Neo-Primitive Elvish Roots


⚠️ᴹ√A root. “intensive prefix”; see instead:
Q. an- “intensive prefix”
S. #an- “intensive prefix”
ABA root. see BĀ/ABA
ᴹ√ABAR root. “*refuser”
⚠️ᴹ√AD root. “entrance, gate”; see instead:
NA/ANA “to, towards”
⚠️AD(A) root. “by (the side of), beside, alongside; against, opposed to, opposite”; see instead:
AS² “beside”
⚠️ᴱ√AÐA root. “stretch, extend” see ṆÐṆ
⚠️ᴱ√AFA root. “open, begin”; see instead:
ᴹ√PAT “*open”
ᴹ√GAS “yawn, gape”
*ᴺ√YESET “beginning”
⚠️ᴱ√AHA root. “know”; see instead:
SAN “think, use mind; (tran.) ponder, consider in thought”
ᴹ√AK root. “narrow, confined”
AK root. “hostile return”
⚠️ᴱ√AKA root. “*intensive, excessive”; see instead:
Q. an- “intensive prefix”
S. #an- “intensive prefix”
AKAS root. “neck, ridge”
⚠️ᴱ√AKASA root. “*waterfall”; see instead:
S. lanthir “waterfall”
ᴺQ. !lantasírë “waterfall, (lit.) falling river”
√, ᴹ√AL(A) root. “good (physically), blessed, fortunate, prosperous, health(y)”
⚠️√, ᴹ√[ᴹ√]ALA root. “no, not; negative; not to be” see LA; see instead:
LA “no, not; negative; not to be”
⚠️ᴱ√ALA¹ root. “gaze‽”; see instead:
EL “lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky; [ᴱ√] ?wondewr”
AL(A) “good (physically), blessed, fortunate, prosperous, health(y)”
⚠️ᴱ√ALA² root. “spread‽”; see instead:
GAL² “grow (like plants), flourish, be healthy, be vigorous, bloom, [ᴹ√] thrive”
ALAB root. “elm”
√, ᴹ√ALAK root. “rushing, [ᴹ√] swift”
⚠️ᴹ√ALAM root. see (L)ALAM
ᴹ√ALAT root. “large, great in size”
⚠️ᴱ√ALU root. “cleanse, dress”; see instead:
ᴹ√POY “*clean”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√AM¹ root. “mother”
√, ᴹ√AM² root. “go up, [ᴹ√] up”
AMA root. “addition, increase, plus”
AMAN root. “good (morally), blessed, holy, unmarred, free from evil” see MAN
⚠️ᴱ√AM(U) root. “up(wards)”; see instead:
AM² “go up, [ᴹ√] up”
√, ᴱ√, ᴹ√ANA root. see NA/ANA
⚠️ᴹ√ANA² root. “be, exist” see NĀ²/ANA²; see instead:
“be, exist”
√, ᴹ√ANAD root. “long; far”
⚠️ᴹ√ANAK root. see NAK; see instead:
NAK “bite”
ᴹ√ANAT root.
√, ᴹ√ANGA root. “iron”
ᴹ√ANGWA root. “snake”
ᴹ√AP root. “?cook”
APA root. “touch” see PĀ/APA
⚠️APHA root. “before of time” see PHĀ/APHA
⚠️ᴱ√AQA root.; see instead:
RAPH “seize, grab, [ᴹ√] snatch”
NAP “take (hold), pick up, grasp, seize quickly (with fingers)”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√AR root. “beyond, further than; outside; ⚠️beside, along side; [ᴱ√] spread, extend sideways”
⚠️ᴹ√AR¹ root. “day”; see instead:
AS¹ “warmth”
UR “heat, be hot”
AR “beyond, further than; outside; ⚠️beside, along side; [ᴱ√] spread, extend sideways”
ARA root. see RĀ/ARA
⚠️ᴱ√ARA¹ root. “(be) dry”; see instead:
ᴹ√PARAK “*dry”
AR “beyond, further than; outside; ⚠️beside, along side; [ᴱ√] spread, extend sideways”
ARAN root. “good, excellent, noble”
ARAT root. “good, excellent, noble”
ARI root. “good, excellent, noble”
AS¹ root. “warmth”
√, ᴱ√AS² root. “beside”
ᴹ√ASAT root. “*dust”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√AT root. “two, double, bi-, di-; back, re-, [ᴹ√] again, twice; ⚠️[ᴱ√] dual; [√] across, over, lying from side to side”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√AT(AR) root. “father”
√, ᴹ√ATATA root. “two; ⚠️[ᴹ√] again, back”
ATHA root. see THĀ/ATHA
√, ᴹ√ATTA root. see ATATA
⚠️ᴱ√AVA root. “go away, depart, leave”; see instead:
WĀ/AWA “away (from); go (away), depart, pass away, move (from speaker); before (of time), ago; [ᴹ√] forth, out”
√, ᴱ√AW root. “possess, own, keep (have in hand, use or with one)”
⚠️ᴱ√AWA root. “burn; be parched, yellow, warm”; see instead:
AS¹ “warmth”
UR “heat, be hot”
WĀ/AWA “away (from); go (away), depart, pass away, move (from speaker); before (of time), ago; [ᴹ√] forth, out”
⚠️ᴱ√AYA² root.
ᴹ√AYAK root. “sharp, pointed”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√AYA(N) root. “blessed; treat with awe/reverence; [ᴱ√] honour, revere”
⚠️√, ᴹ√AYAR root. “sea” see GAY(AR); see instead:
GAY(AR) “awe, dread; astound, make aghast; sea”
⚠️ᴹ√BA root. “away, go away” see AB; see instead:
BĀ/ABA “refuse, forbid, prohibit, say nay (in refusal or denial), [ᴹ√] deny; ⚠️away, go away, depart”
√, ᴹ√BĀ/ABA root. “refuse, forbid, prohibit, say nay (in refusal or denial), [ᴹ√] deny; ⚠️away, go away, depart”
√, ᴹ√BAL root. “power; powerful, mighty; have power”
⚠️ᴱ√*BALA root. see PALA; see instead:
PAL “wide, broad, extended; [ᴹ√] wide (open); [ᴱ√] flatness”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^BALAD root. “*worth, value”
⚠️√, ᴹ√BA(N) root. “meet, come up against; go, [ᴹ√] proceed”; see instead:
MEN “go, move, proceed (in any direction); make for, go towards; have as object, (in)tend; direction, object, point moved toward”
√, ᴹ√BAN root. “beauty (due to lack of fault or blemish); fair, beautiful”
⚠️ᴱ√?BAPA root.; see instead:
SOK “drink, gulp, quaff, drain”
√, ᴹ√#BAR root. “[ᴹ√] raise; uplift, save, rescue(?)”
√, ᴹ√BARAD root. “lofty, high, height combined with strength/size/majesty”
ᴹ√BARAN root. “russet, brown”
ᴹ√BARAS root. “*heat”
BARAS root. “height combined with strength/majesty”
√, ᴹ√BARAT root. “lofty, high, height combined with strength/size/majesty”
√, ᴹ√BARATH root. “height combined with strength/size/majesty”
ᴹ√BAT root. “tread”
⚠️ᴱ√?BATA root. “*build”; see instead:
ᴹ√BAT “tread”
⚠️ᴹ√BAY root. “[unglossed]”; see instead:
ᴹ√WAY “enfold”
⚠️ᴱ√BAẎA root. “*enfold” see VAẎA
⚠️ᴱ√* root. “‽”; see instead:
PEÑ “*lip, mouth”
⚠️ᴹ√BED root.; see instead:
ᴺ√BES “to wed”
⚠️ᴱ√BEÐE root. see *VEÐE
√, ᴹ√BEL root. “*strong”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^BELU root. “unroll”
ᴹ√BEN root. “corner (from inside), angle from inside”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^BENET root. “chin”
ᴹ√BER root. “valiant”
⚠️BER root. “to mate, be mated, joined in marriage”; see instead:
ᴺ√BES “to wed”
ᴹ√BEREK root.
ᴹ√BERETH root. “beech”
ᴺ√, ᴹ√[√]BES root. “to wed”
ᴹ√BEW root. “follow, serve”
⚠️ᴱ√BILI root. “*air” see VILI
ᴹ√BIRIT root.
⚠️ᴱ√BOÐO root. “*gate, door”; see instead:
ᴹ√AD “entrance, gate”
ᴹ√BON root.
ᴹ√BOR(ON) root. “endure”
⚠️ᴱ√BOTO root. “*back, behind, after”
ᴹ√BUD root. “jut out” see (M)BUD
√, ᴹ√BUZBU root. “*large fly”
ᴹ√DAB root. “give way, make room, permit, allow”
⚠️ᴹ√DAG root. “dig”; see instead:
ᴺ√SAP “dig, [ᴱ√] excavate”
⚠️ᴱ√DAGA root. “*slay”; see instead:
NDAK “slay; ⚠️hew”
⚠️ᴱ√*DAHA root. “*high”; see instead:
TĀ/TAƷ “high, [ᴹ√] lofty; noble”
⚠️ᴹ√DAƷ root. “great”; see instead:
DAY “*great”
√, ᴹ√DAL root. “bottom, ground; [ᴹ√] flat”
√, ᴹ√DANTA root. “*fall down” see DAT
ᴹ√DAR root. “stay, wait, stop, remain”
ᴹ√DARAK root. “*wolf”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√DARAM root. “beat, hew; [ᴱ√] batter, thud”
√, ᴹ√DAT root. “fall down, fall to ground”
⚠️ᴱ√?DAVA root. “*skin”; see instead:
ᴹ√SKEL “*skin”
DAY root. “*great”
⚠️ᴹ√DAY root. “shadow”; see instead:
SKAL “cover, veil, cloak, conceal, [ᴹ√] screen, hide (from light), overshadow”
WATH “[ᴹ√] shade”
DAY “*great”
NDAY “dreadful, abominable, detestable”
DEL¹ root. “walk, go, proceed, travel”
DEL² root. “fair”
⚠️DEL³ root. “thick, dense”; see instead:
!ᴺ√NDEL “thick, dense”
⚠️ᴹ√DEM root. “sad, gloomy”; see instead:
*ᴺ√DIM “sad, gloomy”
ᴹ√DEN root. “hole, gap, passage”
DER root. “hard, difficult”
⚠️ᴹ√DER root. “adult male, man” see (N)DER; see instead:
N(D)ER “male (person), man”
DER “hard, difficult”
DEW root. “go wrong, fail”
ᴹ√DIL root. “stop up, fill up hole”
ᴺ√[ᴹ√]*DIM root. “sad, gloomy”
ᴺ√[ᴺ√]*DIN root. “silence”
ᴹ√DING root. “ding (onomatopoeic)”
⚠️ᴱ√?DṆTṆ root. “light up”; see instead:
KAL “light; shine, be bright, ⚠️[ᴱ√] shine golden”
⚠️ᴱ√DO root. “*interrogative base”; see instead:
MA “interrogative base; ⚠️[ᴱ√] root of indef[inite]”
⚠️ᴹ√DOƷ root. “night”; see instead:
DOM “dark, [ᴹ√] faint, dim”
*ᴺ√DU “dark”
√, ᴹ√DOM root. “dark, [ᴹ√] faint, dim”
DOR root. “hard, tough”
ᴹ√DORON root. “oak”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^DOT root. “drop, ⚠️fall”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^(D)RAP root. “toil”
ᴹ√DRING root. “beat, strike”
DROB root.
ᴺ√[ᴹ√]*DU root. “dark”
ᴹ√DUB root. “lie, lie heavy, loom, hang over oppressively (of clouds)”
ᴹ√DUL root. see (N)DUL
⚠️ᴱ√?DULU root. “*dinner, dine”
ᴹ√DUN root. “dark (of colour)”
√, ᴹ√DUR root. “to show special interest in things”
⚠️ᴹ√DUS root. “?burn”; see instead:
UR “heat, be hot”
√, ᴹ√DUY root. “flow (strongly), flood, drench, inundate, ⚠️pour”
⚠️ᴱ√DYA root. “demonstrative pointing back” see YA²; see instead:
YA “[ᴹ√] there, over there; back (of time), ago”
⚠️ᴱ√(D)YE root. “demonstrative pointing back” see YA²; see instead:
YA “[ᴹ√] there, over there; back (of time), ago”
⚠️ᴱ√DYĒ¹ root. “*gaze”; see instead:
TIR “watch (over), look at, observe, gaze at; [ᴹ√] guard”
⚠️ᴱ√DYĒ² root. “behind, back (before of time)”; see instead:
*ᴺ√NO “before (of time); at back (of place)”
⚠️ᴱ√DYEÐE root. see YERE(NE)
ᴹ√DYEL root. “feel fear and disgust; abhor”
⚠️ᴱ√DYELE root. “*cold”; see instead:
RINGI “cold”
KHELEK “ice”
ᴹ√DYEL “feel fear and disgust; abhor”
⚠️ᴹ√DYELEK root. “sword?”; see instead:
MAK “cut, hew with a sharp edge, [ᴹ√] cleave; sword, fight (with a sword); ⚠️[√] kill, slay; forge metal”
⚠️ᴱ√DYṆTṆ root. see YṆTṆ
⚠️ᴱ√DYULU root. “*carry, bear”; see instead:
KOL “bear, carry, wear”
⚠️ᴱ√#ÐANA root. “day”; see instead:
auri “heat, period of sun”
⚠️ᴱ√ÐAPA root. “dig, excavate” see SAPA; see instead:
ᴺ√SAP “dig, [ᴱ√] excavate”
⚠️ᴱ√ÐORO root. “sit”; see instead:
KHAD “sit”
⚠️ᴱ√ÐOTO root. “drop, fall”; see instead:
^ᴺ√DOT “drop, ⚠️fall”
⚠️ᴹ√E root. “intensive prefix”; see instead:
Q. an- “intensive prefix”
S. #an- “intensive prefix”
⚠️ᴱ√E root. “that (by you)”; see instead:
EN “again, once more, go on doing; further, beyond; [ᴹ√] yonder, over there”
TA “that, there, then; demonstrative”
⚠️ᴹ√Ē¹ root. “indeed”; see instead:
Q. naitië “indeed, truly”
⚠️ᴹ√Ē² root. “to be” see
EB root. “can of mere possibility according to likelihood, natural probability, etc.”
⚠️ᴹ√EDE(L) root. “precede, come forward, hence”; see instead:
DEL¹ “walk, go, proceed, travel”
MIN “one, first of a series; [ᴹ√] stand alone, stick out”
⚠️ᴹ√EDEL root. “*star-folk” see ELED; see instead:
ELED “*Star-Folk, Elf”
edelō “one who goes, traveller, migrant, marcher”
⚠️ᴹ√ED(ER) root. “open”; see instead:
LAT¹ “open, unenclosed, free to entry, [ᴹ√] lie open; be extended, stretch, be situated (of an area); ⚠️[√] low, lowlying, at ground level”
⚠️ᴱ√EÐE root. “*iron, steel”; see instead:
ANGA “iron”
⚠️ᴱ√EÐE/ESE root. “out”; see instead:
ET “out, forth”
⚠️ᴱ√EHE root. “*sharp” see EKE
⚠️ᴱ√EIKA root. “*far, broad”; see instead:
ᴹ√KHAY “far, distant, remote”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√EK root. “(sharp) point, spear, thorn”
EKE root. “it is open” see KE/EKE
√, ᴹ√EL root. “lo, behold; star, [ᴹ√] starry sky; [ᴱ√] ?wondewr”
⚠️ᴱ√ELE¹ root. “drive, push, thrust, send forth”; see instead:
NID “will; force, press(ure), thrust; [ᴹ√] lean against”
⚠️ᴱ√?ELE² root. “?wonder”; see instead:
^ᴺ√ELEM “wonder, marvel”
^ᴺ√ELEK “different, strange; other”
√, ᴹ√ELED root. “*Star-Folk, Elf”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^ELEK root. “different, strange; other”
ᴺ√[ᴺ√]^ELEM root. “wonder, marvel”
EM¹ root. “depict, portray”
⚠️EM² root. “mother” see AM¹; see instead:
AM¹ “mother”
√, ᴹ√EN root. “again, once more, go on doing; further, beyond; [ᴹ√] yonder, over there”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]EN root. “name”
root. “be, exist”
⚠️ᴱ√EŊE root. “*plane, level”; see instead:
PAL “wide, broad, extended; [ᴹ√] wide (open); [ᴱ√] flatness”
“be, exist”
⚠️ᴱ√ENE¹ root. “*idea, invention, devise”; see instead:
ᴹ√GAW “think out, devise, contrive”
⚠️ᴱ√ENE² root. “six”; see instead:
ENEK “six”
√, ᴹ√ENED root. “centre, middle; ⚠️three”
√, ᴹ√ENEK root. “six”
ENEL root. “centre, middle; ⚠️three” see ENED
ENET root. “*one more”
⚠️ᴱ√ENU root. “origin‽”; see instead:
ER “one, single, alone; [ᴹ√] be alone, deprived; [ᴱ√] remain alone”
ᴺ√, ᴹ√[ᴹ√]*EPH root. “emerge (especially from water, opp[osite] of dive)”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√ER root. “one, single, alone; [ᴹ√] be alone, deprived; [ᴱ√] remain alone”
⚠️ᴱ√EŘE root. “out” see EÐE/ESE
ᴹ√(E)REK root. “thorn, holly”
ᴹ√ES¹ root. “indicate, name”
⚠️ᴹ√ES² root. “*place”; see instead:
*ᴺ√NOM “place”
ᴹ√ESEK root. “*sedge, reed”
⚠️ᴹ√ESE(T) root. “precede (forward)”; see instead:
*ᴺ√YESET “beginning”
√, ᴹ√ET root. “out, forth”
⚠️ᴱ√ETE root. “cling together”; see instead:
KHIM “adhere, [ᴹ√] stick, cleave [to]”
ET “out, forth”
ᴹ√ETER root. “open, come out (of flowers/sun/etc.)”
EWE root. see WĒ/EWE
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]EW(EL) root. “*lamb”
⚠️EYE root. “feminine”; see instead:
INI “[ᴹ√] female”
⚠️ᴹ√EZGE root. “rustle, noise of leaves; shade”; see instead:
SKAL “cover, veil, cloak, conceal, [ᴹ√] screen, hide (from light), overshadow”
ᴹ√ESEK “*sedge, reed”
⚠️ᴱ√FABA root. “*fat” see FAVA
⚠️ᴱ√FAGA root. “*blow”; see instead:
PHAW “breath, puff of breath; emit (foul breath); [ᴹ√] gape”
⚠️ᴱ√?FAKA root. “cut”; see instead:
RIS “cut, cleave; [ᴹ√] slash, rip”
⚠️ᴱ√FALA¹ root. “bare, nude”; see instead:
PAR² “peel, *bare”
⚠️ᴱ√FAL̃A root. “*free” see FAYA
⚠️ᴱ√FANA root. “*dream”; see instead:
OLOS “dream, vision, fantasy; ⚠️[ᴹ√] sleep”
PHAN “cover, screen, veil; white, (light white) shape; shape, vision”
⚠️ᴱ√?FAPA root.; see instead:
MAH “handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use”
PĀ/APA “touch; after, behind of place”
⚠️ᴱ√?FASA root. “wash”; see instead:
ᴹ√POY “*clean”
^ᴺ√SOW “wash, bath”
ᴹ√PHAS “*tangle, shag, fringe”
⚠️ᴱ√?FATA root.; see instead:
ᴹ√PHAR “reach, go all the way, suffice”
⚠️ᴱ√FAVA root. “*fat”
⚠️ᴱ√FAWA root. “smell”; see instead:
THAW “cruel; ⚠️stink”
ᴹ√NUS “sense, wisdom; *sense of smell”
⚠️ᴱ√FAYA root. “*free”; see instead:
LER “free”
LEK “loose, unbind, let, permit, [ᴹ√] let loose, release”
PHAY “spirit; [ᴹ√] radiate, send out rays of light”
⚠️ᴱ√?FEDE root. “*law, bond”; see instead:
ᴹ√WED “bind”
ᴹ√STAN “fix, indicate, decide”
⚠️ᴱ√‽FEHE root.
