N. dortha- [nd-] v. “to dwell, stay” (Category: to Live, Dwell)
A verb in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “dwell, stay” and appearing in its (Noldorin) infinitive form dortho- under the root ᴹ√NDOR “dwell, stay, rest, abide” (Ety/NDOR).
Conceptual Development: The verb G. dortha- “to settle” also appeared in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s where Tolkien said it was both “tr. & intr.” (GL/30). In this document it appeared beneath G. dorn “seat”, and thus likely was a cognate of ᴱQ. sorto- “to set, settle” based on the early root ᴱ√ÐORO “sit” (QL/85).
Neo-Sindarin: In Tolkien’s later writings, √NDOR was glossed “land” rather than “settle”, but I think this verb might still be a valid verbal elaboration for the later meaning of the root, with an original sense “*to take residence in a land”.
Reference ✧ Ety/NDOR ✧ dortho- “dwell, stay”
|ᴹ√NDOR > dortho-||[ndorta-] > [ndortʰa-] > [ndorθa-] > [dorθa-]||✧ Ety/NDOR|
References ✧ GL/30
|dorthani||past||✧ GL/30: intr. pret.|
|dorthi||past||✧ GL/30: tr. pret.|
|#-tha¹||“verb suffix”||✧ GL/30 (#-tha)|