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ᴱQ. koiva adj. “awake; lively, living” (Category: to Live; Living; Life)

A word appearing as ᴱQ. koiva “awake” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s under the early root ᴱ√KOẎO “have life” (QL/48), but in the contemporaneous Gnomish Lexicon it was glossed “lively, living” (GL/29).

Neo-Quenya: I’d retain this word as ᴺQ. coiva “lively” for purposes of Neo-Quenya, since I use √KOY as the root of words having to do with life. For “awake” I’d use ᴺQ. cuiva, and for “living” I’d use Q. coirëa.

References ✧ GL/29; LT1A/Koivië-néni; PE13/140; QL/48



Element In



Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√KOI̯-VI > koiva [kojβā] > [kojβa] > [koiβa] > [koiβa] ✧ GL/29
ᴱ√KOẎO > koiva [koðʲβā] > [koðʲβa] > [kojβa] > [koiβa] > [koiβa] ✧ QL/48