⚠️ᴱ√*FEKE root.; see instead:
ᴹ√SPAY “despise, contemn”
⚠️ᴱ√FELE/FELU root.
⚠️ᴱ√FEŊE root. “*cut”; see instead:
KIR “cut, cleave, pass swiftly through; ⚠️shave; skim (surface), slip along, glide quickly”
⚠️ᴱ√?FESE root. “*itch”; see instead:
^ᴺ√ITITH “annoy, *itch, irritate; ⚠️peck, bite (of flies)”
⚠️ᴱ√FIÐI root. “*hair”; see instead:
SPIN(ID) “fine thread, filament; hair”
⚠️ᴱ√FILI root. “fine, thin”; see instead:
PHIM “*slender, slim”
⚠️ᴱ√FIŊI root. “*narrow”; see instead:
NAKH “narrow, thin”
ᴹ√AK “narrow, confined”
⚠️ᴱ√FIŘI root. “*hair” see FIÐI
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]FIRING root. “necklace”
⚠️ᴱ√FḶKḶ root. “cleave, hew”; see instead:
^ᴺ√PHALAK “cleave, hew”
⚠️ᴱ√FṆÐṆ root. “*omen, ominous”; see instead:
HOR “urge, impel, move; warn, counsel”
ᴹ√ULUG “*hideous, deformed”
PHAN “cover, screen, veil; white, (light white) shape; shape, vision”
⚠️ᴱ√FṆTṆ¹ root.; see instead:
PHAN “cover, screen, veil; white, (light white) shape; shape, vision”
PHIN¹ “clever, skillful; neat, fine, delicate; skill, dexterity, [ᴹ√] nimbleness”
⚠️ᴱ√‽FṆTṆ² root. see FANA
⚠️ᴱ√FOƷO root. “hide, hoard, store up, lay up in secret”; see instead:
PHAW “breath, puff of breath; emit (foul breath); [ᴹ√] gape”
ᴹ√MUY “*secret”
⚠️ᴱ√FOLO root. “*smoke, reek”; see instead:
USUK “*reek, smoke; ⚠️dusk”
⚠️ᴱ√?FOTO root. “end, final, last”; see instead:
MET “end, finally”
TEL “close, end, complete, come to an end”
⚠️ᴱ√?FUKU root. “*smoke, smoulder”; see instead:
USUK “*reek, smoke; ⚠️dusk”
⚠️ᴱ√FULU root. “strip” see HULU
⚠️ᴱ√FUMU root. “sleep”; see instead:
(O)LOR “[ᴹ√] sleep, [ᴱ√] doze, slumber; ⚠️[√] dream, vision”
⚠️ᴱ√FURU root. “*conceal”; see instead:
ᴹ√THUR “surround, fence, ward, hedge in, secrete”
KUB “hide, secrete”
√, ᴹ√GAL¹ root. “light; shine, be bright”
√, ᴹ√GAL² root. “grow (like plants), flourish, be healthy, be vigorous, bloom, [ᴹ√] thrive”
⚠️GALAB root. “flower”; see instead:
galmā “flower”
ᴹ√GALAD root. “tree”
⚠️GALAM root. “elm”; see instead:
ALAB “elm”
ᴹ√GALAN root. “bright”
ᴹ√GALAS root. “joy, be glad”
⚠️ᴱ√?GANA root.; see instead:
WIN “young, [ᴹ√] new, fresh”
NETH “(young) woman, female person, feminity (apart from sex); sister; fresh, lively, merry; [ᴹ√] young”
√, ᴹ√GAP root. “bend (tr.)”
ᴹ√GAR root. “keep, hold, possess; maintain, defend”
ᴹ√GARAD root. see GARAT
ᴹ√GARAT root.
⚠️GAS root. “*warmth” see AS¹; see instead:
AS¹ “warmth”
ᴹ√GAS root. “yawn, gape”
ᴹ√GAT root. “*catch”
ᴹ√GAT(H) root.
ᴹ√GAW root. “think out, devise, contrive”
ᴹ√GAY root. “red, copper-coloured, ruddy”
GAY(AR) root. “awe, dread; astound, make aghast; sea”
ᴹ√GAYAS root. “fear”
ᴹ√GEM root. see GENG
ᴹ√GENG root. “*sick”
⚠️ᴹ√GEY root. “ever, everlasting”; see instead:
OY “ever, continual, unceasing”
GIL root. see (Ñ)GIL
⚠️ᴱ√?GIMI root. “*heed, pay attention”; see instead:
LAS² “listen”
KIM “edge, brink of”
ᴹ√GIR root. “quiver, shudder”
⚠️ᴱ√GISI root. “*know” see ISI¹; see instead:
IS “know”
⚠️ᴱ√GIÞI root. “*(light) snow” see IÞI
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]GIW root. “*germinate, impregnate”
GLAM root. “inarticulate voiced sounds”
(G)LAN root. “rim, edge, border, boundary”
√, ᴹ√(G)LAWAR root. “gold (colour)”
ᴹ√(G)LIB root. “*ointment”
GLIM root. “gleam, glint”
GLIN(D) root. “sing” see LIN²
⚠️ᴹ√GLINDI root. “pale blue”
ᴹ√(G)LINGI root. “hang”
ᴹ√GLIR root. “sing, trill” see LIR¹
GLIS root. “*sweet” see LIS
(G)LOS root. “snow, whiteness”
ᴹ√GOLOB root.
⚠️ᴹ√GOLOS root.; see instead:
(G)LOS “snow, whiteness”
ᴹ√GONOD root. “stone”
⚠️ᴱ√*GOPO root. “keep, guard‽” see KOPO
ᴹ√GOR root. “violence, impetus, haste”
⚠️ᴹ√GOROM root.; see instead:
ROM “loud noise; horn noise”
ᴹ√GOS root. “dread”
ᴹ√GOTH root. see GOS
⚠️ᴱ√GOÞO root. “strive; angry”; see instead:
ᴹ√GOS “dread”
ᴺ√KOT(H) “strive, quarrel”
⚠️ᴹ√GOW root. see GAW; see instead:
ᴹ√GAW “think out, devise, contrive”
⚠️ᴹ√GRAD root. “to flatten, lay low/flat, make flat what was standing”
ᴹ√GRAW root. “dark, swart”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^(G)RES root. “aid, support”
GRON root.
⚠️ᴱ√GṚÞṚ root.; see instead:
MEL “love, [ᴹ√] love (as friend)”
ᴹ√GRUD root. “[empty entry]” see RUD
⚠️ᴹ√ root. “no, not”; see instead:
Ū “denial of fact, privation, negative element, [ᴱ√] not”
⚠️ᴱ√GUÐU root. see *ƷUÐU
ᴹ√GUL root. “*golden-red” see KUL
⚠️ᴱ√*GUMU root. see KUMU
⚠️ᴱ√GUŊU root. “*spider”; see instead:
UÑG “spider”
GUR root. “hard, stiff, difficult, cumbrous, slow”
⚠️ᴱ√GWĀ root.; see instead:
“blow; noise of wind”
GWAL root. “be stirred, excited; emotion, movement of feelings”
⚠️ᴱ√GWALA¹ root.; see instead:
ᴹ√BARAN “russet, brown”
GWAL “be stirred, excited; emotion, movement of feelings”
⚠️ᴱ√GWALA² root. see *WALA
(G)WAN root. “pale, fair”
⚠️ᴱ√GWARA root. “rub”; see instead:
Q. †psar- “to rub”
⚠️ᴱ√GWASA root. “*rush”; see instead:
ALAK “rushing, [ᴹ√] swift”
*ᴺ√KHYAS “rush, rustle”
⚠️GWAY root.; see instead:
(G)WAN “pale, fair”
⚠️ᴱ√GWEÐE¹ root. “*bend, loop”; see instead:
LOK “bend, loop, [ᴱ√] twine, twist, curl; [ᴹ√] great serpent, dragon”
⚠️ᴱ√GWEÐE² root. see GWENE¹; see instead:
WEN(ED) “maiden, girl, virgin; ⚠️woman”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√](G)WEL root. “boil, bubble”
ᴺ√, √, ᴹ√[√]GWEN root. “fresh, *green; ⚠️fair, unblemished, beautiful”
⚠️ᴱ√GWENE¹ root. “*maiden; woman”; see instead:
WEN(ED) “maiden, girl, virgin; ⚠️woman”
⚠️ᴱ√GWENE² root. “*large, wide”; see instead:
YAN¹ “wide, extensive, large, vast, huge; extend”
⚠️ᴱ√GWERE root. “whirl, twirl, twist; plait, weave”; see instead:
LOK “bend, loop, [ᴱ√] twine, twist, curl; [ᴹ√] great serpent, dragon”
WIR “weave, twine, weaving with cross-threads or withes”
ᴺ√KWIR “stir, spin”
⚠️ᴱ√#GWESE root. “greet, welcome”; see instead:
NATH “welcome, be kind to”
⚠️ᴱ√GWETE root. “*wind, turn, bend”; see instead:
LOK “bend, loop, [ᴱ√] twine, twist, curl; [ᴹ√] great serpent, dragon”
GWETH root. “report, give account of”
⚠️ᴱ√GWEVE root. “*worm”; see instead:
^ᴺ√WEB “*worm”
⚠️ᴱ√GWIÐI root.; see instead:
WIR “weave, twine, weaving with cross-threads or withes”
LAN “stretch, extend; [ᴹ√] weave”
⚠️ᴱ√GWIGI root. “*foam” see GWIŊI
⚠️ᴱ√*GWIKI root. “*corner”
⚠️ᴱ√GWILI root. “*fly”; see instead:
ᴹ√WIL “fly, float in air”
⚠️ᴱ√GWIMI root. see GWINI
⚠️ᴱ√GWINI root. “sparkle”; see instead:
TIN “sparkle, spark, [ᴱ√] twinkle, [ᴹ√] emit slender (silver pale) beams”
⚠️ᴱ√GWIŊI root. “*foam”; see instead:
ᴹ√WIG “*foam”
⚠️ᴱ√GWIWI root. “*young”; see instead:
WIN “young, [ᴹ√] new, fresh”
⚠️ᴱ√GWORI root. “‽”
⚠️ᴱ√GWṚÐṚ root. “die”; see instead:
ÑGUR “death”
⚠️ᴱ√*GWṚÞṚ root. see GWṚÐṚ
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^GYAK root. “cattle”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^GYANTA root. “*(en)large, increase”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^GYAY root. “steel”
⚠️ᴹ√GYĒ root.
√, ᴹ√GYEL root. “[ᴹ√] *cry of joy or triumph, ⚠️[√] ringing”
ᴹ√GYER root.
GYOL root. “ringing” see GYEL
⚠️ᴱ√HAÐA root. “cleave, remain”; see instead:
KHAD “sit”
⚠️ᴱ√?HAKA root. “*squat”; see instead:
^ᴺ√KHAK “*squat”
⚠️ᴱ√HALA root.; see instead:
KHAL “raise; lift up or extend upwards, [ᴹ√] uplift, erect, lift from ground, (make) stand up”
⚠️ᴱ√HAMA root. “‽”
HAN root. “add to, increase, enhance, enrich, honour (especially by gift); give”
⚠️ᴱ√HAŘA root. “cleave, remain” see HAÐA
⚠️ᴱ√?HARA root.; see instead:
SRA(W) “body, flesh”
⚠️ᴱ√HATA root. “hurl, fling”; see instead:
ᴹ√KHAT “hurl, cast, send through air, loose from hand”
HATH root. “treat kindly/make easy, (help to) cure”
⚠️ᴱ√?ǶAWA root.
⚠️ᴱ√#HAWA root.; see instead:
KHAW¹ “[ᴹ√] rest, lie at ease; ⚠️[√] cover up, hide away, lay in store”
⚠️ᴱ√?HAYA root.
⚠️ᴱ√ǶEHE root. “breath; die, expire”; see instead:
THŪ “[ᴹ√] puff, blow”
HEK root. “aside, apart, separate”
⚠️ᴱ√HELE root. “*freeze”; see instead:
KHEL “ice, [ᴹ√] freeze”
⚠️HEN root. “again; middle”; see instead:
EN “again, once more, go on doing; further, beyond; [ᴹ√] yonder, over there”
ENED “centre, middle; ⚠️three”
⚠️ᴱ√ǶEN+U root. “*poison”; see instead:
SLOY “*poison”
⚠️ᴱ√HEN+U root. see ǶEN+U
⚠️HENET root. “middle”; see instead:
ENED “centre, middle; ⚠️three”
⚠️ᴱ√HEPE root. “bind, encircle‽”; see instead:
KHEP “retain, keep, do not give away or release, keep hold of; ⚠️[ᴱ√] bind; encircle”
KHAP “bind, make fast; [ᴹ√] enfold; ⚠️[√] restrain, deprive of liberty, retain, keep, detain”
⚠️ᴱ√HESE¹ root. “brother or sister”; see instead:
KHAN¹ “brother”
NETH “(young) woman, female person, feminity (apart from sex); sister; fresh, lively, merry; [ᴹ√] young”
⚠️ᴱ√HESE² root. “wither”; see instead:
^ᴺ√KHES “wither”
⚠️ᴱ√HEÞE¹ root. see HESE¹
⚠️ᴱ√HEÞE² root. see HESE²
⚠️ᴱ√HILI root. “*youth, offspring”; see instead:
KHIL “follow (behind)”
KHIN “child”
⚠️ᴱ√HISI root.; see instead:
KHITH “mist, [ᴹ√] fog”
⚠️ᴱ√?HIÞI root. “*listen”; see instead:
LAS² “listen”
⚠️ᴱ√HḶKḶ root. see HELE
HO root. “from, coming from”
⚠️ᴱ√HO root. “shout, scream”; see instead:
ᴺ✶HO(L) “shout”
HOR root. “urge, impel, move; warn, counsel”
⚠️ᴱ√HOSO root. “bind”; see instead:
KHOT¹ “gather, together in confusion, jumble”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^HOT root. “sneeze”
⚠️ᴱ√HOTHO root. “bind” see HOSO
⚠️ᴱ√HOTYO root. “sneeze”; see instead:
^ᴺ√HOT “sneeze”
⚠️ᴱ√HUHU¹ root. “whoop”
⚠️ᴱ√HUHU² root. “*pine”; see instead:
stona “pine”
⚠️ᴱ√HULU root. “strip”; see instead:
ᴹ√SKEL “*skin”
⚠️ᴱ√HUNU root. “lie low”; see instead:
ᴹ√TUB “to fall low[?], go down (below normal ground level), (esp.) to go down (sink, dive) into water”
⚠️ᴱ√?ǶUNU root.; see instead:
N. annabon “elephant”
ᴹQ. andamunda “elephant”
⚠️ᴱ√HURU root. see FURU
⚠️ᴱ√?HUYU root. “*fog”; see instead:
KHITH “mist, [ᴹ√] fog”
⚠️ᴱ√ǶUẎU root. “*night”; see instead:
ᴹ√PHUY “*night”
⚠️ᴱ√HYA root. “this by us”; see instead:
SI(N) “this, here, now”
⚠️ᴱ√HYAÐA root. “plough through”; see instead:
ᴹ√SYAD¹ “shear through, cleave (through)”
⚠️ᴱ√HYAŘA root. “plough through” see HYAÐA
⚠️ƷAN root. “adorn; extend”; see instead:
HAN “add to, increase, enhance, enrich, honour (especially by gift); give”
YAN¹ “wide, extensive, large, vast, huge; extend”
ᴹ√ƷAN root. “male”
ᴹ√ƷAR root. “have, hold”
⚠️ᴱ√ƷARA root. “spread, extend sideways; wide places”; see instead:
AR “beyond, further than; outside; ⚠️beside, along side; [ᴱ√] spread, extend sideways”
YAN¹ “wide, extensive, large, vast, huge; extend”
ᴹ√ƷEL root. “sky”
⚠️ᴱ√#ƷETE root. “*kin”
⚠️ᴹ√ƷO root. “from, away, from among, out of”; see instead:
HO “from, coming from”
⚠️ᴱ√*ƷONO root. “hard”; see instead:
ᴹ√GONOD “stone”
√, ᴹ√ƷOR root. see HOR
⚠️ᴱ√*ƷṚMṚ root. “*gather”; see instead:
ᴹ√RIM “abound; large number”
⚠️ᴱ√*ƷUÐU root.; see instead:
UR “heat, be hot”
⚠️ᴹ√Ī root. “to be” see
ᴹ√, ᴱ√ root. “that (deictic particle); [ᴱ√] here it is”
ᴹ√ root. “intensive prefix”
IBI root. “*cliff, sheer descent”
⚠️ᴱ√‽IBI root. “to swarm”; see instead:
IBI “*cliff, sheer descent”
⚠️√, ᴹ√ID root. “desire, long for”; see instead:
IR “desire, long for; [ᴹ√] desirable, beautiful”
⚠️ᴱ√IÐI root. “dwell‽”; see instead:
MBAR “settle; establish, fix, decide, determine, make a decision; dwell, [ᴹ√] inhabit, [ᴱ√] live”
⚠️ᴱ√?IKI root.; see instead:
GWAL “be stirred, excited; emotion, movement of feelings”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^IKWI(S) root. “request, ask for”
√, ᴹ√IL root. “all”
⚠️ᴱ√ILI¹ root. “shine oily”; see instead:
^ᴺ√ILIM “milk”
^ᴺ√MILIG “*oil”
⚠️ᴱ√ILI² root. “many”; see instead:
LI “many”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^ILIM root. “milk”
⚠️ᴱ√ILU root. “ether”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]*IM root. “same, alike”
ᴹ√IMBE root. “dell, deep vale”
√, ᴱ√, ᴹ√IMI root. “in” see MI/IMI
√, ᴹ√ING root. “first, foremost”
⚠️ᴱ√INI root. “tiny, small”; see instead:
ING “first, foremost”
√, ᴹ√INI root. “[ᴹ√] female”
ᴹ√INI root. see NĪ¹/INI
IN(ID) root. “mind, (inner) thought, inmost heart, inner senses”
ᴹ√INIK root.
