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TIN root. “sparkle, spark”

TIN root. “sparkle, spark, [ᴱ√] twinkle, [ᴹ√] emit slender (silver pale) beams”

The root √TIN was connected to Elvish words for twinkle and sparkle for much of Tolkien’s life. The root first appeared as ᴱ√TINI “twinkle” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s with derivatives like ᴱQ. tintya- “sparkle” and ᴱQ. tinwe “star” (QL/92). The root also had derivatives in the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon such as G. tim “spark, gleam, (star)” and G. tintiltha- “twinkle” (GL/72). In The Etymologies of the 1930s he had the root ᴹ√TIN “sparkle, emit slender (silver pale) beams” with derivatives like ᴹQ. tin-/N. tinna- “glint” and ᴹQ. tinwe/N. tinw “spark, (small) star” (Ety/TIN). The root √TIN was mentioned regularly in his later writings with glosses like “spark” or “sparkle” (MR/388; PE17/22, 66).

References ✧ MR/388; PE17/22, 66, 69, 184, 187; RGEO/61; SA/tin

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ᴹ√TIN root. “sparkle, emit slender (silver pale) beams”

See √TIN for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/DOMO, PEL(ES), SEL-D, TĀ, THIN, TIN; EtyAC/GIL, STIN, YEL

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ᴱ√TINI root. “twinkle”

See √TIN for discussion.

References ✧ GL/70; LT1A/Tinwë Linto; QL/92

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