ᴱQ. qíva adj. “awake” (Category: to Wake)
- ⚠️ᴱQ. quíva, adj. “awake” (Category: to Wake)
- ᴺQ. !cuiva “awake”
An adjective appearing as ᴱQ. Qîva “awake” in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s derived from the early root ᴱ√QIV; Tolkien noted it was sometimes confused with ᴱQ. koiva “lively, living” (GL/29).
Neo-Quenya: I would adapt this word as ᴺQ. cuiva “awake” using the later root √KUY.
Reference ✧ GL/29 ✧ Qîva “awake”
|ᴱ√QIV > Qîva
||[kʷīβā] > [kʷīβa] > [kʷīva]
|| ✧ GL/29