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ᴹQ. laiwa adj. “sickly, sick, ill” (Category: Sick; Sickness)

⚠️ᴹQ. laiwa, adj. “sickly, sick, ill” (Category: Sick; Sickness)
ᴺQ. ^hlaiwa “sickly, sick, ill”

An adjective appearing as ᴹQ. laiwa “sickly, sick, ill” in The Etymologies of the 1930s derived from primitive ᴹ✶slaiwā under the root ᴹ√SLIW “sickly” (Ety/SLIW). The ancient initial sl became voiceless hl, which was then voiced to l as was generally the case in The Etymologies.

Neo-Quenya: In Tolkien’s later writing, he usually retained hl- in spelling if not pronunciation; see the entry on how initial voiceless nasals and liquids were voiced for discussion. As such, most Neo-Quenya writers adapt this word as ᴺQ. hlaiwa.

Conceptual Development: The Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s had the word ᴱQ. leuke (leuki-) “sick, ill; pallid, wan” under the similar but earlier root ᴱ√LEẆE (QL/53).

References ✧ Ety/SLIW; EtyAC/LIW




Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶slaiwā > laiwa [slaiwā] > [l̥aiwā] > [laiwā] > [laiwa] ✧ Ety/SLIW

ᴱQ. leuke (leuki-) adj. “sick, ill; pallid, wan” (Category: Sick; Sickness)

See ᴹQ. laiwa for discussion.

References ✧ QL/53




leuki- stem ✧ QL/53


Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√LEẆE > leuke [leɣʷki] > [leɣʷke] > [lewke] > [leuke] ✧ QL/53