AQ. medial [s] often became [z]; [Vs{Vmnrljw}] > [Vz{Vmnrljw}]

AQ. medial [s] often became [z]; [Vs{Vmnrljw}] > [Vz{Vmnrljw}]

References ✧ PE19/69, 73, 101-102; VT44/20

Order (03900)

After 00300 [sr] became [ss]
After 02200 second short vowel of same quality lost
Before 04100 [z] and [ð] assimilated to following [r], [l]

Phonetic Rule Elements

[VsV] > [VzV] ✧ PE17/76 (s > z); PE19/73 (s > z; medially between vowels); WJ/413 (s > z)
[sm] > [zm] ✧ PE19/101 (sm > zm)
[sn] > [zn] ✧ PE19/101 (sn > zn)
[sr] > [zr] ✧ PE19/102 (sr > zr)
[sl] > [zl] ✧ PE19/102 (sl > zl)
[sj] > [zj] ✧ PE19/102 (sy > zy)
[sw] > [zw] ✧ PE19/102 (sw > zw)

Phonetic Rule Examples

asa > aza VsV > VzV as(a) > Q. ar ✧ PE17/41
asa > aza VsV > VzV as(a) > Q. ar ✧ PE17/41
asa > aza VsV > VzV as > Q. ar ✧ VT47/31
āse > āze VsV > VzV áse > áze > Q. áre ✧ PE17/18
āse > āze VsV > VzV AS > āze > Q. āre ✧ PE17/148
ase > aze VsV > VzV AS > Q. ar ✧ PE17/148
āse > āze VsV > VzV as- > Q. árë ✧ SA/arien
āse > āze VsV > VzV AS > áze > Q. áre ✧ VT43/18
asien > azien VsV > VzV as- > Q. arien ✧ SA/arien
Eldakāsā > Eldakāzā VsV > VzV Eldă-kāzā > Eldă-kār(ă) > Q. Eldacar ✧ PE17/114
karise > karize VsV > VzV karize- > Q. karis- ✧ PE17/129
-kasā > -kazā VsV > VzV kāsā > Q. -kar ✧ PE17/114
kāsa > kāza VsV > VzV kāza > Q. kára ✧ PE17/188
l̥asū > l̥azū VsV > VzV slasū > Q. hlaru ✧ PE17/77
olosi > olozi VsV > VzV olo-s > olozi > Q. olori ✧ UT/396
r̥īsa > r̥īza VsV > VzV SRIS > Q. hríza ✧ PE17/168
telesi > telezi VsV > VzV tel- > Q. Teleri ✧ SA/tel
telesi > telezi VsV > VzV ᴹ√TELES > ᴹQ. Teler ✧ Ety/TELES
tjelesi > tjelezi VsV > VzV KYELES > Q. Teler- ✧ PE18/84
θauson > θauzon VsV > VzV ÞOWO > Þauson > Q. Sauron ✧ PE17/68
ōmasjā > ōmazjā sj > zj óma-syā > Q. ómaryo ✧ PE17/76
θosja- > θozja- sj > zj ÞOS > Q. †þorya ✧ PE17/87
wisja- > wizja- sj > zj WIS > Q. virya- ✧ PE17/189
wisja- > wizja- sj > zj WIS > Q. virya ✧ PE17/191
-sjā > -zjā sj > zj -syā > Q. -rya ✧ PE17/76
-sja > -zja sj > zj zya > Q. rya ✧ PE17/130
-sja > -zja sj > zj -sya > Q. -rya ✧ PE19/102
-sjā > -zjā sj > zj -sjā > sya > zya > Q. -rya ✧ VT49/17
nisle > nizle sl > zl nis > Q. nill- ✧ VT47/33
asma > azma sm > zm AS > Q. arma ✧ PE17/148
asmarō > azmarō sm > zm asmarō > Q. armaro ✧ VT48/20
kasma > kazma sm > zm kasma > kazma > Q. karma ✧ PE17/114
casrea > cazrea sr > zr karrai > Q. carrea ✧ PE22/159
casrea > cazrea sr > zr cas-raya > Q. carrea ✧ VT42/12
misroanwe > mizroanwe sr > zr mi-srawanwe > Q. Mirröanwi ✧ MR/350
misroanwe > mizroanwe sr > zr mi-srawanwe > Q. Mirröanwi ✧ MR/350

ᴹAQ. medial [s] often became [z]; [Vs{Vmnrljw}] > [Vz{Vmnrljw}]

References ✧ PE19/30, 33-34, 49; PE22/13

Order (03900)

After 00300 [sr] became [ss]
After 02200 second short vowel of same quality lost
Before 04100 [z] and [ð] assimilated to following [r], [l]

Phonetic Rule Elements

[VsV] > [VzV] ✧ PE19/50 (s > z); PE19/51 (s > z)
[sm] > [zm] ✧ PE19/50 (sm > zm)
[sn] > [zn] ✧ PE19/50 (sn > zn)
[sr] > [zr]
[sl] > [zl] ✧ PE19/51 (sl > zl)
[sj] > [zj]
[sw] > [zw]

Phonetic Rule Examples

θausā > θauzā VsV > VzV ᴹ✶thausā > ᴹQ. saura ✧ Ety/THUS

ᴱQ. [s] became [z] before nasals and voiced spirants; [s{lrmnβðʲðɣɣʷ}] > [z{lrmnβðʲðɣɣʷ}]

References ✧ PE12/19

Order ()

After 01100 [θ] became [s]
Before [z] became [r]
Before voiced spirants becames stops after liquids, nasals and [z]

Phonetic Rule Elements

[sl] > [zl]
[sm] > [zm]
[sr] > [zr]

Phonetic Rule Examples

kasla > kazla sl > zl ᴱ✶kasla > ᴱQ. kalla ✧ PE13/140
ezusmāni > ezuzmāni sm > zm ᴱ✶eruᶻmāni > ᴱQ. Erumāni ✧ QL/36
xosma > xozma sm > zm ᴱ√HOSO > ᴱQ. horma ✧ QL/41
resro > rezro sr > zr ᴱ✶res-rŭ > rerro > ᴱQ. rēro ✧ QL/79