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ᴱQ. tupse n. “lump, knob” (Category: Mound, Pile)

⚠️ᴱQ. tupsë, n. “lump, knob” (Category: Mound, Pile)
ᴹQ. tumpo “hump, lump”

Qenya cognate of ᴱN. tuf “lump, knob” from Early Noldorin Word-lists of the 1920s, and so probably of a similar meaning (PE13/154). In later writings, ᴹQ. tupse = “thatch” (Ety/TUP).

Reference ✧ PE13/154 ✧ “lump, knob”


ᴱQ. kumpo n. “pile” (Category: Mound, Pile)

A noun in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s glossed “pile” appearing as a derivative of the root ᴱ√KUMU “heap up”, but Tolkien considered transferring it to ᴱ√KUPU “hump” (QL/49).

References ✧ QL/49




Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√KUMU > kumpo [kumpō] > [kumpo] ✧ QL/49
ᴱ√KUPU > kumpo [kumpō] > [kumpo] ✧ QL/49