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Q. rocco n. “horse” (Category: Horse (generic))

Q. rocco, n. “horse” (Category: Horse (generic))

The usual word for “horse” in Quenya, a derivative of ✶rokkō (Let/282, 382; WJ/407) and very well attested. There are indications that this word was more specifically a “swift horse” (Let/382; EtyAC/ROK), but in most cases Tolkien used it generically.

Conceptual Development: ᴹQ. rokko “horse” first appeared in The Etymologies of the 1930s under the root ᴹ√ROK “run on foot”, already with the derivation given above (Ety/ROK). The relevant entry appeared twice; in one rokko was first written as rokka “wheel”, and in the other the form was first written ronko, but in both cases Tolkien revised the word to rokko “horse”.

References ✧ Let/178, 282, 382; PE17/168; PE21/78; PE22/166; SA/roch; VT49/29; WJ/407

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

rokkor plural “horses” ✧ PE21/78; PE22/166

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

rokkō > rocco [rokkō] > [rokko] ✧ Let/282
rokkō > rokko [rokkō] > [rokko] ✧ Let/382
roko > rokko [rokko] ✧ WJ/407

ᴹQ. rokko n. “(swift) horse” (Category: Horse (generic))

See Q. rocco for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/ROK; EtyAC/ROK; PE22/127

Glosses

Variations

Changes

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√ROK > rokko [rokko] ✧ Ety/ROK
ᴹ✶rokkō > rokko [rokkō] > [rokko] ✧ EtyAC/ROK
ᴹ√ROKO > rokko [rokko] ✧ PE22/127