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SOK root. “drink, gulp, quaff, drain”

SOK root. “drink, gulp, quaff, drain”

The first appearance of this root was unglossed ᴱ√SOKO in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s with derivatives ᴱQ. soko- “drink” and ᴱQ. sokto- “give to drink, drench” (QL/85). In the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon the base form was given as sog- which had derivatives like G. sog- “drink” and G. suith “a drink, a draught” (GL/68).

In The Etymologies of the 1930s the root was given as ᴹ√SUK with derivatives like ᴹQ. suhto/N. sûth “draught” and ᴹQ. suk-/N. sog- “drink”, along with a variant root ᴹ√SUG with derivatives ᴹQ. súlo/N. sûl “goblet” (Ety/SUK). The root appeared as vocalic variants √SUK and √SOK “drain, drink” in both the first and second versions of Tengwesta Qenderinwa from the 1930s (TQ1: PE18/45) and circa 1950 (TQ2: PE18/94). Finally the root √SOK “gulp, quaff, drink” appeared in notes associated with the Quendi and Eldar essay from 1959-60 where it had a single derivative: Q. soika “thirsty” (VT39/11).

In Tolkien’s later writings, the roots √SUK and √SOK had competition from √YUL “drink”; see that entry for details. As both √SOK and √YUL coexisted in the Quendi and Eldar essay, I am of the opinion that √SUK/SOK may not have been abandoned.

References ✧ PE18/94; VT39/11

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ᴹ√SUK root. “drink, drain”

See √SOK for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/SUK; PE18/45

Glosses

Variations

Related

Derivatives


ᴱ√SOKO root.

See √SOK for discussion.

References ✧ GL/68; QL/85

Variations

Derivatives