⚠️INIS root. “inmost heart, thought, mind” see IN(ID); see instead:
IN(ID) “mind, (inner) thought, inmost heart, inner senses”
⚠️ᴱ√IQI root. “request, ask for”; see instead:
^ᴺ√IKWI(S) “request, ask for”
√, ᴹ√IR root. “desire, long for; [ᴹ√] desirable, beautiful”
⚠️ᴱ√IŘI root. “dwell‽” see IÐI
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^IRIT root. “peck, prick”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√IS root. “know”
⚠️ᴱ√ISI² root. “*(light) snow” see IÞI
⚠️IT¹ root. “glitter, shine, shimmer, twinkle”; see instead:
IT² “repeat, multiply; (great) enhancement”
IT² root. “repeat, multiply; (great) enhancement”
⚠️ITH root. “glitter, shine, shimmer, twinkle” see IT¹
⚠️ᴱ√ITI¹ root. “peck, bite (of flies), annoy”; see instead:
^ᴺ√ITITH “annoy, *itch, irritate; ⚠️peck, bite (of flies)”
⚠️ᴱ√?ITI² root. “precious”; see instead:
MIR “precious; esteem, value”
IT² “repeat, multiply; (great) enhancement”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^ITITH root. “annoy, *itch, irritate; ⚠️peck, bite (of flies)”
⚠️ᴱ√IÞI root. “*(light) snow”
⚠️ᴹ√, ᴱ√IW root. “[ᴱ√] *fish”; see instead:
ᴹ√LIW “*fish”
root. “after (later than) of time”
√, ᴹ√KAB root. “hold, contain, retain, possess, have in hand; [ᴹ√] hollow”
⚠️ᴹ√KAB² root. “to be able, capable”; see instead:
POL “can, have physical power and ability, [ᴱ√] have stength; [√] large, big (strong), [ᴹ√] physically strong; [√] ⚠️pound up, break up small, reduce to powder”
KAB “hold, contain, retain, possess, have in hand; [ᴹ√] hollow”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]KAH root. “cause”
⚠️ᴱ√KAKA root. “laugh”; see instead:
LAL “laugh”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√KAL root. “light; shine, be bright, ⚠️[ᴱ√] shine golden”
⚠️ᴱ√KALA² root. “*grow”; see instead:
GAL² “grow (like plants), flourish, be healthy, be vigorous, bloom, [ᴹ√] thrive”
⚠️KALAK root. “glass”; see instead:
S. heledh “glass”
Q. cilin “glass”
√, ᴹ√KALAR root. “[ᴹ√] be radiant”
KALAT root.
ᴹ√KALPA root. “water-vessel”
KAM root. “fit, suit, agree, be agreeable; ⚠️[ᴹ√] bind, join”
⚠️ᴹ√KAM root. “bind, join”; see instead:
SAM¹ “have; [ᴹ√] unite, join”
⚠️ᴱ√KAMA¹ root. “lie down”; see instead:
KAY “lie, [ᴹ√] lie down; ⚠️[ᴱ√] rest, dwell”
KAM “fit, suit, agree, be agreeable; ⚠️[ᴹ√] bind, join”
⚠️ᴱ√‽KAMA² root. “*red flowerer”
√, ᴹ√KAN root. “cry aloud; (Q. only) command; lead, rule; [ᴹ√] dare”
⚠️ᴱ√KAŊA root. “weave, twine”; see instead:
ᴹ√LAN “weave”
ᴺ√KANGA “*tangle; ⚠️[ᴱ√] weave, twine”
⚠️ᴱ√KANA root. “*lead (metal)”; see instead:
^ᴺ√KANU “*lead (metal)”
√, ᴹ√KANAT root. “four”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]KANGA root. “*tangle; ⚠️[ᴱ√] weave, twine”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^KANU root. “*lead (metal)”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√KAP root. “leap, [ᴱ√] spring”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√KAR root. “do, make, build, [ᴹ√] construct”
√, ᴹ√KARAK root. “[ᴹ√] sharp fang, spike, tooth”
ᴹ√KARAN root. “red”
⚠️KARAP root.; see instead:
PAKAT “*talk, speech”
ᴹ√KARPA root. “?pluck”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√KAS root. “head”
√, ᴹ√KAT root. “shape, [ᴹ√] make”
⚠️ᴱ√KATYA root.
⚠️ᴱ√KAVA root. “*dig”; see instead:
ᴺ√SAP “dig, [ᴱ√] excavate”
KAW root. “shelter”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]*KAWAK root.
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√KAY root. “lie, [ᴹ√] lie down; ⚠️[ᴱ√] rest, dwell”
⚠️ᴱ√‽KAẎA root.
⚠️√, ᴹ√KAYAN root. “ten”; see instead:
KWAY “ten”
⚠️ᴹ√KAYAR root. see KAYAN; see instead:
KWAY “ten”
⚠️ᴱ√KAẆA root. “stoop”; see instead:
KAW “shelter”
KE/EKE root. “may (be); have chance, opportunity or permission; it is open”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]KEK root. “cluck”
⚠️ᴱ√KEKE¹ root. “to bubble up”; see instead:
KEL “flow (down or away), run (of water or rivers), go away, [ᴹ√] run away especially downwards or at end; ⚠️[ᴱ√] ooze, trickle”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√KEL root. “flow (down or away), run (of water or rivers), go away, [ᴹ√] run away especially downwards or at end; ⚠️[ᴱ√] ooze, trickle”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√KEM root. “soil, earth”
√, ᴹ√KEN root. “see, perceive, note, [ᴹ√] look at, observe, direct gaze”
⚠️ᴹ√KEN² root. “spearhead, gore”; see instead:
NEK¹ “narrow; *angular, sharp”
⚠️ᴱ√KENYE root. “prick”
⚠️ᴹ√KEPER root. “ridge”
⚠️KER root. “cut with tool/weapon” see KIR; see instead:
KIR “cut, cleave, pass swiftly through; ⚠️shave; skim (surface), slip along, glide quickly”
⚠️ᴱ√KERE root. “turn”; see instead:
KWER “revolve, [ᴱ√] turn”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]KEREK root. “*spit [noun]”
⚠️ᴱ√KEREKE² root. “turn round and round, send to and fro; weave”; see instead:
KWER “revolve, [ᴱ√] turn”
WIR “weave, twine, weaving with cross-threads or withes”
⚠️KES root. “other”; see instead:
KHY- “other”
KETH root. “to examine (something), enquire of, question, *seek”
KEW root. “new, fresh; anew, repeated; live of vegetables”
KEY root. “*suppose”
KHAB root. “heap up, pile up”
√, ᴹ√KHAD root. “sit”
KHAG¹ root. “stake”
⚠️√, ᴹ√KHAG² root. “pile up”; see instead:
KHAB “heap up, pile up”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^KHAK root. “*squat”
√, ᴹ√KHAL root. “raise; lift up or extend upwards, [ᴹ√] uplift, erect, lift from ground, (make) stand up”
⚠️KHAM root. “bind, make fast; restrain, deprive of liberty” see KHAP; see instead:
KHAP “bind, make fast; [ᴹ√] enfold; ⚠️[√] restrain, deprive of liberty, retain, keep, detain”
ᴹ√KHAM² “call, summon, name by name”
⚠️ᴹ√KHAM¹ root. “sit (down)”; see instead:
KHAD “sit”
ᴹ√KHAM² root. “call, summon, name by name”
ᴹ√KHAN root. “understand, comprehend”
KHAN¹ root. “brother”
KHAN² root. “back”
⚠️ᴹ√KHAN(AK) root. “giant”; see instead:
ᴹ√NOROTH “*giant”
√, ᴹ√KHAP root. “bind, make fast; [ᴹ√] enfold; ⚠️[√] restrain, deprive of liberty, retain, keep, detain”
⚠️ᴹ√KHAR root. “helmet”; see instead:
THOL “stand up, top”
⚠️ᴹ√KHARAN root. “helmet” see KHAR
⚠️ᴹ√KHARAP root. “helmet” see KHAR
ᴹ√KHARAS root.
ᴹ√KHAT root. “hurl, cast, send through air, loose from hand”
√, ᴹ√KHAW¹ root. “[ᴹ√] rest, lie at ease; ⚠️[√] cover up, hide away, lay in store”
⚠️KHAW² root. “big”; see instead:
KHAW¹ “[ᴹ√] rest, lie at ease; ⚠️[√] cover up, hide away, lay in store”
KHAWAD root. “store, hoard”
ᴹ√KHAY root. “far, distant, remote”
√, ᴹ√KHEL root. “ice, [ᴹ√] freeze”
√, ᴹ√KHELEK root. “ice”
√, ᴹ√KHEN root. “base of eye-words; ⚠️[ᴹ√] look at, see, observe, direct gaze”
KHEP root. “retain, keep, do not give away or release, keep hold of; ⚠️[ᴱ√] bind; encircle”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√KHER root. “possess, [ᴹ√] rule, govern, [ᴱ√] have power”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^KHES root. “wither”
ᴹ√KHES root. “command”
√, ᴹ√KHIL root. “follow (behind)”
√, ᴹ√KHIM root. “adhere, [ᴹ√] stick, cleave [to]”
KHIN root. “child”
KHIR root. “light on, find”
⚠️ᴹ√KHIS root. see KHITH; see instead:
KHITH “mist, [ᴹ√] fog”
√, ᴹ√KHITH root. “mist, [ᴹ√] fog”
⚠️ᴹ√KHLIP root. “[unglossed]”
KHOL¹ root. “shut, close” see SKOL
⚠️KHOL² root. “crow, cry aloud”; see instead:
POROK “hen”
SKOL “shut, close”
KHOM root. “heart”
⚠️ᴹ√, ᴱ√KHO(N) root. “heart (physical)”; see instead:
KHOM “heart”
ᴹ√KHOP root. “*harbour, bay”
ᴹ√KHOR root. “set going, put in motion, urge on”
KHOT¹ root. “gather, together in confusion, jumble”
⚠️√, ᴹ√KHOT² root. “strive, quarrel”; see instead:
ᴺ√KOT(H) “strive, quarrel”
⚠️ᴹ√KHOTH root. “gather”; see instead:
KHOT¹ “gather, together in confusion, jumble”
KHU root.
KHŪ root. “curse” see SKŪ
√, ᴹ√KHUG root. “bark, bay”
⚠️ᴹ√KHUS root. “up from below ground, to ground level”; see instead:
*ᴺ√EPH “emerge (especially from water, opp[osite] of dive)”
ᴺ√[ᴹ√]^KHWAR root. “crooked”
KHY- root. “other”
⚠️KHYĀ root. “before, in front of place”; see instead:
KHY- “other”
epe “after of time; after or behind of place”
ᴹ√KHYAR root. “left hand”
ᴺ√*KHYAS root. “rush, rustle”
⚠️ᴹ√KHYEL(ES) root. “glass”; see instead:
Q. cilin “glass”
S. heledh “glass”
⚠️ᴱ√KI root. “this by me”; see instead:
SI(N) “this, here, now”
⚠️ᴱ√KIÐI root. “cut, split”; see instead:
KIR “cut, cleave, pass swiftly through; ⚠️shave; skim (surface), slip along, glide quickly”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√KIL root. “choose, select; ⚠️[ᴹ√] divide; [ᴱ√] edge”
KIM root. “edge, brink of”
⚠️ᴹ√KIM root. “light on, find, come by”; see instead:
KHIR “light on, find”
KIM “edge, brink of”
⚠️KIN root. “*small” see KIT; see instead:
KIT “*small”
√, ᴹ√KIR root. “cut, cleave, pass swiftly through; ⚠️shave; skim (surface), slip along, glide quickly”
⚠️ᴱ√KIŘI root. “cut, split” see KIÐI
ᴹ√KIRIK root. “*reap”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√KIRIS root. “cleave, [ᴹ√] cut, [ᴱ√] split”
⚠️ᴱ√KISI root. “cut, split” see KIÐI
KIT root. “*small”
⚠️ᴱ√KITI root. “*tickle”; see instead:
^ᴺ√KITY “*tickle”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^KITY root. “*tickle”
⚠️ᴹ√KIWIK root. “*thigh”; see instead:
ᴹ✶tiukō “thigh”
⚠️ᴱ√KḶKḶ root. “gather, collect, reap”; see instead:
ᴹ√KIRIK “*reap”
⚠️ᴱ√?KḶNḶ root. “*ring”; see instead:
ÑYEL “ring(ing), [ᴹ√] sing, give out a sweet sound”
⚠️ᴱ√KḶPḶ root. “hold, contains”; see instead:
ᴹ√KALPA “water-vessel”
⚠️ᴱ√KḶTḶ root. “tilt; fling”; see instead:
ᴹ√RIK(H) “jerk, sudden move, flirt”
⚠️ᴱ√KṆÐṆ root. “shine”
⚠️ᴱ√KṆŘṆ root. “shine” see KṆÐṆ
⚠️ᴱ√KṆTṆ root. “make twang; play harp”; see instead:
ᴹ√ÑGAN(AD) “play (on stringed instrument)”
⚠️KOB root. “gather, collect” see KOM; see instead:
KOM “gather, collect”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^KOD root. “revere”
⚠️ᴱ√KOÐO root. “revere‽”; see instead:
^ᴺ√KOD “revere”
⚠️ᴱ√KOHO root. “undergo, endure”
KOL root. “bear, carry, wear”
⚠️ᴹ√KOL root. “*round”; see instead:
KOR “round; [ᴱ√] be round, roll”
KOL “bear, carry, wear”
⚠️ᴱ√KOLO¹ root. “to strain through”; see instead:
KOL “bear, carry, wear”
⚠️ᴱ√KOLO² root. “*point”; see instead:
KOL “bear, carry, wear”
KOM root. “gather, collect”
⚠️ᴱ√KOMO root. “*ball, roll”; see instead:
KOR “round; [ᴱ√] be round, roll”
KOM “gather, collect”
KON root. “lord; to lead” see *KUN(DU)
ᴺ√*KOPH root. “*bay”
⚠️ᴱ√KOPO root. “keep, guard‽”; see instead:
ᴹ√KHOP “*harbour, bay”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√KOR root. “round; [ᴱ√] be round, roll”
ᴹ√KORKA root. “crow”
⚠️ᴱ√KOŘO root. “revere‽” see KOÐO
⚠️KOROK root. “hen” see POROK; see instead:
POROK “hen”
⚠️ᴱ√KOSO root. see GOÞO
ᴺ√, ᴹ√[√]KOT(H) root. “strive, quarrel”
⚠️ᴱ√*KOTO root.
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√KOY root. “[ᴹ√] live, have life”
ᴹ√KRAB root. “press”
⚠️ᴱ√KṚKṚ root. “*point, bend”; see instead:
KARAK “[ᴹ√] sharp fang, spike, tooth”
⚠️ᴱ√KṚNṚ root.; see instead:
ᴹ√KARAN “red”
⚠️ᴱ√KṚPṚ root. “pluck”; see instead:
ᴹ√KARPA “?pluck”
ᴹ√ root.
KUB root. “hide, secrete”
ᴹ√KUB¹ root. “*mound, heap”
⚠️ᴹ√KUB² root. “bow” see ^KU(H); see instead:
^ᴺ√KU(H) “bow, [ᴱ√] bend”
ᴺ√, ᴹ√[ᴹ√]^KU(H) root. “bow, [ᴱ√] bend”
⚠️ᴱ√?KUKU root.
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√KUL root. “golden-red; ⚠️[ᴱ√] gold”
ᴹ√KUM root. “void”
⚠️ᴱ√KUMU root. “heap up”; see instead:
ᴹ√KUB¹ “*mound, heap”
ᴹ√KUM “void”
√, ᴹ√*KUN(DU) root. “to lead; lord, [ᴹ√] prince”
⚠️ᴱ√KUPU root. “hump”; see instead:
ᴹ√TUMPU “hump”
^ᴺ√LU(M)P “hump, lump”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√KUR root. “have power, strength, ability inherent physically or mentally; skill, [ᴹ√] craft”
⚠️ᴹ√KURUM root. “*left”; see instead:
ᴹ√KHYAR “left hand”
⚠️ᴱ√KUVU root. “bend, bow”; see instead:
^ᴺ√KU(H) “bow, [ᴱ√] bend”
√, ᴹ√KUY root. “[ᴹ√] awake, come to life; ⚠️[√] live”
√, ᴹ√KWA root. “complete, full, whole, all, every; ⚠️[ᴹ√] something”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√KWAL root. “die, pain, [ᴹ√] die in pain”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√KWAM root. “*sick”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]KWAP root. “chaffer, *haggle, bargain”
√, ᴹ√KWAR root. “press together, squeeze, wring, clench; clenched hand, fist”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]KWAS root. “*shake”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√KWAT root. “fill; full”
KWAY root. “ten”
KWE root. “vocal speech”
ᴹ√KWǢ root. “onomatopoetic”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√KWEL¹ root. “fade, die away, grow faint, [ᴹ√] fade away; wither, [ᴱ√] decay, perish, die”
KWEL² root. “revolve” see KWER
KWEN root. “speak with rational words”
√, ᴹ√KWENED root. “spoken, articulate; [ᴹ√] Elf”
√, ᴱ√KWER root. “revolve, [ᴱ√] turn”
ᴹ√KWES root. “*feather”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√KWET root. “say”
KWI root. “suppose”
ᴹ√KWIG root. “*bow (for shooting)”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]KWIK root.
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]KWIL root.
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^KWILID root. “quiet”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]KWILIT root. “*belt, girdle”
KWIN root. “crest, salient or top edge”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]KWIN root. “*squeak”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]KWIR root. “stir, spin”
KWIS root. “inquire, suppose”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^KWIT root. “*knit”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^KWOD root. “*choke, suffocate, drown”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]KWOL root. “*disease”
⚠️√, ᴹ√KYAB root. “taste” see KYAW; see instead:
KYAW “taste, select, choose”
ᴹ√KYAR root. “cause, do”
KYAW root. “taste, select, choose”
KYEL¹ root. “go down slowly”
⚠️√, ᴹ√KYEL² root. “(come to an) end, cease, run out”; see instead:
TEL “close, end, complete, come to an end”
ᴹ√KYELEK root. “swift, agile”
√, ᴹ√KYELEP root. “silver”
⚠️KYELES root. “*at rear” see TELES; see instead:
TELES “come at rear, end a line or series; [ᴹ√] hindmost, tarrier”
⚠️ᴹ√KYEN root. “see, perceive, look at, observe, direct gaze” see KEN¹; see instead:
KEN “see, perceive, note, [ᴹ√] look at, observe, direct gaze”
⚠️ᴱ√KYERE root. “turn” see KERE
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]KYUR root. “curdle”
⚠️ᴱ√KYUSU root. “curdle” see KYURU; see instead:
ᴺ√KYUR “curdle”
⚠️ᴱ√ root. “spread‽” see ALA²
LA root. “no, not; negative; not to be”
⚠️ root. “interjection of pleasure/assent”; see instead:
LA “no, not; negative; not to be”
AL(A) “good (physically), blessed, fortunate, prosperous, health(y)”
⚠️ᴹ√ root.; see instead:
LAƷ “cross, pass over, go beyond”
⚠️ᴱ√LA’A root. see LAHA
LAB root. “lick, move the tongue”
√, ᴹ√LAD root. “bottom, ground, [ᴹ√] lie flat, be flat”
⚠️ᴱ√LAÐA root. “*broad”; see instead:
LAD “bottom, ground, [ᴹ√] lie flat, be flat”
ᴹ√LAG root. “*cut”
⚠️ᴱ√LAHA root. “*open, extend”; see instead:
LAT¹ “open, unenclosed, free to entry, [ᴹ√] lie open; be extended, stretch, be situated (of an area); ⚠️[√] low, lowlying, at ground level”
⚠️ᴹ√LAƷ root.; see instead:
AL(A) “good (physically), blessed, fortunate, prosperous, health(y)”
LAƷ “cross, pass over, go beyond”
LAƷ root. “cross, pass over, go beyond”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√LAIK root. “keen, sharp, acute”
⚠️ᴹ√LAK¹ root. “swallow”; see instead:
LAƷ “cross, pass over, go beyond”
⚠️ᴹ√LAK² root. “swift” see (A)LAK; see instead:
ALAK “rushing, [ᴹ√] swift”
⚠️ᴱ√*LAKA root. “*gather”; see instead:
KHOT¹ “gather, together in confusion, jumble”
ᴹ√LAKH root. “kick”
LAL root. “laugh”
⚠️ᴱ√LALA root. “*babble”; see instead:
LAL “laugh”
⚠️ᴹ√(L)ALAM root. “elm-tree”; see instead:
ALAB “elm”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√LAM root. “(inarticulate voiced) sound”
√, ᴹ√LAN root. “stretch, extend; [ᴹ√] weave”
⚠️ᴹ√LANK root. “swallow” see LAK¹
√, ᴱ√LAP root. “fold, bend, [ᴱ√] enfold”
⚠️ᴹ√LAP root. “*babe”; see instead:
WIN “young, [ᴹ√] new, fresh”
LAP “fold, bend, [ᴱ√] enfold”
⚠️ᴱ√LAQA root. “catch”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√LAR root. “rich, fat”
⚠️ᴱ√LAŘA root. see LAÐA
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√LAS¹ root. “leaf”
√, ᴹ√LAS² root. “listen”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√LAT¹ root. “open, unenclosed, free to entry, [ᴹ√] lie open; be extended, stretch, be situated (of an area); ⚠️[√] low, lowlying, at ground level”
LAT² root. “fall (to the ground)”
ᴹ√LATH root. “string, thong”
⚠️ᴱ√LAVA root. “lick”; see instead:
ᴹ√LAB “lick”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√LAW root. “flourish (green), grow, [ᴹ√] abound; warm”
√, ᴹ√LAWAR root. see (G)LAWAR
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√LAY root. “*be alive, flourish”
ᴹ√LAYAK root. “*fresh, green”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^LAYATH root. “lose”
⚠️ᴱ√ḶÐḶ root.
