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N. dortha- [nd-] v. “to dwell, stay” (Category: to Live, Dwell)

N. dortha- [nd-], v. “to dwell, stay, [G.] settle” (Category: to Live, Dwell)
G. gwadh- “to dwell”
G. rûtha- “to dwell, remain”

A verb in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “dwell, stay” and appearing in its (Noldorin) infinitive form dortho- under the root ᴹ√NDOR “dwell, stay, rest, abide” (Ety/NDOR).

Conceptual Development: The verb G. dortha- “to settle” also appeared in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s where Tolkien said it was both “tr. & intr.” (GL/30). In this document it appeared beneath G. dorn “seat”, and thus likely was a cognate of ᴱQ. sorto- “to set, settle” based on the early root ᴱ√ÐORO “sit” (QL/85).

Neo-Sindarin: In Tolkien’s later writings, √NDOR was glossed “land” rather than “settle”, but I think this verb might still be a valid verbal elaboration for the later meaning of the root, with an original sense “*to take residence in a land”.

Reference ✧ Ety/NDOR ✧ dortho- “dwell, stay”




Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√NDOR > dortho- [ndorta-] > [ndortʰa-] > [ndorθa-] > [dorθa-] ✧ Ety/NDOR

G. dortha- v. “to settle” (Category: to Live, Dwell)

See N. dortha- for discussion.

References ✧ GL/30




dorthani past ✧ GL/30: intr. pret.
dorthi past ✧ GL/30: tr. pret.


ᴱ√ÐORO “sit”
#-tha¹ “verb suffix” ✧ GL/30 (#-tha)