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ᴱQ. sampa n. “spade” (Category: Spade)

A noun appearing as ᴱQ. sampa “spade” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s under the early root ᴱ√SAPA “dig, excavate” (QL/82). The noun reappeared with the same gloss in Early Qenya Word-lists of the 1920s (PE16/145).

Neo-Quenya: Since the root √SAP reappeared in Tolkien’s later writings, I would retain ᴺQ. sampa “spade, *shovel” for purposes of Neo-Quenya.

References ✧ PE16/145; QL/82




Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√SAPA > sampa [sampā] > [sampa] ✧ QL/82