Early Quenya Words


#-a suf. “adjectival suffix”
a pron. “it”
â n. “mind, inner thought”
a- pref. “it; 3rd sg. neut. pronoun” see ha
ahúrasilqi n. “sun and moon”
ai interj. “o!, ha!”
aika adj. “broad, vast”
aikasse n. “pine-tree” see aiqaire
aiko (aiku-) n. “cliff”
aikor n. “pine-tree”
aikuvoite adj. “cliffy, rocky”
aile n. “beach” see ailin²
ailin¹ (ailind-) n. “lake, pool”
ailin² n. “shore”
ailinon n. “water lily”
ailo n. “lake, pool”
aimaksin (aimaksi-) n. “martyr (f.)”
aimaktar n. “martyr (m.)” see aimaktu
aimaktu n. “martyr (m.)”
aimo n. “saint (m.)”
aina adj. “holy, revered, worshipful”
Aini n. “(pagan) goddess”
Aino n. “one of the great Valar” see Ainu
Ainu n. “a (pagan) God”
aipio n. “cherry”
aiqa adj. “steep, tall; high, lofty, sublime; chief”
aiqaire n. “fir, pine (tree)”
aiqale n. “a steep, steepness”
aiqasse n. “precipice”
aiqie n. “highness, height”
aira adj. “holy, worshipful”
aire¹ n. “saint (f.)”
aire² adj. “old”
ais (aist-) n. “good name”
aista n. “honour, reverence”
aistale n. “worship”
aistalea adj. “worshipful”
aiwe n. “bird”
aka adv. “very, intensive”
aka- pref. “intensive”
(a)kainu- v. “to wed”
(a)kainusta n. “wedding, marriage”
akaire (akairi-) n. “‘living beside’, wedded life”
akairis (akairist-) n. “bride, wife”
akairisambe (akairisamb-) n. “bride chamber, thalamus”
aki adj. “extreme, vehement, excessive”
akka adv. “too”
aksa¹ n. “waterfall”
aksa² adj. “of bone” see aswa
akse n. “steel” see yakse¹
aksina adj. “steel”
akta n. “notion”
al- pref. “form of the negative particle”
#ala- v. “?to grow”
ala¹ interj. “behold, look”
#ala² n. “wing”
ala³ prep. “beyond, after; before”
alakse adj. “like marble” see alaswa
alalme (alalmi-) n. “elm (tree)”
alanda adj. “wide, broad” see landa
alantya adj. “*shielded, protected”
alapumba n. “drum” see lapumba
alas (alast-) n. “marble”
alaska adj. “like marble” see alaswa
alasta adj. “of marble, marble”
alaswa adj. “like marble”
alatya- v. “to shield, ward off, protect”
alayambo interj. “hurrah!”
alda n. “tree, branch”
aldamo n. “shoulder(s), back”
aldare n. “wood”
aldea adj. “tree-shadowed”
aldeon (aldeond-) n. “avenue (of trees)”
-alima suf. “-able, possible” see -ima
alka n. “ray (of light), light of day; shining”
-alka suf. “able to”
alkana- v. “to blaze”
alkanta- v. “to make shine”
alkar¹ n. “glory”
alkar² n. “shield”
alkar³ n. “shining, light of day” see alka
alkara adj. “brilliant, bright, shining”
alkar(in) n. “temple, shrine”
alle ?
allu- v. “to wash”
allume n. “washing”
alluva adj. “clean”
alma n. “face”
almo n. “shoulder(s), back” see aldamo
alnu- v. “to wash” see allu-
alqa n. “swan”
alqe n. “swan” see alqa
alu n. “dressed leather”
alva adj. “?lofty”
am- pref. “up(wards)” see am(u)-
áma n. “mind, heart, thought”
ama n. “mother”
amaimi n. “mother” see ambi
(a)malda adj. “tender, soft, kind, gentle”
amapta- v. “to ravish, seize and carry off forcibly”
amarto n. “fate” see ambar¹
amba adv. “up”
Ambalar n. “the East”
ambapenda adj. “uphill; arduous, difficult, tiresome”
ambar¹ (ambart-) n. “fate, lot”
ambar² (ambas-) n. “breast, bosom”
ambarin (ambarind-) n. “lark”
ambarta adj. “fated”
ambasse n. “breast-plate, hauberk, byrne, cuirass”
ambe n. “mother” see (m)ambe
ambi n. “mother”
ambo n. “hill”
ambos (ambost-) n. “breast; shoulder”
#Ambustar n. “the East” see Ambalar
âmi n. “mother” see ambi
Amillion n. “February”
amis (amist-) n. “mother”
ammi n. “mother” see ambi
am(u)- pref. “up(wards)”
amu adv. “up(wards)”
amu- v. “to raise”
amun (amund-) n. “hill”
amunta adj. “up, risen (of the sun)”
amunte n. “sun-rise, (lit.) lifting”
an (and-) n. “gift”
#an- pref. “re-”
an(a) prep. “to(wards); until”
ana- pref. “?towards”
ána n. “crown of head, top”
anai n. “woman”
anaina adj. “womanly”
anar (anard-) n. “giver”
anarie n. “liberality”
(ana)tarwesta n. “crucifix(ion)”
anaukante ?
anda adj. “long” see ande(a)
anda-lepta adj. “long-fingered”
anda-ráma adj. “long-arm(ed); long-wing(ed)”
ande(a) (andi-) adj. “long (of space)”
andesilqe adj. “long-haired, long-tressed”
ando n. “door” see andon
andon (andond-) n. “door, gate”
andra adj. “long” see ande(a)
anga n. “iron”
angaina adj. “of iron”
angaisin(i)e n. “torment”
angaitya- v. “to torment”
angayanda adj. “miserable”
angayasse n. “misery”
angwe ?
anî n. “woman” see anai
ank (anq-) n. “loop, handle, ring”
ankar (ankas-) n. “ear (of men)”
ankasse adj. “(lit.) up-headed, high-headed”
ankassea adj. “lofty, tall”
áno n. “gift” see an
anqa(r) n. “ear” see ankar
anqin n. “bunch”
anta n. “cheek; jaw(s)”
anta- v. “to give”
anto (antu-) n. “jaw”
#antulu- v. “to return”
anu n. “a male, man”
anuon n. “monk” see anustar
anúre n. “manliness, masculinity”
anusta n. “monastery”
anustar n. “monk”
anúva adj. “doughty”
anúvie n. “manhood, doughtyness”
anuvoite adj. “male, masculine”
anwa adj. “high up, place high”
anwe ?
apaika adj. “conquering”
apaira adj. “conquering” see apaika
apaire n. “victory, conquest, reduction”
apaitya- v. “to conquer”
apanta- v. “to open, reveal, show, display”
apantie n. “display”
apsa n. “hole, opening”
apta- v. “to open”
apte (*apti-) adj. “open”
#aqa- v. “to seize”
aqi adj. “a brace, a couple of, both”
#-(a)r suf. “masculine/agental suffix”
ar¹ (arn-) n. “child”
ar² (as-) n. “to, against, next, on (wall)”
ar(a) conj. “but; and”
ára n. “dry sand, grit”
arak n. “shingle, piles of stones”
arakte n. “(stony) beach”
(a)rauka adj. “swift, rushing”
(a)rauke n. “demon, fiend”
arda n. “place, spot”
are- pref. “intensive” see ari-
are¹ adv. “beside, along”
are² adv. “very, intensive”
arean (areand-) n. “wilderness, deserted place”
ari- pref. “intensive”
arin n. “hearth”
arinya adj. “fireside”
aris (arits-) n. “daughter, maid”
arm- v. “to gather, collect”
arma n. “flock of sheep”
arne n. “child” see ar¹
arqa adj. “arid, parched, dry”
arqilis n. “desert”
arta prep. “across, athwart”
artan (artam-) n. “hammer”
arwa n. “field”
aryúlima adj. “equal, equivalent”
as (ass-) n. “bone”
asampe(a) adj. “cavernous”
asesta- v. “to liken, compare, make like, model on, assimilate, imitate” see sesta-
asesta n. “similarity” see seste
asestaine n. “assimilation, imitation” see seste
aseste n. “similarity” see seste
assea adj. “bony”
astuvu- v. “to begin”
aswa adj. “of bone”
at- pref. “bi-, twi-”
atar n. “father”
atempa n. “(strong) dislike”
att(a)- pref. “bi-, twi-” see at-
atta¹ n. “father (child’s word)”
atta² pron. “they (emphatic); 3rd sg. neut. pronoun”
atta³ prep. “above” see orta
attala- v. “?double”
attalaite adj. “biped”
attalin n. “biped”
attawhi n. “parents”
atto n. “father” see attu
attu n. “father”
atwen num. card. “twenty”
au prep. “away from”
auk n. “a fool, clumsy fellow”
aukaine ?
aule (auli-) adj. “shaggy”
aulo n. “cloud”
auqa adj. “awkward, clumsy (of things), difficult”
aure (auri-) n. “sunlight, sunshine, gold light, warmth”
aurea adj. “sunny, sunlit”
aurin adj. “warm”
aurinde n. “summer, pleasant warmth”
aurinke adj. “sunny”
auro n. “sun”
aurqil(e)a adj. “golden, sunlit”
ausi- pref. “well”
ausie n. “wealth”
austa n. “(high) summer”
austalende n. “mid-summer’s day”
aute¹ n. “goods, property, wealth, money”
aute² (ausi-) adj. “rich”
#ava- v. “to depart”
avalta- v. “to strip, despoil, denude”
avande interj. “get hence!”
avanwa adj. “going, passing, nearly gone”
avarna adj. “very rich”
avealta- v. “to resemble closely”
avesta¹ n. “opening, beginning, overture”
avesta² n. “summer”
Avestalis (Avestaliss-) n. “January”
avíka adj. “very much alike”
áye interj. “hail”
calainëa adj. “serene”
die n. “yesterday”
dienda n. “day before yesterday, (lit.) yesterday’s yesterday”
diéra adj. “yesterday’s; (mostly in sense) bygone, over, passed”
e-¹ pref. “that by you”
e-² v. “to be”
#-ea suf. “adjectival suffix” see #-a
ea interj. “a cry of pain or woe”
eant ?
ea(r) n. “(young) eagle”
earen (earend-) n. “eyrie, (young) eagle”
ehta¹ n. “thorn”
ehta² n. “sword-point”
ehtar (ehtard-) n. “swordsman, warrior; sword”
ehtaráma adj. “having a wing like a sword”
ehtil n. “spring, fount, source”
ekkala n. “tomorrow morning”
ekke (ekki-) n. “thorn”
ekkia adj. “thorny”
eksiqilta n. “swordbelt”
ektala n. “tomorrow morning” see ekkala
ektaqilta n. “swordbelt” see eksiqilta
ektar¹ (ektard-) n. “swordsman”
ektar² n. “hawthorn, thorn”
ekte (eksi-) n. “sword”
ektele n. “fountain”
el adj. and adv. “one” see er¹
elben n. “heart” see elwen
Elda n. “Elf; beach-fay”
Eldalie n. “People of the Elves, Elf-folk”
eldanyanda n. “*fairy tale”
eldaqet n. “language of the Eldar”
eldaqetse adj. “in the language of the Eldar”
Eldarin adj. “Elfin”
Eldarinwa adj. “Elfin” see Eldarin
Eldarissa n. “Language of the Eldar”
eldarisse adj. “in the language of the Eldar”
eldasilqe n. “maidenhair fern, (lit.) elf tress”
#ele- v. “to drive; to come”
elk n. “spear”
-elka suf. “able to” see -alka
ellume adv. “*one time”
Elmavoite adj. “One-handed”
elmenda n. “wonder, wonderment”
elt n. “spear” see elk
elta- v. “to drive” see #ele-
elta n. “a thrust”
elte- v. “to thrust in”
elwen n. “heart”
en pron. and adv. “that by you; thereupon”
en- v. “to be called”
ena pron. “that by you”
enda adj. “by name, named, called” see enna
ende num. card. “six”
endl n. “plain, vale”
ene interj. “look (at what you have)!”
enekkainen num. card. “sixty”
enekkaiya num. ord. “sixteenth”
en(ek)kea num. card. “sixteen”
enekse num. card. “six” see enqe
enekto fraction. “one sixth” see enqesto
enektya adj. “one sixth” see enqest(y)a
enetya num. ord. “sixth”
enga n. “mead”
enget n. “a hap”
engetor n. “fate, hap, luck”
enke pron. “that by you (emphatic)”
enken adv. “then”
enna adj. “by name, named, called”
(en)no adv. “*then, next” see no¹
enqe num. card. “six”
enqe¹ prep. “without”
enqe² (enqi-) n. “plane, level”
enqellume adv. “*six times”
enqendóra num. card. “*six million”
enqendóre num. card. “*sextillion”
enqesto fraction. “one sixth”
enqest(y)a adj. “one sixth”
enqetto fraction. “one sixth” see enqesto
enqetya adj. “one sixth” see enqest(y)a
enqi pron. “this (emphatic)”
enqin adv. “*now”
ent n. “notion, plan, idea”
enta pron. “that there (emphatic)”
entan adv. “then”
ento adv. “next”
Enu n. “God Almighty, Almighty Creator”
enwa adj. “tomorrow”
en(we) (emb-) n. “name”
enya n. “device, method, trick; machine, engine”
enyarin n. “device, escutcheon, blazon”
enye- v. “to think out, plan, devise”
#er- v. “to remain”
er¹ adj. and adv. “one, only, alone, a single”
er² adv. and conj. “only, but, still”
erda adj. “solitary, deserted”
ere-¹ pref. “out”
ere-² v. “to go”
erefainu n. “release”
ere(n) n. “iron, steel”
eresse (eressi-) adv. “alone, by oneself, singly, only; once”
eressea adj. “lonely”
erevainu n. “release” see erefainu
eru¹ adv. “outward”
eru² adv. “once”
erumaili adj. “one handed”
erumaite adj. “one handed” see erumaili
erúmea adj. “outer, outermost”
erus(ta) adj. and n. “outside”
erya adj. “only, single”
es- pref. “*out”
eska n. “spear, spike”
(es)sa pron. “*that (there)” see sa
est adj. “outwards”
esta- v. “to send”
etil n. “ivy” see etl
etl n. “ivy”
etta n. “cousin”
et(t)amíne n. “today”
ettani n. “female cousin”
ettanu n. “male cousin”
ettarendi n. “cousinship” see ettaresta
ettaréndo n. “female cousin” see ettanu
ettaréro n. “female cousin” see ettanu
ettaresse n. “female cousin” see ettani
ettaresta n. “cousinship”
ettele n. “family, kindred (in the wide sense)”
ettui n. “tomorrow night”
etya adj. “other (of two)”
etyo n. “other (of two)”
eule n. “lamb”
eulitse n. “*little lamb”
evandl n. “Christian missionary”
evandlilyon n. “gospel”
fa- pref. “his; 3rd sg. masc. possessive” see hwa-
faika¹ adj. “free”
faika² adj. “bad, worthless, useless”
faikar n. “destroyer, slayer; bane”
faino n. “freeman”
fainu- v. “to release”
faire (fairi-) adj. “free”
fairie n. “freedom”
falas(se) (falass-) n. “shore, beach, surf”
falasta- v. “to surge, make a sound like surf”
fal(a)toisi n. “meadow, grassland”
faldi adj. “free, open, wide”
falin adj. “bare, nude, fallow, wild (of land)”
falka¹ adj. “naked, bare”
falka² adj. “bad” see faika²
falkasse(a) adj. “bald”
falma n. “foam, wave”
falmar n. “wave (as it breaks), foamcrest”
falmarin n. “sea-fay (male), spirit of the sea foam”
falmo n. “foam” see falma
falqa n. “(mountain) pass, ravine, cliff, cleft”
falqan n. “large sword”
falqe n. “cleft, ravine” see falqa
famba n. “belly, fat body”
fambo n. “fat man”
fan (fand-) n. “dog”
fandelu n. “monster”
fandelúva adj. “monstrous”
fandelúvie n. “monstrosity, immoderation, violence, barbarity, grossness”
fandelwa adj. “monstrous” see fandelúva
fando n. “portent, omen”
fandor (fandos-) n. “monster”
fandos (fandoss-) n. “monster” see fandor
fanga n. “beard”
fanóre n. “day-dream”
fanórea adj. “absent-minded”
fanóriva adj. “absent-minded”
fansa n. “swoon”
fanta- v. “to fall asleep, go dazed, swoon”
fantl n. “vision, dream, hazy notion, imaginary idea”
fantor (*fantos-) n. “monster” see fandor
fanwe n. “dream”
fanya n. “cloud”
fara n. “fur, fell”
fas (fats-) n. “tassel”
fáse n. “gulf, gap”
faskalan n. “bath”
fatsale n. “(tasseled) fringe”
fatse n. “tassel” see fas
fatsevoite adj. “tasseled”
fauka adj. “fat, large”
fausta- v. “to get smell of”
fausta n. “*smell”
faustima adj. “*odorous, able to be smelled”
fauta- v. “to snow”
fáwe n. “snow”
n. “last hour, last breath, (act of) death”
fel adv. “worse, worst”
felda adj. “worse, worst”
felu n. “bad magic”
felusi n. “witch”
fen (feng-) n. “reed”
#feng- v. “to cut”
feng n. “serpent” see fent
feno (fenu-) n. “venom, poison”
fenqa adj. “keen, cutting”
fent n. “serpent, dragon”
fenume n. “dragon”
filima adj. “fine, thin” see filwa
filimpe n. “fern” see filqe
filinqe n. “fern” see filqe
filma n. “fine hair, line”
filqe n. “fern”
filume adj. “gossamer”
filumin adj. “gossamer” see filume
filwa adj. “fine, thin”
finde n. “cunning” see finie
findil n. “tress” see findl
findl n. “lock of hair, tress”
fine n. “larch”
fingil n. “narrows, straits, gulf”
fingwa adj. “narrow”
fingwe ?
