ᴱQ. subject affixes grammar.

⚠️ᴱQ. subject affixes grammar.

Examples (1st-sg)
tildir “I cover” [← #tildi-] ✧ QL/93
virtir “I serve” [← virti-] ✧ QL/102
’wardin “I rule” [← warda-] ✧ QL/104
wastar “I dwell” [← wasta-] ✧ QL/102
tulin [← tulu-] aorist ✧ PE16/124
tulin [← tulu-] aorist ✧ PE16/125
tuluvan [← tulu-] conditional ✧ PE16/124
tuluvan [← tulu-] conditional ✧ PE16/126
tuluvanye [← tulu-] future ✧ PE16/124
tuluvanye [← tulu-] future ✧ PE16/126
tulan [← tulu-] imperative ✧ PE16/125
tul [← tulu-] imperative ✧ PE16/125
linganen [← linga-] past ✧ PE16/100
qentien “*I said” [← qet-] past ✧ PE15/32
tūlien [← tulu-] past ✧ PE16/124
túlien [← tulu-] past ✧ PE16/126
tūlian [← tulu-] past-subjunctive ✧ PE16/124
túlian [← tulu-] past-subjunctive ✧ PE16/126
tūlienye [← tulu-] perfect ✧ PE16/124
túlienye [← tulu-] perfect ✧ PE16/126
anir “I give” [← anta-] present ✧ QL/31
anin [← anta-] present ✧ QL/31
aqin “I seize in my hand” [← #aqa-] present ✧ QL/31
karin “I make, do” [← kara-] present ✧ QL/45
kilkin “I gather, reap” [← kilk-] present ✧ QL/47
elin “I drive” [← #ele-] present ✧ QL/35
enin “I am called” [← en-] present ✧ QL/35
enin [← en-] present ✧ QL/35
emin [← en-] present ✧ QL/35
erin “remains” [← #er-] present ✧ LT1A/Tol Eressëa
erin “remains” [← #er-] present ✧ QL/36
fengin “I cut” [← #feng-] present ✧ QL/38
harin “remains” [← har-] present ✧ QL/39
hatin “I fling” [← hata-] present ✧ QL/39
hilkin “it freezes” [← hilk-] present ✧ QL/39
hepin “I bind” [← hepe-] present ✧ QL/40
hotin “I sneeze” [← hotyo-] present ✧ QL/41
iltin “I thrust home” [← ilt-] present ✧ QL/42
iqin “I beg, ‘pray’” [← iq-] present ✧ QL/43
irtin “I peck, prick” [← #irt-] present ✧ QL/43
kangin “I weave, spin” [← #kanga-] present ✧ QL/45
kapin “I jump” [← kap-] present ✧ QL/45
kawin “I bow” [← kawa-] present ✧ LT1A/Kaukaeldar
kawin “I bow, make obeisance” [← kawa-] present ✧ QL/45
kenin “I prick” [← ken-] present ✧ QL/46
kulpin “I contain” [← kulp-] present ✧ QL/47
kumin “I pile up” [← #kum-] present ✧ QL/49
kakin “I laugh” [← kaka-] present ✧ QL/44
lomir “I hide” [← lom-] present ✧ LT1A/Hisilómë
lomir “I hide (tr.), lurk (intr.)” [← lom-] present ✧ QL/55
lomir “I hide (tr.)” [← lom-] present ✧ QL/55
mokir “I hate” [← mok-] present ✧ LT1A/Kosomot
mokir “I hate” [← mok-] present ✧ QL/62
kiltin “I jerk, tuck” [← #kilti-] present ✧ QL/47
tulinye [← tulu-] present ✧ PE16/124
tulinye [← tulu-] present ✧ PE16/125
tŭlyan [← tulu-] present-subjective ✧ PE16/125
tulian [← tulu-] present-subjective ✧ PE16/125
nyanta “I give” [← anta-] pronoun-prefix ✧ PE14/86
nista “I know” [← ista-] pronoun-prefix ✧ PE14/86
nyūmil [← umu-] pronoun-prefix ✧ PE14/86
tulan [← tulu-] subjective ✧ PE16/125
tulyan [← tulu-] subjunctive ✧ PE16/124

Examples (2nd-sg-familiar)

Examples (2nd-sg-polite)

