√ROM root. “horn noise”
This root and ones like it were connected to horns and loud noises for much of Tolkien’s life. The earliest iteration of the root was unglossed ᴱ√RAMA in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s with derivatives like ᴱQ. rama- “shout, sound loud, bray, blare” and ᴱQ. ran (ram-) “noise” (QL/78-79). G. rum “noise” and similar words from the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon may be derived from a variant of this root (GL/66). The root appeared as ᴹ√ROM “loud noise, horn blast” in The Etymologies of the 1930s with derivatives like ᴹQ. róma/N. †rhû “loud sound, trumpet-sound” and ᴹQ. romba/N. †rhom “horn, trumpet” (Ety/ROM). It also had an augmented variant ᴹ√OROM as the basis for ᴹQ. Orome (Ety/ORÓM).
The root √ROM was mentioned several times in Tolkien’s later writings with glosses like “horn noise” (PE17/138), “noise of horn” (PE17/153), and “used of the sound of trumpets and horns” (WJ/400). Starting in the 1930s, the name Q. Oromë was derived from this root, as opposed to the 1910s where ᴱQ. Orome was initially connected to the root ᴱ√OŘO having to do with “dawn” (QL/70-71).
References ✧ PE17/138, 153, 182; SA/rom; WJ/400
ᴹ√(O)ROM root. “loud noise, horn blast”
References ✧ Ety/ORÓM, ROM
|ORÓM||augmentation||✧ Ety/ORÓM; Ety/ROM|
ᴱ√RAMA root. “*shout”
References ✧ LT1A/Makar; QL/78
An unglossed and deleted root in The Etymologies of the 1930s, an extension of ᴹ√GOR that provided an etymology for ᴹQ. Orome (EtyAC/GÓROM). After the rejection of this root, ᴹQ. Orome was redefined as a derivative of ᴹ√(O)ROM “loud noise, horn blast”.
Reference ✧ EtyAC/GÓROM ✧ GÓROM