[Home] » Languages » Neo-Quenya »  Neo-Quenya Words[Search] [← Previous] [Next →][Search]

ᴱQ. ulma n. “flagon” (Category: Cup)

A word appearing as ᴱQ. ulma “flagon” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s derived from ᴱ✶ḷma (QL/97). Tolkien said it was not related to the early root ᴱ√ULU “pour” because Gnomish derivatives of that root showed gul- (indicating a true root form *ᴱ√GULU), whereas the Gnomish cognate of this word was G. ulm (GL/74).

Neo-Quenya: Tolkien soon changed his mind and decided the root for “pour” was in fact ᴱ√ULU. I would therefore retain ᴺQ. ulma for purposes of Neo-Quenya, but would assume it was derived from *ul-mā “a thing for pouring”. As such, I would assume its use also included pitchers with handles as well as flagons; this is how Helge Fauskanger used ulma in his Neo-Quenya New Testament (NQNT).

Reference ✧ QL/97 ✧ “flagon”




Phonetic Developments

ᴱ✶ḷma > ulma [ḷmā] > [ḷma] > [ulma] ✧ QL/97