Examples (3rd-sg)
nalto “*they are [have]” [← ná-] ✧ PE15/32
nalto “*they are” [← ná-] ✧ PE15/32
’warin “rubs” [← #wara-] ✧ QL/103
umin “it is not, does not, etc.” [← umu-] ✧ QL/98
uvin [← umu-] ✧ QL/98
uqin “it rains” [← #uqu-] ✧ QL/98
usin “he escapes” [← usu-] ✧ QL/98
vildin “it matters, is of significance, worth, moment” [← #vildi-] ✧ QL/102
varkin “it bodes (impersonal); I dread, I fear (personal)” [← #varka-] ✧ QL/102
vasin “rush (tr.)” [← #vasa-] ✧ QL/100
vastan “rush (intr.)” [← vasta-] ✧ QL/100
vilkin “it cuts” [← vilki-] ✧ QL/101
yamin “shout, call” [← yama-] ✧ QL/105
yavin “bears fruit” [← #yava-¹] ✧ LT1A/Yavanna
yavin “bears fruit” [← #yava-¹] ✧ QL/105
yurin “runs” [← yuru-] ✧ QL/106
tulle [← tulu-] aorist ✧ PE16/124
tulia [← tulu-] perfect ✧ PE16/124
emir ← enin (present 1st-sg) present ✧ QL/35
enir ← enin (present 1st-sg) present ✧ QL/35
hilkin “it freezes” [← hilk-] present ✧ LT1A/Helkar
ilkin- “it seems” [← ilk-] present ✧ QL/42
limin “he binds” [← lim-] present ✧ QL/54
tulia [← tulu-] present ✧ PE16/124
tulie [← tulu-] present ✧ PE16/124
usin “he escapes” [← usu-] present ✧ LT1A/Dor Faidwen
avin “he departs” [← #ava-] present ✧ QL/33

Examples (3rd-sg-masc)
Kildo “one saw” [← kili-] aorist ✧ MC/220
kildo [← kili-] aorist ✧ PE16/56
kildo [← kili-] aorist ✧ PE16/57
kildo [← kili-] aorist ✧ PE16/60
kildo [← kili-] aorist ✧ PE16/60
kildo “he saw” [← kili-] aorist ✧ PE16/62
kildo [← kili-] aorist ✧ PE16/72
kildo [← kili-] aorist ✧ PE16/74
lunganar “sagged” [← lunga(na)-] aorist ✧ MC/221
lunganar “leaned” [← lunga(na)-] aorist ✧ PE16/62
lungáro [← lunga(na)-] aorist ✧ PE16/65
lunganar [← lunga(na)-] aorist ✧ PE16/72
lunganar [← lunga(na)-] aorist ✧ PE16/74
lunganaar [← lunga(na)-] aorist ✧ PE16/77
lurdon [← lur-] aorist ✧ PE16/60
surdon [← sur-] aorist ✧ PE16/57
tulto [← tulu-] aorist ✧ PE16/124
tulur [← tulu-] aorist ✧ PE16/125
tuldo [← tulu-] aorist ✧ PE16/125
tuluvant [← tulu-] conditional ✧ PE16/124
tuluvár(o) [← tulu-] conditional ✧ PE16/126
kiluvando [← kili-] future ✧ PE16/77
laustuvaaro [← lausta-²] future ✧ PE16/77
tuluvando [← tulu-] future ✧ PE16/124
tuluvando [← tulu-] future ✧ PE16/126
tuláto [← tulu-] imperative ✧ PE16/125
kírier “clove” [← kiri-] past ✧ MC/216
kírier “clove” [← kiri-] past ✧ PE16/100
kiirier [← kiri-] past ✧ PE16/104
falastanéro “with loud surf” [← falasta-] past ✧ MC/220
falassiéro [← falasta-] past ✧ PE16/58
falastanéro [← falasta-] past ✧ PE16/58
linganer “hummed like a harp-string” [← linga-] past ✧ MC/216
linganer “hummed like a harp-string” [← linga-] past ✧ PE16/100
linganer [← linga-] past ✧ PE16/104
lótanéro [← lóto-] past ✧ PE16/58
lútier “sailed” [← lutu-] past ✧ MC/216
lútier “sailed” [← lutu-] past ✧ PE16/100
luutier [← lutu-] past ✧ PE16/104
laustaner “lausted (made a windy noise)” [← lausta-²] past ✧ MC/216
laustanéro “rushed” [← lausta-²] past ✧ MC/220
laustanéro “was roaring” [← lausta-²] past ✧ PE16/62
laustaneero [← lausta-²] past ✧ PE16/72
laustanéro [← lausta-²] past ✧ PE16/74
laustaner [← lausta-²] past ✧ PE16/100
laustaner “rushed” [← lausta-²] past ✧ PE16/104
tūlient [← tulu-] past ✧ PE16/124
túliér(o) [← tulu-] past ✧ PE16/126
tūliant [← tulu-] past-subjunctive ✧ PE16/124
túliár(o) [← tulu-] past-subjunctive ✧ PE16/126
tūliendo [← tulu-] perfect ✧ PE16/124
túliendo [← tulu-] perfect ✧ PE16/126
[túli]éro [← tulu-] perfect ✧ PE16/126
alildon [← #ala-] present ✧ PE16/80
númetar “went down in the West” [← númeta-] present ✧ MC/221
númetar “went down” [← númeta-] present ✧ PE16/62
númetáro [← númeta-] present ✧ PE16/64
nuumetaar [← númeta-] present ✧ PE16/72
númetar [← númeta-] present ✧ PE16/74
nuumetaar [← númeta-] present ✧ PE16/77
kantalár [← kantala-] present ✧ PE16/60
kantalára [← kantala-] present ✧ PE16/61
tulindo [← tulu-] present ✧ PE16/124
tulindo [← tulu-] present ✧ PE16/125
[tul]īro [← tulu-] present ✧ PE16/125
tulyáro [← tulu-] present-subjective ✧ PE16/125
hwanta [← anta-] pronoun-prefix ✧ PE14/86
húla “he pours” [← ulu-] pronoun-prefix ✧ PE14/86
tulár(o) [← tulu-] subjective ✧ PE16/125
tulyant [← tulu-] subjunctive ✧ PE16/124

