√HIL > ᴱQ. hilu ✧ QL/40
ɸelū > ɸelu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√FELE/FELU > ᴱQ. felu ✧ QL/38
ɸṇðelū > ɸṇðelu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√FṆÐṆ > ᴱQ. fandelu ✧ QL/38
ɸurū > ɸuru -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√FURU > ᴱQ. furu ✧ LT2A/Gar Thurion
βeðū > βeðu -Sū > -Sŭ ᴱ√VEŘE > ᴱQ. veru ✧ QL/101