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ᴱQ. qíva adj. “awake” (Category: to Wake)

⚠️ᴱQ. quíva, adj. “awake” (Category: to Wake)
ᴺQ. !cuiva “awake”

An adjective appearing as ᴱQ. Qîva “awake” in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s derived from the early root ᴱ√QIV; Tolkien noted it was sometimes confused with ᴱQ. koiva “lively, living” (GL/29).

Neo-Quenya: I would adapt this word as ᴺQ. cuiva “awake” using the later root √KUY.

Reference ✧ GL/29 ✧ Qîva “awake”


Element In



Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√QIV > Qîva [kʷīβā] > [kʷīβa] > [kʷīva] ✧ GL/29