finie n. “cunning”
fint n. “a trick, notion”
finwa adj. “acute, sagacious”
fion (fiond-) n. “son”
firin¹ n. “ray of sun”
firin² n. “necklace” see firinga
firinga n. “carcanet, necklace”
foa n. “hoard, treasure”
foalóke n. “*dragon (who guards treasure)”
foina adj. “hidden, secret”
fóle n. “stealth, a secret, secrecy”
fólima adj. “secretive”
fui n. “night” see hui
fuiva adj. “*murky” see huiva
fuiyáru n. “deadly nightshade”
fum- v. “to sleep”
fúme n. “sleep”
fumella n. “(red) poppy, (lit.) flower of sleep”
fúmelot n. “poppy” see fumella
fundu(na)- v. “?to thunder”
furin adj. “hidden, concealed”
furu n. “lie”
fustúma adj. “*able to be smelled”
ha pron. “it; 3rd sg. neut. pronoun”
ha- pref. “*its; 3rd sg. neut. possessive”
haka- v. “to squat”
hakka n. “the hams, buttocks”
halda adj. “wide, broad”
halis (haliss-) n. “rush”
haliske n. “rush” see halis
halkin adj. “frozen”
#halme n. “drawing”
haloisi n. “the sea (in storm)”
haloite adj. “leaping”
halta- v. “to leap”
hamba adj. “on the ground”
hambanoite adj. “on the ground”
hampa- v. “to hop”
han (hamb-) n. “ground, earth”
hant adv. “down, to the ground”
hanta n.
hapta- v. “to eject, ejaculate”
har- v. “to remain”
hara(nda) n. “flesh-meat”
haranwa adj. “fleshly, carnal”
har(e) prep. “near”
hari n. “blood”
hari- v. “to hate”
haru n. “grandfather”
haruni n. “grandmother”
hata- v. “to hurl, fling”
hatse n. “headlong movement”
hatsea adj. “rushing, rapid”
haura adj. “old, aged, ancient”
(h)áva adj. “*its; 3rd sg. neut. possessive emphatic”
hea pron. “it (emphatic); 3rd sg. neut. pronoun”
helilokte n. “wisteria, (lit.) purple cluster”
helin n. “pansy, violet”
helinille n. “violet”
helinillea adj. “*violet”
helinqila adj. “mauve”
helinwa adj. “of pansies; (of colour) a blue-violet”
helka adj. “ice-cold”
helke n. “ice”
hempa n. “cord”
hen (hend-) n. “eye”
heno (henu-) n. “venom” see feno
henuva adj. “venomous, poisonous”
hepe- v. “to bind”
hére n. “lordship”
herendo n. “brother”
heréro n. “brother” see herendo
heresse n. “sister”
heri n. “lady”
heritse n. “lord (vocative)”
herivesti n. “wife”
heru n. “lord”
heru- v. “to rule”
heruni n. “lady”
heruvesto n. “husband, (lit.) lord husband”
hes (hest-) n. “brother, sister”
hesin n. “winter”
hessa adj. “dead, withered”
hesta n. “the nearest consanguinity”
hesta- v. “to wither”
hestale n. “the nearest consanguinity” see hesta
hestaner n. “brother”
hestani n. “sister”
hestanoina adj. “bearing the nearest consanguinity”
hestanoini n. “sister” see hestani
hestanoinu n. “brother” see hestanu
hestanu n. “brother”
hestaqin n. “sister”
hetl n. “bond”
hi pron. “she; 3rd sg. fem. pronoun”
hie pron. “she (emphatic); 3rd sg. fem. pronoun”
hil(de) n. “child”
hilk- v. “to freeze”
hilmi n. “family, offspring”
hilmie n. “offspring” see hilmi
hilmo n. “son” see hilu
hilu n. “son”
hingwe ?
hir (hird-) n. “inwards, interior, inside, heart”
híse n. and adj. “dusk, mist, haze; bleared”
hista- v. “to fade”
histe n. and adj. “dusk” see híse
histe- v. “to hiss”
hiswa adj. “dim, fading”
(h)íva adj. “*her; 3rd sg. fem. possessive emphatic”
n. “owl”
hohye n. “fluff”
hoiye n. “foam”
holále n. “babble, chatter, conversation”
holle n. “shout”
holto- v. “to call out”
holwe n. “stench” see yolme
#hon¹ (hond-) n. “stone, rock”
hon² (hond-) n. “heart”
hón(a) n. “bone”
honde n. “heart” see hon²
hondo n. “heart” see hon²
hont (honty-) n. “sneeze”
hontosse n. “a loud sneeze”
hóre (hóri-) n. “pine, stone pine”
horinel n. “pine-needle”
horma n. “horde, host”
hos(se) (host-) n. “folk, people, tribe”
hosse¹ n. “army, band, troop”
hosse² n. “wall and moat” see ossa
hos(t) (host-) n. “dwelling, hamlet”
hosta- v. “*to gather”
hosta¹ n. “walled tower”
hosta² n. “folk” see hostar¹
hostalka adj. “able to gather”
hostar¹ n. “tribe”
hostar² n. “walled tower” see ostar
hototyosse n. “a cough and a sneeze”
hotyo- v. “to sneeze”
hu pron. “he; 3rd sg. masc. pronoun”
hualqe num. card. “eighteen”
hualqenya num. ord. “eighteenth” see hualtya
hualqetya num. ord. “eighteenth” see hualtya
hualtya num. ord. “eighteenth”
huan (huand-) n. “dog”
hue num. card. “nine”
huekainen num. card. “ninety”
huesto fraction. “one ninth”
huest(y)a adj. “one ninth”
huetto fraction. “one ninth” see huesto
huetya adj. “one ninth” see huest(y)a
hui n. “dark, murk, fog; night, evening”
huiva adj. “murky”
hukaiya num. ord. “nineteenth”
húkea num. card. “nineteen”
hulále n. “babble, chatter, conversation” see holále
hulin adj. “naked”
hulqa adj. “naked”
hum- v. “*to sleep” see fum-
húme num. card. “thousand; †great number”
humetya num. ord. “*thousandth”
hunda adj. “low, lowly”
hunto n. “elephant”
hur- v. “to speed”
hurin adj. “hidden, concealed” see furin
húro n. “storm”
hus- v. “to burn (tr.)”
húta- v. “to whoop”
hútatyosta n. “whooping cough”
(h)úva adj. “*his; 3rd sg. masc. possessive emphatic”
húvarda n. “pack (of dogs, wolves)”
húya num. ord. “ninth”
húyo pron. “he (emphatic); 3rd sg. masc. pronoun”
hwa- pref. “his; 3rd sg. masc. possessive”
hyá adv. “here by us”
hyá- v. “to stand”
hya¹ pron. “this by us”
hya-¹ pref. “*her; 3rd sg. fem. possessive”
hya² prep. “by”
hya-² pref. “*their; 3rd pl. fem. possessive” see sia-
hyal- v. “to ring, resound”
hyalin n. “paper”
hyalme n. “loud ringing noise”
hyalta- v. “to strike, make ring”
hyan- v. “to injure”
hyanda- v. “to mow, cleave”
hyanda¹ n. “blade, share”
hyanda² n. “harm, damage”
hyanta ?
hyapa n. “shoe”
hyar (hyarm-) n. “plough”
hyar- v. “to plough”
hyarma n. “plough” see hyar
hyasse n. “rushing ?hence (?noise)”
hyasta- v. “to rush, rustle”
hyehta- v. “to jerk”
hyekka n. “jerk”
hyelle n. “pebble”
hyukso n. “hiccup”
hyúne adj. “deep blue”
i- pref. “she; 3rd sg. fem. pronoun” see hi
-i suf. “plural suffix”
i article. “the”
ie adv. “ago, †long ago”
-ie suf. “abstract noun”
ielúme adv. “long ago”
-ika suf. “partitive”
ike (iki-) adj. “this”
iki interj. “look! (what I have)”
iksa adj. “reflexive 3rd sg. adj.”
ikso pron. “reflexive 3rd sg.”
ikto pron. “reflexive 3rd sg.” see ikso
-il suf. “*(feminine) patronymic”
il- pref. “un-; negative prefix”
-ilda suf. “augmentative” see -lda
ile n. “honey”
íle n. “star”
ilimba adj. “milky”
ilin (ilim-) n. “milk”
ilk- v. “to seem”
ilka adj. “reflexive 3rd sg. pl. adj.”
ilkala n. “*nighttime, darkness”
ilkarna adj. “unfinished”
ilke n. “appearance”
ilko pron. “reflexive 3rd sg. pl.”
il(l)aika adj. “blunt”
ille (illi-) n. “throng, crowd”
illia adj. “in multitudes”
il(l)oite adj. “withered, dead”
ilma¹ n. “oil”
-ilqa suf.
ilqa adj. “oily”
ilsa n. “(the mystic name of) silver”
ilt n. “a dig or stab”
ilt- v. “to thrust home, come in”
iltanka adj. “unsteady”
ilu n. “ether”
iluin(do) (iluind-) n. “dwelling beyond the stars for the blessed”
ilumar n. “dwelling beyond the stars for the blessed”
iluqinga n. “rainbow”
ilwe n. “sky, heavens”
ilweran(ta) n. “bridge of heaven, rainbow”
-ima suf. “-able, possible”
imbe n. “hive”
imbile n. “swarm, flock”
imbilink n. “sparrow”
imi adv. “in, inside”
iminqa adj. “exactly alike, identical”
in article. “the” see i
#-ina suf. “adjectival suffix”
indo n. “house”
indoite adj. “indoors, at home, homely, domestic”
indolis n. “domicile”
indor n. “master of house”
indositsina adj. “domestic(ated)”
#-ine suf. “noun suffix”
íne adv. “to-day”
-íne(a) suf. “diminutive”
-inen suf. “of, out of; partitive suffix”
ingwe (ingwi-) n. “fish”
ingwil(in) (ingwiling-) n. “eel”
#-inke suf. “*diminutive” see -íne(a)
inqa adj. “same”
inqavíka adj. “exactly alike, identical”
inqile n. “sameness”
int adv. “inwards”
inta- v. “to go (indefinite), fare, proceed”
inwetelumbe n. “mushroom, (lit.) fairy-canopy” see telumbe
inwilitse n. “little fairy”
inya adj. “tiny”
-inya¹ suf. “worthy to be -”
-inya² suf. “diminutive” see -íne(a)
inye- v. “to imitate, make like”
io n. “wine”
-ion suf. “-son”
ion n. “son”
iq- v. “to beg, ‘pray’”
iqis (iqist-) n. “requirement”
iqista n. “a request; if you please, please”
iqista- v. “to ask for, request” see iqisya-
iqisya- v. “to ask for, request”
ir (ird-) n. “interior, centre, inwards, inner parts”
irin n. “town”
irmin n. “the inhabited world”
irt (irty-) n. “a peck, pinprick”
irt- v. “to peck, prick”
irya n.
is (ist-) n. “light snow”
iska adj. “pale white”
iskane n. “pallor”
isqa adj. “wise”
isqale n. “cleverness”
isqalea adj. “clever”
-issa suf. “language”
isse n. “knowledge, lore”
ista- v. “to know”
istaléra adj. “*knowledgeable, wise”
iswa adj. “wise” see isqa
#-ite suf. “adjective ending”
itis (itiss-) n. “a fly bite”
itisin adj. “itching”
itisya- v. “to itch, irritate”
-itsa suf. “diminutive” see -tsa
-itse (-itsi) suf. “diminutive”
itse n. “small fly”
iye adv. “ago” see ie
n. “jaw”
ka ?
ka- pref. “cause”
n. “deed, act, fact”
kabu n. “bunch, tuft” see kart
kai num. card. “ten; (lit.) all fingers”
kaikta- v. “to strangle”
kailen n. “throat, gullet”
kaima n. “couch, bed”
kaima- v. “to lie quiet”
kaimasambe n. “bed-chamber” see kaimasan
kaimasan (kaimasamb-) n. “bed-room, bed-chamber”
kaimassea adj. “confined to bed, a-bed, bedridden”
kaime n. “dwelling, home”
kaina¹ adj. “done, actual, real”
kaina² adj. “whole”
kainella n. “fortnight” see kainendan
kainen num. card. “ten”
kainendan n. “fortnight”
kaino n. “whole”
kainu- v. “to wed” see ‽(a)kainu-
kaita- v. “to place, lie down”
kaitoile n. “rest”
kaivo n. “corpse”
kaiya num. ord. “tenth”
kaka- v. “to laugh”
kakil n. “chuckle” see katl
kal- v. “to shine” see kala-
kala- v. “to shine”
kala¹ n. “light, daytime (sunlight), 12 hours”
#kala² n. “morning” see kále
kalaine n. “serenity, serene”
kalain(e)a adj. “serene”
kalar n. “lettuce”
kalas (kalass-) n. “brass”
kalaska adj. “brazen” see kalassina
kalasse n. “brilliance, clarity”
kalassina adj. “brazen”
kále n. “morning”
kalenda adj. “of the day, opposite to night; daily”
kalende n. “festival, a special day”
kalimbarie adj. “barbarity”
kalimbo n. “a savage, uncivilized man, barbarian; monster, giant, troll, goblin”
kalka n. “sickle”
kalke (kalki-) adj. “brilliant”
kalla n. “helmet”
kalle n. “fair weather, clear sky, blue sky”
kalleva adj. “fair (weather or complexion)”
kallevoite adj. “fair (weather or complexion)” see kalleva
kallo adv. and prep. “off, from off, from on top of, from on”
kal(l)u- v. “to illuminate, to light up”
kalma n. “(day)light; candle”
kalmar (kalmarn-) n. “child of light”
kalon (kalong-) n. “(large) bell”
kalonga n. “large bell” see kalon
kalongalan(d) n. “ringing or jangling of (large) bells”
kalongale n. “ringing or jangling of (large) bells” see kalongalan(d)
kalonya- v. “to ring, peal”
kalpa n. “bucket, vessel”
kalta- v. “to kindle, set light to”
kalume n. “an (artificial) light”
kalumet (kalumett-) n. “lamp”
kalwa adj. “fair, beautiful”
kama- v. “to lie down; (c. loc.) to endure, suffer”
káma n. “guilt, responsibility”
kamanta- v. “to make eat, give to eat”
kamáta- v. “to make eat, give to eat” see kamanta-
kamba n. “bed”
kambo n. “cellar, cave, vault”
kamillo n. “large poppy”
kamilot n. “red clover”
kamo n. “ram”
kampilosse n. “wild-rose”
kampin n. “hips, (wild-rose) berries”
kampo (*kampu-) n. “flea”
kamu- v. “to lay down, bend down, reduce”
kan adv. “four times”
kana adj. “young”
kanda- v. “to blaze”
kandóra n. “bright dawn, red sky in morning”
#kanga- v. “to weave, spin”
kangale n. “web”
kangaris (kangarist-) n. “spider”
kangawinda n. “cobweb”
kankaiya num. ord. “fourteenth”
kankale n. “laughter”
kankale-malina n. “daffodil, *(lit.) yellow laughter”
kankea num. card. “fourteen”
kankeanya num. ord. “fourteenth” see kankaiya
kanta num. card. “four”
kan(ta)kainen num. card. “fourty”
kantala- v. “?to harp”
kantallume adv. “*four times”
kantasto fraction. “quarter, one fourth”
kantast(y)a adj. “quarter, one fourth”
kante n. “edge”
kantele n. “harping; repetition”
kantl n. “(large) harp”
kantóra num. card. “*four million”
kantóre num. card. “quadrillion”
kanu n. “lead”
kanuina adj. “of lead”
kanuva adj. “leaden”
kanwa¹ adj. “lurid”
kanwa² adj. “dark red”
kanya num. ord. “fourth”
kap- v. “to jump, leap”
#kapa- v. “to jump, leap” see kap-
kapalima adj. “bounding, leaping”
kapalinda n. “spring of water”
kapanda n. “jump”
kapta-¹ v. “to startle”
kapta-² v. “to leap”
kar (kas-) n. “head”
kara- v. “to do, make”
karape n. “cloak, outer garment”
karda- v. “to admire, have affection or respect for”
karina adj. “finished”
karka n. “fang, tooth, tusk”
karka- v. “to snarl”
karkanel n. “fang”
karkapolka n. “boar, *(lit.) tusk-pig”
karkara adj. “toothed”
karkaras (karkarass-) n. “row of spikes or teeth” see karkasse
karkasarma adj. “large saw”
karkasse n. “row of spikes or teeth”
karko (karku-) n. “alimentary canel”
karma n. “shape, fashion; act, deed”
karmalin(da) n. “russet, orange-red”
karne (karni-) adj. “red”
karneambar n. “robin, (lit.) red-breast”
karneambara adj. “*red-breasted”
karo n. “deed, act, action”
karon n. “crow”
karp- v. “to pluck”
karpale n. “a plucking, tucking, wrenching; deceiving, tricking”
karpalima adj. “tricky, clever, willy”
karpan n. “hank (of wool etc.)”
karpi- v. “to pluck” see karp-
kart n. “bunch, tuft”
karwalin n. “russet” see karmalin(da)
kas (kast-) n. “head, top, summit”
kasien (kasiend-) n. “helmet”
kasientule adj. “with helm on”
kasondo- v. “to make sit, set” see kasóro-
kasóro- v. “to make sit, set”
kasqar(in) adj. “with helm on”
kasse prep. “above”
kasta n. “cause, motive, ultimate reason”
kastea adj. “of the head; head-, capital, chief”
kate (kati-) n. “gleam, ray”
katinka n. “candle”
katl n. “chuckle”
kauka adj. “crooked, bent, bowed, humped”
kauko (kauku-) n. “humpback”
kaune n. “grave”
kaure n. “timidity, fear”
kaurea adj. “timid”
kaurenoina adj. “timid” see kaurea
kauta- v. “to bend”
kav- v. “to dig” see kava-
kava- v. “to dig”
kawa- v. “to bow, make obeisance”
kay- v. “to lie” see kaya-
kaya- v. “to lie”
ke¹ pron. “you; 2nd sg. pronoun”
ke² pron. “that by you” see tye¹
kea adj. “ten”
keakai(li) num. card. “hundred (when not multiplied)” see kekainen
keallume adv. “*ten times”
keanya num. ord. “tenth”
keatto fraction. “one tenth” see kesto
kea tuksa num. card. “one hundred ten”
keatya¹ num. ord. “tenth” see keanya
keatya² adj. “one tenth” see kestya
kekainen num. card. “hundred (when not multiplied)”
keket (kekekt-) n. “pheasant”
kekta n. “jet, spring”
kekteket (kektekett-) n. “clucking”
kektele n. “fountain”
kektelu- v. “to bubble up”
keleta n. “trickle”
kellume adv. “*ten times” see keallume
kelta- v. “to draw water”
kelu- v. “to flow”
kelu(me) n. “stream; fountain, spring”
kelusindi n. “river near its source”
kemen n. “soil, earth”
kemi n. “earth, soil, land”
ken n. “*earth, soil” see kemi
ken- v. “to prick”
kenqa adj. “sharp (of points)” see kenyeva
kent n. “a sharp point”
kenyeva adj. “sharp (of points)”
kere n. “earthenware; earthen jar”
kere- v. “to turn”
kereksa adj. “of earthenware”
keres (kerest-) n. “earthenware”
kereska adj. “of earthenware” see kereksa
keresto n. “potter”
kesto fraction. “one tenth”
kestya adj. “one tenth”
kéto pron. “you (emphatic); 2nd sg. pronoun”
ketya adj. “*your; 2nd sg. possessive emphatic”
ki particle. “may; particle of uncertainty”
kie n. “path” see tie
kíla n. “edge, rim”
kilapi n. “robin”
kilapitya- v. “to chirp”
kili- v. “to see, heed”
kilin n. “bell”
kilinke v. “small bell”
kilinkele n. “jingling of (small) bells”
kilintl v. “small bell” see kilinke
kilintya- v. “to ring, tinkle”
kilk- v. “to gather, reap”
kilme n. “lip”
kilt n. “tuck”
#kilti- v. “to jerk, tuck”
kim- v. “to heed”
kinda n. “splinter”
kinka- v. “to hang (intr)”
kinkata- v. “hang (tr)”
kiri- v. “to cleave; *to sail”
kiris (kirist-) n. “cleft, crack”
kirkis n. “cleft, crack” see kiris
kirme n. “cleft, gully”
kirya n. “ship, boat”
kiryassea adj. “what is on board ship”
kisin adj. “cleft”
kitya- v. “to tickle”
kityale n. “tickling”
kityalea adj. “ticklish, susceptible, sensitive”
kityasta n. “tickling” see kityale
?kiw- v.
