S. Araw m. “Oromë”

S. Araw, m. “Oromë”

The Sindarin name of Oromë (LotR/1039), a derivation of his Valarin name Arǭmēz (WJ/400).

Possible Etymology: Tolkien considered several different derivations of this name. In The Etymologies of the 1930s and in some later writings, the name was derived from primitive ᴹ✶Orǭmē (Ety/ORÓM; PE17/99, 153), but in these derivations it is unclear how the initial element of his Sindarin name developed from O into A.

Later, Tolkien decided that his name developed from Val. Arǭmēz (PE17/138, WJ/400), making the initial A in the Sindarin name easier to explain. In the case of his Quenya name, the initial A changed to O by association with the Quenya root √ROM “noise of horns” (WJ/400).

Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s, the cognate of Orome was given as G. Orma (GL/63). In the Lays of Beleriand from the 1920s, it appeared as G. Ormain >> Ormaid, both rejected and replaced by (unrelated) Tavros (LB/195).

In The Etymologies from the 1930s, the Noldorin name of Orome appeared first as (rejected) N. Goru (EtyAC/GÓROM), then Araw (Ety/ORÓM). In Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s, his name was written as (incomplete and rejected) Ramr... before being immediately changed to Araw (WR/292). This remained his Sindarin name thereafter.

References ✧ LotR/1039; LotRI/Araw, Oromë; MRI; PE17/96, 99, 138, 153; PM/358; PMI/Araw, Oromë; SI/Oromë; WJ/400; WJI/Araw, Oromë

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Phonetic Developments

Oromē > Orom̆ > Orow̯ > Araw [oromē] > [orome] > [orom] > [orov] > [orou] > [orau] ? [arau] ✧ PE17/99
Orǭmē > Oraúmh > Araúv > Áraw [orǭmē] > [orǭme] > [oraume] > [oraum] > [orauv] ? [arauv] > [arau] ✧ PE17/153
Val. Arǭmēz > arāmē/arǭmæ > araum(a) > araum̌/arauv > Araw [arǭmēz] ? [arāmē] > [arāme] > [arǭme] > [araume] > [araum] > [arauv] > [arau] ✧ WJ/400

N. Araw m. “Orome”

See S. Araw for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/ORÓM, ROM, TÁWAR; PE22/37, 40-41; WR/281, 292; WRI/Araw, Oromë

Glosses

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Phonetic Developments

ON. Araume > Araw [araume] > [araum] > [arauv] > [arau] ✧ Ety/ORÓM
ON. Araume > Aráw > Ara͠uƀ > Aróu̯mh > Áraw [araume] > [araum] > [arauv] > [arau] ✧ PE22/37

N. Goru m.

A rejected Noldorin name for ᴹQ. Orome appearing in The Etymologies from the 1930s, developed from the rejected primitive form ᴹ✶Górōmē (EtyAC/GÓROM).

See S. Araw for further discussion.

Reference ✧ EtyAC/GÓROM

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶Górōmē > Goru [gorōmē] > [gorūmē] > [gorūme] > [gorūm] > [gorum] > [goruv] > [goru] ✧ EtyAC/GÓROM

G. Orma m.

References ✧ GL/18-19, 26, 63; LB/195; LBI/Ormaid; LT1A/Aldaron, Oromë; PE14/12

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Element In

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Phonetic Developments

ᴱ✶Ŏrŏmǣ > Orma [oromǣ] > [oroma] !!! [orma] ✧ GL/63