⚠️ᴹ√LEB root. “stay, stick, adhere, remain, tarry” see LEM; see instead:
ᴹ√LEM “stay, stick, adhere, remain, tarry”
√, ᴹ√LED root. “go, proceed”
⚠️ᴱ√LEFE¹ root. “*heart”; see instead:
^ᴺ√LEPH “liver”
⚠️ᴱ√LEFE² root. “half” see *LEǶE
⚠️ᴱ√*LEǶE root. “half; *five”; see instead:
LEPEN “five”
PER “half; [ᴹ√] divide in middle, halve”
⚠️ᴱ√LEHE¹ root. “half” see *LEǶE
⚠️ᴱ√*LEHE² root.
√, ᴹ√LEK root. “loose, unbind, let, permit, [ᴹ√] let loose, release”
⚠️ᴱ√‽LEKE root.; see instead:
ᴹ√KHYAR “left hand”
LEK “loose, unbind, let, permit, [ᴹ√] let loose, release”
ᴹ√LEM root. “stay, stick, adhere, remain, tarry”
⚠️LEMEK root. “[unglossed]”
√, ᴹ√LEN root. “way” see LED
LEÑ root. “*way, method, manner”
⚠️ᴱ√LENE root. “long”
⚠️ᴱ√LEŊE root. see LENE
⚠️LENEP root. “five” see LEPEN; see instead:
LEPEN “five”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√LEP root. “pick up/out (with the fingers); finger”
⚠️ᴹ√LEPEK root. “five” see LEPEN; see instead:
LEPEN “five”
√†LEPEM root. “five” see LEPEN
√, ᴹ√LEPEN root. “five”
⚠️ᴹ√LEPET root. “finger”; see instead:
leper “finger”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^LEPH root. “liver”
⚠️ᴱ√LEQE root.
LER root. “free”
⚠️ᴱ√LESE root. “collect”; see instead:
KHOT¹ “gather, together in confusion, jumble”
KOM “gather, collect”
⚠️ᴱ√LETH root. “set free”; see instead:
LEK “loose, unbind, let, permit, [ᴹ√] let loose, release”
LEWEK root. “worm”
⚠️ᴱ√LEẆE root. “*sick”; see instead:
ᴹ√SLIW “sickly”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√LI root. “many”
ᴹ√LIB¹ root. “drip”
ᴹ√LIB² root. see (G)LIB
⚠️ᴱ√LIÐI root. “sing”; see instead:
LIR “sing, warble, [ᴹ√] trill”
LIN² “sing, make a musical sound, [ᴱ√] gentle”
ᴹ√LIK root. “*keen, sharp, acute” see LAIK
⚠️ᴱ√?LIKINI root.; see instead:
ROM “loud noise; horn noise”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^LIKWIS root. “clear, transparent”
ᴹ√LILT root. “dance”
√, ᴱ√LIM root. “link, join; ?swift”
ᴹ√LIÑ root. “*ring”
√, ᴹ√LIN¹ root. “pool, mere, lake”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√LIN² root. “sing, make a musical sound, [ᴱ√] gentle”
LIND root. “sing” see LIN²
ᴹ√LINGI root. “hang” see (G)LINGI
⚠️ᴱ√?LIŊI root. “*snake”; see instead:
LEWEK “worm”
ᴹ√LINKWI root. “*wet”
√, ᴹ√LIP root. “oil”
⚠️ᴱ√LIPI root. “*drip, drop”; see instead:
ᴹ√LIB¹ “drip”
⚠️ᴱ√LIQI root. “flow, water; clear, transparent”; see instead:
ᴹ√LINKWI “*wet”
^ᴺ√LIKWIS “clear, transparent”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√LIR root. “sing, warble, [ᴹ√] trill”
ᴹ√LIR² root.
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√LIS root. “[ᴱ√] sweetness, [ᴹ√] honey”
⚠️√, ᴹ√LISKI root. “[unglossed]”
ᴹ√LIT root.
⚠️ᴱ√?LIÞI root. “*lose, time”; see instead:
^ᴺ√LAYATH “lose”
ᴹ√LIW root. “*fish”
⚠️ᴱ√LIYA root. “unite many as one”; see instead:
ᴹ√(S)LIG “*entwine, thread; spider”
⚠️ᴱ√ḶKḶ¹ root. “*ray of light, glory”; see instead:
aklar(a) “radiance, brilliance, glory”
⚠️ᴱ√ḶKḶ² root. “*swan, seem(ing)”; see instead:
ALAK “rushing, [ᴹ√] swift”
⚠️ᴱ√LḶTḶ root. “dance”; see instead:
ᴹ√LILT “dance”
⚠️ᴱ√LṆQṆ root. “catch, come on, light on, find, get”
⚠️ᴱ√*LṆTṆ root. “*fall”; see instead:
DANTA “*fall down”
ᴹ√ root. “ablative element”
⚠️ᴹ√LOD root. “*pass, path”; see instead:
LON¹ “*haven”
⚠️ᴱ√LOÐO root. “*loud noise”
LOG root. “wet (and soft), soaked, swampy”
⚠️ᴱ√LOHO root.; see instead:
LOT(H) “flower”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√LOK root. “bend, loop, [ᴱ√] twine, twist, curl; [ᴹ√] great serpent, dragon”
ᴹ√LOKH root. “*curl of hair”
⚠️ᴱ√LOMO root. “*shadow”; see instead:
DOM “dark, [ᴹ√] faint, dim”
LUM “shadow, darkness”
√, ᴹ√LON¹ root. “*haven”
⚠️LON² root. “(general word for) noise” see SLON; see instead:
SLON “sound, (general word for) noise”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√LOP root. “horse; [ᴱ√] *run (of animals), lope”
⚠️ᴱ√LOQO root. “*run (of humans)”; see instead:
NOR “run (or leap) of animals or men; [ᴹ√] run as of wheels, roll along, [ᴱ√] go smoothly, ride, spin”
√, ᴱ√LOR root. “*dream, vision” see (O)LOR
⚠️ᴱ√LOŘO root. see LOÐO
√, ᴱ√LOS root. see (G)LOS
√, ᴹ√LOT(H) root. “flower”
⚠️ᴱ√?LOTO root.
⚠️ᴱ√LOURI root.; see instead:
(G)LAWAR “gold (colour)”
⚠️LOW root. “flow freely (fully)”; see instead:
LOG “wet (and soft), soaked, swampy”
√, ᴹ√LOY root. “go wrong, fail, [ᴹ√] miss, fail to go; ⚠️lack, be without”
⚠️ᴱ√LOYO root. “*thirst, parched”; see instead:
LOY “go wrong, fail, [ᴹ√] miss, fail to go; ⚠️lack, be without”
⚠️ᴱ√ḶQḶ root. “rend”; see instead:
ᴹ√NARAK “tear, rend (tr. and intr.)”
⚠️ᴱ√ḶTḶ root. “thrust in”; see instead:
NID “will; force, press(ure), thrust; [ᴹ√] lean against”
ᴺ√TER “pierce”
ᴹ√LU root. “*time”
ᴹ√LUB root. “weary”
⚠️LUB¹ root. “bend”; see instead:
(N)DUB “bending and drooping”
LUB² root. “shadow, darkness” see LUM
ᴹ√LUG¹ root. “be heavy”
⚠️ᴹ√LUG² root. “*blue”; see instead:
LUY “blue”
⚠️ᴱ√LUHU root. “*time”; see instead:
ᴹ√LU “*time”
LUK root. “haul, drag, *pull”
ᴹ√LUK root. “magic, enchantment”
⚠️ᴱ√LUKU root. “*slime, mud”; see instead:
LOG “wet (and soft), soaked, swampy”
LUK “haul, drag, *pull”
ᴹ√LUK “magic, enchantment”
√, ᴹ√LUM root. “shadow, darkness”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^LU(M)P root. “hump, lump”
⚠️ᴱ√?LUŊU root.; see instead:
ᴹ√LUG¹ “be heavy”
⚠️ᴹ√LUR root. “be quiet, still, calm”; see instead:
LON¹ “*haven”
⚠️ᴱ√LURU root. “*frown”
ᴹ√LUS root. “*empty”
⚠️ᴱ√LUSU root. “foment, cherish, warm, bathe”; see instead:
LAW “flourish (green), grow, [ᴹ√] abound; warm”
^ᴺ√SOW “wash, bath”
ᴹ√LUS “*empty”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√LUT root. “float, [ᴹ√] swim”
⚠️ᴱ√LUVU root. “*dark (weather)”; see instead:
LUM “shadow, darkness”
LUY root. “blue”
√, ᴱ√MA root. “interrogative base; ⚠️[ᴱ√] root of indef[inite]”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^MAB root. “something nice”
⚠️MAB root. “lump, mass”; see instead:
MBON “*lump, mass”
ᴹ√MAD root. “*pale”
√, ᴹ√MAG root. “good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state”
√, ᴱ√MAH root. “handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use”
⚠️√, ᴹ√MAƷ root. “handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use; [ᴹ√] hand” see MAH; see instead:
MAH “handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use”
ᴹ√MAIGA root.
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√MAK root. “cut, hew with a sharp edge, [ᴹ√] cleave; sword, fight (with a sword); ⚠️[√] kill, slay; forge metal”
⚠️ᴱ√MAKA² root. “*net, mesh”; see instead:
REM “entangle, snare, trap”
√, ᴱ√MAL root. “yellow, gold”
⚠️ᴱ√MALA¹ root. “crush, squeeze, pulp”; see instead:
ᴹ√MBAL “[ᴱ√] crush, *pound; ⚠️hurt, pain, damage, give maim to”
THAG “oppress, crush, press”
MALAT root. “gold”
⚠️ᴱ√MAMA root. “something nice” see MAɃA
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√MAN root. “good (morally), blessed, holy, unmarred, free from evil; [ᴹ√] holy spirit”
ᴹ√MANAD root. “doom, final end, fate, fortune”
⚠️ᴱ√MANGA root. “lacking”; see instead:
PEN “lack, be without, have not; the lacking, the poor”
^ᴺ√MANGA “*butter”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^MANGA root. “*butter”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√MAP root. “take away, take hold of, grasp (with the whole hand), [ᴹ√] lay hold of with hand, seize”
⚠️ᴱ√MARA¹ root. “ripe, yellow”
⚠️ᴱ√MARA² root. see MṚÐṚ
⚠️ᴹ√, ᴱ√MAS root. “knead; [ᴱ√] cook, bake” see M(B)AS; see instead:
MBAS “bake, [ᴱ√] cook; [ᴹ√] knead”
√, ᴹ√MASAG root. “*sticky, [ᴹ√] knead, make soft by rubbing, kneading”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√MAT root. “eat”
⚠️ᴱ√MAÞA root. “dusk”
⚠️ᴱ√MAWA root. “‽cry, bleat”; see instead:
ᴹ√MIW¹ “whine”
MAY root. “excellent, admirable, beautiful; make [art]; ⚠️suitable, useful, proper, serviceable; right”
⚠️ᴱ√MAẎA root. “*excessive”; see instead:
MAY “excellent, admirable, beautiful; make [art]; ⚠️suitable, useful, proper, serviceable; right”
⚠️ᴱ√MAɃA root. “something nice”; see instead:
^ᴺ√MAB “something nice”
ᴹ√(M)BAD root. “duress, prison, doom, hell; *judgement”
ᴹ√MBAKH root. “exchange”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√MBAL root. “[ᴱ√] crush, *pound; ⚠️hurt, pain, damage, give maim to”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√MBAR root. “settle; establish, fix, decide, determine, make a decision; dwell, [ᴹ√] inhabit, [ᴱ√] live”
√, ᴹ√M(B)ARAT root. “doom, fate”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√MBAS root. “bake, [ᴱ√] cook; [ᴹ√] knead”
⚠️ᴹ√MBAT(H) root. “screen, shield”; see instead:
thandā “shield”
ᴹ√TURUM “shield”
⚠️ᴱ√MBAÞA root. “*dusk”; see instead:
ᴹ√MBOTH “*pool”
ᴹ√MBAW root. “compel, force, subject, oppress”
MBEL root. “*strong” see BEL
MBELEK root. “mighty, powerful, strong; ⚠️great, large”
⚠️ᴱ√(M)BELEKE root. “*flame”; see instead:
MBELEK “mighty, powerful, strong; ⚠️great, large”
ᴹ√M(B)ER root. “wish (for), want, desire”
ᴹ√MBIRIL root.
⚠️ᴱ√M(B)ṆÐṆ root. “bind”; see instead:
ᴹ√(M)BAD “duress, prison, doom, hell; *judgement”
⚠️√, ᴹ√(M)BOL root. “*labour” see ; see instead:
“labour, be afflicted”
MBON root. “*lump, mass”
ᴹ√MBOTH root. “*pool”
⚠️ᴱ√M(B)ṚTṚ root. “chance”; see instead:
M(B)ARAT “doom, fate”
ᴹ√(M)BUD root. “jut out, project”
⚠️ᴱ√MEHE root. “ooze‽”; see instead:
^ᴺ√MEKH “*gore”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]MEK root. “*aim”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^MEKH root. “*gore”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√MEL root. “love, [ᴹ√] love (as friend)”
⚠️MELEK root. “great, mighty, powerful, strong” see MBELEK; see instead:
MBELEK “mighty, powerful, strong; ⚠️great, large”
⚠️ᴱ√‽MEME root. “*tip”; see instead:
TIL “point, horn”
ᴹ√NEÑ “*nose”
√, ᴹ√MEN root. “go, move, proceed (in any direction); make for, go towards; have as object, (in)tend; direction, object, point moved toward”
√, ᴹ√MENEL root. “heavens, firmament, [ᴹ√] sky”
⚠️ᴹ√MEREK root.; see instead:
ᴹ√BEREK
√, ᴹ√MET root. “end, finally”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√MI/IMI root. “in, within, [ᴹ√] inside”
⚠️ᴱ√MĪ¹ root.; see instead:
MIN “one, first of a series; [ᴹ√] stand alone, stick out”
MIK root. “pierce”
⚠️ᴱ√[ᴱ√]*MIKI root. “*little”; see instead:
NIK “small”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]MIKW root. “kiss”
ᴹ√MIL root. “*soft, gentle, weak”
⚠️ᴱ√MILI root.; see instead:
RED “scatter, sow”
ᴹ√MIL “*soft, gentle, weak”
ᴺ√[ᴱ✶]^MILIG root. “*oil”
√, ᴹ√MILIK root. “*greed, lust”
⚠️ᴱ√MIMI root.; see instead:
SRA(W) “body, flesh”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√MIN root. “one, first of a series; [ᴹ√] stand alone, stick out”
⚠️ᴱ√MINI¹ root. “*small, less”; see instead:
NIK “small”
ᴹ√PIK “*small”
√, ᴹ√MIR root. “precious; esteem, value”
⚠️ᴱ√MIRI root. “smile”; see instead:
RAY² “smile”
MIR “precious; esteem, value”
ᴹ√MIS¹ root. “go free, stray, wander”
ᴹ√MIS² root. “*wet”
⚠️ᴱ√MISI root. “mingere, *to urinate”; see instead:
ᴹ√MIS² “*wet”
ᴹ√MISIK root. “*wet”
⚠️ᴹ√MIT root. “small”; see instead:
NIK “small”
√, ᴹ√MITH root. “grey”
ᴹ√MIW¹ root. “whine”
ᴹ√MIW² root. “*small, tiny, frail”
√, ᴹ√MIZDI root. “*fine rain, dew”
⚠️ᴱ√MḶÐḶ root. “crush, pound”; see instead:
ᴹ√MBAL “[ᴱ√] crush, *pound; ⚠️hurt, pain, damage, give maim to”
⚠️ᴱ√MḶKḶ root. “possess”
⚠️ᴱ√MLŘL root. “crush, pound” see MḶÐḶ
⚠️ᴱ√MṆGṆ root. “*butter”; see instead:
^ᴺ√MANGA “*butter”
⚠️ᴱ√MṆTYṆ root. “*memory”; see instead:
Q. #enyalië “memory, (lit.) recalling”
√, ᴹ√ root. “labour, be afflicted”
⚠️ᴱ√MOKO root. “hate”; see instead:
^ᴺ√TEB “*hate, dislike”
ᴹ√MBAW “compel, force, subject, oppress”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√MOR root. “black, dark, darkness”
ᴹ√MOROK root.
MOT root. “fen, marsh”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√MOY root. “*dear; [ᴱ√] *soft, gentle”
⚠️ᴱ√MṚÐṚ root. “grind”; see instead:
ᴺ√MUL “grind (fine)”
⚠️ᴱ√‽MṚKṚ root.; see instead:
ᴹ√PIS “*juice”
⚠️ᴱ√MṚŘṚ root. “grind” see MṚÐṚ
⚠️ᴱ√MṚTYṚ root. “smile” see MIRI
⚠️ᴹ√ root. see
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]MUK root. “cacare [Latin], *defecate”
⚠️ᴱ√?MUKU² root. “*silent”; see instead:
S. dîn “silence; silent, quiet”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]MUL root. “grind (fine)”
ᴹ√MUN root. “‽groan, moan”
⚠️ᴱ√MURU root. “slumber”; see instead:
(O)LOR “[ᴹ√] sleep, [ᴱ√] doze, slumber; ⚠️[√] dream, vision”
ᴹ√MUY root. “*secret”
ᴹ√N- root.