-ko suf. “reflexive suffix”
koi n. “life” see koire
koile n. “life” see koire
koina adj. “living, alive”
koire n. “life”
koirea adj. “alive, lively”
koiresta- v. “to spend one’s life”
koisimatl n. “animal food”
koisimatwa adj. “carnivorous”
koisiva adj. “animal, bodily”
koite (koisi-) n. “living thing, being, animal”
koito n. “*life” see koire
koiva adj. “awake; lively, living”
koivie n. “awakening; liveliness”
kóle n. “passivity, endurance, patience; a passive individual”
kólema n. “patience, endurance; hardship”
kólemaina adj. “patient”
kólemaine n. “patience”
kóleta- v. “to endure, last”
kóleva adj. “passive”
koli- v. “to prick”
kolimen n. “prick”
kolka n. “box”
kolman n. “peak, summit”
kolme n. “point, tip”
kolmekta adj. “pointed”
kolosilde n. “long thin point”
kolosta n. “cucumber”
koluke n. “a strainer”
kolwa adj. “narrow, thin”
kóma n. “a ball”
kómea adj. “globe-shaped, round”
kondasse n. “dragon’s lair”
kondo n. “dragon”
kondor n. “warrior”
kondorie n. “martial ardour”
konta- v. “to roll up, roll, pack”
kópa n. “harbour, haven, bay”
kópas n. “haven” see kópa
kor (kos-) n. “war”
korda n. “temple”
kordon n. “idol”
korima adj. “round”
korin n. “circular enclosure, great circular hedge”
korma n. “cake, lump”
kormasta n. “loaf” see mastakorne
korne n. “loaf”
kos (kost-) n. “quarrel, dispute, the matter disputed, legal action”
kosar (kosard-) n. “soldier”
kosima adj. “debatable”
kosta- v. “to debate, dispute”
kote (kotsi-) n. “nut”
kotsia adj. “nutty”
kotsivoite adj. “nut-bearing, nutty”
kottule n. “hazel”
kotulwe n. “hazel” see kottule
-kto suf. “reflexive”
n. “crescent moon”
ku pron. “dual 1(b)”
kulmarin (kulmarind-) n. “orange”
kulmarinda adj. “orange-coloured”
kulp- v. “to contain”
kulu n. “gold”
kuluin (kuluind-) n. “goldfish”
kuluina adj. “golden”
kuluksa adj. “golden” see kuluvoite
kululta adj. “of gold”
kulurin n. “piece of gold; orange”
kulurinda adj. “orange-coloured”
kulusta n. “gold coin”
kuluva adj. “of gold”
kuluvoite (kuluvoisi-) adj. “golden”
#kum- v. “to pile up”
kumba adj. “burdened, laden”
kumbe n. “pile, heap; load, burden” see kúme
kúme n. “pile, heap; load, burden”
kumpo n. “pile”
kúne n. “crescent, bow, arch”
kunta adj. “full”
kuo n. “a pain”
kupta- v. “to hump up, look lumpy”
kuptulo n. “camel”
kurdu n. “sin, wickedness, evil”
kuru n. “magic, wizardry”
kuruni n. “witch”
kuruvar (kuruvard-) n. “wizard”
kut (kupt-) n. “lump, ball”
-l¹ suf. “dative suffix”
-l² suf. “plural [verb]”
la prep. “before; than”
lá¹ n. “moor, heath, open space”
lá² n. “day”
lahta- v. “‽”
laika¹ adj. “keen, sharp”
laika² adj. “green” see laiqa
laikelastea adj. “sharpsighted” see lastalaike
lailekse n. “willow”
laiqa adj. “green”
laiqasse n. “greenness”
laira- v. “to wear out, break up”
laire n. “meadow”
laisi n. “youth, vigor, new life”
laisifalle n. “[unglossed]”
laito n. “youth, vigor, new life” see laisi
laivar n. “ocean”
laiwa adj.
lak (laq-) n. “snare”
lala- v. “to chatter, babble”
lalar (lalard-) n. “babble”
lalla- v. “to chatter, babble” see lala-
lalle (lalli-) n. “pebble”
lalta- v. “to smooth out; stroke”
lalta n. “dance” see lilt
lama n. “animal, beast; head of cattle or sheep”
lamandar n. “herdsman, shepherd”
lamanwa adj. “animal-like, beastly, stupid” see laminya
lámáre n. “flock”
lámarin n. “flock” see lámáre
lambe n. “tongue”
laminya adj. “animal-like, beastly, stupid”
lampa- v. “to beat, hit”
landa adj. “wide, broad”
lango n. “neck, throat”
lanq- v. “to get by lot or luck, find”
lanqa n. “piece of fortune, lot, luck, happen, hap”
lant- v. “to fall, drop”
lanta n. and adj. “fall, falling; fallen, falling”
lanta- v. “to fall” see lant-
lantanwa adj. “[unglossed]”
lapa- v. “to wrap, swathe, wind”
lapatl n. “leveret”
lapatte (lapatsi-) n. “rabbit”
lapil n. “swathe, flowing cloth”
lappa n. “loose-end, end of rope, hem of robe”
lapta- v. “?to relax, loosen”
lapumba n. “drum”
laqa- v. “to catch, seize, snare”
lar n. “region, place”
larma n. “area, space, room”
larmavoite adj. “roomy, spacious”
larmea adj. “roomy, spacious” see larmavoite
laru n. “fat, grease”
laruke adj. “fat, rich”
larúva adj. “greasy”
las (laks-) n. “[unglossed]”
lasse n. “leaf; petal”
lassea adj. “with leaves, leafy”
lasselanta n. “the Fall, Autumn”
lasta n. “sight”
lastalaike adj. “sharpsighted”
lat (latt-) n. “flap, small hinged door, lid”
láta- v. “to spread, extend, lie (of country)”
lata- v. “to be able to (used of opportunity, permission)”
latsina adj. “level, smooth”
latta n. “year”
lattin n. “window”
lattulis n. “window” see lattin
latúken n. “tin”
latukenda adj. “of tin”
latwa adj. “smooth, glossy”
lauke (lauki-) n. “vegetable, plant (species)”
laukien (laukiend-) n. “vegetable or kitchen garden”
laule n. “life, mode of life”
laulema adj. “inhabiting”
laulemo n. “inhabitant”
laulemuine n. “people of the neighborhood, population”
laulesta n. “livelihood”
laulesta- v. “to lead a life, gain a living” see lausta-¹
laume¹ n. “storm, overcast sky”
laume² n. “life” see laule
laumea adj. “dark, stormy”
laupe n. “tunic, shirt”
laure (lauri-) n. “(mystic name of) gold”
laurea adj. “golden”
laurina adj. “golden”
lausimatl n. “vegetable food”
lausimatwa adj. “vegetarian”
lausiva adj. “living (of plants)”
lausta-¹ v. “to lead a life, gain a living”
lausta-² v. “to roar, rush [making a rushing sound]”
lauste n. “life, mode of life” see laule
lausto adv. “*noisily”
laute (lausi-) n. “living thing, (esp.) vegetable”
lava- v. “to lick”
lávear (láveard-) n. “glutton”
-lda suf. “augmentative”
#-le suf. “abstract noun”
n. “a sward, glade”
le¹ pron. “you (plural)”
le² prep. “with (accompaniment)”
lea- pref. “*your; 2nd pl. possessive”
lea adj. “smooth, slippery”
lehe-¹ v. “to come, be sent, approach”
lehe-² v. “to ride” see lehta-
lehesta n. “ride, riding, raid”
lehta- v. “to ride, move (tr.)”
lehtasta n. “ride” see lehesta
lekte- v. “to join together, dovetail, fit in, splice”
lelko pron. “you (emphatic); 2nd pl. pronoun”
lelya adj. “*our; 2nd pl. possessive emphatic”
lemillume adv. “*five times”
lemin num. card. “five; (lit.) half the fingers”
lemindea adj. “quintuple”
lemindóra num. card. “*five million”
lemindóre num. card. “*quintillion”
leminkainen num. card. “fifty; twenty three”
leminkaiya num. ord. “fifteenth”
leminkea num. card. “fifteen” see lenkea
leminto fraction. “one fifth”
lemintya adj. “one fifth”
leminya num. ord. “fifth”
lempe num. card. “five” see lemin
lempe¹ num. card. “ten”
lempe² n. “crook, hook”
lempe³ fraction. “one half”
lempea¹ adj. “decimal”
lempea² adj. “half”
lempesea adj. “tenfold”
lemya adj. “half” see lenya
-léni suf. “long”
lenk (lenq-) n. “limb”
lenka adj. “slow, dull, stiff; left hand”
lenkea num. card. “fifteen”
lenqelénu n. “(daddy) long-legs”
-lénu suf. “long” see -léni
lenu- v. “to stretch”
lenuva adj. “tight, narrow”
lenwa adj. “long and thin, straight, narrow”
lenya adj. “half”
lep- v. “to take”
lepsa n. “liver”
lepsile n. “tendril”
lepta¹ adj. “hooked (as a tendril)”
lepta² n. “finger”
leqet (leqett-) n. “joint”
lerendi n. “brotherhood, association, college”
lese- v. “to come together, gather (intr.)”
lesta n. “gathering, assembly”
lesta- v. “collect (tr.)”
let (lept-) n. “finger”
letinwesse n. “constellation”
leuke (leuki-) adj. “sick, ill; pallid, wan”
leume n. “sickness”
lev- v. “to move (intr.)”
-li suf. “many, multiplicative suffix”
lia n. “twine”
lia- v. “to entwine”
liantasse n. “vine”
liante n. “tendril, vine”
lia(r) adj. “many”
lie n. “people, folk”
lielesta n. “folk moot”
liende n. “the folk, people”
likin (likinn-) n. “horn, curled horn”
likinda- v. “to blow a trumpet”
likinda n. “trumpet”
likinde n. “blowing of horns” see likinne
likinne n. “blowing of horns”
lilda adj. see olda¹
lildo(s) adj. see oldo(s)
lilt- v. “to dance”
lilt n. “dance”
liltie n. “dancing, dance”
lilyen ?
lim- v. “to bind”
limba adj. “many”
limbe n. “a number”
limbelu adv. “*long”
límen n. “thong, band”
limil n. “a chain”
limna n. “sheaf”
limpalasse n. “much roaring”
limpalassea adj. “much roaring”
limpa(pa)lasse(a) adj. “much roaring” see limpalassea
limpe n. “drink of the fairies, fairy-drink, elfwine”
limpelis n. “*fairy-drink” see limpe
li(n)- pref. “many”
-lin suf. see -rin
lin¹ (lind-) n. “melody, air, tune, musical voice”
lin² (ling-) n. “snake”
linda¹ adj. “gentle, kind; soft”
#linda² adj. “singing”
linde n. see lin¹
lindea adj. “singing, *musical”
lindele n. “music, song”
lindelea adj. “melodious”
lindelin n. “melody, tune”
lindelokte n. “labernum, (lit.) singing cluster”
#lindo n. “singer”
lindórea adj. “singing at dawn (esp. of birds)”
líne n. “thread, cotton”
líneneldora adj. “having many beeches”
linga- v. “to hum like the string of a harp”
lingo n. “snake” see lingwe
lingwe n. “snake, worm”
lingwilla n. “coil, spire”
lingwin n. “serpent, dragon”
linqarassea adj.
linqe n. and adj. “water, stream; flowing, wet”
linqea adj. “watery”
lint (linty-) n. “fluff, down, soft stuff”
linta- v. “to soothe”
-(l)inta suf. “diminutive” see -(w)inte
lintasarindea adj. “having many willows”
linta(ta)sarind(e)a adj. “having many willows” see lintasarindea
-linte suf. “diminutive” see -(w)inte
lintitinwe adj. “having many stars, many-starred”
lintuilinda adj. “many swallows of autumn”
lintuilindórea adj. “of autumn; when many swallows congregate and sing at dawn”
lintu(tu)lussea adj. “having many poplars” see lintyulussea
lintutyulussea adj. “having many poplars” see lintyulussea
lintyulussea adj. “having many poplars”
linya- v. “to run or flow smoothly”
lipil n. “a tiny (fay-)glass”
lipsa n. “*liver” see lepsa
lipte n. “tiny drop” see litl
lipte- v. “to drip”
liqilitl n. “icicle, *(lit.) clear drop”
liqilla n. “(clear) pool”
liqilta adj. “pellucid”
liqin(a) adj. “wet”
liqis (liqist-) n. “clarity, transparence, limpidity”
liqistea adj. “transparent”
liri- v. “to sing”
lirilla n. “lay, song”
lirit(ta) n. “poem, lay, written poem”
#-lis n. “noun suffix”
lis¹ (list-) n. “grace, blessing”
lis² (lisi-) n. “butter”
lise (lihy-) n. “grease”
líse adj. “sweet”
lísele n. “sweetness”
lisiva adj. “greasy”
liske n. “sedge, reeds”
listea adj. “full of grace, blessed”
listevoite adj. “full of grace, blessed”
listya- v. “to bless”
lititinwe adj. “many-starred” see lintitinwe
litl n. “tiny drop”
-litse (*-litsi) suf. “diminutive” see -itse
#-lla suf. “diminutive”
#-lle suf. “diminutive” see #-lla
-llo suf. “from, out of; ablative suffix”
-llume suf. “-times”
loa n. “life”
loima adj. “parched, dry”
loime n. “thirst”
loimea adj. “thirsty”
loire (loiri-) adj. “thirsty”
loista- v. “to refresh”
loita- v. “to refresh” see loista-
loite (loisi-) adj. “fresh”
lóke (lóki-) n. “snake, drake”
lokse (loksi-) n. “bunch, cluster” see lokte
lokta- v. “to sprout, bud, put forth leaves or flowers”
lokte (loksi-) n. “blossom, (flower) cluster, bunch”
lom- v. “to hide, lurk”
lomba adj. “secret”
lóme (lómi-) n. “dusk, gloom, darkness; shadow, cloud”
#lómea adj. “*gloomy”
lómin n. “shade, shadow”
lómina adj. “shadowy”
londa n. “heart” see hon²
londa- v. “to boom, bang”
lon(de) (lond-) n. “loud noise”
lópa n. “horse, mare”
lopeta- v. “to amble, lop”
lopo- v. “to gallop, run (of animals)”
lopo n. see lópa
lopsi n. “mare”
loqo- v. “to run (of human beings)”
lor- v. “to slumber”
lorda adj. “slumbrous, drowsy”
losille n. “rose” see losse
#lossa adj. “white”
losse n. “rose; (white) flower”
lossiattea ?
lotarwa n. “garden”
lóte n. “flower, bloom, blossom”
lótea adj. “full of blossom”
lotella n. “floret”
lóteqilna adj. “broidered with flowers”
lóto- v. “to bloom”
lotóre n. “blooming, flowering, best time, flower”
lotōrea adj. “flourishing”
loyo- v. “be thirsty (impers.)”
n. “24 hours, day”
lu pron. “dual 2”
luhtu n. “magic, spell”
luin adv. “ago”
luina adj. “ago”
luk- v. “to pull”
lúke n. “slime”
lúkima adj. “slimy”
-lukse suf. “-times”
luksima adj. “fleeting, fading, temporary”
lukso (luksu-) n. “mud”
luksor n. “swamp, bog”
lukta n. “period”
lukta- v. “to have time pass” see lúta-
lúle n. “blue stone, sapphire”
lúlea adj. “sapphirine”
lumbo n. “dark lowering cloud”
lúme (lúmi-) n. “time”
lúmen n. “year, period”
lúmia adj. “pertaining to time, temporal”
lunde n. “(lunar) month; (lit.) period”
lúne (lúni-) adj. “blue, deep blue”
lúnelinqe adj. “flowing; *blue-water”
lunga adj. “heavy” see lungo
lunga(na)- v. “to sag, bend (down), hang heavy, lean”
lungo adj. “heavy”
lungwe ? “[unglossed]”
lunte (lunti-) n. “ship, boat”
lur- v. “?to be dark”
lúre n. “dark weather, bad weather”
lúrea adj. “dark, overcast”
lúsina adj. “warm, glowing (of things); affectionate, hearty (of people)”
lusta n. “warm bath”
lusta- v. “to bathe in warm water”
lut- v. “to flow, sail” see lutu-
lúta- v. “to have time pass”
lutl n. “gum, paste, sticky matter”
lúto n. “flood”
lutta- v. “to flow, float” see lutu-
lutto- v. “to swill, wash”
lutu- v. “to flow, float, sail”
lúvina adj. “dark, overcast”
luvu- v. “to lower, hang, brood”
-ma suf. “a; some, certain”
n. “hand”
ma- pref. “together, in one”
ma¹ prep. “*by”
ma² adv.
