ᴹ√ƷAR root. “have, hold”
A root in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “have, hold” with derivatives like ᴹQ. arda/N. ardh “realm”, ᴹQ. harma “treasure” and ᴹQ. harya- “possess” (Ety/ƷAN). The continued appearance of Q. harya- “have” (MS) and Q. harma “treasure” (LotR/1123) indicated this root remained valid in Tolkien’s later writings, though perhaps reconceived of as *√HAR after Tolkien replaced primitive ʒ with h. Some of its derivatives seems to have been transferred later to √GAR, notably Q. arda/S. gardh “region, realm” that were later derived from primitive ✶gardā (WJ/402).
References ✧ Ety/EN, ƷAR, TĀ, THUR; EtyAC/GAR, ƷAR, ƷARA