[Home] » Languages » Neo-Primitive Elvish »  Neo-Primitive Elvish Roots[Search] [← Previous] [Next →][Search]

KHAD root. “sit”

KHAD root. “sit”
@@@ KHAD (PE22/125)

The Etymologies list the root ᴹ√KHAM¹ “sit” as the root of the verbs ᴹQ. ham-, N. haf-. Elsewhere in both earlier and later writings, the Quenya verb for “sit, stay, remain” was Q. har- (UT/317, PE17/162, QL/39). Furthermore, in the Addenda and Corrigenda to The Etymologies, the editors indicate that the root √KHAM was first written as (rejected) √KHAD, and that this rejection was reversed owing to conflict with ᴹ√KHAM² root “call, summon, name by name” (EtyAC/KHAM). It seems likely that, in Quenya at least, the root √KHAD and its derivatives were restored.

If we accept this scenario, this presents a problem for the Sindarin derivatives of the root. Some unclear and rejected Noldorin derivatives of √KHAD appear in EtyAC/KHAM, but they are much more obscure than the Noldorin √KHAM-derivatives appearing in The Etymologies. The √KHAM-derivatives are better known in Neo-Sindarin writing. Furthermore, √KHAM² “call, summon” only has derivatives in Quenya, so no conflict would have arisen in Noldorin/Sindarin. It is possible that √KHAM was a Sindarin variant of the root, allowing us to retain the derivatives from The Etymologies.

Admittedly, the existence of a √KHAM-variant for √KHAD is a pretty big stretch. While there D/L and (rare) D/N variations in roots, there is no evidence of any D/M variation, as these phonemes differ in both grade and series. Nevertheless, this is the scenario used here, to retain the better known Noldorin/Sindarin forms.

Reference ✧ PE18/95 ✧ “sit”

Related

Derivatives


ᴹ√KHAM¹ root. “sit (down)”

References ✧ Ety/KHAM; EtyAC/KHAM; PE22/103, 125

Glosses

Related

Derivatives


ᴹ√KHAD root.

References ✧ Ety/SYAD; EtyAC/KHAM; PE22/125

Related

Changes

Derivatives


ᴱ√ÐORO root. “sit”

References ✧ QL/85-86

Glosses

Variations

Related

Changes

Derivatives


ᴱ√HAÐA root. “cleave, remain”

Reference ✧ QL/39 ✧ HAŘA “cleave, remain”

Related

Derivatives