mahtar n. “soldier”
mahte n. “hold, grip, power, possession” see makte²
mai¹ adv. “too much”
mai² adv. “if; do?”
maika adj. “cruel”
#maili adj. “handed”
mailina adj. “beautiful”
maira adj. “excessive, strong”
mairo n. “*horse” see mairu
mairu n. “(horse) mane, flowing hair; charger”
maisilanda n. “sycamore”
maisinto fraction. “one thousandth”
maisintya adj. “one thousandth”
maisinya num. ord. “thousandth”
maisitto fraction. “one thousandth” see maisinto
maisitya adj. “one thousandth” see maisintya
maita adj. “maimed”
#maite adj. “handed” see #maili
maite¹ (maisi-) num. card. “thousand”
maite² n. “maple”
maivoine n. “great longing”
maivoita- v. “to long exceedingly after”
mak- v. “to slay” see maka-
máka adj. “each, every”
maka- v. “to slay; to die”
makil n. “sword, broadsword”
makillar (makillard-) n. “swordsman”
makka n. “slaughter”
maksa- v. “to cook”
maksar n. “cook”
makse n. “net”
maksella n. “mesh”
makseta- v. “to enmesh”
maksilis (maksilist-) n. “lordship”
maksilistea adj. “powerful, having possession of or authority over”
maksima adj. “powerful, having possession of or authority over”
makta- v. “to slay, slaughter”
makte¹ (maksi-) n. “hand”
makte² (maksi-) n. “hold, grip, power, possession”
maktya- v. “to kill”
mal adv. “better, best”
mal- v. “to crush, squeeze”
mala-¹ v. “to hurt, pain”
mala-² v. “to be able to (used of capacity, ability)”
malaqa adj. “soft, yielding, tender (of meat, substances, etc.)”
malasta adj. “tender”
mald- v. “to pound, crush”
malda¹ adj. “better, best”
malda² adj. “tender” see (a)malda
maldor n. “agony”
mále n. “ability”
málea adj. “able”
malenka adj. “left handed”
malikon (malikond-) n. “amber”
malikondea adj. “of amber”
malina adj. “yellow”
malin(d) adj. “yellow” see malina
malka adj. “giving pain, hurtful”
malkane n. “torture”
malkasta n. “lordship, province”
malke (malki-) adj. “rich”
malko (malku-) n. “lord, sir”
malkor n. “castle”
malkuvoite adj. “lordly, noble”
malle n. “street, road”
malo¹ n. “moth”
malo² n. “rust”
málos n. “forest”
malt n. “sword, broadsword” see makil
malu- v. “to devour”
malwa adj. “pale, yellowish”
(m)ambe n. “mother”
man pron. “who”
mána adj. “dead”
manda- v. “to dwell, remain”
mande adv. “well”
mandor n. “hell” see mandu
mandu n. “hell; abyss”
mane (mani-) adj. “good (moral)”
máne n. “spirit of the air”
mange¹ (mangi-) n. “grease”
mange² n. “lack, want, shortage”
manimo n. “holy soul”
manka adj. “few”
manta adj. “eaten”
mantele n. “gauntlet”
mantl n. “glove”
manwa adj. “ready”
manwa- v. “to prepare”
manya¹ n. “butter”
manya² adj. “good (not evil)”
map- v. “to seize, take” see mapa-
mapa- v. “to seize, take; to ravish, seize and carry off forcibly”
mapalin n. “plane, sycamore”
mapta- v. “to ravish, seize and carry off forcibly” see amapta-
mapta n. “ravishment, seizure, (usually =) rape”
maptale n. “seizure; robbery by violence; rape, ravishment, forcible seizure and carrying off”
maptale-lehesta n. “(robbing) raid”
maptalesse n. “rapine”
maqa adj. “handy, skilled (with hands)”
maqale n. “legerdemain, sleight”
maqalea adj. “handy, skilled (with hands)”
maqar n. “jaw”
maqile n. “legerdemain, sleight” see maqale
mar- v. “to get ripe, come to ripeness, get ready, grow up, get mellow”
mar¹ (mas-) n. “house, home, dwelling (of men); -land, the Earth”
mar⁴ (mard-) n. “grit, course grain or powder”
mara-¹ v. “to dwell, live”
mára¹ adj. “mighty, power[ful], doughty; good, excellent, useful (of things)”
mára² n. “*world” see marda
mara-² v. “to tarry, linger” see masta-
marda n. “world”
mard(a)- v. “to grind, pulverize”
mardo n. “dweller”
marikta n. “wrist”
marilla n. “pearl”
marin n. “(ripe) fruit, apple”
marin(a) adj. “ripe, mature”
marinde n. “fruit tree” see marinne
marinne n. “fruit tree”
mark n. “ripe juice, sap, ooze, moisture”
marma n. “sand”
marmale n. “beach”
marqa adj. “oozy, juicy, moist”
mart n. “a piece of luck”
mart- v. “to happen (impers.)”
marta- v. “to chance”
marto n. “fortune, fate, lot, luck”
maru n. “pulp”
-mas suf. “-ton, -by”
mas- v. “to bake, cook”
maska adj. “dusky, misty”
maske n. “dusk”
masta n. “bread”
masta- v. “to tarry, linger”
mastakorne n. “loaf”
masto n. “village”
maswa adj. “soft, cooked, ripe”
mat (matt-) n. “meal, meal time”
mat- v. “to eat” see mata-
mata- v. “to eat”
matl n. “food”
matsa adj. “good to eat, nice”
#matsile n. “bear”
matsima adj. “edible”
matso n. “food”
matu n. “the mouth (inside)”
#matwa adj. “*eating”
maule n. “crying, weeping”
mauya- v. “to cry”
mavar(do) n. “shepherd”
mavoisi n. “chestnut”
mavoite (mavoisi-) adj. “having hands”
máwar n. “*shepherd” see mavar(do)
máwe (máwi-) n. “gull, seamew”
máye adv. “too much” see mai¹
#mbastā n.
#-me suf. “abstract noun”
me¹ pron. “we; 1st pl. exclusive pronoun”
me² prep. “?with, in(to), on”
mea- pref. “*our; 1st pl. exclusive possessive”
mear (mearn-) n. “gore, blood”
mekilwa adj. “central”
mekta adj. “centre”
mektar n. see ektar¹
mekte- v. “to aim at”
mekte n. “heart; center”
mel- v. “to love”
meles(se) (meless-) n. “love”
melin (melind-) adj. “dear, beloved”
melitsa adj. “beloved, favourite”
melitse n. “darling, sweetheart”
mella n. “girl”
melmo pron. “we (emphatic); 1st pl. exclusive pronoun”
melna adj. “dear” see melin
melpo n. “gooseberry”
melwa adj. “lovely, fair”
mem n. “nose, beak”
men prep. “?with, in(to), on” see me²
mente n. “peak, tip”
menya adj. “*our; 1st pl. exclusive possessive emphatic”
meoi n. “cat”
meqa adj. “middle”
meril n. “flowers”
mesta n. “bye”
met (mekt-) n. “mark, aim, object”
metl (mekil-) n. “centre”
mi(e)- pref. “diminutive” see mike-
mie¹ n. “mist, drizzle”
mie² n. “bit, small piece”
mike- pref. “diminutive”
mike adv. “little, a (little) bit; diminutive”
miki- pref. “diminutive” see mike-
mild(i)- v. “to pound” see mald-
mildi coll. “pease”
mile (mili-) n. “seed”
milin n. “grain of seed”
milk(i)- v. “to possess, have, keep”
milkin n. “wealth”
millo n. “oil”
milnar(wa) n. “sown field”
milt n. “semen”
mimbe n. “flesh”
mimbematwa adj. “carnivorous”
min- v. “[unglossed]”
min¹ (mind-) n. “bit, piece”
min² num. card. “one (in a series); the first”
minda- v. “to diminish, fade, lessen, vanish”
mindl n. “piece of flesh”
mindon n. “turret, tower”
mindóra num. card. “million”
mindóranya num. ord. “millionth” see mindorinya
mindóratya num. ord. “millionth” see mindorinya
mindóre num. card. “million”
mindórinto fraction. “one millionth”
mindórintya adj. “one millionth”
mindorinya num. ord. “millionth”
mindoritto fraction. “one millionth” see mindórinto
minga adj. “waning”
mingwe n. “butter”
minqe num. card. “eleven”
minqekainen num. card. “one hundred ten”
minqelume adv. “*eleven times”
minqenya num. ord. “eleventh”
minqesto fraction. “one eleventh”
minqest(y)a fraction. “one eleventh”
minqetto fraction. “one eleventh” see minqesto
minqetya¹ num. ord. “eleventh” see minqenya
minqetya² fraction. “one eleventh” see minqest(y)a
minti n. “memory, remembrance, mindfulness”
minty- v. “to remind; (impers.) it reminds me = I remember”
mintya adj. “reminding, ‘memoryful’”
minu- v. “to make less, decrease, spoil, alter for worse”
minwa adj. “small”
minya¹ adj. “fine, slender”
minya² num. ord. “first”
minyallume adv. “firstly”
minya yukainen num. card. “twenty one”
minya yukainen(ya) num. ord. “twenty first”
min yukainen num. card. “twenty one” see minya yukainen
min-yukainen(ya) num. ord. “twenty first” see minya yukainen(ya)
miq- v. “to kiss”
miqe n. “kiss”
miqele n. “kissing”
miqilis n. “gentle or soft kisses” see miqilitse
miqilitse n. “little or tender kiss”
mir num. card. “one”
mirde n. “mist”
mire n. “smile”
mírea adj. “smiling”
miri- v. “to smile”
#mírien n. “mirth”
mirilla n. “faint smile”
mirin n. “smile” see mire
mirk n. “grin” see mirt
mirmila adj. “rippling”
mirmile n. “ripple of laughter”
mirt (mirty-) n. “grin”
mirtya- v. “to grin”
miru n. “wine”
mirukarne (mirukarni-) adj. “wine-red”
mirúva adj. “like wine, winy”
miruvor n. “drink of gods” see miruvóre
miruvóre (miruvóri-) n. “nectar, drink of the Valar, sweet drink”
mis (mist-) n. “urine”
mitta- v. “to enter”
mitta¹ prep. and adv. “in, into, inwards”
mitta² n. “piece, bit (of indeterminate size)”
mitya adj. “little (in quantity)”
#-mo suf. “agental suffix”
moa n. “sheep”
moalin n. “sheepfold”
moar(do) (moard-) n. “shepherd”
moika adj. “soft, gentle”
moile n. “tarn”
moina adj. “safe, secure”
mok- v. “to hate”
móle n. “root”
mordo n. “warrior, hero”
móre (móri-) n. and adj. “night, darkness; black, dark”
móri n. “night” see móre
mórilanta n. “nightfall”
morinda adj. “of the night, nightly”
móriva adj. “nocturnal”
morna adj. “black”
móro n. “ink”
morqa adj. “black” see morna
morqilea adj. “of the hue of night”
moru- v. “to hide, conceal, lurk”
morwa adj. “unclear, secret”
mu pron. “dual 1(a)”
mui n. “cow”
múko n. “dung, stercus [Latin], *manure, muck”
mukta- v. “cacare [Latin], *to empty bowels”
mul (muld-) n. “fine powder”
mulda adj. “powdery”
mulina adj. “powdery” see mulda
mulma n. “fine flour”
mulmar n. “miller”
mulmin n. “mill”
mul(u)- v. “to grind”
múna prep. “?without”
munqa adj. “filthy” see muqa
munta n. “nothing”
muqa adj. “filthy”
mure (mury-) n. “heat, close weather”
murme n. “slumber, sleep”
murmea adj. “slumbrous”
muru- v. “to slumber, sleep”
murya adj. “close, muggy”
mut (mukt-) n. “dirt, filth”
-n¹ suf. “genitive suffix”
-n² (-nd-) suf. “active participle”
na prep. “for”
interj. “so, yes (it is)”
ná- v. “to be, exist”
nahta- v. “to slay cruelly”
nahúa n. “giant” see nauva
nai particle. “remoter possibility, might”
naika¹ n. “dagger”
naika² adj. “stricken ill, sick”
naike¹ (naiki-) n. “pain”
naike² adv. “would [that]”
naikele n. “anguish”
naikelea adj. “agonizing”
naiko adv. “*sickly”
naiqa adj. “painful”
naiqe ?
naira adj. “dire, grievous”
naista- v. “to oppress, cause great grief to”
naitya- v. “to damage, hurt; to put to shame, abuse”
nak (naq-) n. “anything stolen, a theft, a trick”
naka- v. “to bite”
naksa adj. “sour”
nal (nald-) n. “dale, dell”
nala- v. “to sing or ring”
nalba adj. “lowly, valley (aj.), dale (aj.)” see nalda
nalda adj. “lowly, valley (aj.), dale (aj.)”
nalie n. “playing of tunes, ringing of bells”
nalle n. “dell”
nan (nand-) n. “woodland, *land”
nandin n. “dryad”
nang- v. “I have a cold”
nanqete n. “speaking down the nose”
#nanwa adj. “being”
napsa n. “suspicion” see naus
naqa- v. “to steal”
naqar n. “thief”
nar (nard-) n. “an odour, fragrance”
nara n. “strife”
nara- v. “to snap, quarrel”
narda- v. “to smell sweetly”
nardile n. “fragrance”
nardilea adj. “perfumed”
nark n. “spiteful remark, snap of a dog”
narka¹ adj. “snappy, ill-tempered”
#narka² adj. “dead”
narqa adj. “faded, shrivelled”
narqa- v. “to wither”
narqele n. “fading, withering”
Narqelion (Narqeliond-) n. “Autumn”
narte (narti-) adj. “bitter”
narwa adj. “fragrant”
narwe¹ n. “(sweet) lily”
narwe² n. “pain”
nasa- v. “to mislike, taste nasty (impers.); to dislike”
náse n. “loathing”
násea adj. “loathsome”
nasta n. “existence, being, creature”
naswa adj. “nasty”
nat (natt-) n. “thing”
natto (nattu-) n. “thing, affair”
nauka n. “dwarf”
nauma n. “hint, clue”
naus (naust-) n. “suspicion”
naustavilte v. “free from suspicion”
nauta- v. “to guess”
nauto n. “[unglossed]”
nauva n. “giant”
náve n. “shrewdness, sagacity, perspicacity”
navillo v. “whisper, hint, suspicion, rumour, malicious comment, innuendo”
nawa- v. “[unglossed]”
naya- v. “it grieves (impers.)”
#-ndo suf. “masculine suffix”
-ndon suf. “-ly, -ily; manner suffix”
-(n)dóra suf. “million”
-(n)dóre suf. “-illion, *large number suffix”
ne conj. “that”
nea adv. “it is, yes”
nehta n. “hawthorn”
neite n. “wax”
nekka n. “pen”
nekte n. “honey”
nektele n. “honeycomb”
nel adv. “thrice”
nelde num. card. “three; four”
nel(de)kainen num. card. “thirty”
neldellume adv. “*three times” see nellume
neldenelqa n. “square, quadrilateral”
neldesto fraction. “one third”
neldest(y)a adj. “one third”
nelde tuksa num. card. “three hundred”
neldor n. “beech”
neldóra num. card. “three million”
neldóre num. card. “trillion”
neldorin n. “beech-tree”
neldorion n. “beech wood”
nele (neli-) n. “tooth”
nelkaiya num. ord. “thirteenth”
nelkea num. card. “thirteen”
nelke(a)llume adv. “*thirteen times”
nelkeanya num. ord. “thirteenth” see nelkaiya
nelkeasto fraction. “one thirteenth” see nelkesto
nelkeast(y)a adj. “one thirteenth” see nelkestya
nelkeatto fraction. “one thirteenth” see nelkesto
nelkeatya num. ord. “thirteenth” see nelkaiya
nelkesto fraction. “one thirteenth”
nelkestya adj. “one thirteenth”
nellume adv. “*three times”
nelma n. “needle”
nelqa adj. “cornered”
nelt n. “corner (from outside)”
nelya num. ord. “third”
nemba n. “thread”
neme- v. “to sew”
nemya n. “*needle” see nelma
nen¹ (nend-) n. “river, water”
nen² (neng-) n. “nostril”
nenda adj. “wet”
nendo n. “water mead”
nénu n. “yellow water lily”
nénuvar n. “pool of lilies”
nenyu n. “yellow water-lily” see nénu
nenyuvar n. “pool of lilies” see nénuvar
ner n. “man, husband; warrior”
nerea adj. “manly, stout, brave”
nereaine n. “stoutness of heart”
nerevoite adj. “manly”
nérinwa adj.
neríte adj. “*manly” see nerevoite
nermi n. “field spirit, fay of the meads”
nertu n. “strength”
nes¹ n. “mead, valley, land”
nes² (nest-) n. “food, feed, fodder”
nese- v. “to graze, pasture, give to feed, feed”
nesse n. “(green) fodder, herb, grass”
nessele n. “pasture, mead; pasturage”
nesta n. “(act of) feeding”
nesta- v. “to feed”
neta n. “thing” see nat
nete- [ñ] v. “to get”
#-ni suf. “feminine suffix”
n. “woman”
ni¹ pron. “I; 1st sg. pronoun”
ni² adj. “this” see qi
nie n. “tear”
nienaite adj. “tearful”
nieninqe n. “snowdrop, (lit.) white tear”
nieninqea adj. “like a snowdrop”
nier (nies-) n. “honey bee”
nierwe n. “hive” see nierwes
nierwes (nierwest-) n. “hive”
nies (niess-) n. “honey bee” see nier
nikte- v. “to whiten, cleanse”
nímo pron. “I (emphatic); 1st sg. pronoun”
nin (nind-) n. “blue (colour), blueness, blue green”
ninda¹ n. “water, river”
ninda² adj. “blue” see nin
nindon (nindond-) n. “lapis lazuli”
ningon n. “lapis lazuli” see nindon
ningwe ?
