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SRAB root. “wild”

SRAB root. “wild”

A variation of the root √RAB “astray, unsettled”, introduced by Tolkien so that the Sindarin word for “wild” would remain rhaw¹ (PE17/78). In The Etymologies, Noldorin rhaw¹ was derived directly from ᴹ√RAB: in the phonetic conception of that time, primitive ᴹ✶r- became N. rh-. Tolkien later decided primitive ✶r- remain unchanged in Sindarin (as for example N. rhandir “wanderer” vs S. randir), so that a new root was required. Tolkien changed the Quenya cognate from ᴹQ. ráva¹ to Q. hráva to be consistent with the new Sindarin etymology.

In another place Tolkien defined this root as SROB with variant DROB (PE17/99), as a way of explaining the element Drû in Drúadan, the Sindarin name for the Woses. These roots produced different Quenya derivatives: (h)róva. Since the Quenya form (h)ráva is better known, this entry assumes this root was SRAB without its D-variation. The Sindarin name for the Woses can be easily explain as a loan word from that people’s name for themselves: Drughu.

References ✧ PE17/78, 99, 185

Glosses

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Elements

RAB “astray, wandering, unsettled” s-fortification ✧ PE17/78

Derivatives


DROB root.

References ✧ PE17/99, 151, 185

Variations

Related

Changes

Derivatives