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√ root. “be, exist”
√, ᴹ√NA/ANA root. “to, towards”
ᴹ√NAD root. “*plain”
⚠️ᴱ√NAÐA root. “*plain”; see instead:
ᴹ√NAD “*plain”
⚠️ᴱ√ŊAHYA root. “hurt, grieve”; see instead:
NAY¹ “cause bitter grief or pain, [ᴹ√] lament”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√NAK root. “bite”
ᴹ√NAKAT root. “eighteen”
NAKH root. “narrow, thin”
ÑAL root. see Ñ(G)AL
⚠️ᴱ√NALA root. “ring, play”; see instead:
ÑYEL “ring(ing), [ᴹ√] sing, give out a sweet sound”
√*NAM root. “judge”
ᴹ√NAN root.
√, ᴱ√NAP root. “take (hold), pick up, grasp, seize quickly (with fingers)”
⚠️ᴱ√NAQA root. “steal, take”; see instead:
ᴺ√PIL “rob”
⚠️ÑAR root. “by, beside, near”; see instead:
AS² “beside”
√, ᴹ√NAR root. “fire, [ᴹ√] flame”
ᴹ√NAR² root. “tell, relate” see NYAR
⚠️ᴱ√NAŘA root. see NAÐA
⚠️ᴱ√ŊARA root. “(properly) bite at”; see instead:
NAK “bite”
⚠️ᴱ√NARA root. see ŊARA
ᴹ√NARAK root. “tear, rend (tr. and intr.)”
ᴹ√NARTA root. “kindle”
ᴹ√NAS root. “point, sharp end”
⚠️ᴱ√NASA root. “taste nasty”; see instead:
UG “dislike”
UK “nasty”
NASAG root.
ᴹ√NAT root. “lace, weave, tie”
NATH root. “welcome, be kind to”
⚠️ᴱ√NAVA root. “suspect, guess, have an inkling of”
⚠️ᴱ√?NAWA root.; see instead:
NUK “dwarf, stunted”
⚠️ᴹ√NAWAK root.; see instead:
NUK “dwarf, stunted”
√, ᴹ√NAY¹ root. “cause bitter grief or pain, [ᴹ√] lament”
⚠️NAY² root. “have opportunity, chance or permission; be allowed by circumstance [or] way of the world”; see instead:
NAY¹ “cause bitter grief or pain, [ᴹ√] lament”
⚠️ᴱ√NAẎA root. see ŊAHYA
ᴹ√NAYAK root. “pain”
⚠️NDA root. “long; far” see ANAD; see instead:
ANAD “long; far”
⚠️NDAB¹ root. “endeavor, try, seek opportunity”; see instead:
RIK² “twist; [ᴹ√] jerk, sudden move, flirt”
⚠️NDAB² root. “to judge”; see instead:
*√NAM “judge”
⚠️ᴹ√NDAG root. “*slay” see (N)DAK; see instead:
NDAK “slay; ⚠️hew”
√, ᴹ√, ᴹ√NDAK root. “slay; ⚠️hew”
⚠️ᴱ√?NDALA root. “*sing, ring”; see instead:
LIR “sing, warble, [ᴹ√] trill”
ᴹ√(N)DAM root. “hammer, beat”
√, ᴹ√(N)DAN root. “back (again), [ᴹ√] backwards; [√] retreat, go back, give way (as one advances), revert”
⚠️ᴹ√NDAR root. “*sign, token”; see instead:
TAN² “indicate, show”
NDAY root. “dreadful, abominable, detestable”
⚠️NDEB root. see NDAB¹
ᴺ√[√]!NDEL root. “thick, dense”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√N(D)ER root. “male (person), man”
ᴹ√(N)DEW root. “follow, come behind”
⚠️ᴹ√(N)DI root. “in”; see instead:
ndī “beneath, not touching, under”
√, ᴹ√(N)DIL root. “to love (as a friend or equal), be devoted to; [ᴹ√] love, devotion; friend”
(N)DIP/B root. “bending and drooping”
ᴹ√NDIS root.
⚠️ᴱ√?NDOÐO root. “*oak”; see instead:
ᴹ√DORON “oak”
ᴹ√NDOL root. “*head”
⚠️ᴱ√NDOLO root. “delve”; see instead:
ᴹ√NDOL “*head”
√, ᴹ√NDOR root. “land; hard, firm; [ᴹ√] dwell, stay, rest, abide”
√, ᴹ√NDU root. “down, under, below; sink, descend, go down, [ᴹ√] set (of Sun)”
(N)DUB root. “bending and drooping”
⚠️ᴹ√(N)DUB root. “lay base, foundation, root; found”; see instead:
ᴹ√STUD “base, ground”
ᴹ√(N)DUL root. “hide, conceal”
(N)DUP root. see (N)DUB
√, ᴹ√(N)DUR root. “[ᴹ√] bow down, bend (low), obey, serve; ⚠️grow/be dark”
⚠️ᴱ√ṆÐṆ root. “stretch, extend”; see instead:
ANAD “long; far”
⚠️ᴹ√NE root. “*in”
NE root. “scent”
NEB root. “turn towards (speaker), *front”
ᴹ√NED root. see (E)NED
⚠️ᴱ√NEÐE root.; see instead:
NEN “water, ⚠️[ᴱ√] flow”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√NEG root. “ooze, drip; *honey”
⚠️ᴱ√NEHE root. “*honey”; see instead:
NEG “ooze, drip; *honey”
NEK¹ root. “narrow; *angular, sharp”
NEK² root. “divide, separate, part; deprive”
⚠️ᴹ√ÑEL root. “friendship”; see instead:
(N)DIL “to love (as a friend or equal), be devoted to; [ᴹ√] love, devotion; friend”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√NEL root. “three; [ᴱ√] point, *(tri)angle”
√, ᴹ√NELED root. “3”
√, ᴹ√NELEK root. “tooth”
⚠️ᴱ√NEME root.; see instead:
ᴺ√THER “sew; ⚠️[ᴱ√] twine, tie, bind”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√NEN root. “water, ⚠️[ᴱ√] flow”
ᴹ√NEÑ root. “*nose”
NER root. see N(D)ER
⚠️ᴱ√NEŘE root. see NEÐE
⚠️NES root. “feminity (apart from sex)” see NETH; see instead:
NETH “(young) woman, female person, feminity (apart from sex); sister; fresh, lively, merry; [ᴹ√] young”
⚠️ᴱ√NESE root. “give to feed; feed, pasture; graze”; see instead:
#ᴹ√SALAK “*grass”
NET root. “trim (pretty/dainty)”
⚠️ᴱ√NETE root. “catch, get”; see instead:
NET “trim (pretty/dainty)”
√, ᴹ√NETER root. “9”
√, ᴹ√NETH root. “(young) woman, female person, feminity (apart from sex); sister; fresh, lively, merry; [ᴹ√] young”
ᴹ√NEY root. “tear”
Ñ(G)AL root. “shine (by reflection)”
ᴹ√ÑGAN(AD) root. “play (on stringed instrument)”
ᴹ√ÑGARAM root.
√, ᴹ√ÑGAW root. “howl; ⚠️falsify, deform, disguise”
(Ñ)GAY root. “gape, become wide, open, vast”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√(Ñ)GIL root. “shine (white); silver glint; white or silver light”
√, ᴹ√ÑGOL¹ root. “knowledge, wisdom, lore; [ᴹ√] wise, be wise”
ÑGOL² root. “dark-hued, dark-brown”
√, ᴹ√ÑGOLOD root. “[ᴹ√] one of the wise folk, Gnome”
ÑGOR root. “dread, horror, fear, terror”
ᴹ√ÑGOROTH root. “horror”
⚠️ᴹ√ÑGOW root.; see instead:
ᴹ✶tiukō “thigh”
ÑGUL root. “dark with sinister associations”
NGUR root. “horror” see ÑGOR
√, ᴹ√ÑGUR root. “death”
√, ᴹ√(Ñ)GWAL root. “(suffer) torment, agony”
NGWAW root. “howl” see ÑGAW
ᴹ√ÑGYAL(AM) root. “talk loud or incoherently”
ᴹ√ÑGYO(N) root. “grandchild, descendant”
√, ᴹ√NI root. “[ᴹ√] I, [√] me”
⚠️ᴹ√NIB root. “face, front”; see instead:
NEB “turn towards (speaker), *front”
√, ᴹ√NID root. “will; force, press(ure), thrust; [ᴹ√] lean against”
⚠️ᴹ√NID² root. “hurt, injure”; see instead:
NID “will; force, press(ure), thrust; [ᴹ√] lean against”
NIƷ root.
NIK root. “small”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√NIK(W) root. “snow, ice; *white”
ᴹ√NINDI root. “fragile, thin”
⚠️ᴱ√‽NINI root.; see instead:
LUY “blue”
NIP root. “small”
⚠️NIR root. “will, intention, conscious resolve to move or do”; see instead:
NID “will; force, press(ure), thrust; [ᴹ√] lean against”
√, ᴹ√NIS root. “woman”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]*NITH root. “smell sweet”
ᴹ√ÑIW root. “wink, hint”
⚠️ᴱ√NḶĐḶ root. “*dell”; see instead:
ᴹ√NAD “*plain”
⚠️ᴱ√NṆGṆ root. “have a cold”; see instead:
ᴹ√NEÑ “*nose”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]*NO root. “before (of time); at back (of place)”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√NŌ/ONO root. “beget, give birth to; be born; ⚠️[ᴱ√] become”
⚠️ᴱ√NOHO root. “extended”; see instead:
ᴹ√NDOL “*head”
NOK root. “non-resonant sounds” see TOK
ᴹ√ÑOL root. “smell (intr.)”
⚠️ᴱ√ŊOLO root. “to know”; see instead:
ÑGOL¹ “knowledge, wisdom, lore; [ᴹ√] wise, be wise”
⚠️ᴱ√NOLO root. “dare”; see instead:
ᴹ√BER “valiant”
ᴺ√*NOM root. “place”
⚠️ᴹ√ÑO(N) root.; see instead:
ÑGAW “howl; ⚠️falsify, deform, disguise”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√NOR root. “run (or leap) of animals or men; [ᴹ√] run as of wheels, roll along, [ᴱ√] go smoothly, ride, spin”
⚠️ᴱ√‽NOŘO root. see ?NDOÐO
ᴹ√NOROTH root. “*giant”
⚠️ᴱ√NOSO root. “*damp, wet”; see instead:
ᴹ√MIS² “*wet”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√NOT root. “count, reckon”
⚠️ᴱ√NOTO² root. “*damp, wet” see NOSO
ᴹ√NOW root. “think, form idea, imagine”
⚠️ᴱ√NOWO root. “ahead, in front; after of time, tomorrow”; see instead:
*ᴺ√NO “before (of time); at back (of place)”
⚠️ᴱ√ṆQṆ¹ root.; see instead:
SLAS “ear”
⚠️ᴱ√ṆQṆ² root.; see instead:
SLAS “ear”
⚠️ᴱ√NŘN root. “stretch, extend” see ṆÐṆ
⚠️ᴱ√NṚQṚ root. “to wither, fade, shrivel”; see instead:
^ᴺ√KHES “wither”
⚠️ᴱ√NṚŘṚ root. see NṚÞṚ
⚠️ᴱ√NṚÞṚ root. “smell sweet”; see instead:
*ᴺ√NITH “smell sweet”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√, √NŪ/UNU root. “down, under; go down, sink”
⚠️ᴱ√NUFU root. “*smell”; see instead:
ᴹ√NUS “sense, wisdom; *sense of smell”
⚠️ᴱ√NUHU root. “bow, bend down, stoop, sink”
NUK root. “dwarf, stunted”
⚠️ᴱ√NULU root. “‽”; see instead:
^ᴺ√KANU “*lead (metal)”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]*NUR root. “*murmur, grumble”
ᴹ√NUR root. “deep”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√NUS root. “sense, wisdom; *sense of smell”
ᴹ√NUT root. “tie, bind”
⚠️ᴱ√ŊWAÐA root. “tarry, linger”; see instead:
MBAR “settle; establish, fix, decide, determine, make a decision; dwell, [ᴹ√] inhabit, [ᴱ√] live”
⚠️ᴱ√ŊWEĐE root. “*bloom, flower”
ᴹ√NYAD root. “gnaw”
⚠️ᴱ√NYAÐA root. “relate, tell”; see instead:
ᴹ√NYAR “tell, relate”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√NYAR root. “tell, relate”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]NYAS root. “*scratch”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]NYAT root. “chatter, gossip”
⚠️ᴱ√NYEHE root. “weep”; see instead:
ᴹ√NEY “tear”
√, ᴹ√ÑYEL root. “ring(ing), [ᴹ√] sing, give out a sweet sound”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]NYELEK root.
⚠️ᴱ√NYE(NE) root. “bleat”; see instead:
ᴹ√NEY “tear”
√, ᴹ√ÑYOL root. “ring(ing)” see ÑYEL
⚠️ᴱ√Ō root. “be, exist”; see instead:
“be, exist”
ᴹ√OD root. “?round, about” see OS
⚠️ᴱ√OÐO root. “*dawn”; see instead:
RŌ/ORO “up(wards); rise (up), go high, mount; [ᴹ√] high, [ᴱ√] steepness, rising”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]OH root.
⚠️ᴱ√OHO² root. “cry”; see instead:
ᴺ✶HO(L) “shout”
OM “of resonant sounds”
OKO root. “evil, wicked, bad”
√, ᴹ√OL root. “*become, ⚠️[ᴹ√] grow”
⚠️ᴱ√OLO¹ root. “tip”; see instead:
TIL “point, horn”
⚠️ᴱ√OLO² root. “*more”; see instead:
OL “*become, ⚠️[ᴹ√] grow”
IT² “repeat, multiply; (great) enhancement”
⚠️ᴱ√OLO³ root. “*dream”; see instead:
OLOS “dream, vision, fantasy; ⚠️[ᴹ√] sleep”
OLOB root. “branch”
√, ᴹ√(O)LOR root. “[ᴹ√] sleep, [ᴱ√] doze, slumber; ⚠️[√] dream, vision”
√, ᴹ√, ᴹ√OLOS root. “dream, vision, fantasy; ⚠️[ᴹ√] sleep”
√, ᴹ√OM root. “of resonant sounds”
⚠️ᴱ√OMO root. “all, every”; see instead:
IL “all”
⚠️ᴱ√ONGO root. “*pain”; see instead:
ᴹ√NAYAK “pain”
⚠️ᴱ√ONO root. see *ƷONO
√, ᴹ√ONO root. see NŌ/ONO
⚠️ᴱ√’O’O root. “*sea”; see instead:
GAY(AR) “awe, dread; astound, make aghast; sea”
OP root.
OPO root. “before of place, ahead, in front”
⚠️ᴱ√‽OQO root. “curve, bend”; see instead:
!ᴺ✶okkā “knee”
⚠️ᴱ√OŘO root. “*dawn” see OÐO
√, ᴹ√ORO root. see RŌ/ORO
⚠️ᴱ√ORO² root. “*sow”; see instead:
RED “scatter, sow”
⚠️√, ᴹ√OROK root. “anything that caused fear or horror”; see instead:
RUK “terrible shapes and the fear they inspire, [ᴹ√] demon”
ᴹ√ORON root.
ᴹ√OROT root. “height, mountain”
⚠️OS root. “making a hissing foaming noise”; see instead:
Val. Oš(o)šai “spuming, foaming”
ᴹ√OS “round, about”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√OS root. “round, about”
⚠️ᴱ√OSO¹ root. “‽”; see instead:
LIM “link, join; ?swift”
ᴹ√OTH root. “fort”
⚠️ᴱ√OTO root. “knock”; see instead:
ᴹ√TON “tap, knock”
⚠️OTO root. see TŌ/OTO
√, ᴹ√OTOS/OTOK root. “seven”
⚠️OWO root. “masculine”; see instead:
N(D)ER “male (person), man”
⚠️ᴱ√OWO root. “*wool”; see instead:
ᴹ√TOW “*wool”
√, ᴹ√OY root. “ever, continual, unceasing”
ᴹ√OY² root. “live, pass one’s days”
⚠️ᴱ√OYO root. “*poor”; see instead:
PEN “lack, be without, have not; the lacking, the poor”
OY “ever, continual, unceasing”
⚠️ᴱ√OẎO root. “salve, rub, oil”; see instead:
ᴹ√(G)LIB “*ointment”
OY “ever, continual, unceasing”
PĀ/APA root. “touch; after, behind of place”
ᴹ√PAD root.
⚠️ᴱ√*PAÐA root. “*peel” see PARA; see instead:
PAR² “peel, *bare”
PAK root. “close, shut”
⚠️ᴱ√PAKA root.; see instead:
PAK “close, shut”
√, ᴱ√PAKAT root. “*talk, speech”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√PAL root. “wide, broad, extended; [ᴹ√] wide (open); [ᴱ√] flatness”
⚠️ᴹ√PAL² root. “beat”; see instead:
ᴹ√PALAP “*beat”
PAL “wide, broad, extended; [ᴹ√] wide (open); [ᴱ√] flatness”
ᴹ√PALAP root. “*beat”
⚠️ᴱ√PALAS root. “*foam, splash”; see instead:
ᴹ√SPAL(AS) “*foam”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√PAN root. “arrange, set in order; [ᴹ√] place, set, fix in place (especially of wood)”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]PAP root. “*tremble”
PAR¹ root. “learn; arrange, [ᴹ√] compose, put together”
√, ᴱ√PAR² root. “peel, *bare”
ᴹ√PARAK root. “*dry”
⚠️ᴹ√PAS root. “*juice”; see instead:
ᴹ√SAB “juice”
PAS root. “smooth (to feel), silky” see PATH
ᴹ√, ᴱ√PAT root. “*open”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]*PAT root. “*step, walk”
PATA root. “after, behind of place” see PĀ/APA
√, ᴹ√PATH root. “smooth (to feel), silky”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]PAY root. “punish, take vengeance on, requite; ⚠️conquer, subdue”
⚠️ᴱ√PE root. “at, by”
⚠️ᴱ√ root. see *
PED root. “slope, slant down”
⚠️ᴹ√PEG root. “(?outer) mouth”; see instead:
PEÑ “*lip, mouth”
⚠️ᴱ√PEKE root. “*plume”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]PEKW root. “*comb”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√PEL root. “fence, border, edge; bound, limit; go round, encircle; ⚠️[ᴹ√] revolve on fixed point”
⚠️ᴱ√PELE² root. “*leg”; see instead:
ᴹ√TELEK “stalk, stem, leg”
PEN root. “lack, be without, have not; the lacking, the poor”
PEÑ root. “*lip, mouth”
⚠️ᴱ√PENE root. “*through”; see instead:
ᴹ√TER “pierce”
⚠️ᴹ√PEN(ED) root.; see instead:
PED “slope, slant down”
√, ᴹ√PER root. “half; [ᴹ√] divide in middle, halve”
⚠️ᴱ√PERE root. “*endure”; see instead:
PER “half; [ᴹ√] divide in middle, halve”
ᴹ√BOR(ON) “endure”
ᴹ√PERES root. “affect, disturb, alter”
⚠️ᴱ√PETE root. “*knock, hammer”; see instead:
TAM “construct; [ᴹ√] knock, [ᴱ√] beat; smelt, forge”
ᴹ√(N)DAM “hammer, beat”
⚠️PEY root. “*little”; see instead:
NIK “small”
ᴹ√PIK “*small”
⚠️PHĀ/APHA root. “before of time”; see instead:
*ᴺ√NO “before (of time); at back (of place)”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√PHAL root. “foam, splash”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^PHALAK root. “cleave, hew”
ᴹ√PHALAS root. see PHAL
√, ᴹ√PHAN root. “cover, screen, veil; white, (light white) shape; shape, vision”
ᴹ√PHAR root. “reach, go all the way, suffice”
⚠️PHAR(AN) root. “*rowan”; see instead:
ᴹ√PHAR “reach, go all the way, suffice”
ᴹ√PHER(EN) “beech”
⚠️ᴹ√PHARAN root.; see instead:
ᴹ√PHAS “*tangle, shag, fringe”
ᴹ√PHAS root. “*tangle, shag, fringe”
√, ᴹ√PHAW root. “breath, puff of breath; emit (foul breath); [ᴹ√] gape”
√, ᴹ√PHAY root. “spirit; [ᴹ√] radiate, send out rays of light”
⚠️ᴹ√PHEG root. “inner part, pith, core; of person ?inner spirit”; see instead:
PHAY “spirit; [ᴹ√] radiate, send out rays of light”
PHEL root. “*emotion”
⚠️ᴹ√PHELEG root. “cave”; see instead:
PHELEK “*cave”
PHELEK root. “*cave”
⚠️ᴹ√PHELEK root. “(animal’s) horn; steep mountain peak”; see instead:
PHELEK “*cave”
RAS “horn; [ᴹ√] stick up”
⚠️PHELES root. “*cave” see PHELEK; see instead:
PHELEK “*cave”
√, ᴹ√PHEN root. “door”
PHER root.