Examples (3rd-sg-fem)
kilde [← kili-] aorist ✧ MC/221
kilde “gazed” [← kili-] aorist ✧ PE16/62
kilde [← kili-] aorist ✧ PE16/72
kilde [← kili-] aorist ✧ PE16/74
tulle [← tulu-] aorist ✧ PE16/124
tulir [← tulu-] aorist ✧ PE16/125
tulde [← tulu-] aorist ✧ PE16/125
[tulu]var [← tulu-] conditional ✧ PE16/124
tuluvár(e) [← tulu-] conditional ✧ PE16/126
kaluvaare [← kala-] future ✧ PE16/77
kilivande [← kili-] future ✧ PE16/77
falastuvaare [← falasta-] future ✧ PE16/77
funduváre [← fundu(na)-] future ✧ PE16/57
lantuváre [← lant-] future ✧ PE16/59
[tulu]vasse [← tulu-] future ✧ PE16/124
tuluvande [← tulu-] future ✧ PE16/126
lantumáre [← lant-] future passive ✧ PE16/57
tuláte [← tulu-] imperative ✧ PE16/125
kainer [← kaya-] past ✧ PE16/65
kalliére “shown” [← kala-] past ✧ MC/220
kallíere [← kala-] past ✧ PE16/57
kallíere [← kala-] past ✧ PE16/60
kalliére “was shining” [← kala-] past ✧ PE16/62
kallieere [← kala-] past ✧ PE16/72
kalliére [← kala-] past ✧ PE16/74
falastanére [← falasta-] past ✧ PE16/57
falastanēre [← falasta-] past ✧ PE16/60
falastanére “was surging” [← falasta-] past ✧ PE16/62
fälästänēre [← falasta-] past ✧ PE16/72
falastanére [← falasta-] past ✧ PE16/74
tūlier [← tulu-] past ✧ PE16/124
túliér(e) [← tulu-] past ✧ PE16/126
tūliar [← tulu-] past-subjunctive ✧ PE16/124
túliár(e) [← tulu-] past-subjunctive ✧ PE16/126
tūliesse [← tulu-] perfect ✧ PE16/124
túliende [← tulu-] perfect ✧ PE16/126
[túli]ére [← tulu-] perfect ✧ PE16/126
Kaire “lay” [← kaya-] present ✧ MC/221
kaire “lay” [← kaya-] present ✧ PE16/62
käire [← kaya-] present ✧ PE16/72
kaire [← kaya-] present ✧ PE16/74
kaire [← kaya-] present ✧ PE16/75
kair [← kaya-] present ✧ PE16/75
kaire [← kaya-] present ✧ PE16/77
fundunár [← fundu(na)-] present ✧ PE16/60
fundunáre [← fundu(na)-] present ✧ PE16/61
tulisse [← tulu-] present ✧ PE16/124
tulinde [← tulu-] present ✧ PE16/125
[tul]īre [← tulu-] present ✧ PE16/125
tulyáre [← tulu-] present-subjective ✧ PE16/125
hyanta [← anta-] pronoun-prefix ✧ PE14/86
hista “she knows” [← ista-] pronoun-prefix ✧ PE14/86
nyūmil [← umu-] pronoun-prefix ✧ PE14/86
tulár(e) [← tulu-] subjective ✧ PE16/125
tulyar [← tulu-] subjunctive ✧ PE16/124