ninqa- v. “to shine white”
ninqe (ninqi-) adj. “white”
ninqeru n. “male personified form of white”
ninwa adj. “blue”
ninya¹ adj. “*my; 1st sg. possessive emphatic”
ninya² adj. “blue” see ninwa
nion n. “bee” see nier
niqetil (niqetild-) n. “snow cap”
niqetilde n. “snow cap” see niqetil
niqileninqe adj. “snow-white”
niqilis n. “fine snow”
niq(il)issea adj. “*snowy” see niqissea
niqis (niqiss-) n. “snow”
niqissea adj. “snowy”
niqista- v. “to snow”
niqisya- v. “to snow” see niqista-
#níva adj. “pale”
nó- v. “to be born, become”
prep. “after (of place), behind; after (only of time); than”
no¹ adv. “then, next (of time); upon”
no² prep. “under” see nu
nohto- v. “to stick out”
noiko adv. “*sickly” see naiko
#-noina suf. “adjective suffix”
#-noite suf. “adjective suffix”
nóla n. “summit, head, top (only used of mountains etc.); (round) hill”
noldare n. “mole”
Noldorin² adj. “Gnomish” see Noldorinwa
Noldorinwa adj. “Goblin; Gnomish”
Noldorissa n. “Language of the Noldoli”
noldova adj. “belonging to gnomes”
noldovike adj. “like a gnome, after the gnomes’ way”
nóleme n. “deep lore, wisdom”
nolme n. “audacity”
nolmenoite adj. “audacious”
nolmo n. “pit”
nolo- v. “to dare”
noloite adj. “daring”
nolpa n. “mole”
nolwa adj. “bold, brave”
nond(in)a adj. “tomorrow”
non(n)o n. “tomorrow” see nuo
nonnúora n. “day after tomorrow” see nounonda
nor (norn-) n. “oak”
nóre (nóri-) n. “(native) land, nation, family, country”
norka n. “slave, thrall, servant”
norne n. “oak (tree), oak in general”
nornea adj. “of oak”
nornelassea adj. “having oak-leaves”
nornoro- v. “to run on, run smoothly and hum”
norolinde adj. “tripping lightly”
norolle n. “cart”
nos n. “wetness, damp”
nosse n. “folk, kin, people”
nosta n. “birth, birthday”
nosta- v. “to give birth to; to cause”
nostale n. “species, kind; nature”
noswa adj. “damp (of weather)”
noswe n. “a wet wind (SW)”
note (notsi-) n. “drizzle”
nóte n. “dew”
notsiva adj. “drizzling”
notso n. “damp”
nounonda n. “day after tomorrow”
nóva adj. “ahead, foremost, leading”
nóvo adv. “*before”
-nta suf. “to, at, towards; allative suffix”
#-nto suf. “fraction suffix”
#-nu suf. “masculine suffix”
nu prep. “under”
nua(n) n. “tomorrow” see nuo
nuanwa n. “day after tomorrow” see nounonda
núle n. “lead”
núme n. “west”
númea adj. “in the west, western”
numenda adj. “western”
numenda- v. “to get low (of the Sun)” see númeta-
númeta- v. “to get low (of the Sun), go down in the west”
nún adv. “beneath”
nungo n. “cold (in the nose or head)”
nungwe n. “cold in the nose” see nungo
nuo n. “tomorrow”
núora adj. “tomorrow’s, to be; future”
nupte n. “a sniff”
nur (nurr-) n. “growl, complaint”
nurru n. “growl”
núru- v. “to growl (of dogs), grumble, carp”
nus (nust-) n. “smell”
#núsimar adj. “*inclined”
nuste n. “sense of smell”
núta- v. “to stoop, sink”
nuvu- v. “to smell, sniff at”
nya- pref. “*my; 1st sg. possessive”
nyanda n. “nursery story or rhyme”
nyanya adj. “another, other (of many)”
nyan(yo) n. “another, other (of many)”
nyar (nyard-) n. “tale, saying”
nyara- v. “to relate, tell”
nyara n. “tale”
nyarie n. “fable, story, legend”
nyas (nyast-) n. “scratch, score, line, mark”
nyasa- v. “to scratch”
nyat n. “tooth”
nyata- v. “to talk idly”
nyatl n. “idle talk, gossip”
nyé n. “bleat, cry of goat or sheep”
nyél n. “woman”
nyelekka n. “onyx”
nyelet (nyeleks-) n. “nail (of the finger)”
nyéna- v. “to lament”
nyéni n. “she-goat”
nyenya adj. “querulous, tearful, plaintive”
nyenye n. “weeping”
nyenyele n. “lament, lamentation, weeping”
nyenyesse n. “lament, lamentation, weeping” see nyenyele
nyére n. “grief”
nyor- v. “to run” see nyoro-
nyoro- v. “to run”
nyúken ? “[unglossed]”
o- pref. “he; 3rd sg. masc. pronoun” see hu
ó- v. “to be”
-o suf. “genitive ending”
ô prep. “from”
o prep. “over, across, along”
oa n. “wool”
oalle n. “blanket”
oalúme n. “shearing time”
oar (oarn-) n. “child of the sea, merchild”
oara adj. “of wool”
oaris (oarits-) n. “mermaid, merchild”
oarwen n. “mermaid, merchild”
ohta n. “war”
ohta- v. “to shout”
ohta·karo n. “warlike deed, hostile unfriendly act(ion)”
ohtar (ohtard-) n. “warrior”
ohte (oksi-) n. “egg”
oi n. “bird, hen”
oika adj. “poor”
oilima adj. “last”
oilimaite adj. “final, ultimate, last”
oilin adj. “*last” see oilima
oinalis (oinaliss-) n. “ointment”
oine n. “unguent”
oiqa adj. “glossy” see oiwa
oise n. “poverty”
oista- v. “to bereave”
oiswa adj. “poor”
oite n. “poverty” see oise
oito- v. “to lack”
oive n. “bird”
oiwa adj. “glossy”
oi(we) n. “bird” see oive
oiwie n. “gloss, glossiness”
okka n. “knee”
okkainen num. card. “seventy” see otsokainen
okkaiya num. ord. “seventeenth”
okkea num. card. “seventeen”
oksa n. “joint”
ola- pref. “many” see oli-
olda¹ adj. “more”
olda² adj. “much” see olya
olde adv. “very, much, intensive”
oldo(s) adv. “more”
ole- pref. “intensive” see oli-
ole¹ num. card. “three”
ole² adv. “much, intensive” see olde
óleme n. “elbow”
olet (olek-) n. “forearm”
oli- pref. “intensive”
olirdea adj. “pitiless, cruel, (lit.) without bowels” see ulird(e)a
-olka suf. “able to” see -alka
olli- pref. “many” see oli-
olli adj. “many”
ollo n. “cliff, seaward precipice”
olme² (olmi-) n. “emanation; apparition, spirit”
olme(t) num. card. “nine”
olóle adv. “very, intensive” see olde
olor n. “dream” see olóre
olorda adj. “dreamy, drowsy; in dreams”
olóre n. “dream”
olórea adj. “dreamy, dreamlike”
olorwa adj. “in dreams” see olorda
olpe n. “bottle”
olt adj. “much”
olta-¹ v. “to magnify, extol, praise”
olto- v. “to increase, multiply”
olwa adj. “much” see olya
olwe n. “stink” see yolme
olwea adj. “stinking”
olwe(n) n. “branch, wand, stick”
olwen n. “thirty six”
olya adv. “much”
oma n. “everywhere”
óma n. “voice”
omanaste n. “omnipresence”
omarimbi adv. “everywhere about” see omarimni
omarimni adv. “everywhere about”
omba adj. “hard (*as stone)”
omo- pref. “omni-”
omohére n. and adj. “omnipotence; almighty”
omotengwe n. “omniscience”
omotunto n. “omniscience” see omotengwe
omotúre n. “omnipotence; almighty” see omohére
ompa adj. “each; all, every”
ompanai n. “everyone” see ompinasta
ompanu n. “everyone” see ompinasta
ompinasta n. “everyone”
ómu adv. “[unglossed]”
on(d) n. “(a) stone”
ondo n. “stone, rock”
ondole n. “stone monument; stone-cairn”
ongo- v. “it pains me (imp.)”
ongwe n. “pain”
onin n. “anvil”
on(t) (om-) n. “everything”
ontúre n. “omnipotence; almighty” see omohére
onwa adj. “stony”
opole n. “fawn, young deer”
opolinte n. “fawn, young deer” see opole
oqi n. “snake”
or prep. “on; above, upon”
#-oran suf. “town” see -uran(do)
orda adj. “lofty”
ordie n. “height, loftiness”
ore (ori-) n. “seed, grain”
óre n. “dawn, Sunrise, East”
órea adj. “of the dawn, Eastern”
orikon n. “heather”
orivaine n. “pod, seed pod, pea; peapod (a boat)”
ork n. “ogre, monster, demon, giant”
orme¹ n. “summit, crest, hilltop”
orme² n. “tree” see orne
ormin n. “top”
orne n. “tree”
oro n. “hill”
oro- v. “to rise”
#oroman n. “wood-spirit”
orome n. “oak”
#oron¹ (orond-) n. “bush”
oron² (orond-) n. “hill” see oro
oronta adj. “steep”
oronte n. “sun-rise”
oronto n. “East, rising (of the sun)”
orosta¹ n. “ascension”
orosta² n. “impetus, speed, haste, rash courage”
orot n. “cave”
orqin(di) n. “ogress”
orta prep. “above”
(or)tande adv. “above (of motion upwards)”
orto- v. “to raise”
orva n. “apple”
orwa adj. “lofty” see orda
orya- v. “to sow”
oryapin n. “badger” see oryat
oryat (oryap-) n. “badger”
os (ost-) n. “cottage, house”
ossa n. “wall and moat”
osta n. “homestead”
ostar n. “township”
osto n. “gates of the Sun”
oswe¹ n. “hip”
oswe² n. “terror, horror; (evil) phantom, ghost”
óta- v. “to shout” see ohta-
otoke n. “wailing, beating of breasts”
otokotta n. “wailing, beating of breasts” see otoke
otsan n. “week” see otsola
otso num. card. “seven”
otsokainen num. card. “seventy”
otsola n. “week”
otsollume adv. “*seven times”
otsondóra num. card. “*seven million”
otsondóre num. card. “*septillion”
otsonto fraction. “one seventh”
otsontya adj. “one seventh”
otsotto fraction. “one seventh” see otsonto
otsottya adj. “one seventh” see otsontya
otto- v. “to knock”
otwe n. “84”
otya num. ord. “seventh”
ó(vo) n. “mouth”
ówen n. “merchild, mermaid”
pa- pref. “*their; 3rd pl. masc. possessive” see tua-
paime n. “vengeance taken, punishment, penalty, infliction”
paimene n. “vindictiveness, vengefulness, cruelty”
paimenta- v. “to exact or inflict a penalty, punish” see paimeta-
paimesta n. “chastisement”
paimeta- v. “to exact or inflict a penalty, punish”
paitya- v. “to repay, requite”
paiyan n. “oration”
pak- v. “to apply, attach”
pal- v. “to shake”
palanka adj. “even, flat, level” see paluva
palanta adj. “even, flat, level” see paluva
palante n. “plain” see palume
palapapte n. “*sycamore”
palasar (palasard-) n. “great table”
palasse n. “foam, splashing”
palassea adj. “foaming (of the sea)”
palastor n. “surf”
palaswin (palaswing-) n. “wave-crest”
palasya- v. “to splash, foam”
palava- v. “to stray, wander”
paláva adj. “wandering”
palis(te) n. “sward, green, lawn”
palla n. “paunch”
palme n. “a shaking”
palo (palu-) n. “plane surface, plain, the flat”
palta n. “shelf”
paltya n. “flat of hand, palm of hand”
paltyalda n. “palm tree”
palukta n. “table”
palume n. “plain”
paluva adj. “even, flat, level”
palwa adj. “even, flat, level” see paluva
palwa- v. “to make wander”
pampile n. “trembling”
pampil(e)a adj. “tremulous”
pampinë n. “tremor, earthquake”
pampine n. “tremor, earthquake”
panin adj. “definite, planned, concerted, deliberate, prepense, meant”
panna n. “arrangement, grouping; book”
pano n. “series, course, plan, arrangement”
panta¹ adj. “open, wide, spreading”
panta-¹ v. “to open, unfold, spread”
panta-² v. “to beat”
panta² n. “board”
pantie n. “unfolding, opening, revealing”
panya- v. “to plan, arrange, intend, mean”
#panyara adj. “?setting”
papa- v. “to tremble”
papta n. “*leaf” see pat
paptaqelasta n. “fall, *leaf dying”
par- v. “to peel”
parma n. “skin, bark; parchment; book, writings”
pat (papt-) n. “small leaf”
pata- v. “to rap, tap (of feet)”
patakan n. “rattling, clatter”
patakanda adj. “rattling, clattering”
patakatapaka n. “rat-a-tat”
patake n. “clatter”
patakta- v. “to clatter”
pataktatapakta n. “rat-a-tat” see patakatapaka
patinka n. “shoe, slipper”
patl n. “leaf (esp. of book)”
patsima adj. “wide open”
n. “the two lips, the (closed) mouth”
pea n. “scorn”
peanta- v. “to give into one’s hands, give instructions to, enjoin”
pekte (peksi-) n. “plume, cox-comb”
pele- v. “to surround, fence in, pen in”
pelekko (pelekku-) n. “axe”
pelekta- v. “hew”
peler n. “fence”
pelin adj. “fenced in, pent”
pelko n. “leg”
pelle n. “town”
pelma n. “pen”
peltas (peltaks-) n. “pivot”
pelte- v. “to run”
pelto n. “hedge, hedged field”
pen prep. “through”
penanwa adj. “present, standing by, supporting, backing”
penasta n. “being near at hand, support, backing”
penda¹ n. “bridge”
#penda² adj. “*sloping”
penta n. “nose, beak”
penwa adj. “over, passed, past”
peqe- v. “to comb, card wool, tease”
peqen n. “comb”
peqil n. “comb” see peqen
pere- v. “to go through, pass, pierce; to endure, undergo, experience; to penetrate, get to understand; to last”
peren (perend-) adj. “enduring, patient, lasting”
perendie n. “patience; endurance; an agelong period”
perenwa adj. “continual, enduring, unceasing”
pereqa adj. “crooked”
perma n. “passage; pass, aperture”
perpere- v. “to endure to end, suffer great anguish”
perqa adj. “wrong”
pete- v. “to knock, strike”
petl n. “hammer”
n. “speck, spot, dot, mote”
pie n. “berry” see pio
piek (piekk-) n. “pin”
pieksin n. “brooch”
piekta- v. “to prick, pin-prick”
piet n. “pin” see piek
pietya- v. “to prick, pin-prick” see piekta-
pihye n. “sap, juice”
#pik- v. “to blink”
pili- v. “to steal”
pilin (pilind-) n. “feather; arrow”
pilinqasilla n. “nodding plume”
pilintele n. “plumage”
pilmo (pilmu-) n. “thief, robber” see pilu
pilna n. “arrow”
pilt (pilty-) n. “blow, cuff, box on ear”
pilty- v. “to strike (esp. with flat hand)”
pilu n. “thief, robber”
pilukka adj. “secret, stealthy”
pilwe n. “robbery, theft”
pimpevinne n. “larch”
pimpilin (pimpilind-) n. “hanging tail, tassel”
pimpina adj. “trailing”
pin n. “little thing, mite”
pínea adj. “small”
pingwa adj. “fat, rich (of soil)”
pingwe ? “[unglossed]”
pinilya adj. “small”
pink n. “little thing, mite” see pin
-pin(ke) suf. “diminutive”
pinqe (pinqi-) adj. “slender, thin”
pinqisil(da) (pinqisild-) adj. “(slender and) tapering”
pint (pimp-) n. “tail”
pio n. “plum, berry, cherry”
pi(o)pin n. “haws, fruit of hawthorns”
piosenna n. “holly”
pi(pi)nektar n. “whitethorn, hawthorn”
pipiri- v. “to twirl, twizzle”
pipte- v. “fall (of folds or clusters), hang, trail”
píqa adj. “bitter”
píqele n. “bitterness”
piqesta n. “bitterness” see píqele
piqis(se) n. “grief”
piri- v. “to spin, turn”
pirimbe n. “ring, circle”
pirin (pirind-) n. “thin rod, pin”
pirindea adj. “cylindrical”
pirinumbe n. “cylinder (hollow)”
piruke n. “swirl, twisting, pirouetting”
pirúk(end)ea adj. “pirouetting, whirling lightly”
pirute n. “swirl, twisting, pirouetting” see piruke
pist- v. “to spit”
-pi(t) suf. “diminutive” see -pin(ke)
piu n. “calf of leg”
piukka n. “blackberry”
piule adj. “greasy, overfat; overfed, spoilt”
piute- v. “to flourish, batten, grow fat”
píwe n. “fatness, richness, goodness”
poa n. “beard”
poar n. “north” see póme
poika adj. “clean, tidy”
poime (poimi-) n. “soap”
poimine n. “lather, foam; mermaid”
poita- v. “to cleanse”
poitya- v. “to make clean, tidy, straighten”
poko n. “bag”
polda adj. “mighty, powerful”
poldor n. “physical strength; might”
poldórea adj. “muscular, powerful”
pole (poli-) n. “oats, grain (unground kernels of oats, wheat, etc.); flour”
polenta n. “oatmeal”
polesse n. “porridge”
polina adj. “oaten”
polisimpe n. “shepherd’s pipe, Pan-pipes”
poliva adj. “oaten” see polina
polka n. “pig”
polonde n. “alder”
polu n. “kernel”
polúne n. “kernel” see ‽polu
póme n. “north”
pómea adj. “northern”
pómear n. “northern man, norseman”
pondo n. “gate”
ponte (ponti-) n. “back, rear”
poroke n. “barn foul, hen”
porokelle n. “chicken”
porokoi ?
posta n. “door”
pote (potsi-) adv. “after, behind (of place)”
potsi adv. “afterwards”
potsina adj. “rearward, back, rear, hinder; next, following; second”
potsinallume adv. “a second time”
póya adj. “[unglossed]”
puhta n. “coitus, *sex” see pukta
puita- v. “to beget”
pukta n. “coitus, *sex”
pukta- v. “to copulate”
púle n. “body, trunk” see pulko
pulka n. “body, trunk” see pulko
pulko n. “body, trunk, bole of tree”
pulme n. “lump, knob”
pulpa adj. “fat, bulky” see pulwa
pulqe n. “juice”
pulu- v. “to swell (intr.)”
pulwa adj. “fat, bulky”
pumpo n. “bubble; bladder; blister”
pumpole n. “bubble; merboy”
pundo n.
