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ᴹ√AD root. “entrance, gate”

⚠️ᴹ√AD root. “entrance, gate”
NA/ANA “to, towards; at side of, alongside, besides; moreover, in addition, plus”

A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “gate, entrance” (Ety/AD) that seems to have replaced ᴱ√BOÐO (QL/75) from the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s. Its two main derivatives are ᴹQ. ando and N. annon “(great) gate, door”. These words in turn were transferred in 1959 to the root √ANA “to, towards”, from the original “approach, entrance” (PE17/40). Thus it seems Tolkien abandoned this root, perhaps because he wished to use it instead for √AD(A) “alongside, by the side of”, one of the etymologies Tolkien considered for the Eldarin words for “and” (PE17/71).

Reference ✧ Ety/AD ✧ “entrance, gate”



ᴱ√BOÐO root. “*gate, door”

A root in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s that was the basis for Early Qenya words for “gate” and “door” (QL/75). It was first given as (rejected) ᴱ√PONO but this was changed to ᴱ√BOÐO (with b- > p- as it did in Early Qenya) whereupon Tolkien gave its Gnomish equivalent as Bon. However, there are no words in the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon beginning with bon- that have any similar meaning, indicating Tolkien probably abandoned this root very early.

References ✧ QL/75