ᴹ√PHER(EN) root. “beech”
ᴹ√PHEW root. “feel disgust at, abhor”
ᴹ√PHI root.
⚠️PHĪ root. “skill, dexterity” see PHIN¹; see instead:
PHIN¹ “clever, skillful; neat, fine, delicate; skill, dexterity, [ᴹ√] nimbleness”
PHILIK root. “finch, [ᴹ√] small bird”
PHIM root. “*slender, slim”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√PHIN¹ root. “clever, skillful; neat, fine, delicate; skill, dexterity, [ᴹ√] nimbleness”
⚠️PHIN² root. “hair” see SPIN(ID); see instead:
SPIN(ID) “fine thread, filament; hair”
√, ᴹ√PHIR root. “exhale, expire, breathe out; [ᴹ√] die of natural causes”
PHŌ/Ū root. “blow; interjection of displeasure/dissent”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]PHOPH root. “*fool”
ᴹ√PHOR root. “right-hand”
⚠️PHUT root. “[unglossed]”
ᴹ√PHUY root. “*night”
⚠️ᴱ√ root. see PINI; see instead:
NIP “small”
*√PIN “little”
ᴹ√PIK “*small”
ᴹ√PIK root. “*small”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]PIL root. “rob”
⚠️ᴱ√PILI² root. “*feather; arrow”; see instead:
ᴹ√PILIN “*arrow”
ᴹ√KWES “*feather”
ᴹ√PILIN root. “*arrow”
√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]*PIN root. “little”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]PIP root. “hang, trail”
⚠️ᴱ√PIQI root. “*bitter”; see instead:
ᴹ√SAG “*bitter, ⚠️poison”
PIR root. “close eyes, blink, wink”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]PIR root. “spin”
ᴹ√PIS root. “*juice”
⚠️ᴹ√PITH root. “spit”; see instead:
ᴹ√PIW “spit”
ᴹ√PIW root. “spit”
⚠️ᴱ√PIẆI root. “*fat”; see instead:
ᴹ√TIW “fat, thick”
ᴹ√PIW “spit”
⚠️ᴱ√PḶQḶ root. “*juice”; see instead:
ᴹ√PIS “*juice”
⚠️ᴱ√PḶTYḶ root. “*flat of hand”; see instead:
PAL “wide, broad, extended; [ᴹ√] wide (open); [ᴱ√] flatness”
⚠️ᴱ√PṆTṆ root. “*open”; see instead:
ᴹ√PAT “*open”
⚠️ᴱ√PO root. “‽”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]POK root. “tuck (away)”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√POL root. “can, have physical power and ability, [ᴱ√] have stength; [√] large, big (strong), [ᴹ√] physically strong; [√] ⚠️pound up, break up small, reduce to powder”
⚠️ᴱ√POL-I root. “‽”; see instead:
POL “can, have physical power and ability, [ᴱ√] have stength; [√] large, big (strong), [ᴹ√] physically strong; [√] ⚠️pound up, break up small, reduce to powder”
⚠️ᴹ√POR root.; see instead:
ᴺ√MUL “grind (fine)”
POROK root. “hen”
ᴹ√POT root. “animal’s foot”
⚠️ᴱ√POT-I root. see BOTO
ᴹ√, ᴱ√POY root. “*clean”
⚠️ᴱ√PUÐU root. “consume by fire”; see instead:
RUY “blaze (red)”
⚠️ᴱ√PU(HU) root. “*copulate”; see instead:
ᴺ√PUK “*copulate”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]PUK root. “*copulate”
⚠️ᴱ√PULU root. “swell”; see instead:
ᴹ√TIW “fat, thick”
^ᴺ√PULUK “*trunk”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^PULUK root. “*trunk”
⚠️ᴱ√PUMU root.; see instead:
ᴺ√(G)WEL “boil, bubble”
⚠️ᴱ√PUŘU root. “consume by fire” see PUÐU
⚠️ᴱ√PUSU root. “puff, blow, puff out, make swell”; see instead:
ᴹ√SWES “noise of blowing or breathing”
√, ᴹ√PUT root. “[ᴹ√] stop, halt, pause”
⚠️ᴱ√‽QAHA root.; see instead:
*ᴺ√KAWAK
⚠️ᴱ√QARA¹ root. “care for, guard, watch (over)”; see instead:
TIR “watch (over), look at, observe, gaze at; [ᴹ√] guard”
⚠️ᴱ√‽QARA² root. see QṚÐṚ
⚠️ᴱ√QEL+U root.; see instead:
KEL “flow (down or away), run (of water or rivers), go away, [ᴹ√] run away especially downwards or at end; ⚠️[ᴱ√] ooze, trickle”
⚠️ᴱ√QIÐI root. “*stir, spin”; see instead:
KWER “revolve, [ᴱ√] turn”
ᴺ√KWIR “stir, spin”
⚠️ᴱ√QILI² root. see QḶÐḶ
⚠️ᴱ√*QIMI root. “*woman”; see instead:
WEN(ED) “maiden, girl, virgin; ⚠️woman”
⚠️ᴱ√QINGI root. “*bow”; see instead:
ᴹ√KWIG “*bow (for shooting)”
⚠️ᴱ√QIPI root.; see instead:
KUY “[ᴹ√] awake, come to life; ⚠️[√] live”
GWAL “be stirred, excited; emotion, movement of feelings”
⚠️ᴱ√QIRI root. “*murmur” see QISI
⚠️ᴱ√QISI root. “*whisper”; see instead:
ᴹ√SLUS “whisper”
⚠️ᴱ√QITYI root. “*knit”; see instead:
^ᴺ√KWIT “*knit”
⚠️ᴱ√QIVI root.; see instead:
KUY “[ᴹ√] awake, come to life; ⚠️[√] live”
⚠️ᴱ√QḶÐḶ root. “quiet”; see instead:
^ᴺ√KWILID “quiet”
⚠️ᴱ√QḶŘḶ root. see QḶÐḶ
⚠️ᴱ√QḶTḶ root. “*belt, girdle”; see instead:
ᴺ√KWILIT “*belt, girdle”
⚠️ᴱ√QṆTṆ root. “*fill; full”; see instead:
KWAT “fill; full”
⚠️ᴱ√*QOÐO root. “*choke, suffocate, drown”; see instead:
^ᴺ√KWOD “*choke, suffocate, drown”
⚠️ᴱ√QOŘO root. “*choke, suffocate, drown” see *QOÐO
⚠️ᴱ√QOSO root. “*choke, suffocate, drown” see *QOÐO
⚠️ᴱ√QOTO root.; see instead:
NOT “count, reckon”
⚠️ᴱ√QṚÐṚ root. “*wicked, evil”; see instead:
SRUG “*evil, wicked”
OKO “evil, wicked, bad”
UK “nasty”
⚠️ᴱ√QṚŘṚ root. see QṚÐṚ
RĀ/ARA root. “noble, high, royal”
√, ᴹ√RAB root. “astray, wandering, unsettled”
√, ᴹ√RAD root. “[ᴹ√] back, return”
⚠️ᴱ√RAÐA root.; see instead:
ᴹ√SKEL “*skin”
RAD “[ᴹ√] back, return”
⚠️ᴹ√RAG root. “*crooked”; see instead:
SRAG “awkward, awry; hard, (very) difficult”
⚠️ᴱ√RAHA root. “stretch forward”; see instead:
ᴹ√RAK “stretch out, reach”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]*RAK root. “break”
ᴹ√RAK root. “stretch out, reach”
ᴹ√RAM root. “*wing, fly”
⚠️ᴱ√RAMA root. “*shout”; see instead:
KAN “cry aloud; (Q. only) command; lead, rule; [ᴹ√] dare”
ROM “loud noise; horn noise”
ᴹ√RAM “*wing, fly”
ᴹ√RAMBA root.
√, ᴹ√RAN root. “wander, stray, meander, go on an uncertain course, go aside from a course (commanded or self-chosen); err”
ᴹ√RAP¹ root. “bind”
⚠️ᴹ√RAP² root. “climb (as a tree by clinging[?])”; see instead:
RET “climb”
⚠️ᴱ√RAPA root. “drag, pull”; see instead:
^ᴺ√(D)RAP “toil”
LUK “haul, drag, *pull”
√, ᴹ√RAPH root. “seize, grab, [ᴹ√] snatch”
⚠️ᴱ√RAŘA root. see RAÐA
√, ᴹ√RAS root. “horn; [ᴹ√] stick up”
ᴹ√RASAT root. “twelve”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√RAT root. “walk, go in a line (as a road)”
⚠️RAT² root. “tower up”; see instead:
ARAT “good, excellent, noble”
RATH root. “climb”
⚠️ᴱ√RAÞA root. “*bridge”; see instead:
Q. yanta “bridge”
S. iant “bridge”
ᴹ√RAUTA root. “metal”
⚠️ᴱ√RAVA root. “*hunt”; see instead:
SPAR “hunt, ⚠️[ᴹ√] pursue”
ᴹ√RAW “*roar”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√RAW root. “*roar”
RAY¹ root. “net, knit, contrive network or lace, involve in a network, enlace”
RAY² root. “smile”
ᴹ√RAYAK root. “crooked, bent, wrong”
⚠️REB root. “entangle, snare, trap” see REM; see instead:
REM “entangle, snare, trap”
√, ᴹ√RED root. “scatter, sow”
⚠️ᴱ√REÐE root. “kinsman”; see instead:
^ᴺ√RE(N)D “kinsman, *cousin”
ᴹ√REG root. “edge, border, margin”
ᴹ√REK root. see (E)REK
REK root. “to recover, save (from ruin, peril, loss), get out or away”
REM root. “entangle, snare, trap”
REN root. “recall, have in mind”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^RE(N)D root. “kinsman, *cousin”
ᴹ√REP root. “bend, hook”
⚠️RES root. “remain in same place” see RETH; see instead:
RETH “remain in same place”
⚠️ᴱ√RESE¹ root. “aid, support” see REÞE
⚠️ᴱ√RESE² root. “kinsman” see REÐE
RET root. “climb”
RETH root. “remain in same place”
⚠️ᴱ√RETYE root. “*spit”; see instead:
ᴺ√KEREK “*spit [noun]”
⚠️ᴱ√REÞE root. “aid, support”; see instead:
REK “to recover, save (from ruin, peril, loss), get out or away”
^ᴺ√(G)RES “aid, support”
√, ᴹ√RIG root. “wreath, twine; garland, crown”
⚠️ᴹ√RIƷ root. “*crown” see RIG; see instead:
RIG “wreath, twine; garland, crown”
RIK¹ root. “put forth effort, strive, endeavour”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√RIK² root. “twist; [ᴹ√] jerk, sudden move, flirt”
√, ᴹ√RIL root. “brilliant (light), brilliance, [ᴹ√] glitter”
⚠️ᴱ√?RILI root. “*circle, ring”; see instead:
KOR “round; [ᴱ√] be round, roll”
RIL “brilliant (light), brilliance, [ᴹ√] glitter”
ᴹ√RIM root. “abound; large number”
⚠️ᴱ√RIMI root. “*border”; see instead:
(G)LAN “rim, edge, border, boundary”
ᴹ√(S)RI “*edge, border”
ᴹ√REG “edge, border, margin”
ᴹ√RIM “abound; large number”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√RIN root. “*circle”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√RINGI root. “cold”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]RIP root. “*strip, stripe, ⚠️rim”
ᴹ√RIP root. “rush, fly, ⚠️fling, hurl”
⚠️ᴱ√RIQI root. “*twist” see RIKI
√, ᴹ√RIS root. “cut, cleave; [ᴹ√] slash, rip”
⚠️√‽RIT root. “to complete a work or design” see SRIT; see instead:
SRIT “to complete a work or design”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√RIY root. “*scatter”
⚠️ᴱ√ṚMṚ root. see *ƷṚMṚ
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√, ᴱ√RŌ/ORO root. “up(wards); rise (up), go high, mount; [ᴹ√] high, [ᴱ√] steepness, rising”
⚠️ROB root. “astray, wandering, unsettled” see RAB; see instead:
RAB “astray, wandering, unsettled”
ᴹ√ROD root. “roof, cave”
ᴹ√ROK root. “run on foot”
√, ᴹ√, ᴹ√ROM root. “loud noise; horn noise”
√*ROÑ root. “*soon”
⚠️RON¹ root. “arch over, roof in”; see instead:
ᴹ√ROD “roof, cave”
RON² root. “solid, tangible, firm”
√, ᴹ√ROS root. “spindrift, spray; [ᴹ√] distil, drip”
⚠️ᴹ√ROS² root. “*plain”; see instead:
LAT¹ “open, unenclosed, free to entry, [ᴹ√] lie open; be extended, stretch, be situated (of an area); ⚠️[√] low, lowlying, at ground level”
ROS “spindrift, spray; [ᴹ√] distil, drip”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√ROT root. “cave; delve underground, dig, excavate, tunnel, [ᴹ√] bore; [ᴱ√] hollow”
ᴹ√ROY¹ root. “chase”
ᴹ√ROY² root. “ruddy, red”
⚠️ᴱ√ṚTYṚ root. “peck, prick”; see instead:
^ᴺ√IRIT “peck, prick”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^RUB root. “burst asunder”
ᴹ√RUD root.
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]RUH root. “*still”
RUƷUS root.
√, ᴹ√RUK root. “terrible shapes and the fear they inspire, [ᴹ√] demon”
ᴹ√RUK² root. “pluck”
⚠️ᴱ√RUKU root. “smoke, reek”; see instead:
USUK “*reek, smoke; ⚠️dusk”
RUK “terrible shapes and the fear they inspire, [ᴹ√] demon”
ᴹ√RUN root. “flat of hand or sole of foot”
RUN¹ root. “red, glowing”
RUN² root. “rub, grind, smooth, polish”
RUS root. “brownish red”
⚠️ᴹ√RUS root. “flash, glitter of metal”; see instead:
RUS “brownish red”
RUTH root. “anger, rage, wrath”
⚠️ᴱ√RUVU root. “burst asunder”; see instead:
^ᴺ√RUB “burst asunder”
RUY root. “blaze (red)”
⚠️ᴱ√?RUYU root.; see instead:
RUTH “anger, rage, wrath”
RUY “blaze (red)”
⚠️ᴹ√S root. “demonstrative stem”; see instead:
se “he, she, it, 3rd person singular pronoun”
sa “3 sg. neuter [it], the thing, impersonal; this by me, [ᴱ√] demonstrative”
S- root. “privative”
ᴹ√SAB root. “juice”
SAB root. “believe (that statements, reports, traditions, etc. are) true, accept as fact”
SAD root. “strip, flay, peel off”
ᴹ√SAG root. “*bitter, ⚠️poison”
⚠️ᴱ√SAH(Y)A root. “be hot”; see instead:
UR “heat, be hot”
⚠️√, ᴹ√SAK root. “draw, pull”; see instead:
THAG “oppress, crush, press”
LUK “haul, drag, *pull”
ᴹ√TUK “draw, bring”
⚠️ᴱ√SAKA root. “*search”; see instead:
KETH “to examine (something), enquire of, question, *seek”
⚠️√, ᴱ√SAL root. “*harp(ing), lyre”; see instead:
ᴹ√ÑGAN(AD) “play (on stringed instrument)”
ᴹ√#SALAK root. “*grass”
ᴹ√SALAP root. “lick up, *sip”
√, ᴹ√SAM¹ root. “have; [ᴹ√] unite, join”
⚠️SAM² root. “mind, think, reflect, be aware”; see instead:
SAN “think, use mind; (tran.) ponder, consider in thought”
⚠️ᴱ√SAMA root.; see instead:
ᴹ√STAB
√, ᴱ√SAN root. “think, use mind; (tran.) ponder, consider in thought”
⚠️ᴱ√SAŊA root. “pack tight, press”; see instead:
THAG “oppress, crush, press”
ᴺ√, √, ᴱ√[√]SAP root. “dig, [ᴱ√] excavate”
ᴹ√SAR root. “*stone”
SAR root. “score, incise; write”
⚠️ᴱ√SARA¹ root. “*saw” see *ÞARA; see instead:
THAR¹ “[ᴹ√] across, beyond”
⚠️ᴱ√?SARA² root. “*surf”; see instead:
SAR “score, incise; write”
PHAL “foam, splash”
SAT root. “space, place; divide, apportion, mark off”
⚠️ᴱ√?SATA root. “value”; see instead:
SAT “space, place; divide, apportion, mark off”
SATAR “faithful, trust, loyal, rely, steadfast”
SATAR root. “faithful, trust, loyal, rely, steadfast”
⚠️SATH root. “pair”; see instead:
YU “both, [ᴹ√] two”
SAW root. “digusting, foul, vile”
⚠️ᴱ√SAW̯A root. “[unglossed]”; see instead:
SAW “digusting, foul, vile”
ᴹ√SAY root. “know, understand”
⚠️ᴱ√SAẎA root. “hunger”; see instead:
^ᴺ√SAYAK “hunger”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^SAYAK root. “hunger”
ᴺ√[ᴹ√]^S(A)YAP root. “*shoe”
⚠️ᴱ√SAYAPA root. “*shoe”; see instead:
^ᴺ√S(A)YAP “*shoe”
⚠️ᴱ√SAẆA root. “*dog”; see instead:
KHUG “bark, bay”
SAW “digusting, foul, vile”
⚠️ᴱ√ root. “‽”; see instead:
“as, like”
√, ᴹ√SED root. “rest, [ᴹ√] repose”
⚠️ᴱ√SEHE root. “*see” see ÞEHE
⚠️ᴱ√#SEKE root. “mid”; see instead:
ENED “centre, middle; ⚠️three”
ᴹ√SEL(D) root. “child”
⚠️ᴱ√SELE root. “*bright”; see instead:
SIL “shine (white or silver)”
SEN root. “let loose, free, let go”
⚠️ᴹ√SER root. “love, be fond of (of liking, friendship)”; see instead:
(N)DIL “to love (as a friend or equal), be devoted to; [ᴹ√] love, devotion; friend”
⚠️√, ᴱ√SER root. “sew; [ᴱ√] twine, tie, bind” see THER; see instead:
ᴺ√THER “sew; ⚠️[ᴱ√] twine, tie, bind”
SEREK root. “blood”
SI root. “know” see IS
⚠️SIB root. “rest, quiet”; see instead:
Q. rainë “*peace, good will”
⚠️ᴱ√SIÐI root. “flow”; see instead:
SIR “flow”
ᴹ√SIK root. “*dagger, knife”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]SIKW root. “sigh, ⚠️say alas”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√SIL root. “shine (white or silver)”
ᴹ√SILIP root.