puntl v. “mem. vir., *penis”
pur (purn-) n. “a fire, an artificial fire”
purin (purind-) n. “hearth”
purma n. “blaze, flame”
puru- v. “to burn”
purya- v. “to set fire to”
pus (pust-) n. “boil”
pus- v. “to puff, snort”
puse n. “puff”
pusilla n. “puff, whiff, breeze”
pusta- v. “to blow”
pusulpe n. “gas-bag, balloon”
pusulta- v. “to puff out with one’s breath”
putse n. “baby, child”
puyando n. “parent”
pyúva adj. “fat”
n. “duck”
#qaina adj. “wailing”
qal- v. “to die”
qalin adj. “dead, dying”
qalma adj. “deadly”
qalme n. “death, agony”
qalmea adj. “deathly”
qalna adj. “dead”
qalta adj. “girdled, girt”
qalume¹ n. “death”
qalume² adj. “heaving”
qalúmea adj. “deathly”
qama- v. “to be ill, vomit”
qamba adj. “unwell, sick”
qáme n. “sickness, nausea”
qámea adj. “sick”
qampa n. “peddlar-goods”
qampa- v. “to hawk goods”
qampale n. “chaffering”
qampo n. “pedlar, huckster”
qan (qand-) n. “ear”
qanda adj. “whole, all” see qanta
qanta adj. “full, whole, all”
qanta- v. “to fill, complete”
qap- v. “to throb, flutter”
qapa- v. “to chaffer, bargain, swap, barter”
qapta n. “deal, bargain”
qapta-¹ v. “to exchange”
qapta-² v. “to flap”
qaptale n. “exchange”
qaqa- v. “to quack, squawk, cackle”
qára n. “watch, ward”
qarda adj. “bad”
qárele n. “watchfulness, anxiety”
qarka adj. “perverse, naughty”
qasa- v. “to shake, flap, nod, rustle (intr.)”
qasil n. “arrow, arrow-feather”
qasilla n. “tuft, nodding spray, tassel, plume”
qe¹ pron. “we (inclusive)”
qe² pron. “any”
qea- pref. “*our; 1st pl. inclusive possessive”
qele- v. “to perish; to fade”
qeleksie n. “rot, corruption”
qeleksima adj. “corrupt, rotten”
qelekte n. “carcasse”
qelet (qelekt-) n. “corpse”
qeletya- v. “to perish”
qelme n. “ruin, utter end, perdition, end, death”
qelmo pron. “we (emphatic); 1st pl. inclusive pronoun”
qelu n. “well, spring, source”
qelu- v. “to well up”
qelume n. “source, origin”
qeluva adj. “original”
Qen (Qend-) n. “Elf”
Qende n. “Elf” see Qen
qent n. “word”
qentea adj. “verbal”
qentele n. “sentence; wording, expression, phrase”
qentima n. “*tale”
qenya adj. “*our; 1st pl. exclusive possessive emphatic”
Qenya n. “Elvish”
Qenyarin n. “*Elvish”
qerka n. “throat”
qet- v. “to speak, talk”
qetl n. “speech, talk”
-qet(se) suf. “language”
qets(im)a adj. “having speech, able to talk, good at expression, glib”
qetta n. “word”
adv. “*now”
qi adj. “this”
qie adj. “calm at sea”
qilda adj. “quiet, hushed, still”
qildare n. “bat”
qilde n. “quiet, rest, hush”
qildi- v. “to rest, stay quiet, be quiet”
qile n. “hue, colour”
-qil(e)a suf. “-hued”
qilea adj. “coloured, -hued”
qilin adj. “adorned, bright-coloured, embroidered”
qilinoite adj. “broidered”
qille¹ (qilli-) n. “blue-bell”
qille² n. “quiet, rest, hush” see qilde
qillinin (qillinind-) n. “blue-bell”
-qilna suf. “-pied”
qilta n. “belt, girdle”
qiltasse n. “(em)broidery”
qilti- v. “to gird, encircle”
qilya- v. “to adorn, embellish, colour”
#qímar n. “phantom”
qimelle n. “little woman”
qim(en)ea adj. “womanly, feminine”
qimenoite (qimenoitsi-) adj. “feminine, female”
qimíte adj. “feminine, female” see qimenoite
qin¹ (qim-) n. “woman, female”
qin² adv. “*now” see
qinda adj. “this”
qinde n. “womanliness, femininity; (concr.) women as a whole”
qindelis n. “nun”
qindesta n. “convent”
qindestin n. “nun”
qindl n. “a spindle, top”
qíne n. “squeaking”
qínea adj. “squeaking”
qinga n. “bow”
qingi- v. “to twang, thrum (of strings, harps, etc.)”
qíni- v. “to speak high, squeak”
qinne n. “womanliness, femininity; (concr.) women as a whole” see qinde
qinqa adj. “drooping, languid”
qinqe n. “this”
qinqele n. “languor”
qinqelea adj. “languorous”
qinqenna n. “Solomon’s-seal”
qint (qinty-) n. “loop, stitch for knitting”
qintl n. “lyre”
qinya adj. “womanly”
qiqi- v. “hang, droop”
qiqilla n. “Lily of the Valley”
qiri-¹ v. “to stir (make spin)”
qiri-² v. “to murmur”
qirin n. “wheel”
qirme n. “cream”
qirna- v. “to stir (make spin)” see qiri-¹
qirqirinda adj. “murmering”
qirqirinde n. “murmering”
qirqisi- v. “to rustle, murmur” see qisqiri-
qisi- v. “to whisper”
qisqiri- v. “to rustle, murmur”
qitima adj. “for knitting”
qitin adj. “knitted, joined tight”
qity- v. “knit”
qíva adj. “awake”
qívie n. “awakening”
qolda adj. “ill”
qolima adj. “sickly, ailing”
qolimo n. “invalid”
qolina adj. “ill” see qolda
qolo- v. “to ail”
qolu n. “disease”
qolúva adj. “pestilent, pestilential”
qolúvie n. “pestilence”
qonda n. “choking smog, smoke”
qorin adj. “drowned, choked, speechless”
qoro- v. “to choke, suffocate, (esp.) drown”
qosse n. “mist”
qosta- v. “choke, drown”
qoto- v. “to count up, reckon; to account, call up; to think, consider”
qotta n. “sum, number, account, total”
-r¹ suf. “plural suffix”
-r² suf.
-r³ suf. “impersonal [verb]”
#-ra suf. “adjectival suffix”
n. “arm”
rakta n. “arm” see
rakta-¹ v. “to stretch out, reach”
rakta-² v. “to pile, hoard, amass, collect”
rakte n. “pile, heap”
ralle ?
rama- v. “to shout, sound loud, bray, blare”
ráma n. “wing; arm”
rámaite adj. “winged” see rámavoite
rámandea adj. “long-wing(ed)” see anda-ráma
rámavoite adj. “having wings, winged”
ramba- v. “to walk”
rambe¹ n. “shout, blare”
rambe² n. “prey, booty”
ran (ram-) n. “noise”
Rána n. “Moon”
randa n. “bark; peel, rind, outer ring, circumference”
ranka adj. “broken”
ranko n. “arm”
ranta n. “arch, bridge”
ránuringwi n. “sun and moon”
ranwe n. “shout, blare” see rambe¹
ráqa adj. “rough”
rara- v. “to scrape, peel, strip”
rasta n. “file, scraper”
rato v. “soon”
rau (rav-) n. “lion”
rauka adj. “swift” see (a)rauka
rauke n. “demon” see (a)rauke
rauki n. “fiend” see (a)rauke
rauko adj. “ravening, rushing”
raume n. “running, course”
rauna n. “prey, booty”
rausima adj. “*hunted”
rausime n. “vermin”
rauste n. “hunting, preying, the hunt”
raustea adj. “of prey”
rauta- v. “to chase, hunt, pursue; to extirpate, exterminate; to steal”
ravenne n. “she-lion”
ravin adj. “fierce, savage (of beasts)”
rawa- v. “to run, chase”
#-re suf. “noun suffix”
rekka n. “spittle”
renda adj. “related, of the same kin or clan”
rendi n. “*kinship, kin, kindred, clan”
rendo n. “kinsman, cousin”
rendole n. “cousinship”
rent (renty-) n. “spittle, saliva”
réro (réru-) n. “kinsman, cousin” see rendo
resse n. “kinswoman, cousin”
resta n. “support; kinship, kin, kindred, clan”
resta- n. “to aid, come to aid of, rescue, save”
retima adj. “despicable, contemptible”
retye- v. “to spit”
rim- v. “to border on, lie at edge, neighbour”
ríma n. “line of seeds planted, row, series, furrow”
rimbe n. “edge, lip, brim”
rimbi adv. “around, all around” see rimni
rímen n. “border, shore”
rímenoite adj. “neighboring, bordering”
rimni adv. “around, all around”
rimpe (rimpi-) n. “stripe, strip”
rimp(in)a adj. “striped”
rimu n. “outskirts”
-rin suf.
rin¹ (rind-) n. “year, circle”
rin² (ring-) n. “dew”
rína adj. “scattered, sown”
ringa adj. “cold, damp, chilly”
ringwe n. “rime, frost; cold”
rinkalenda n. “anniversary”
#rinki adj. “orbed”
rinko n. “disc, orb, circle”
rinku n. “orb of Moon”
rinqa adj. “round, circular; revolving returning, recurrent”
rípe n. “line, margin, bank of stream, edging of grass, border”
ripta- v. “to cut in strips, tear up; to stripe, mark in parallel lines; to flay, flog”
riqi- v. “to wrench, twist”
rísima adj. “scattered, ubiquitous, universal”
rísimande adv. “passim”
rista n. “shoot (sowing), plant, seedling”
rista- v. “to plant”
ristale n. “sowing time”
ristar n. “sower”
ro prep. see or
roa n. “wild beast”
róma n. “upward path, mountain side, (mountain) slope, alp”
róna- v. “to arise, rise, ascend”
ronda n. “cavern”
ronta adj. “hollow”
rosta n. “ascension” see orosta¹
rosta- v. “*to rise”
róta n. “tube, hollow cylinder”
rótele n. “cave”
rotl n. “cave, hollow, grot”
rotse n. “pipe, tube”
rotwa adj. “hollow” see ronta
rú¹ n. “dwelling, village, hamlet”
rú² n. “steadfastness, faith, trustiness”
rua adj. “steady, still, tranquil”
rue n. “rest, stillness, remaining, steadfastness”
ruella n. “village”
ruin n. “peace”
rukta- v. “to belch smoke, spout smoke; to cause to smoke; to smoke at a pipe”
ruku n. “smoke, reek”
ruku- v. “to steam, smoke, reek”
rungwa adj. “stiff, solid”
#rúse (rúsi-) adj. “weary”
rusta adj. “broken”
rúva adj. “steady, still, tranquil” see rua
rúvina adj. “burst”
rúya adj. “unmoved, steadfast”
sa- pref. “intensive”
n. “fire”
sa pron. “that (there)”
sahta-¹ v. “it is hot”
sahta-² v. “to split”
saike (saiki-) n. “hunger”
saikele n. “famine”
saikelea adj. “famished”
saikelta- v. “to starve”
saile n. “[unglossed]”
saina adj. “smooth”
saipo n. “boot”
saiqa adj. “hungry”
sairina adj. “magic”
sairu adj. “magical”
saisa adj. “hungry” see saiqa
saiste n. “hunger” see saike
saita- v. “to be hungry”
saitya- v. “to starve”
saiwa adj. “hot”
saiwa- v. “?to be hot”
saiwali n. “summer”
saka- v. “to pursue, look for, search”
sal- v. “?to remain or remove”
sala- v. “to sail” see salta-
salamba adj. “twanging, throbbing, resounding, echoing”
salambe n. “twanging echo”
salaqíne n. “violin, (lit.) thrumsqueak-er”
salaqintl n. “violin, (lit.) thrumsqueak-er” see salaqíne
salistina adj. “blessed”
salistya- v. “to bless”
salka n. “scythe”
salke (salki-) n. “grass”
salki n. “grass” see salke
salma n. “lyre, small harp”
salme n. “harp-playing, music of lyres”
salpa- v. “to take a sup of, sample, sip”
salpa n. “bowl”
salqe n. “grass, long mowing grass”
salqin n. “viola”
salta- v. “to sail”
salumbe n. “harping, music”
sambe (samb-) n. “room, chamber”
samin (samind-) n. “silk”
saminda adj. “silken”
saminwa adj. “silken” see saminda
sampa n. “spade”
sampe n. “cave, hollow”
sampo n. “cave, hollow” see sampe
san¹ adv. “then, at that time”
san² (samb-) n. “hall, dwelling house”
sana n. “day (24 hours)”
sanda adj. “that”
sanga n. “throng, tight mass, crowd”
sanga-¹ v. “to pack tight, compress, press; to gather”
sanga-² v. “to scorch”
sangwa adj. “tight, thick, dense, tough, hard”
sangya- v. “to scorch” see sanga-²
sanka¹ n. “rend, jab”
sanka² n. “hate, fierce hatred”
sanke adj. “hateful”
santa adj. “dear, beloved”
santo n. “that”
sap- v. “to dig” see sapa-
sapa- v. “to dig”
sapsa n. “pit, grave”
sapta n. “pit, grave” see sapsa
saqa- v. “[unglossed]”
saqila adj. “fire-red, scarlet”
sar n. “earth, soil”
sar- v. “to write”
sara- v. “saw”
saramór n. “*writing-ink”
sarapenda n. “wood-bridge”
sarat (sarakt-) n. “plank”
saratwa n. “made of planks”
sár(e)a adj. “fiery”
sarko¹ (sarku-) n. “flesh, living flesh, body”
sarko² n. “elder”
sarkuva adj. “corporeal, bodily”
sarma n. “saw”
sarno n. “table”
sarqa adj. “fleshy”
sastya adj. “sore, galled”
sat (sapt-) n. “hole”
satl n. “search, enquiry”
satta adj. “both”
satto adj. “both; the two”
satwa adj. “hollow, dug-out, excavated”
sauke ?
saule n. “litter (of pubs, cubs, etc.)”
sauna adj. “clean”
saune n. “bath, small pool”
sausa n. “bath water, hot water”
sauve n. “sheep”
savar n. “wild dog, jackal”
savarda n. “pack (of dogs, wolves)” see savarna
savarna n. “pack (of dogs, wolves)”
saya- v. “to be hungry” see saita-
#-se suf. “adjective suffix”
se prep. “as, like, in manner of”
n. “eye, eyeball, pupil”
sehta- v. “to see”
sehte n. “pupil; bead; †eye”
selka adj. “bright”
sen prep. “as, like, in manner of” see se
senda adj. “like, something like, similar”
senge adj. “keen of sight, observant, sagacious”
senna adj. “red, brown, red-brown”
serin (serind-) n. “wreath, crown”
serindo n. “crown” see serin
serma n. “string, cord”
serta- v. “tie”
sesta- v. “to liken, compare, make like, model on, assimilate, imitate”
sestaine n. “assimilation, imitation, etc.”
seste n. “similarity”
sestima adj. “comparable”
#-si suf. “feminine suffix”
adv. “*now”
si¹ pron. “they; 3rd pl. fem. pronoun”
si² adj. “this” see qi
sia- pref. “*their; 3rd pl. fem. possessive”
sie n. “sight, sense of sight, eyesight; pupil of eye”
sihta adj. “moist, wet”
Sil (Sill-) n. “Moon; Rose”
silaina adj. “shimmering” see silína
silda adj. “gleaming”
sildapinqe adj. “tapering” see pinqisil(da)
silde n. “daughter”
sild(r)a adj. “slender”
sile n. “glint (of white)”
sili- v. “to gleam, glint”
silik (siliq-) n. “flint”
silína adj. “shimmering”
siliq(in)a adj. “flinty”
silkesse n. “harvest”
silki- v. “to mow, scythe, mow down”
silkima adj. “ready for cutting”
silk(in)a adj. “rich, fat, glossy”
silma n. “ray of moonlight”
silme n. “moon”
silmea adj. “*of the moon”
silmerána n. “gleaming moon, silver moon”
siloine (siloini-) n. “swan”
silqe n. “tress of hair; glossy hair”
silqeléna adj. “having tresses”
silqeléni n. “silver birch, (lit.) long tresses”
silqelossea adj. “with hair like white flowers”
silt- v. “to sift, sort out, winnow”
silta v. “sieve”
silte- v. “to filter (of light), flicker”
siltina adj. “winnowed”
silwa adj. “glossy”
silwin (silwind-) n. “birch”
simpetar n. “piper”
simp(in)a n. “pipe, flute, flagelot”
simpise adj. “piping, whistling”
sinda¹ n. “eye”
sinda² adj. see qinda
sindi n. “river”
sine n. and adj. “pale (bluish) green”
singe (singi-) n. “salt”
singwa adj. “salt[y]”
singwe n. “salt” see singe
sink (sinq-) n. “mineral, gem, metal”
sinqe n. “jewel, gem”
sinqe?? adj. “sparkle as with gems”
sinqele n. “mine”
sinqevoite adj. “gemmed”
sinqina adj. “metallic”
sint (sinty-) n. “a gleam, spark, glister, drop of dew, etc.”
sinte (sinti-) n. “esteem; estimate, computation”
sintilis (sintiliss-) n. “sparkling as of crystal”
sintl n. “crystal”
sinty- v. “to sparkle”
sipi- v. “to pipe”
siqi- v. “to sigh”
siqile n. “sighing, lament”
siqilesse n. “weeping willow; lamentation”
síre n. “stream”
siri- v. “flow”
sírima adj. “liquid, flowing”
siripta n. “slender stem”
sirpe n. “stem, stalk, slender tube, etc.”
