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PHĀ/APHA root. “before of time”

⚠️PHĀ/APHA root. “before of time”
“behind”

A root appearing a paradigm of roots for spatial and temporal directions from 1969, with an unglossed (primitive?) derivative ✶afar and the Quenya form fai with variant afea, apparently meaning “before” in the phrase Eru fai, sî, euva “*Eru (was) before, (is) now, will be (after)” (PE22/147). Later in the same set of notes Tolkien seems to have reverted to earlier roots for these functions (PE22/168).

References ✧ PE22/147

Glosses

Variations

Derivatives