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^SILIT root.
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√SI(N) root. “this, here, now”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]SIÑGI root. “*salt”
⚠️ᴱ√SINI root. “pale blue‽”; see instead:
ᴹ✶tinkō “metal”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^SINIT root. “esteem”
⚠️ᴱ√SIPI root. “whistle, pipe”; see instead:
^ᴺ√THIP “whistle, pipe”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√SIR root. “flow”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]SIRIP root. “*stalk”
⚠️ᴹ√SIS root. “hiss” see SUS; see instead:
ᴹ√SUS “hiss”
⚠️ᴱ√SISI root. “singe, etc.”; see instead:
^ᴺ√THIS “singe, etc.”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^SISIT root. “‽”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]SIT root. “*custom, habit”
⚠️ᴱ√SIVI root. “[unglossed]”
ᴹ√SIW root. “excite, egg on, urge”
√, ᴹ√SKAL root. “cover, veil, cloak, conceal, [ᴹ√] screen, hide (from light), overshadow”
ᴹ√SKAL² root. “(small) fish”
ᴹ√SKAR¹ root. “tear, rend”
⚠️ᴹ√SKAR² root. “?stop, end; limit, marge”; see instead:
ᴹ√SKAR¹ “tear, rend”
ᴹ√SKAT root. “break asunder”
ᴹ√SKEL root. “*skin”
SKEY root. “pass”
⚠️ᴹ√SKIL root. “[unglossed]”
SKOL root. “shut, close”
SKOR root. “rough, marred, unequal or unsymmetrical in shape”
ᴹ√SKOR root. “look out for, expect, wait for”
SKŪ root. “curse”
⚠️ᴹ√SKWAR root. “crooked”; see instead:
^ᴺ√KHWAR “crooked”
⚠️ᴹ√SKYAP root. “*shoe”; see instead:
^ᴺ√S(A)YAP “*shoe”
SLAS root. “ear”
ᴹ√(S)LIG root. “*entwine, thread; spider”
ᴹ√SLIK root. “creep”
ᴹ√SLIN root. “*fine, delicate”
⚠️ᴹ√(S)LIT root. “swiftly[?] speed[?]”
ᴹ√SLIW root. “sickly”
⚠️ᴱ√SḶKḶ¹ root.; see instead:
#ᴹ√SALAK “*grass”
⚠️ᴱ√SḶKḶ² root. “rich, lush”; see instead:
ᴹ√LAR “rich, fat”
⚠️SLŌN root. see SLOUN
SLON root. “sound, (general word for) noise”
⚠️SLOUN root. “*descend”; see instead:
LOG “wet (and soft), soaked, swampy”
⚠️SLOW root. see LOW
SLOY root. “*poison”
⚠️ᴱ√SḶPḶ root. “*lick up”; see instead:
ᴹ√SALAP “lick up, *sip”
⚠️ᴱ√SḶŘḶ root. see ÞḶÐḶ
⚠️ᴱ√SḶTḶ root.; see instead:
^ᴺ√SILIT
ᴹ√SLUK root. “swallow”
⚠️SLŪN root. see SLOUN
ᴹ√SLUS root. “whisper”
ᴹ√SMAG root. “soil, stain”
⚠️ᴹ√SMAL root. “yellow”; see instead:
MAL “yellow, gold”
SNAG root. “wound, gash”
ᴹ√SNAR root. “tie”
⚠️ᴹ√SNAS root. “*gore, triangle”; see instead:
NEK¹ “narrow; *angular, sharp”
⚠️ᴹ√SNAT root. “*gore, triangle” see SNAS
ᴹ√SNEW root. “entangle”
⚠️ᴱ√SṆKṆ root. “rend, tear”; see instead:
ᴹ√NARAK “tear, rend (tr. and intr.)”
⚠️ᴱ√SṆTṆ root. “esteem”; see instead:
^ᴺ√SINIT “esteem”
⚠️ᴱ√SṆTYṆ root. “twinkle”; see instead:
TIN “sparkle, spark, [ᴱ√] twinkle, [ᴹ√] emit slender (silver pale) beams”
ᴹ√SNUR root. “twist”
⚠️ᴱ√ root.; see instead:
“together (plural)”
√, ᴱ√, ᴹ√SOK root. “drink, gulp, quaff, drain” see SUK
ᴹ√, ᴱ√SOL root. “*surf”
⚠️ᴹ√SON root. “love, befriend, cherish”; see instead:
(N)DIL “to love (as a friend or equal), be devoted to; [ᴹ√] love, devotion; friend”
SOÑ root.
⚠️ᴱ√SORO root. see ÐORO
⚠️ᴱ√ŠORO root. see *ÞORO; see instead:
ᴹ√THOR(ON) “come swooping down”
SOT root. “shelter, protect, defend”
⚠️ᴱ√SOTO root. “drop, fall” see ÐOTO
⚠️ᴱ√SOVO root. “wash”; see instead:
^ᴺ√SOW “wash, bath”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]^SOW root. “wash, bath”
ᴹ√SPAL(AS) root. “*foam”
√, ᴹ√SPAN root. “cover, veil, cloak, conceal; white”
ᴹ√SPANAG root. “*beard”
√, ᴹ√SPAR root. “hunt, ⚠️[ᴹ√] pursue”
ᴹ√SPAR² root. “*strew, spread, ?scatter”
ᴹ√SPAY root. “despise, contemn”
√, ᴹ√SPIN(ID) root. “fine thread, filament; hair”
⚠️ᴱ√‽ṢQṢ root. “*fog, mist”; see instead:
USUK “*reek, smoke; ⚠️dusk”
SRAB root. “wild”
⚠️ᴹ√SRAD root. “to flatten, lay low/flat, make flat what was standing” see GRAD
SRAG root. “awkward, awry; hard, (very) difficult”
SRAK root. “hard, difficult” see SRAG
SRA(W) root. “body, flesh”
⚠️SRAY root. “easy, pliant, moving with ease”; see instead:
SRAG “awkward, awry; hard, (very) difficult”
ᴹ√(S)RI root. “*edge, border”
ᴹ√SRIP root. “scratch”
SRIS root. “snow”
SRIT root. “to complete a work or design”
⚠️SRITH root. “snow”; see instead:
SRIS “snow”
⚠️ᴱ√SṚKṚ root. “fat”
ᴺ√, ᴹ√[ᴹ√](S)RŌ root. “east”
SRON root. “flesh, substance, matter”
(S)ROT root. see ROT
SRUG root. “*evil, wicked”
⚠️ᴹ√SRUS root. “whisper” see SLUS; see instead:
ᴹ√SLUS “whisper”
⚠️ᴱ√SṢTYṢ root. “‽”; see instead:
^ᴺ√SISIT “‽”
⚠️ᴹ√STĀ root. “[unglossed]”
ᴹ√STAB root.
⚠️ᴹ√STAG root. “press, compress”; see instead:
THAG “oppress, crush, press”
ᴹ√STAK root. “split, insert”
ᴹ√STAL root. “steep”
STAL root. “strong”
ᴹ√STALAG root. “*stalwart, steady, firm”
ᴹ√STAN root. “fix, indicate, decide”
√, ᴹ√STAR root. “[ᴹ√] stiff”
ᴹ√STARAN root. “*stiff, hard”
STEL root. “remain firm”
ᴹ√STELEG root.
STEN root. “cut short, limit, confine, cramp”
⚠️√, ᴹ√STIN root. “grey”; see instead:
THIN “*grey”
⚠️ᴹ√STINTĀ root. “short”; see instead:
STEN “cut short, limit, confine, cramp”
√*STIR root. “face”
STOR root. “steadfast”
ᴹ√STUD root. “base, ground”
⚠️STUK root. “[unglossed]”
root. “wind”
ᴺ√, ᴹ√[ᴹ√]SUB root. “sink (esp. in water)”
⚠️ᴹ√SUD root. “base, ground” see STUD; see instead:
ᴹ√STUD “base, ground”
⚠️ᴹ√SUG root. “drink” see SUK; see instead:
SUK “drink, gulp, quaff, drain”
⚠️ᴱ√SUHYU root. “air, breath, exhale, puff”; see instead:
“wind”
√, ᴹ√SUK root. “drink, gulp, quaff, drain”
⚠️ᴱ√SUKU¹ root. “*resin, gum”; see instead:
^ᴺ√THUK “*resin, gum”
⚠️ᴱ√SUKU² root.; see instead:
LIS “[ᴱ√] sweetness, [ᴹ√] honey”
⚠️ᴱ√SULU root. “*support”; see instead:
ᴹ√TULUK “*support, prop; steady, firm”
ᴹ√SULUK root. “*root (especially as edible)”
⚠️ᴱ√SUQU root. “*descend”; see instead:
NDU “down, under, below; sink, descend, go down, [ᴹ√] set (of Sun)”
√, ᴱ√SUR root. “noise of wind; [ᴱ√] to blow”
ᴹ√SUS root. “hiss”
⚠️ᴱ√SUẈU root.
ᴹ√SWAD root.
ᴹ√SWES root. “noise of blowing or breathing”
ᴹ√SWIN root. “whirl, eddy”
⚠️√, ᴹ√SYAD root. “compress”; see instead:
ᴹ√SYAD¹ “shear through, cleave (through)”
ᴹ√SYAD¹ root. “shear through, cleave (through)”
ᴹ√SYAL root.
⚠️SYAR root. “score, incise; write” see SAR; see instead:
SAR “score, incise; write”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√TA root. “that, there, then; demonstrative”
√, ᴹ√TĀ/TAƷ root. “high, [ᴹ√] lofty; noble”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]TAD root. “enclosure”
⚠️ᴱ√TAÐA root. “*hedge, fence, enclosure”; see instead:
ᴺ√TAD “enclosure”
⚠️ᴱ√TAHA root. see *DAHA
⚠️ᴱ√TAILIK root. “*glass”; see instead:
S. heledh “glass”
Q. cilin “glass”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√TAK root. “fasten, fix, [ᴹ√] make fast; [ᴱ√] stick (in), firm; ⚠️[ᴹ√] make”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√TAL root. “foot; *flat; [ᴱ√] support”
ᴹ√TAL² root. “appraise, esteem, value”
√, ᴹ√TALAM root. “flat space, [ᴹ√] floor, ground; base, root, foundation”
√, ᴹ√TALAT root. “slip (down)”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√TAM root. “construct; [ᴹ√] knock, [ᴱ√] beat; smelt, forge”
√, ᴹ√TAN¹ root. “construct, make with tools, [ᴹ√] make, fashion”
√, ᴹ√TAN² root. “indicate, show”
⚠️ᴱ√TAŊA root. “touch, be next to”; see instead:
PĀ/APA “touch; after, behind of place”
AS² “beside”
⚠️ᴱ√TANA root. “*fire, kindle”; see instead:
THAN “kindle, set light to, fire, light”
⚠️ᴺ√?TANAT root.; see instead:
ᴹ√ÑGAN(AD) “play (on stringed instrument)”
ᴹ√TANG root. “ting (onomatopoeic)” see TING
ᴹ√TAP root. “stop”
⚠️ᴱ√TAPA root. “*taper, stretch out”; see instead:
TAY “mark, line, limit; stretch, [ᴹ√] extend, make long(er)”
ᴹ√TAP “stop”
⚠️ᴱ√TAQA root. “fashion”; see instead:
TAK “fasten, fix, [ᴹ√] make fast; [ᴱ√] stick (in), firm; ⚠️[ᴹ√] make”
KAT “shape, [ᴹ√] make”
TAR root. “stand”
⚠️ᴱ√TAŘA root. see TAÐA
⚠️ᴱ√TARA¹ root. “*across”; see instead:
THAR¹ “[ᴹ√] across, beyond”
LAƷ “cross, pass over, go beyond”
⚠️ᴱ√TARA² root. “*horn”; see instead:
ᴹ√TARAK “horn (of animals)”
ᴹ√TARAG root.
ᴹ√TARAK root. “horn (of animals)”
⚠️ᴱ√TARA(MA) root. “to batter, thud, beat” see DARA(MA); see instead:
ᴹ√DARAM “beat, hew; [ᴱ√] batter, thud”
ᴹ√TARAS root. “*trouble”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^TARKWA root. “*to preserve”
TAS root. “point out, indicate”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√TAS root. “*fringe”
√, ᴹ√TATA root. see ATATA
√, ᴹ√TATHAR root. “*willow”
⚠️ᴱ√TAÞA root. “count”; see instead:
NOT “count, reckon”
⚠️ᴱ√TAVA root. “beam”; see instead:
TAW “wood”
TAW root. “wood”
⚠️ᴱ√TAW̯A root. “*base”; see instead:
TALAM “flat space, [ᴹ√] floor, ground; base, root, foundation”
TAW “wood”
ᴹ√TAWAR root. “wood, forest”
√, ᴹ√TAY root. “mark, line, limit; stretch, [ᴹ√] extend, make long(er)”
TE root. “3rd person plural pronoun”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^TEB root. “*hate, dislike”
⚠️ᴱ√TEÐE root. “pierce, boring”; see instead:
ᴺ√TER “pierce”
⚠️ᴱ√TEFE root. “*hate, dislike”; see instead:
^ᴺ√TEB “*hate, dislike”
TEG root. “line”
⚠️ᴱ√TEHE root. “‽pull”; see instead:
TEG “line”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√TEK root. “make a written mark, sign, write, [ᴹ√] write or draw (signs or letters)”
TEL root. “close, end, complete, come to an end”
⚠️ᴱ√TEL+U root. “to finish, close, end, complete”; see instead:
TEL “close, end, complete, come to an end”
TELU “roof in, put the crown on a building”
⚠️ᴱ√TELE root. “cover in”; see instead:
TELU “roof in, put the crown on a building”
TEL “close, end, complete, come to an end”
ᴹ√TELEK root. “stalk, stem, leg”
⚠️ᴹ√, ᴱ√TELEP root. “silver”; see instead:
KYELEP “silver”
√, ᴹ√TELES root. “come at rear, end a line or series; [ᴹ√] hindmost, tarrier”
√, ᴹ√TELU root. “roof in, put the crown on a building”
⚠️ᴱ√TEME root. “tie”; see instead:
ᴹ√NUT “tie, bind”
⚠️ᴹ√TEÑ root. “line, direction”; see instead:
TEG “line”
TEN root. “direction; point (toward); ⚠️end (in sense of point aimed at)”
√, ᴱ√TEÑ root. “indicate, signify, show, represent, betoken, mark, to point at; ⚠️[ᴱ√] know, understand”
⚠️ᴱ√TENE root. “touch, feel”; see instead:
PĀ/APA “touch; after, behind of place”
LEP “pick up/out (with the fingers); finger”
TEN “direction; point (toward); ⚠️end (in sense of point aimed at)”
ᴺ√, √, ᴹ√[√]TER root. “pierce”
⚠️ᴱ√TEŘE root. “pierce, boring” see TEÐE
ᴹ√TERES root. “*pierced hole”
⚠️ᴱ√TETE root. “bud, blossom”; see instead:
TUY “sprout, bud”
⚠️TEW root. “show, sign, indicate” see TEÑ; see instead:
TEÑ “indicate, signify, show, represent, betoken, mark, to point at; ⚠️[ᴱ√] know, understand”
⚠️ᴹ√THA root. “forward”; see instead:
THĀ/ATHA “ease, comfort, heal; be helpful; be willing to assist (in any work, etc.), agree, consent”
THĀ/ATHA root. “ease, comfort, heal; be helpful; be willing to assist (in any work, etc.), agree, consent”
THAG root. “oppress, crush, press”
THAN root. “kindle, set light to, fire, light”
√, ᴹ√THAR¹ root. “[ᴹ√] across, beyond”
⚠️ᴹ√THAR² root. “to stand”; see instead:
TAR “stand”
THAR¹ “[ᴹ√] across, beyond”
THAR² root. “vigour”
THAW root. “cruel; ⚠️stink”
ᴹ√THĒ root. “look (see or seem)”
ᴹ√THEL(ES) root. “sister”
ᴺ√, √, ᴱ√[√]THER root. “sew; ⚠️[ᴱ√] twine, tie, bind”
√, ᴹ√THIL root. “shine silver”
√, ᴹ√THIN root. “*grey”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]^THIP root. “whistle, pipe”
⚠️ᴹ√THIR root.
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^THIS root. “singe, etc.”
THOL root. “stand up, top”
⚠️ᴹ√THON root. “*pine”; see instead:
stona “pine”
⚠️THOR root. “steadfast” see STOR; see instead:
STOR “steadfast”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√THOR(ON) root. “come swooping down”
THOS root. “frighten, terrify; show dread of”
⚠️THOW root. “stink”; see instead:
THAW “cruel; ⚠️stink”
√, ᴹ√THŪ root. “[ᴹ√] puff, blow”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^THUK root. “*resin, gum”
ᴹ√THUR root. “surround, fence, ward, hedge in, secrete”
√, ᴹ√THUS root. “[ᴹ√] *smell, stench; ⚠️[√] evil mist, fog, darkness”
⚠️ᴱ√*TIÐI root. “‽stick up”; see instead:
TOL “stick up”
⚠️TIG root. “[unglossed]”; see instead:
ᴹ√TING “ting (onomatopoeic)”
ᴹ√TIK root. “*dot”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]TIKW root. “*melt, thaw”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√TIL root. “point, horn”
⚠️ᴱ√TILI¹ root. “*shine (blue)”; see instead:
SIL “shine (white or silver)”
TIL “point, horn”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√TIN root. “sparkle, spark, [ᴱ√] twinkle, [ᴹ√] emit slender (silver pale) beams”
⚠️ᴺ√*TIN² root. “silence” see *DIN; see instead:
*ᴺ√DIN “silence”
ᴹ√TING root. “ting (onomatopoeic)”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]TIPH root. “*flute”
⚠️ᴱ√TIPI root. “*spray”; see instead:
ROS “spindrift, spray; [ᴹ√] distil, drip”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√TIR root. “watch (over), look at, observe, gaze at; [ᴹ√] guard”
⚠️ᴱ√TIŘI root. “‽stick up” see *TIÐI
ᴹ√TIT root.