síse pron. “they (emphatic); 3rd sg. fem. pronoun”
sisi- v. “to scorch, singe, fry”
sisin adj. “parched, scorched”
sist(e) (sisty-) n. “ulcer, sore, boil”
sistina adj. “ulcerated, sore”
síte pron. “they (emphatic); 3rd sg. fem. pronoun” see síse
sito (situ-) n. “custom, habit”
sitsina adj. “habitual, customary, accustomed, usual, ordinary, common”
sitta- v. “I am used to, I do habitually”
situ- v. “to be accustomed”
síva adj. “*their; 3rd pl. fem. possessive emphatic”
sivilda ? “[unglossed]”
so- pref. “grouped, together”
soile n. “cleansing”
soina adj. “clean”
sok- v. “to drink” see soko-
soko- v. “to drink”
sokto- v. “to give to drink, drench”
sóla n. “tide”
soleste n. “collection”
solme n. “wave”
solor (solos-) n. “surf, surge; wavebreak, coast”
solosse n. “surf, surge” see solor
solto- v. “to wave, heave, surge (up and down)”
sóma n. “state, condition”
sonda n. “seat, chair”
soq- v. “to drink”
sóra¹ n. “seat”
sóra² adj. “long, trailing”
sóra³ n. “million; (vaguely) a very great number”
soraksa n. “shingle”
sorakta- v. “to pile, hoard, amass, collect” see rakta-²
sorakte n. “beach”
soresta n. “family”
sorin (sorind-) n. “throne”
sor(ne) (sorn-) n. “eagle”
sornion n. “eyrie”
soro- v. “to sit”
soron¹ n. “eagle”
soron² n. “pinnacle, high peak, crag”
sorta- v. “to sit down”
sorto- v. “to set, settle”
sovalle n. “washing, bathing”
sovallu- v. “to cleanse, purify”
sovalna- v. “to cleanse, purify”
sovalwa adj. “cleansing”
Sovalwaris (Solvalwarist-) n. “February”
sovasta n. “washing, bathing” see sovalle
sovea adj. “alike”
soveasse n. “resemblance; likelihood”
sovo- v. “to wash”
-sse¹ suf. “at, in, by; inessive suffix”
#-sse² suf. “abstract noun”
#-sse³ suf. “feminine suffix”
-sta suf. “verbal noun, infinitive, gerund”
*-sto suf. “fraction suffix”
n. “(noise of) wind”
sui n. “daughter”
suiva adj. “soughing, moaning”
súke n. “resinous tree, pine or fir”
suksa adj. “sweet”
suksina adj. “resinous”
sukte (suksi-) n. “resin, gum”
súle n. “column, pillar”
súlime n. “wind”
sulka adj. “sticky, viscous”
sulmin n. “base of a pillar, base of column”
sulp- v. “to lick, sup, lick up, sup up”
sulpa n. “soup”
sult (sulp-) n. “sip, taste”
sulta- v. “to support”
súma n. “nostril”
súne n. “(human) nose”
suni n. “bitch, *female dog”
sunqa adj. “going-down, descending; abysmal, deep, profound”
sunqe n. “going-down, descent, down-fall; abyss, depth”
sunqelaina adj. “falling, fading, settig”
sunqelaine n. “sunset”
sunqele n. “sinking, falling, setting of heavenly bodies”
sunqelea adj. “westering, setting”
suq- v. “to fall, fail, go down, die down”
sur- v. “to blow”
sura n. “a clan”
súru n. “air-spirit; wind, gale”
#surus (suruss-) n. see súru
susúlima adj. “full of wind, windy, airy”
sutl n. “sticky matter, slime, gum”
sutya adj. “sweet”
sutya- v. “to sweeten, soothe”
súye n. “air, breezes, winds”
súyon n. “nephew, daughter’s son”
-t suf. “dual”
ta- pref. “*their; 3rd pl. neut. possessive”
ta pron. “that (there)” see sa
tá¹ adj. and adv. “high; high above, high up”
ta¹ pron. “they; 3rd pl. neut. pronoun”
ta² prep. “on, above; by, beside; than”
tá² interj. “hush, be silent”
tahóra adj. “lofty”
tahorme n. “mountain” see torme
taila n. “(axe) blade”
taime n. “sky”
taimie n. “sky” see taime
taina adj. see tína
taitelúme n. “firmament”
taiva adj. “*their; 3rd pl. neut. possessive emphatic” see táva
tak- v. “to fix, fasten” see taka-
taka- v. “to fix, fasten”
takse n. “nail” see tas
tal- n. “to end”
tál n. “foot; bottom, lowest part” see tala¹
tala- v. “to carry, bring; to weigh (intr.)”
tala¹ n. “foot; bottom, lowest part”
tala² n. “sail”
talakúme n. “huge burden, pile”
talan (taland-) n. “burden”
talanda adj. “burdened, weighed down, sad”
tala(no)ite adj. “footed”
talante n. “scales”
talanya adj. “burdened, weighed down, sad” see talanda
talar (talard-) n. “beast of burden”
talarin adj. “[unglossed]”
talas (talast-) n. “sole”
talat n. “dry land”
talda adj. “covered”
tále n. “axe-blade” see taila
talka¹ n. “smith”
talka² adj. “heavy”
talku- v. “to glaze”
talma¹ n. “weight, measure”
talma² n. “end”
talme n. “weight (abst.)”
talpa n. “support, prop, base, basis, pediment (column)”
talqe (talqi-) n. “glass”
talqea adj. “glassy”
talqina adj. “made of glass”
talta adj. “shaky, wobbling, tottering; sloping, slanting”
talta- v. “to lade, burden, load charge; to enjoin; to oppress, weigh down”
táma adj. “this”
tamarin n. “yew” see tamuril
tambe (tambi-) n. “copper, bronze”
tambin (tambind-) n. “cauldron”
tambina adj. “of copper”
tamilla n. “forge”
tamin n. “forge”
tamíne n. “today”
tampo n. “well”
tamuril n. “yew”
tanda¹ n. “hedge, fence, enclosure; border, rim”
tanda² adj. see sanda
tande adv. “thither”
táne adj. “[unglossed]”
tanga- v. “to beat”
tange¹ adv. “close to, by”
tange² (tangi-) adj. “close, near”
tánie adj. “[unglossed]” see táne
tanka¹ adj. “firm, fixed; steady, (stead)fast”
tanka² n. “fastening, rivet”
tanko adv. “firmly”
tanta n. “number”
tanta-¹ v. “to bounce, bound, rebound”
tanta-² v. “to dance (tr.), dandle, wave”
tanta(ra) adj. “bouncing, resilient”
tantare n. “dance”
tantila- v. “to hop”
tantilta- v. “[unglossed]”
tantl n. “shuttle”
tantya- v. “to set bouncing”
tan(y)a n. “fire”
tanya adj. “that”
taorme n. “mountain” see torme
tapa- v. “to taper, stretch out (intr.), extend thin”
tapatenda adj. “taper fingered, light fingered, long fingered”
tapatenda mavoisi n. “Spanish [chestnut]”
taqa- v. “to build, fashion, construct, make”
táqa n. “form, shape”
tar n. “hedge, fence”
tara- v. “to cross, go athwart, cross rivers”
tára adj. “lofty, high, tall”
tarambo n. “bang, buffet” see taran
taran (taramb-) n. “bang, buffet”
tarasse n. “hawthorn”
tári n. “queen, mistress, lady”
tárie n. “height”
tarka n. “root”
tarkele n. “great system of roots”
tarna n. “passage, ford, crossing”
#tarnon n. “door”
tarq- v. “*to dry, preserve; to pickle” see tarqa-
tarqa- v. “to dry, preserve; to pickle”
tarqin(a) adj. and n. “salted, dried; salt meat”
tartan (tartam-) n. “hammer” see artan
taru n. “horn”
tarukka adj. “horned”
tarukko n. “bull, ox”
taruku n. “ox” see tarukko
tarunko n. “bull” see tarukko
tarva¹ n. “garden, enclosure” see tarwa¹
tarva² adj. “tired” see tarwa²
tarwa¹ n. “garden, enclosure”
tarwa² adj. “tired”
tarwe n. “cross, crucifix”
tarwesta- v. “to crucify”
tas (taks-) n. “nail”
tasarin n. “willow”
#tasinwa adj. “numbered”
tassarin n. “willow” see tasarin
tasta- v. “reckon”
taste n. “fringe”
táta n. “hat”
tatto n. “father” see attu
tatya- v. “to feel for (like tentacles etc.)”
taule¹ n. “great tree”
taule² n. “pillar”
tauma n. “basis, foundation, ground floor”
tauno n. “(great) forest”
taure n. “forest”
taurie n. “forest” see taure
táva adj. “*their; 3rd pl. neut. possessive emphatic”
tavar (tavarn-) n. “dale-sprite, fay of the woods; forest”
tavas (tavast-) n. “woodland”
tavasta n. “woodland” see tavas
tayóra adj. “*lofty” see tahóra
tayorme n. “mountain peak” see torme
tea- pref. “*their; 3rd pl. neut. possessive” see ta-
tea¹ adj. “straight”
tea² n. “sky” see taime
teke- v. “to mark; to write on, write”
teket (tekett-) n. “letter”
teketta n. “letter” see teket
tekka n. “book”
téko pron. “you (emphatic); 2nd sg. pronoun” see kéto
tekse n. “attraction”
tekta- n. “to write”
tektamaqa n. “having a good ‘hand’”
tektar n. “writer”
tekte (teksi-) n. “book”
tektele n. “art of writing, script; writings, documents, papers, scriptures”
tel (teld-) n. “roof”
telar n. “brick, tile”
telda adj. “having a roof”
telella adj. “elfin”
telempe n. “silver” see telpe¹
telepta adj. “of silver”
telerea adj. “elfin”
teleste (telesti-) n. “(f.) little elf”
telesto (telestu-) n. “(m.) little elf”
telimbo n. “canopy; sky”
telin (telimb-) n. “roof, covering”
telintule (telintuli-) adj. “bearing a roof, roofed”
telko n. “stem”
telpe¹ (telpi-) n. “silver; money”
telpe² n. “butter”
telpea adj. “silvern”
telpia adj. “silvern” see telpea
telpilin n. “silver piece”
telpina adj. “of silver”
telpingwe n. “silverfish”
telqe n. “silver” see telpe¹
teltasse n. “awning”
telu- v. “to finish, end, close, complete; to cover, roof”
telu n. “end (fate), close”
telumbe n. “mushroom, (lit.) fairy-canopy”
telume n. “the heavens, (vault of) heaven, firmament”
telúme n. “finish, conclusion, (the great) end”
telúmea adj. “final, conclusive, end; last; extreme”
telumen n. “finish, conclusion” see telúme
telusta adj. “outer, extreme, ultimate”
teluste (telusti-) n. “extremity”
telwa adj. “last, late”
telya adj. “attractive; importune”
telyanta- v. “to allure”
telyantalya n. “alluring”
telyantasse n. “allurement”
tempe n. “hate”
#ten- v. “to hear”
-tenda suf. “having fingers”
tende (tendi-) n. “sense of touch, sense, sensation, feeling”
tendile n. “feeling, sentiment”
tendilea adj. “feeling; sentimental”
tendl n. “string”
teng- v. “to think” see tenge-
tenge- v. “to know, understand, grasp, think”
tenge n. “finger” see tenna
tengenwa adj. “wise, knowing, understanding; sensible”
tengwe n. “knowledge, understanding; idea, notion, thought”
tengwele n. “sense”
tengwet(ta) n. “idea, notion”
tenka n. “pen”
tenna n. “finger”
tentima adj. “sensitive”
tentl n. “a feeler”
tenya- v. “feel, touch”
ter prep. “through”
ter- v. “*to pierce”
teren adj. “lissom, lithe”
terendl n. “lathe”
terenwa adj. “shapely, well tuned”
teret (terekt-) n. “augur, borer, gimlet”
tereva adj. “sharp, piercing, shrill; acute (pain)”
tessa n. “maid, maiden”
tessara adj. “maiden, maidenly”
tessare (tessari-) n. “little maid”
teste n. “small worm”
tet (tekt-) n. “spot, mark”
teta- v. “attract”
tetl n. “small flower”
tetse n. “bud”
tetta n. “baby” see tyetl
tettele n. “burgeoning, efflorescence”
teve- v. “to hate, dislike”
tévie n. “hatred, dislike”
tevin adj. “hated”
tie- v. “to go”
tie n. “line, direction, route, road, path”
til (tiln-) n. “(single) hair”
tila n. “(single) hair” see til
tilde n. “point, tip, peak”
#tildi- v. “to cover”
tilinya adj. “downy, hairy”
tille n. “eyelash”
tilt- v. “to make slope, incline (tr.), decline, shake at foundations, make totter”
tilta adj. “slanting”
tiltin adj. “slanting”
tilu- v. “to shine (blue)”
tilwe n. “glimmer”
tilwin n. “shining light, bright light”
tilwindea adj. “shining” see †tilwínea
tilwínea adj. “shining”
timpa n. “spray, nozzle of hose”
timpe n. “fine rain”
timpina adj. “fine, powdered, sprayed”
timpine n. “spray”
timpínea adj. “made of spray, full of fine showers, showery (of weather)”
timpinen (timpinend-) n. “fluter”
tína adj. “straight”
tinda n. “spike”
tinde (tindi-) adj. “spiked, pointed, barbed”
tingwe n. see tengwe
tini- v. “to gleam, shine as a star”
tint v. “(silver) spark”
tintele n. “sparkling, twinkling (as of frosty stars)”
tintya- v. “to sparkle, etc.”
tinwe n. “star”
tiq- v. “*to melt, thaw” see tiqi-
tiqi- v. “to melt, thaw”
tiqile n. “melting, thawing, thaw”
tiqilin (tiqilind-) n. “thaw, melting snow, slush”
tiqilindea n. “thawing, slushy”
tiri- v. “watch; keep, guard, preserve; look at, gaze at, observe”
tirin (tirind-) n. “tall tower, turret, minaret”
tirinwa adj. “vigilant”
tirion (tiriond-) n. “(great or mighty) tower; city on a hill”
tirios (tiriost-) n. “town or city with walls and towers, burg”
tiriosta n. “city with walls and towers” see tirios
tirípti ?
tiris (tiriss-) n. “watch, vigil, ward”
tirisse n. “watch, vigil, ward” see tiris
tirne n. “steadfast regard, stare”
tirt (tirty-) n. “part, portion, share, section”
tirtina adj. “divided, shared, distributed”
tirty- v. “to partion, divide, part, distribute”
titinwe n. “small star, a sparkle of dew”
titta adj. “tiny”
titte n. “breast, teat”
tiuka adj. “dense, solid”
tiura adj. “*compact” see tiure
tiure (tiuri-) adj. “compact”
tiusima n. “comforting, consoling, easing”
tiuta- v. “to strengthen; to corroborate, confirm; to comfort, console”
tiutale n. “strengthening, reinforcement; confirmation; comfort, consolation, easement”
tíwele n. “strengthening, reinforcement; confirmation; comfort, consolation, easement” see tiutale
-to suf. “reflexive suffix” see ‽-ko
toa n. “wool”
tókele n. “handling”
toko- v. “to feel with the hand, handle; to appraise, tax, assess, assay; to try, test, essay, endeavour”
tokot n. “cock”
tol (toll-) n. “island, isle”
tolda n. “hill (with a flat top), hill top; town on a hill”
tóle¹ n. “centre”
tóle² (tōli-) adj. “central, middle” see tólea
tólea adj. “central, middle”
toli n. “doll, puppet”
tolipin (tolipind-) n. “mannikin”
tolipinke n. “little doll”
tolkaiya num. ord. “eighteenth”
tolkea num. card. “eighteen”
tolla n. “hill top” see tolda
tolle n. “island” see tol
tolma n. “helm”
tolmen n. “boss (of shield), isolated round hill”
toloime n. “sling”
toloise adj. “rounded, cylindrical”
tolome n. “island”
tolos (toloss-) n. “knob, lumb”
tolot (tolokt-) n. “pebble, cobble-stone”
tolpo n. “bowl”
tolto num. card. “eight”
tol(to)kainen num. card. “eighty”
toltosto fraction. “one eighth”
toltost(y)a adj. “one eighth”
tolu- v. “to roll up, furl”
tolupe (tolupi-) adj. “roll, ball of wool”
tolya num. ord. “eighth”
tombo n. “gong”
tompa n. “small drum”
tompo- v. “to bang”
tompo-tompo n. “noise of drums (or guns)”
tong??a adj. “of iron”
tonga n. “great hammer”
tongar n. “smith”
tongo n. “iron”
tongwa adj. “like iron”
tontilla n. “cymbal”
tontl n. “cymbal, tambourine”
toqo- v. “yield, give, bear, bring forth”
tori- v. “to bake”
torina adj. “baked, done”
torma n. “oven”
torme n. “mountain (peak)”
toron ? “[unglossed]”
torqa adj. “blazing hot”
torqele n. “tropic heat”
torwa adj. “baked, dark brown”
-tsa suf. “diminutive”
#-tsi suf. “feminine suffix” see #-si
-tta suf. see -nta
tu¹ pron. “they; 3rd pl. masc. pronoun”
tu² pron. “he”
tua- pref. “*their; 3rd pl. masc. possessive”
tuakka n. “battle axe”
tub- v. “to dive” see tum-
tuile n. “spring, (lit.) a budding; buds, new shoots, fresh green”
tuilenda adj. “spring-like; fresh, sprouting, green”
Tuilére n. “Spring”
tuilindo n. “swallow, (lit.) spring-singer”
tuista n. “spray, twig, sprout, shoot”
tuita- v. “to bud, burgeon, grow”
tuiva adj. “*their; 3rd pl. masc. possessive emphatic” see túva
tuksa num. card. “gross, 144; hundred”
tuksainen num. card. “thousand” see tuksa kainen
tuksainenya num. ord. “thousandth”
tuksa kainen num. card. “thousand”
tuksa lempea n. “hundred” see tuksa pínea
tuksallume adv. “*hundred times”
tuksanto fraction. “one hundredth”
tuksantya adj. “one hundredth”
tuksanya num. ord. “hundredth”
tuksa pínea n. “hundred”
tuksatto fraction. “one hundredth” see tuksanto
tuksatya adj. “one hundredth” see tuksantya
tuktalla n. “*search”
tuku- v. “to go in search of, look for, fetch”
tul- v. “to bring, come” see tulu-
tulalka adj. “able to bring”
-tule (tuli-) suf. “bearing, etc.”
túlima adj. “(worth bringing) bringable, able to be brought”
tulinya adj. “(bringable) worth bringing”
tulka adj. “strong”
tulka- v. “to fix, stick in, set up, establish”
tulma n. “bier, tray”
tulpie n. “supporting, toleration”
tulpo n. “buttress, prop”
tulpu- v. “to uphold, support; to aid; to endure, tolerate; to bear (with); to prop”
tult (tulp-) n. “leg of chair, etc.”
tultárie adj. “?”