Examples (1st-pl-exclusive)
tulumen [← tulu-] aorist ✧ PE16/124
tulime [← tulu-] aorist ✧ PE16/125
tulimen [← tulu-] aorist ✧ PE16/125
tuláme [← tulu-] imperative ✧ PE16/125
tuliēmen [← tulu-] past ✧ PE16/124
túliémen [← tulu-] past ✧ PE16/126
tulielme [← tulu-] perfect ✧ PE16/124
túlielme [← tulu-] perfect ✧ PE16/126
meäntal [← anta-] plural pronoun-prefix ✧ PE14/86
mieltal “we drive” [← elte-] plural pronoun-prefix ✧ PE14/86
miental “we drive” [← elte-] plural pronoun-prefix ✧ PE14/86
maistal [← ista-] plural pronoun-prefix ✧ PE14/86
meumil [← umu-] plural pronoun-prefix ✧ PE14/86
tulilme [← tulu-] present ✧ PE16/124
tulilme(n) [← tulu-] present ✧ PE16/124
tulilme [← tulu-] present ✧ PE16/125
tulyámen [← tulu-] present-subjective ✧ PE16/125
tulámen [← tulu-] subjective ✧ PE16/125

Examples (1st-pl-inclusive)
tuluven [← tulu-] aorist ✧ PE16/124
tulive [← tulu-] aorist ✧ PE16/125
tuliven [← tulu-] aorist ✧ PE16/125
tuláve [← tulu-] imperative ✧ PE16/125
[tuli]ēven [← tulu-] past ✧ PE16/124
[túli]éven [← tulu-] past ✧ PE16/126
túliengwe [← tulu-] perfect ✧ PE16/126
qeäntal [← anta-] plural pronoun-prefix ✧ PE14/86
qieltal [← elte-] plural pronoun-prefix ✧ PE14/86
tulingwe [← tulu-] present ✧ PE16/124
tulingwe(n) [← tulu-] present ✧ PE16/124
tulingwe [← tulu-] present ✧ PE16/125
tulyáren [← tulu-] present-subjective ✧ PE16/125
tuláven [← tulu-] subjective ✧ PE16/125

Examples (2nd-pl)
tululen [← tulu-] aorist ✧ PE16/124
tulile [← tulu-] aorist ✧ PE16/125
tulilen [← tulu-] aorist ✧ PE16/125
tulále [← tulu-] imperative ✧ PE16/125
[tuli]ēlen [← tulu-] past ✧ PE16/124
[túli]élen [← tulu-] past ✧ PE16/126
túlielle [← tulu-] perfect ✧ PE16/126
leäntal [← anta-] plural pronoun-prefix ✧ PE14/86
lieltal [← elte-] plural pronoun-prefix ✧ PE14/86
(l)yūmil [← umu-] plural pronoun-prefix ✧ PE14/86
tulille [← tulu-] present ✧ PE16/124
tulille [← tulu-] present ✧ PE16/125
tulyálen [← tulu-] present-subjective ✧ PE16/125
tulálen [← tulu-] subjective ✧ PE16/125

Examples (3rd-pl)
limpilto “*they are bound” [← lim-] ✧ PE15/32
naltur “*they are” [← ná-] ✧ PE15/32
malto “*by those” [← ma¹] ✧ PE15/32
listanelto “*blessed” [← listya-] past ✧ PE15/32
royenta ← rōna- past ✧ QL/80
tūkielto “*they have looked for” [← tuku-] past ✧ PE15/32
tulielto “they have come” [← tulu-] perfect ✧ LT1/114

References ✧ PE14/85-86

Variations

Element In