ᴹ√, ᴱ√TIW root. “fat, thick”
⚠️ᴱ√TḶDḶ root. “*cover”; see instead:
TUP “cover over, hide”
⚠️ᴱ√TḶKḶ root. “[unglossed]”
⚠️ᴱ√TḶPḶ root. “*support, prop”; see instead:
ᴹ√TULUK “*support, prop; steady, firm”
⚠️ᴱ√TḶTḶ root.; see instead:
TALAT “slip (down)”
⚠️ᴱ√TṂPṂ root. “build”
⚠️ᴱ√TṆQṆ root. “hear”; see instead:
SLAS “ear”
⚠️ᴱ√TṆTṆ root. “bounce”
⚠️TŌ/OTO root. “back”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]TOK root. “appraise, tax, assess, assay; ⚠️try, test, essay, endeavour; feel with the hand, handle”
TOK root. “non-resonant sounds”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√TOL root. “stick up”
⚠️ᴱ√TOL+U root.
⚠️ᴹ√TOL¹-OTH/OT root. “eight”; see instead:
TOLOD “eight”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]TOLI root. “*doll”
TOLOB root.
TOLOD root. “eight”
⚠️TOLOT root. “eight” see TOLOD; see instead:
TOLOD “eight”
√, ᴱ√TOM root. “of resonant sounds”
ᴹ√TON root. “tap, knock”
⚠️ᴱ√TOŊO root. “to hammer”; see instead:
ᴹ√(N)DAM “hammer, beat”
ᴹ√TOP root. “roof, ⚠️cover”
⚠️ᴱ√TOQO root. “bear fruit, bear, bring forth, produce”; see instead:
ᴹ√YAB “fruit”
ᴹ√TOR root. “brother”
TOR root. “secrete, hide”
⚠️ᴱ√TORO root. “*bake”; see instead:
UR “heat, be hot”
MBAS “bake, [ᴱ√] cook; [ᴹ√] knead”
TOR “secrete, hide”
ᴹ√TOR “brother”
ᴹ√, ᴱ✶TOW root. “*wool”
⚠️ᴱ√TOŁᵂO root. “[unglossed]”
⚠️ᴱ√TOẆO root. “[unglossed]”
⚠️ᴱ√TṚKṚ root.; see instead:
ᴹ√STUD “base, ground”
⚠️ᴱ√TṚQṚ root. “*to preserve”; see instead:
^ᴺ√TARKWA “*to preserve”
⚠️ᴱ√TṚTYṚ root.; see instead:
SAT “space, place; divide, apportion, mark off”
⚠️ᴱ√‽TUAKK root.; see instead:
ᴺQ. pelecco “axe”
ᴹ√TUB root. “to fall low[?], go down (below normal ground level), (esp.) to go down (sink, dive) into water”
ᴺ√, √[ᴱ√]TUD root. “*firewood”
⚠️ᴱ√TUÐU root. “kindle”; see instead:
ᴺ√TUD “*firewood”
ᴹ√TUG root.
ᴹ√TUK root. “draw, bring”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]TUKSA root. “*hundred”
⚠️ᴱ√TUKU root. “*search, find”; see instead:
KETH “to examine (something), enquire of, question, *seek”
KHIR “light on, find”
ᴹ√TUK “draw, bring”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√TUL root. “come, approach, [ᴹ√] move towards (point of speaker); ⚠️[ᴱ√] fetch, bear, bring; (originally) uphold, support, bear, carry”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√TULUK root. “*support, prop; steady, firm”
⚠️ᴱ√TUM(B)U root. “‽”; see instead:
ᴹ√TUB “to fall low[?], go down (below normal ground level), (esp.) to go down (sink, dive) into water”
ᴹ√TUMPU root. “hump”
⚠️ᴱ√TUMU root. “‽swell (with idea of hollowness)”; see instead:
ᴹ√TUMPU “hump”
ᴹ√TUN root. “*tall; mound”
⚠️ᴱ√TUN+TƎ root. “*see, notice, perceive”; see instead:
^ᴺ√TUNTU “*see, notice, perceive”
⚠️ᴹ√TUNG root. “ting (onomatopoeic)” see TING; see instead:
ᴹ√TING “ting (onomatopoeic)”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^TUNTU root. “*see, notice, perceive”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√TUP root. “cover over, hide”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√TUR root. “dominate, master, conquer; power [over others], mastery (legitimate or illegitimate), control (of other wills); strong, mighty in power; [ᴹ√] victory; [ᴱ√] be strong”
⚠️ᴱ√TUŘU root. see TUÐU
TURUK root. “*strong”
ᴹ√TURUM root. “shield”
ᴹ√TUS root. “*bush”
⚠️ᴱ√TUSU root. see TUÐU
⚠️ᴱ√TUVU root. “*receive”; see instead:
KAB “hold, contain, retain, possess, have in hand; [ᴹ√] hollow”
ᴹ√TUB “to fall low[?], go down (below normal ground level), (esp.) to go down (sink, dive) into water”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√TUY root. “sprout, bud”
⚠️ᴱ√TYAKA root. “hew”; see instead:
MAK “cut, hew with a sharp edge, [ᴹ√] cleave; sword, fight (with a sword); ⚠️[√] kill, slay; forge metal”
ᴹ√SYAD¹ “shear through, cleave (through)”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√TYAL root. “play”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]TYAS root. “test, try [out], ⚠️choose, select, taste”
⚠️ᴱ√TYAVA root. “to savour, taste”; see instead:
KYAW “taste, select, choose”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]TYET root. “give suck”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]TYOS root. “cough”
⚠️ᴱ√TYU root.; see instead:
ᴹ√TIW “fat, thick”
ᴺ√, ᴱ√[ᴱ√]TYUK root. “chew”
ᴹ√, ᴱ√TYUL root. “stand up (straight); ⚠️[ᴱ√] tall”
⚠️ᴱ√TYURU root. “curdle” see KYURU; see instead:
ᴺ√KYUR “curdle”
⚠️ᴱ√*ÞARA root. “*saw”; see instead:
THAR¹ “[ᴹ√] across, beyond”
⚠️ᴱ√ÞEHE root. “*see”; see instead:
KEN “see, perceive, note, [ᴹ√] look at, observe, direct gaze”
KHEN “base of eye-words; ⚠️[ᴹ√] look at, see, observe, direct gaze”
⚠️ᴺ√*ÞISI root. “singe, etc.” see SISI
⚠️ᴱ√ÞḶÐḶ root.; see instead:
ᴹ√SLIN “*fine, delicate”
⚠️ᴱ√ÞṆKṆ root. “hate”
⚠️ᴱ√*ÞOLO root.; see instead:
ᴹ√SOL “*surf”
√, ᴱ√Ū root. “denial of fact, privation, negative element, [ᴱ√] not”
⚠️ᴱ√Ū¹ root. “under”; see instead:
NŪ/UNU “down, under; go down, sink”
√, ᴹ√UB root. “have in mind, consider, ponder; to approach”
⚠️ᴹ√UB¹ root. “abound”; see instead:
UM “teem, throng; large”
UG root. “dislike”
√, ᴹ√UGU root. “expressing privation” see UMU
UK root. “nasty”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√UL root. “pour (out), flow, [ᴱ√] flow fast”
⚠️ᴱ√ULU² root. “*negative”; see instead:
Ū “denial of fact, privation, negative element, [ᴱ√] not”
ᴹ√ULUG root. “*hideous, deformed”
⚠️ᴱ√ULUKU root. “wolf”; see instead:
ᴹ√DARAK “*wolf”
⚠️ᴱ√ULUMP root. see ULUN(T)
⚠️ᴱ√ULUN(T) root. “*camel”; see instead:
^ᴺ√LU(M)P “hump, lump”
UM root. “teem, throng; large”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√UMU root. “expressing privation”
UÑG root. “spider”
⚠️ᴹ√UÑG root. “*gloom”; see instead:
UÑG “spider”
ᴹ√UNU root. “*down, under” see NU/UNU
ᴹ√UNUK root. “*hollow”
⚠️ᴱ√UQU root. “wet”; see instead:
ᴹ√LINKWI “*wet”
ᴹ√MISIK “*wet”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√UR root. “heat, be hot”
⚠️ᴹ√UR² root. “wide, large, great”; see instead:
YAN¹ “wide, extensive, large, vast, huge; extend”
PAL “wide, broad, extended; [ᴹ√] wide (open); [ᴱ√] flatness”
UR “heat, be hot”
⚠️ᴱ√UŘU root. see *ƷUÐU
⚠️ᴹ√URUK root. “[unglossed]”
⚠️URUN root. “copper”; see instead:
RUS “brownish red”
Q. urus “copper”
S. rust “copper”
(U)RUTH root. see RUTH
⚠️ᴹ√US root. “[unglossed]”
⚠️ᴱ√USU root. “get out, escape”; see instead:
^ᴺ√UTH “get out, escape”
√, ᴹ√USUK root. “*reek, smoke; ⚠️dusk”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^UTH root. “get out, escape”
UTHU root. “bad; unsuitable; improper, useless, wrong; [wrong] with a bad sense”
⚠️ᴱ√UVU root. “*negative” see UMU; see instead:
UMU “expressing privation”
ᴹ√UY root.
⚠️ᴹ√VAG root. “stain, soil” see WAƷ; see instead:
ᴹ√WAƷ “stain, soil”
⚠️ᴱ√VAHA root.; see instead:
ᴹ√WAN “depart, go away, disappear, vanish”
WĀ/AWA “away (from); go (away), depart, pass away, move (from speaker); before (of time), ago; [ᴹ√] forth, out”
⚠️ᴱ√VAKA root. “*trade”; see instead:
ᴹ√MBAKH “exchange”
⚠️ᴱ√VALA root. see *WALA
⚠️ᴱ√VANA root. “*beauty”; see instead:
BAN “beauty (due to lack of fault or blemish); fair, beautiful”
⚠️ᴱ√VARA root. “*separate”
⚠️ᴱ√VASA root. “*wing”; see instead:
ᴹ√RAM “*wing, fly”
⚠️ᴱ√VAẎA root. “enfold, wind about”; see instead:
ᴹ√WAY “enfold”
⚠️ᴱ√*VEÐE root.; see instead:
ᴺ√BES “to wed”
⚠️ᴱ√VEHE root. see *WEHE
⚠️ᴱ√VELU root. “unroll”; see instead:
^ᴺ√BELU “unroll”
⚠️ᴱ√VENE root. “shape, cut out, scoop”; see instead:
KAT “shape, [ᴹ√] make”
ᴹ√BEN “corner (from inside), angle from inside”
⚠️ᴱ√VEŘE root. see *VEÐE
⚠️ᴱ√VETE root. “*chin”; see instead:
^ᴺ√BENET “chin”
⚠️ᴹ√VEY root. “wind, weave” see WEY
⚠️ᴱ√ root. “as”; see instead:
“as, like”
⚠️ᴱ√VIKI root. “*sticky”; see instead:
^ᴺ√THUK “*resin, gum”
⚠️ᴱ√VILI root. “*air”; see instead:
ᴹ√WIL “fly, float in air”
⚠️ᴱ√VITI root. “*juice, sap”; see instead:
ᴹ√PIS “*juice”
⚠️ᴱ√VITYI root. “*sticky” see VIKI
⚠️ᴱ√VḶÐḶ root. “*worth, value”; see instead:
^ᴺ√BALAD “*worth, value”
⚠️ᴱ√VḶKḶ root. “‽”; see instead:
ᴹ√NAYAK “pain”
MIK “pierce”
⚠️ᴱ√VḶŘḶ root. see VḶÐḶ
⚠️ᴱ√VḶTḶ root. “release, set free; deprive, take away”
⚠️ᴱ√?VO(NO) root. “son”; see instead:
YON¹ “son”
⚠️ᴱ√VŌRI root. “fur”
⚠️ᴱ√VORO root.; see instead:
ᴹ√BOR(ON) “endure”
⚠️ᴱ√VṚÐṚ root. “*rule”; see instead:
BARAD “lofty, high, height combined with strength/size/majesty”
⚠️ᴱ√VṚKṚ root. “*fear”; see instead:
THOS “frighten, terrify; show dread of”
ÑGOR “dread, horror, fear, terror”
⚠️ᴱ√VṚTṚ root. “*change”; see instead:
WIS “change, alter(nate), shift”
⚠️ᴱ√VṚTYṚ root. “serve”; see instead:
(N)DUR “[ᴹ√] bow down, bend (low), obey, serve; ⚠️grow/be dark”
ᴹ√BEW “follow, serve”
√, ᴹ√ root. “blow; noise of wind”
√, ᴹ√WĀ/AWA root. “away (from); go (away), depart, pass away, move (from speaker); before (of time), ago; [ᴹ√] forth, out”
ᴹ√WAD root. “err, stray”
ᴹ√WAƷ root. “stain, soil”
⚠️ᴱ√WAIK root. “*man, male”
ᴹ√WAIWA root. “blow”
⚠️WAL root. “be stirred, excited; emotion, movement of feelings” see GWAL; see instead:
GWAL “be stirred, excited; emotion, movement of feelings”
⚠️ᴱ√*WALA root. “fortune, happiness; *power”; see instead:
BAL “power; powerful, mighty; have power”
WAN root. see (G)WAN
ᴹ√WAN root. “depart, go away, disappear, vanish”
⚠️ᴱ√*WANA root. see VANA
ᴹ√WAR root. “give way, yield, not endure, let down, betray”
⚠️ᴱ√WARA root.
⚠️ᴱ√?WASA root. “juice”; see instead:
ᴹ√SAB “juice”
WATH root. “[ᴹ√] shade”
WATHAR root.
√, ᴹ√WAW root. “blow (of wind), be disturbed” see WAY
WAY root. “blow, be disturbed”
ᴹ√WAY root. “enfold”
WE root. “dual”
WĒ/EWE root. “a person or being”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]^WEB root. “*worm”
ᴹ√WED root. “bind”
⚠️ᴱ√WEDE root. see *VEÐE
√, ᴹ√WEG root. “live, be active; [ᴹ√] (manly) vigour”
⚠️ᴱ√*WEHE root.
⚠️WEƷ root. “masculinity apart from sex” see WEG
√, ᴹ√WEN(ED) root. “maiden, girl, virgin; ⚠️woman”
⚠️WER root. “twine, weave” see WIR; see instead:
WIR “weave, twine, weaving with cross-threads or withes”
⚠️ᴱ√WEŘE root. see GWEÐE¹
⚠️ᴹ√WEY root. “wind, weave”; see instead:
WIR “weave, twine, weaving with cross-threads or withes”
⚠️ᴱ√?WI root.
ᴹ√WIG root. “*foam”
⚠️WIG root. “weaving with cross-threads or withes” see WIR; see instead:
WIR “weave, twine, weaving with cross-threads or withes”
⚠️ᴱ√WIKI root. “*corner” see *GWIKI
ᴹ√WIL root. “fly, float in air”
⚠️ᴱ√WILI root. “*peace, quiet”; see instead:
ᴹ√SED “rest, repose”
ᴹ√WIL “fly, float in air”
√, ᴹ√WIN root. “young, [ᴹ√] new, fresh”
⚠️ᴹ√WIN(I)D root. “pale blue”
ᴹ√WIR root. “new, fresh, young”
WIR root. “weave, twine, weaving with cross-threads or withes”
⚠️ᴱ√WIRI root. “*look”; see instead:
TIR “watch (over), look at, observe, gaze at; [ᴹ√] guard”
WIR “weave, twine, weaving with cross-threads or withes”
WIS root. “change, alter(nate), shift”
ᴹ√WIS root. “air”
WIW root. “blow” see WAY
√, ᴹ√WO root. “together”
⚠️WOR root. “express, cause to exude (by pressure)”; see instead:
Val. mirub “wine”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√YA root. “[ᴹ√] there, over there; back (of time), ago”
⚠️ᴱ√YA¹ root. “*and”; see instead:
AS² “beside”
ᴹ√YAB root. “fruit”
YAD root. “wide” see YAN¹
⚠️ᴱ√YAÐA root. “*gloom”; see instead:
LUM “shadow, darkness”
√, ᴹ√YAG root. “gap; [ᴹ√] yawn, gape”
ᴹ√YAK root. “*neck”
⚠️ᴱ√ẎAKA root. “a head of cattle”; see instead:
^ᴺ√GYAK “cattle”
⚠️ᴱ√*YAKA root. see #YAYA
ᴹ√YAL root. “cry, *call”
⚠️ᴱ√ẎALA root. “ring, sound hollow”; see instead:
ÑYOL “ring(ing)”
ᴺ√[ᴱ√]YALTA root. “yoke”
⚠️ᴹ√, ᴱ√YAM root. “cry, [ᴱ√] *call, shout” see YAL; see instead:
ᴹ√YAL “cry, *call”
⚠️ᴹ√YAN¹ root. “*holy” see (A)YAN; see instead:
AYA(N) “blessed; treat with awe/reverence; [ᴱ√] honour, revere”
YAN¹ “wide, extensive, large, vast, huge; extend”
YAN¹ root. “wide, extensive, large, vast, huge; extend”
⚠️ᴹ√‽YAN² root. “give”; see instead:
antā- “to give, cause a thing/person to go to an object, send, [ᴹ✶] present”
YAN² root. “*join”
⚠️ᴱ√YAPA root. “snarl, snap, bark ill-temperedly”; see instead:
KHUG “bark, bay”
yarr- “dog”
ᴺ√*YAR root. “growl, snarl”
⚠️ᴹ√YAR root. “blood”; see instead:
*ᴺ√YAR “growl, snarl”
SEREK “blood”
⚠️ᴹ√, ᴱ√YAT root. “join”; see instead:
YAN² “*join”
⚠️ᴱ√ẎAVA root. “*fruit”; see instead:
ᴹ√YAB “fruit”
ᴹ√YAY root. “mock”
⚠️ᴱ√#YAYA root. “*steel, possession”; see instead:
^ᴺ√GYAY “steel”
⚠️ᴹ√ root. “to be”; see instead:
“be, exist”
⚠️ᴱ√ root. “[unglossed]”
ᴹ√YEL¹ root. “daughter”
⚠️ᴹ√YEL² root. “friend”
ᴹ√YEN¹ root. “year”
⚠️ᴹ√YEN² root. “daughter”; see instead:
ᴹ√YEL¹ “daughter”
ᴹ√YER root. “feel sexual desire”
⚠️ᴱ√YERE(NE) root. “*iron,”; see instead:
ANGA “iron”
ᴹ√YES root. “desire”
ᴺ√[ᴹ√]*YESET root. “beginning”
⚠️ᴱ√YḶTḶ root. “*join”; see instead:
YAN² “*join”
ᴺ√YALTA “yoke”
⚠️ᴱ√YṆTṆ root. “*(en)large, increase”; see instead:
^ᴺ√GYANTA “*(en)large, increase”
YOD root. “fence, enclose”
⚠️ᴱ√YOLO root. “smell, stink, reek (intr.)”; see instead:
ᴹ√ÑOL “smell (intr.)”
THUS “[ᴹ√] *smell, stench; ⚠️[√] evil mist, fog, darkness”
√, ᴹ√, ᴱ√YON¹ root. “son”
YON² root. “wide, extensive”
√, ᴹ√YU root. “both, [ᴹ√] two”
ᴹ√YUK root. “employ, use”
YUL root. “drink”
ᴹ√YUL root. “smoulder”
⚠️ᴹ√YUR root. “run”; see instead:
NOR “run (or leap) of animals or men; [ᴹ√] run as of wheels, roll along, [ᴱ√] go smoothly, ride, spin”
⚠️ᴱ√*ɃELE root. “*great”; see instead:
BEL “*strong”
⚠️ᴱ√ẆAÐA root. “dwell”