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Q. car- v. (basic-verb) “to do, make”

Q. car-, v. (basic-verb) “to do, make, [ᴹQ.] build”

References ✧ PE17/68, 74, 94, 129, 132, 144; PE22/152, 154-155, 161-162, 167; VT39/20; VT41/13, 17; VT42/33-34; VT43/15, 26; VT49/16, 20, 34; WJ/371, 391

Variations

Related

Changes

Inflections

karil(y)a active-participle   ✧ PE22/152: aorist act[ive adj.]
karila active-participle “doing” ✧ PE22/155
care aorist “make” ✧ PE17/144
care aorist “*done” ✧ VT43/15
care aorist   ✧ VT49/16
cari- aorist “make” ✧ VT43/26: stem
kare aorist   ✧ PE17/94; PE17/132
kare aorist “doing” ✧ PE22/154
kare aorist “to do” ✧ VT42/34
karimmo aorist 1st-dual-exclusive   ✧ PE17/132
karilmo aorist 1st-dual-inclusive   ✧ PE17/132
karilme aorist 1st-pl-exclusive   ✧ PE17/129: a merge of exclusive and inclusive forms [as part of Tolkien’s attempt to justify Frodo using -lmo in the first edition of The Lord of the Rings]
karimbe aorist 1st-pl-exclusive   ✧ PE17/132
karilme aorist 1st-pl-inclusive   ✧ PE17/132
karin aorist 1st-sg “I make” ✧ PE22/152: aor.
karin(ye) aorist 1st-sg   ✧ PE17/132
karillo aorist 2nd-dual   ✧ PE17/132
karistar aorist 2nd-dual-honorific   ✧ PE17/132
karille aorist 2nd-pl   ✧ PE17/132
kariltar aorist 2nd-pl-honorific   ✧ PE17/132
karitar aorist 2nd-sg-honorific   ✧ PE17/132
karil(ye) aorist 2nd-sg-polite   ✧ PE17/132
karisto aorist 3rd-dual   ✧ PE17/132
carilta aorist 3rd-pl   ✧ VT43/26
karinte aorist 3rd-pl   ✧ PE17/132
karis aorist 3rd-sg   ✧ PE17/129
karis aorist 3rd-sg “he is ... to do” ✧ PE22/162
karis(se) aorist 3rd-sg   ✧ PE17/132
karis- aorist 3rd-sg   ✧ PE17/129
karit aorist dual   ✧ PE17/132
karir aorist plural   ✧ PE17/132
karir aorist plural “form” ✧ WJ/391
carires aorist plural with-sg-object   ✧ VT43/26
carita aorist with-pl-object   ✧ VT43/26
caris aorist with-sg-object   ✧ VT43/26
caruva future “shall make” ✧ PE17/144
karuvalwe future 1st-pl-inclusive “we [shall] make” ✧ PE22/161
caruvan(ye) future 1st-sg “I am going to do/shall do (it)” ✧ PE22/167
kăruvn(ye) future 1st-sg   ✧ PE22/152: fut.
karuvas future 3rd-sg   ✧ PE22/162
karuvaila future-participle   ✧ PE22/152; PE22/155
karuvala future-participle   ✧ PE22/155
kăruvalya future-participle   ✧ PE22/152
karie gerund   ✧ PE17/68: general infinitive
kărie gerund “doing” ✧ PE22/152
cara imperative; suffixed-imperative “*done” ✧ VT43/15
care infinitive “do” ✧ VT49/34
kar-e infinitive “do, make” ✧ PE22/152
kare infinitive “(to) do” ✧ PE17/68: simplest aorist infinitive
kare infinitive   ✧ PE22/152
kare infinitive “do” ✧ VT49/20
kare infinitive “do [it]” ✧ WJ/371
añkárie intensive gerund   ✧ PE17/94
karita particular-infinitive “to do (in this case)” ✧ PE22/154
karita particular-infinitive “to do” ✧ VT41/17; VT42/33
karitalya(s) particular-infinitive 2nd-pl-poss with-sg-object “your doing (it)” ✧ VT41/17
karitalya(s) particular-infinitive 2nd-sg-polite-poss with-sg-object “your doing (it)” ✧ PE22/154; VT42/33
karitas particular-infinitive with-sg-object   ✧ PE22/154
karitas particular-infinitive with-sg-object “to do it” ✧ VT41/13
karitas particular-infinitive with-sg-object “to do so” ✧ VT41/13
karitas particular-infinitive with-sg-object “doing it” ✧ VT41/17
karitas particular-infinitive with-sg-object “doing this” ✧ VT42/34
carina passive-participle “*done” ✧ VT43/15
karina passive-participle   ✧ PE22/152: aor. passive adj.
carne past “did make” ✧ PE17/144
karne past “did” ✧ PE17/74
karne past   ✧ PE22/152
karnen past 1st-sg   ✧ PE22/152: past
akárienye perfect 1st-sg   ✧ PE22/152: perf.
karnelya perfect-participle   ✧ PE22/152
kárielya perfect-participle   ✧ PE22/152
káriéla perfect-participle   ✧ PE22/152; PE22/155
kárienwa perfect-passive-participle   ✧ PE17/68: a past form [of the passive participle?]; rare; [it seems to be formed form the perfect (a)kárie]
kari-nwa perfective-participle   ✧ PE17/68: simple past passive participle
cára present “am making” ✧ PE17/144
káranye present 1st-sg   ✧ PE22/152: pres. cont

