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KAB root. “hold, contain, retain, possess, have in hand”

KAB root. “hold, contain, retain, possess, have in hand; [ᴹ√] hollow”

This root’s most notable derivative was one of the Sindarin words for “hand”, S. cam, supplanting archaic S. †maw which survived only in compounds (VT47/6-7). This root first appeared in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “hollow” (Ety/KAB), replacing an earlier entry glossed “hold, (?contain)”. The root reappeared in the late 1960s in Tolkien’s notes on Eldarin Hands, Fingers and Numerals, variously glossed “hold, contain, retain” (VT47/7) or “to hold, possess, have in hand” (VT47/20).

A later addition to these notes then made the rather surprising claim that “kamba is from KAM not KAB”. This seems to be supported by a Quenya verb form camnelyes “you received it” (VT47/21), where the past form camne must be from √KAM. However, the form cambelyes was written below this, possibly indicating a restoration of √KAB, as suggested by Patrick Wynne.

Neo-Eldarin: For purposes of Neo-Eldarin I think it best to continue to assume the existence of √KAB.

References ✧ VT47/7, 20

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ᴹ√KAB¹ root. “hollow”

See √KAB for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/KAB, KHYAR, KWAT, LUS, MAƷ, PHOR; EtyAC/KAB, MAƷ

Glosses

Derivatives