√ENEK* root.* “six”

- √ENEK
*root.*“six”

The root and words for “six” remained very similar throughout Tolkien’s life. The earliest form of this root was ᴱ√*ENE²* “six” from the *Qenya Lexicon* of the 1910s, with the derivative ᴱQ. *ende* “six” (QL/35). In the *Early Qenya Grammar* of the 1920s, the Qenya word for “six” became ᴱQ. *enqe* [enkwe] with variant *enekse* (PE14/49, 82), implying a primitive base **enek-*. This primitive form was made explicit in *The Etymologies* of the 1930s, where the root was given as ᴹ√*ENEK* “six” with derivatives ᴹQ. *enqe* and N. *eneg* (Ety/ÉNEK). The root and its derivatives retained this form thereafter.

Tolkien spent a fair amount of time analyzing the origin of this root and the basis for the Q. addition of *w* in various notes on Elvish numbering systems written in 1968 (VT41, VT42, VT47, VT48). One connection Tolkien regularly made
was between √*ENEK* “six” and √*ENED* “middle”, as “six” was the “middle” of the duodecimal system of numbering (VT41/16; VT48/9); in this respect it was probably
an elaboration of the root √*NEK²* “divide, separate, part” by analogy with √*ENED* (VT47/16; VT48/9). The Quenya *-we* may have been either a dual suffix based on “six” as twice three (VT48/10) or it might have been by analogy with other important
duodecimal numbers like Q. *minquë* “eleven” and Q. *yunquë* “twelve” (48/7). Personally I find the second theory more compelling.

__References__ ✧ PE17/95; VT41/16; VT42/24; VT47/12, 15-16, 41; VT48/7-10

__Glosses__

- “6” ✧ VT42/24 (en-ek(w)); VT47/12; VT47/15; VT47/16; VT47/16; VT47/41; VT48/9; VT48/10; VT48/10 (enekwe)
- “six” ✧ VT41/16 (enek)

__Variations__

- enek ✧ VT47/12; VT47/15; VT47/16; VT47/16; VT47/41; VT48/9; VT48/10; VT41/16 (enek)
- enk- ✧ PE17/95
- en-ek(w) ✧ VT42/24
- eneke/enke ✧ VT48/7
- eneke ✧ VT48/8
- enekē̆ ✧ VT48/8
- enekwe ✧ VT48/10
- nekew ✧ VT48/10

__Related__

- enek “six” related (‽), as the middle part of twelve, to enet “middle” ✧ VT41/16
- enek “6” (?is presumed) modeled on enel/d “middle” ✧ VT48/9
- enek “6” resembles ened/l “center, three” ✧ VT48/10
- enek “6” is possibly analogous in form to enete ✧ VT47/16
- enek “6” is possibly analogous in form to enele ✧ VT47/16
- enekwe “6” might contain we “dual” ✧ VT48/10

__Elements__

NEK² | “divide, separate, part; deprive” | ✧ VT47/16 |

NEK² | “divide, separate, part; deprive” | ✧ VT48/9 (probably) |

__Derivations__

__Derivatives__