S. Tinúviel f. “Nightingale, (lit.) Daughter of Twilight”

S. Tinúviel, f. “Nightingale, (lit.) Daughter of Twilight”

The name that Beren gave to Lúthien, translated “Nightingale”, more literally “Daughter of Twilight” (S/165), a derivation of the primitive form ✶Tindōmiselde (PE19/73). It is essentially a combination of tinnu “twilight” and the suffix -iel¹, except that the archaic final -v lost in tinnu was preserved in the compound.

Conceptual Development: This name first appeared as G. Tynwfiel in the earliest Lost Tales, probably a Welsh-like spelling of the name (LT2/41), but the normal spelling ᴱN. Tinúviel emerged in the Lays of Beleriand from the 1920s and so remained thereafter (LB/22). In The Etymologies from the 1930s, N. Tinúviel had the same derivation as given above (Ety/SEL-D, TIN).

References ✧ LB/354; LotR/193; LotRI/Lúthien, Tinúviel; LT1I; MR/373; MRI; PE19/73; S/165; SA/tin; SI; UTI/Lúthien, Tinúviel; WJ/62; WJI

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

Dinúviel mixed-mutation “Nightingale” ✧ MR/373

Elements

#tinnu “*twilight” ✧ PE19/73 (#Tinnú)
-iel¹ “feminine suffix; daughter”
TIN “sparkle, spark” ✧ SA/tin

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

tindōmi-sel(dĕ) > tindúmhihel > Tinnúviel [tindōmiselde] > [tindōmihelde] > [tindōmihelðe] > [tindūmihelðe] > [tindūmihelð] > [tindūmihell] > [tinnūmihell] > [tinnūmihel] > [tinnūvihel] > [tinnūviel] ✧ PE19/73

N. Tinúviel f. “Nightingale, (lit.) Daughter of Twilight”

See S. Tinúviel for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/SEL-D, TIN; LRI; PE19/33; RS/182; RSI; SM/109; SMI

Glosses

Variations

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ON. tindūmhiell > Tinnúviel > Tinúviel [tindūviell] > [tinnūviell] > [tinnūviel] ? [tinūviel] ✧ Ety/TIN

ᴱN. Tinúviel f. “Nightingale”

References ✧ LB/22, 153, 180; LBI; LT2/41, 51; LT2I; SM/24

Glosses

Variations

Changes