tulu- v. “to bring, carry, fetch; to move (intr.), come; to produce, bear fruit”
tulunka adj. “steady, firm”
tulwe n. “tall thin pillar, standard, pole; banner”
tulya- v. “to send, bring”
tum- v. “to dive”
túma adj. “moving”
tumbe n. “trumpet, (large) horn”
tumbo n. “dale, valley”
tumna adj. “deep, profound, dark or hidden”
tump-¹ v. “to build; to beat”
tump-² v. “to cover” see tupu-
tumpo n. “shed, barn”
tunda- v. “to kindle”
tunda n. “hole”
tundo n. “firewood, fuel”
tunga adj. “thick, dense”
tunke (tunki-) adj. “bright, witty, smart”
tunq- v. “to hear”
tunqa adj. “able to hear”
tunqele n. “hearing”
tunta- v. “see, notice, perceive”
tunto n. “notice, regard, perception; quickness of perception, wit”
túpele n. “roofing, tiles, roof”
tupin adj. “roofed, having a lid, having hat on”
túpo n. “roof, cover, lid”
tupse n. “lump, knob”
tupu- v. “to roof, cover, put a lid on, put hat on”
tur (tûr-) n. “king”
túrani n. “queen”
turanion n. “prince” see turillo
túranu n. “king”
turanwen n. “princess” see turwen
túre n. “might, strength, power”
túrea adj. “mighty”
turille n. “princess” see turwen
turillo n. “prince”
túrin n. “king(dom)”
turinda adj. “royal, of the ruling dynasty; in power”
turindo n. “palace”
turinoite adj. “royal, of the ruling dynasty; in power” see turinda
turinqi n. “queen”
turinqia adj. “royal, Queenly”
turinwa adj. “kingly, royal”
turinya- v. “to rule over, reign over”
túrion¹ (tūriond-) n. “palace” see turindo
túrion² n. “prince” see turillo
turka adj. “strong”
turqima adj. “haughty”
turqin (turqim-) n. “queen”
turu n. “wood (as material), (originally) firewood”
turu-¹ v. “can, to be able”
turu-² v. “to kindle” see tunda-
turuksa adj. “wooden” see turúva
turúva adj. “wooden”
turuvoite adj. “rich in timber”
turwa adj. “powerful”
turwen n. “princess”
turya- v. “to catch fire”
tustima adj. “inflammable”
tusture n. “tinder, chips, firewood”
tusturin (tusturind-) n. “match”
túto pron. “they (emphatic); 3rd sg. masc. pronoun”
túva adj. “*their; 3rd pl. masc. possessive emphatic”
túvima adj. “acceptable”
tuvu- v. “to receive, accept, take, require, cost”
tyá adv. “now”
tya- pref. “*your; 2nd sg. possessive”
-tya¹ suf. “comparative”
-tya² adj. “causative”
tyak- v. “to stick”
tyakta- v. “hew”
tyalie n. “play, game”
tyalien (tyaliend-) n. “sport, play; jest, mockery”
tyalu- v. “to play”
tyanta ?
tyasa- v. “to test, try, pick, choose”
tyasta- v. “to put to the test”
tyastava- v. “to taste (at)”
tyausta n. “savour, flavour”
tyav- v. “*to taste” see tyava-
tyava- v. “to taste; (impersonal) to taste of, reminds one of”
tyavasta n. “sense of taste”
tyé n. “tea”
tye¹ pron. “that by you”
tye² pron. “you”
tyen adv. “then”
tyenda adj. “that (of yours)”
tyent(y)e n. “that (of yours)”
tyetl n. “babe, a tiny baby”
tyetse n. “teat”
tyos (tyoss-) n. “cough”
tyosto- v. “to cough”
tyúka¹ adj. “thick”
tyúka² n. “cud”
tyukta- v. “to chew” see tyuku-
tyuku- v. “to chew”
tyulin adj. “tall”
tyulma n. “mast”
tyulme n. “mast” see tyulma
tyulta- v. “to rear up, stick up”
tyulusse n. “poplar”
tyúma n. “lump, mass”
tyur (tyurd-) n. “cheese”
tyurda adj. “curdled”
tyúre (tyúri-) adj. “stout, dense, compact”
tyurme n. “cheese” see tyur
tyuru- v. “to ‘turn’ milk, curdle (blood etc.)”
tyus (tyuks-) n. “cud”
tyusse n. “sand”
tyustyukta- v. “to chew the cud; to reflect, reminisce”
tyú(ta) n. “thigh”
tyúte (tyúsi-) n. “thumb”
u- pref. “he; 3rd sg. masc. pronoun” see hu
-u suf. “adverb suffix”
ú prep. “beneath”
ú- pref. “un-”
ua n. “the sea”
ue n. “fleece”
ui adj. “both”
uilosse n. “foam”
uindea adj. “fishlike” see windea
uiven num. card. “twenty”
uivi adj. “both” see ui
ukárele n.
ukku n. “rainbow”
ul- pref. “negative prefix; mis-”
ulban (ulband-) n. “monster, giant”
ulbanima adj. “monstrous”
úle n. “butter”
ulird(e)a adj. “pitiless, cruel, (lit.) without bowels”
ulka adj. “evil; bad, wicked, wrong”
ulkarma adj. “misdeed”
ulku n. “wolf”
ulma n. “flagon”
ulme n. “a kind of wine”
ulmula adj. “mumbling”
ulqa adj. “evil” see ulka
ulqi n. “she-wolf”
ulqu- v. “*to rend”
ulto- v. “pour (tr.)”
ulu- v. “pour, gush (intr.)”
ulumpe n. “camel”
ulumpingwe n. “caterpillar”
ulun (ulunt-) n. “camel” see ulumpe
uluntilla n. “camel’s hair”
uluswe n. “alder tree” see ulwe
uluswea adj. “alder-grown” see ulwea
ulwe n. “alder tree”
ulwea adj. “alder-grown”
ulwenoite adj. “alderlike”
ulwe nornelassea n. “oakleaved alder”
ulwesse n. “alder-thicket”
-uma suf. “a; some, certain” see -ma
-(u)ma suf. “a; some, certain”
umbe n. “dale, dell”
-úme suf. “augmentative”
-umea suf. “augmentative” see -úme
úmea adj. “large”
umna num. card. “eight”
umpai ?
umu- v. “to be not, do not”
-umya suf. “augmentative” see -úme
ungwe n. “spider”
unk(o) (unq-) n. “ear (of animals); corner, sticking out edge”
unqie n. “hearing”
unqilla(r) n. “handle of jar; pothook”
unqu-¹ v. “to hook into, catch (fish), catch in, etc.”
unqu-² v. “to hear”
upaitya- v.
úqa adj. “wet”
úqil n. “rain”
uqis (uqist-) n. “rain” see úqil
#uqu- v. “to rain”
-uran(do) suf. “town”
urdu n. “death”
úrin adj. “(blazing) hot”
urna n. “oven”
úro n. “boar”
uru n. “fire”
urupurnie n. “conflagration”
urúva adj. “like fire”
uruvoite adj. “fiery, having fire”
urwa adj. “on fire, afire”
urya- v. “to burn (intr.)”
#úsiéra adj. “*escaped”
usqe n. “fog”
usta- v. “to burn (tr.)”
usu- v. “to escape, get out”
usult ? “[unglossed]”
uswe n. “escape, issue, outlet”
úv- pref. “un-” see ú-
úva adj. “the under”
úvanimo n. “monster”
úya- v. “is not”
va- pref. “together”
-va suf. “adjectival”
va prep. “from; with”
vá¹ adj. “gone forth, away”
vá² n. “wind” see
vaile n. “covering”
vaima n. “wrap, robe”
vaimata- v. “robe”
vaina adj. “clad”
vaine n. “sheath, pod”
vainole n. “quiver”
vaita- v. “to wrap”
vaite adj. “skied”
vaiya¹ n. “sky, skies”
vaiya² n. “seamew” see máwe
vakko n. “jacket, coat”
vakse n. “sale”
vaktele n. “trade”
vaktelear n. “merchant”
#val (vald-) n. “good fortune, blessedness, happiness”
Vala n. “God”
valda n. and adj. “worth; worthy, dear”
Valde (Valdi-) n. “female god” see Valis
valdea adj. “of moment, important”
valima (valim-) adj. see valin
valin (valim-) adj. “happy”
Valis n. “female god”
valka¹ adj. “cruel, bitter”
valka² adj. “*vague” see valkane²
valkane¹ n. “torture”
valkane² adj. “vague”
valke (valki-) n. “edge, sharp blade”
valkea adj. “cutting, sharp”
valle ?
valma adj. “powerful”
valmandui n. “heaven and hell”
Valme n. “female god” see Valis
Valmo (Valmu-) n. “male god” see Valon
Valon n. “male god”
Valsi n. “female god” see Valis
-valta suf. “-vilti” see -vilte
valto n. “the luck of the Valar”
#van (vand-) n. “way, path”
vana- v. “to pass, depart, vanish, go away”
vande¹ n. “away, hence, forth”
vande² adv. “well”
vandl n. “staff”
-(v)ando adj. “augmentative” see -(y)ando
vane (vani-) adj. “fair, lovely”
vanéni n. “beauty”
vanesse n. “beauty”
vanest(e)a adj. “beautious”
vanga¹ n. “staff” see vandl
vanga² n. “beard” see fanga
vanima adj. “proper, right, as it should be, fair”
vanko n. “wares”
vanta adj. “?beautiful”
vanwa adj. “gone, on the road, past, over, lost”
vanwe n. “wind” see
vanya adj. “good (not evil), holy”
vaqa- v. “vanquish”
vaqasta n. “a victory”
vaqi(e) n. “victory”
var conj. “or”
vára adj. “other”
vard- v. “to rule, govern”
vardar n. “king”
vardo n. “prince”
varimo n. “foreigner”
varitsi n. “foreigner (fem.)”
varivoite adj. “foreign”
varka n. “fear, dread”
#varka- v. “to bode (impersonal); to dread, fear”
varkima adj. “dreadful”
varne¹ n. “strangeness, estrangement”
varne² adj. “[unglossed]”
varni n. “queen”
váro adv. “*rather”
varqa adj. “in fear, afraid”
varta n. “change”
vartyane n. “service”
vartyo n. “servant, slave” see virt
varúse adv. “*in other manner [than]”
varya adj. “different”
varyani n. “foreigner (fem.)”
varyanu n. “foreigner”
vasa n. “juice”
#vasa- v. “to rush (of both noise and speed, tr.)”
vaska adj. “making a plash or rush”
vaskelu n. “fountain”
vassale n. “rustling”
vasse (vassi-) n. “wing”
vassivaswe n. “beating or rushing of wings”
vasta n. “road”
vasta- v. “to rush (of both noise and speed, intr.)”
#vat (vakt-) n. “wares”
ve prep. “as, like”
vea¹ adj. “similar, like”
vea² n. “sea”
veakirya n. “sea-ship”
vealta- v. “to resemble”
veasta n. “resemblance, comparison”
véla v. “see”
velike (veliki-) adj. “great, large”
velikse adv. “greatly”
velitya- v. “to magnify”
velka n. “flame”
velte n. “beard”
velu- v. “to unfurl”
velu n. “sail” see velunte
velunte n. “sail”
velupantie n. “revelation”
vena adj. “womanl[y]” see venya
vene n. “small boat, vessel, dish”
venie n. “shape, cut”
veniel n. “mariner”
venin adj. “womanl[y]” see venya
venta n. “chin”
venta- v. “to cut, shape”
venwe n. “shape, cut” see venie
venya adj. “womanl[y]”
veri n. “wife”
verin adj. “married”
veringwi n. “husband and wife, married pair”
veru n. “husband”
veruner n. “husband”
veruni n. “wife”
vesse n. “wife”
vesta- v. “to wed, marry, join others in marriage; (refl.) to get married”
vesta n. “state of marriage”
vestale n. “wedding”
vestaner n. “?groom”
vestani n. “?bride”
vestanoina adj. “related by marriage”
vestaqin n. “?bride” see vestani
vestin n. “wife”
via adj. “male”
vie n. “teors, *penis”
vihta n. “*folk”
vika adj. “valiant”
víkana- v. “to compare”
-víke suf. “as”
víke adv. “like”
víkele n. “resemblance, comparison”
viksa adj. “sticky”
vikte n. “gum”
vil- v. “to sail, fly, float” see wili-
vil(de) n. “matter, business, affair, thing”
#vildi- v. “to matter; to be of significance, worth, moment”
vildima adj. “essential, imperative”
víle n. “gentle breeze”
vilina adj. “airy, breezy, light”
vilisse n. “spirit”
vilki- v.
vilkin adj. “bitter, evil”
-vilte (-vilti-) suf. “-less”
vilya n. “(lower) air” see Vilna
vílyava adj. “airy”
vingwe ?
vírin n.
virt (virty-) n. “servant, slave”
virti- v.
vísi n. “blood”
vite (vitsi-) n. “sap, juice”
vitevíse n. “*resin, gum, (lit.) sap-blood”
voine n. “desire, wish”
#-voite (-voisi-) suf. “adjective suffix”
vondo n. “son”
vóre (vóri-) n. “fur”
vorima adj. “everlasting”
vórina adj. “of fur”
vorinqile n. “monotony”
vóriva adj. “like fur”
vorne n. “an aeon”
vor(o) adv. “ever, always”
vorokantele n. “harping, vain or monotonous repetition”
voronda adj. “faithful”
voruva adv. “age long”
#-wa suf. “adjective suffix” see -va
n. “wind”
waiwe n. “seamew” see máwe
waliemba adj. “tropical”
wal(i)na adj. “brown”
wanwa n. “great gale”
wanwavoite adj. “windy”
#wara- v. “to rub”
warda adj. “dead”
warda- v. “to rule”
wassale n. “rustling” see vassale
wasse (wassi-) n. “wing” see vasse
wasta- v. “to dwell”
wasto n. “village”
-we suf. “a, an”
welba adj. “boiling, bubbling”
welbe n. “bubble”
wele- v. “to boil, bubble”
welet (welekt-) n. “boil, tumor”
welme n. “spring” see welwe
welwe n. “spring”
wembe n. “worm”
wembil n. “worm”
-wen suf.
wenda n. “brook”
wende n. “maiden”
wendele n. “maidenhood”
wen(di) n. “maid, girl, maiden”
wenga adj. “*male”
wente n. “brook, small river”
werelin (werelind-) n. “whirligig”
werelinda adj. “twirling, pirouetting”
wereven(da) (werevend-) n. “winding rill”
werin(a) adj. “round”
wie n. “*man, male of the Elda”
wilda adj. “winged”
wili- v. “to sail, fly, float”
wilin n. “bird”
wilindea adj. “as a bird”
wilwarin (wilwarind-) n. “butterfly”
wilwarinda adj. “butterflylike”
wimpele n. “a twinkling”
winda n. “woof”
windea adj. “fishlike”
windele n. “loom”
winge¹ (wingi-) n. “(blowing) foam, spindrift, froth, scud, spray”
winge² n. “wave”
wingil (wingild-) n. “(sea) nymph; *(lit.) foam-maiden”
winka n. “corner, nook”
-(w)inta suf. “diminutive” see -(w)inte
-(w)inte suf. “diminutive”
wintele n. “*twinkling”
wintil n. “a glint”
winwe (winwi-) n. “a sparkling, flash”
winwinoite adj. “glittering”
winya- v. “to flash, glint”
wiste n. “weft”
wóre (wóri-) adj. “sweet (to taste only)”
ya pron. “relative pronoun”
#-ya suf. “adjective suffix”
#yaim- v. “to possess”
yaima- v. “to possess” see #yaim-
yaima n. “implement”
yaisa n. “steel” see yakse¹
yak(k)o n. “ox”
yakse¹ n. “steel”
yakse² n. “cow” see yaksi
yaksi n. “cow”
yaksina adj. “of steel”
yalka n. “ice”
yalle n. “a hollow ring”
yalta n. “yoke”
yalte n. “yoke” see yalta
yama- v. “to shout, call”
yáma n. “shout; call; name”
yambo n. “cheer, shout of triumph”
yáme adj. “yawning”
yan conj. “when”
ya(n) conj. “and”
yanda adj. “dark, gloomy”
-yanda adj. “augmentative” see -(y)ando
-(y)ando adj. “augmentative”
yando adv. “also”
yanta- v. “to add to, enlarge, increase, augment”
yanta¹ adj. “large”
yanta² adj. “joined”
yantya- v. “to add to, augment” see yanta-
yanwa n. “goose”
yara n. “a gloom, blight, lowering darkness”
yarendila adj. “like a sailor”
yarendilyon n. “sailor”
yarta n. “yoke”
yaru n. “gloom, blight” see yara
yat n. “neck; isthmus” see yatta
yatta n. “neck; isthmus”
yaule n. “cat”
yausta n. “crop”
yáva n. “fruits, produce”
#yava-¹ v. “to bear fruit”
yava-² v. “to hold”
yávan n. “harvest, autumn”
yel (yeld-) n. “cold, the cold”
yelin n. “winter”
yelma n. “(a bout of) frost; a cold; chill”
yelwa adj. “cold”
yéma n. “face”
yenda adj. “yesterday’s”
yendiéra n. “day before yesterday, (lit.) yesterday’s yesterday”
yendina adj. “yesterday’s” see yenda
yendo n. “glance, gaze” see yesta
yenye(n) n. “yesterday”
yeraina adj. “of iron”
yeremba adj. “like iron” see yerenwa
yere(n) n. “pig iron”
yerenwa adj. “like iron”
yereva adj. “of iron” see yeraina
yesta n. “glance, gaze”
yéta- v. “to look at”
n. “son”
yolme n. “stench, stink”
yolo- v. “to stink”
-yon suf. “-son” see -ion
yon (yond-) n. “son” see †
yondo n. “son, male descendant, (great) grandson”
yu ?
adv. “twice”
yú- pref. “ago”
yukainellume adv. “*twenty times”
yukainen num. card. “twenty”
yukainen min num. card. “twenty one” see minya yukainen
yukainento fraction. “one twentieth”
yukainen tuksa num. card. “one hundred twenty”
yukainentya adj. “one twentieth”
yukainenya num. ord. “twentieth”
yullume adv. “twice, *two times”
yulu- v. “to carry”
yundóra num. card. “two million”
yundóre num. card. “billion”
yunga n. “twin”
yunqe num. card. “twelve”
yunqekainen num. card. “one hundred twenty” see yukainen tuksa
yunqenya num. ord. “twelfth”
yunqetto fraction. “one twelfth”
yunqetya num. ord. “twelfth” see yunqenya
yuro n. “a run, race”
yuru- v. “to run”
yutuksa num. card. “two hundred” see yúyo tuksa
yúye adv. “long ago”
yúyo num. card. “two”
yúyo húmi num. card. “two thousand”
yúyo tuksa num. card. “two hundred”
yúyo yukainen num. card. “twenty two”