Element In

Cognates

Derivations


ᴹQ. kar- v. (basic-verb) “to do, make, build”

References ✧ Ety/KAR; LR/47, 56, 72; PE17/14; PE22/97, 99-101, 103-112, 116, 118-119, 121-123, 127; SD/246, 310; VT43/15

Changes

Inflections

karia active-participle   ✧ PE22/100
karia active-participle “making” ✧ PE22/106
karia active-participle   ✧ PE22/109; PE22/116
karia active-participle   ✧ PE22/109
karia active-participle “active (in making)” ✧ PE22/110
kare aorist   ✧ PE22/109
kare aorist “make(s)” ✧ PE22/109
kare aorist “to make” ✧ PE22/127
kărĕ aorist   ✧ PE22/99
kărĭ- aorist “do” ✧ PE22/99
karin aorist 1st-sg “I make, build” ✧ Ety/KAR
karit aorist dual   ✧ PE22/99
karit aorist dual   ✧ PE22/109
karir aorist plural   ✧ PE22/99; PE22/109
karin aorist with-1st-sg-object “makes me” ✧ PE22/99
karin aorist with-1st-sg-object   ✧ PE22/109
karin aorist with-1st-sg-object   ✧ PE22/109
karilthi aorist with-pl-object “to make them” ✧ PE22/127
karis aorist with-sg-object   ✧ PE22/109
karis aorist with-sg-object “make it” ✧ PE22/127
karit aorist with-sg-object “make it” ✧ PE22/127
karite aorist with-sg-object “making it” ✧ PE22/119
karite aorist with-sg-object “make it” ✧ PE22/123
karalyane consuetudinal-past “I used to make” ✧ PE22/101
karalyane consuetudinal-past   ✧ PE22/109
karalyane consuetudinal-past   ✧ PE22/109
karuva future “shall/will/am going to make” ✧ PE22/105
karuva future   ✧ PE22/109
karuva future   ✧ PE22/109
karuvā- future “will make, (originally) is proceeding to/going to make” ✧ PE22/97
karuvar future plural   ✧ PE22/109
karuvan future with-1st-sg-object   ✧ PE22/109
karalyuva future-imperfect   ✧ PE22/109
karuvalya future-participle “about to make” ✧ PE22/109
karuvalya future-participle   ✧ PE22/109
karuvalya future-participle   ✧ PE22/109
karuvaina future-passive-participle “going to be made” ✧ PE22/109
karuvaina future-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/109
karuvanta future-passive-participle “going to be made” ✧ PE22/109
karuvanta future-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/109; PE22/109
(a)káriévane future-perfect “was going to have made, would have gone” ✧ PE22/105
akáriéva future-perfect “shall have made” ✧ PE22/105
karnéva future-perfect   ✧ PE22/105; PE22/109
karnēva future-perfect “shall have made” ✧ PE22/104
kárieva future-perfect; augmentless “has finished” ✧ PE22/121
káriéva future-perfect   ✧ PE22/109
karie gerund “making” ✧ PE22/99; PE22/119
karie gerund   ✧ PE22/109
karie gerund   ✧ PE22/109
karie gerund “making (things)” ✧ PE22/119
kariemma gerund 1st-pl-inclusive-poss “our doing” ✧ PE17/14
karalya imperfect-participle “doing, making” ✧ PE22/107
karalya imperfect-participle   ✧ PE22/109
karalya imperfect-participle   ✧ PE22/109
karalya imperfect-participle “making” ✧ PE22/123
karaina imperfect-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/109
karanta imperfect-passive-participle “being made” ✧ PE22/108
karanta imperfect-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/109; PE22/109
káraina imperfect-passive-participle “being made” ✧ PE22/108
kare infinitive   ✧ PE22/99
kare infinitive “(to) make” ✧ PE22/109
karilthi infinitive plural with-remote-pl-object “to make them (other things)” ✧ PE22/118
karilte infinitive plural with-sg-object “to make it” ✧ PE22/118
karin infinitive with-1st-sg-object   ✧ PE22/99
karithe infinitive with-remote-sg-object “to do it” ✧ PE22/118
karite infinitive with-sg-object “to make it” ✧ PE22/118
akarnelye long-perfect   ✧ PE22/109
akarnelye long-perfect   ✧ PE22/109
akárielye long-perfect “I have been making” ✧ PE22/104
akărnelye long-perfect   ✧ PE22/104
karina passive-participle   ✧ PE22/109
karina passive-participle   ✧ PE22/109
karina passive-participle “made” ✧ PE22/111; VT43/15
karĭna passive-participle “made” ✧ PE22/107
karne past   ✧ Ety/KAR; PE22/109
karne past “made” ✧ PE22/103
karne past   ✧ PE22/109
káre past “made” ✧ LR/72; SD/246
kāre past “made” ✧ LR/47; SD/310
karner past plural   ✧ PE22/109
karnen past with-1st-sg-object   ✧ PE22/109
karnes past with-sg-object   ✧ PE22/121
karnet past with-sg-object   ✧ PE22/121
karnéte past with-sg-object “had made (lit. made) it” ✧ PE22/118
karuváne past-future “was going to make” ✧ PE22/105
karúvane past-future   ✧ PE22/105: later
karúvane past-future   ✧ PE22/109
karúvane past-future   ✧ PE22/109
karnévane past-future-perfect   ✧ PE22/109
káriévane past-future-perfect   ✧ PE22/109
kárane past-imperfect “was making” ✧ PE22/101
kárane past-imperfect   ✧ PE22/109
kárane past-imperfect   ✧ PE22/109
káraner past-imperfect plural   ✧ PE22/109
akárie perfect   ✧ PE22/103; PE22/109
akárie perfect   ✧ PE22/109
kárie perfect “made” ✧ LR/56
kárie perfect; augmentless “finishes” ✧ PE22/121
kárielto perfect 3rd-pl; augmentless “they made” ✧ LR/72
kárier perfect plural; augmentless “they made” ✧ LR/72
ăkárier perfect plural   ✧ PE22/109
akárin perfect with-1st-sg-object   ✧ PE22/109
akárielya perfect-participle   ✧ PE22/108; PE22/108
akárielya perfect-participle “that is already built” ✧ PE22/108
akárielya perfect-participle   ✧ PE22/109
karnelya perfect-participle   ✧ PE22/108; PE22/109
karnelya perfect-participle “having built” ✧ PE22/108
karnelya perfect-participle “that had been (already) built” ✧ PE22/108
karnelya perfect-participle   ✧ PE22/109
kárielya perfect-participle   ✧ PE22/108
(a)kárienwa perfect-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/109
kárienwa perfect-passive-participle “having been made” ✧ PE22/109
kárienwa perfect-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/109
{a}kárienwa perfect-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/109
karinwa perfective-participle “made, finished, done, completed” ✧ PE22/106
karinwa perfective-participle   ✧ PE22/109
karinwa perfective-participle   ✧ PE22/109
karinwa perfective-participle “fully made, completed” ✧ PE22/112
karnelyane pluperfect “I was having made, I had made” ✧ PE22/104
karnelyane pluperfect “had made” ✧ PE22/108
karnelyane pluperfect   ✧ PE22/109
karnelyane pluperfect   ✧ PE22/109
kára present   ✧ PE22/109
kára present   ✧ PE22/109
kāra present “be doing” ✧ PE22/100
kára present infinitive “(to) be making” ✧ PE22/100
kára present plural “are ... making” ✧ PE22/127
kárar present plural   ✧ PE22/109
káralti present plural with-pl-object “are ... making them” ✧ PE22/127
káran present with-1st-sg-object   ✧ PE22/109
kárathe present with-remote-sg-object “is (then) making it” ✧ PE22/118
kára(za) present with-sg-object “doing it” ✧ PE22/122
káraza present with-sg-object “doing this” ✧ PE22/122

Element In

Derivations


ᴱQ. kara- v. “to do, make”

References ✧ PE14/58, 84; PE15/71; QL/45

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

kare past   ✧ PE15/71
karne past   ✧ PE14/58; PE15/71
karne past “did” ✧ PE14/84
káre past   ✧ QL/45
kārie past   ✧ PE15/71
kare present “make” ✧ PE14/58
karin present 1st-sg “I make, do” ✧ QL/45

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ✶kar > kare [kar-] ✧ PE14/58
ᴱ√KARA > karin [kar-] ✧ QL/45