ᴹAQ. initial [s] unvoiced following continuant; [sm-|sn-|sr-|sl-|sj-|sw-] > [m̥-|n̥-|r̥-|l̥-|j̊-|w̥-]

ᴹAQ. initial [s] unvoiced following continuant; [sm-|sn-|sr-|sl-|sj-|sw-] > [m̥-|n̥-|r̥-|l̥-|j̊-|w̥-]

References ✧ PE19/37; PE22/11

Phonetic Rule Elements

[sm-] > [m̥-] ✧ PE19/38 (sm > m; initial)
[sn-] > [n̥-] ✧ PE19/38 (sn > n; initial)
[sr-] > [r̥-] ✧ PE19/38 (sr > hr; initial)
[sl-] > [l̥-] ✧ PE19/38 (sl > hl; initial)
[sj-] > [j̊-] ✧ PE19/38 (sy > hy; initial)
[sw-] > [w̥-] ✧ PE19/38 (sw > hw; initial)

Phonetic Rule Examples

sjad- > j̊ad- sj- > j̊- ᴹ√SYAD > ᴹQ. hyar- ✧ PE19/45
sjade > j̊ade sj- > j̊- ᴹ√SYAD > ᴹQ. hyare ✧ PE22/102
sjadin > j̊adin sj- > j̊- ᴹ√SYAD > ᴹQ. hyarin ✧ Ety/SYAD
sjadnā > j̊adnā sj- > j̊- ᴹ✶syadnā > ᴹQ. hyanna ✧ PE19/45
sjalmā > j̊almā sj- > j̊- ᴹ✶syalmā > ᴹQ. hyalma ✧ Ety/SYAL
sjandā > j̊andā sj- > j̊- ᴹ✶sya-n-dā > ᴹQ. hyanda ✧ PE18/51
sjandō > j̊andō sj- > j̊- ᴹ✶syandō > ᴹQ. #hyando ✧ Ety/SYAD
sjatsē > j̊atsē sj- > j̊- ᴹ✶syadsē > syatsē > ᴹQ. hyatse ✧ Ety/SYAD
slaiwā > l̥aiwā sl- > l̥- ᴹ✶slaiwā > ᴹQ. laiwa ✧ Ety/SLIW
sligā > l̥igā sl- > l̥- ᴹ✶ligā > ᴹQ. lia ✧ Ety/SLIG
sligante > l̥igante sl- > l̥- ᴹ√SLIG > ᴹQ. liante ✧ Ety/SLIG
slignē > l̥ignē sl- > l̥- ᴹ✶slignē > ᴹQ. líne ✧ Ety/SLIG
slik- > l̥ik- sl- > l̥- ᴹ√SLIK > ᴹQ. hlike ✧ PE22/113
slinda > l̥inda sl- > l̥- ᴹ√SLIN > ᴹQ. linda ✧ Ety/SLIN
slinte > l̥inte sl- > l̥- ᴹ√SLIT > ᴹQ. lhinte ✧ PE22/127
slīwē > l̥īwē sl- > l̥- ᴹ✶slīwē > ᴹQ. líve ✧ Ety/SLIW
slōmē > l̥ōmē sl- > l̥- ᴹ✶slōmē > ᴹQ. lōme ✧ PE21/32
slussa- > l̥ussa- sl- > l̥- ᴹ√SLUS > ᴹQ. lussa- ✧ Ety/SLUS
slusse > l̥usse sl- > l̥- ᴹ√SLUS > ᴹQ. lusse ✧ Ety/SLUS
smaldā > m̥aldā sm- > m̥- ᴹ✶smaldā > ᴹQ. malda ✧ Ety/SMAL
malinā > m̥alina sm- > m̥- ᴹ✶smalinā > ᴹQ. malina ✧ Ety/SMAL
smalo > m̥alo sm- > m̥- ᴹ✶smalu > ᴹQ. malo ✧ Ety/SMAL
smaltā > m̥altā sm- > m̥- ᴹ✶smaltā > ᴹQ. malta ✧ EtyAC/SMAL
smalwā > m̥alwā sm- > m̥- ᴹ✶smalwā > ᴹQ. malwa ✧ Ety/SMAL
snarda > n̥arda sn- > n̥- ᴹ√SNAR > ᴹQ. narda ✧ Ety/SNAR
snasta > n̥asta sn- > n̥- ᴹ√SNAT > ᴹQ. nasta ✧ Ety/SNAS
sneuma > n̥euma sn- > n̥- ᴹ√SNEW > ᴹQ. neuma ✧ Ety/SNEW
swand > w̥and sw- > w̥- ᴹ✶swanda > ᴹQ. hwan ✧ Ety/SWAD
swesta > w̥esta sw- > w̥- ᴹ√SWES > ᴹQ. hwesta ✧ Ety/SWES
swesta- > w̥esta- sw- > w̥- ᴹ✶swesta- > ᴹQ. hwesta- ✧ Ety/SWES
swinde > w̥inde sw- > w̥- ᴹ√SWIN > ᴹQ. hwinde ✧ Ety/SWIN
swinja- > w̥inja- sw- > w̥- ᴹ√SWIN > ᴹQ. hwinya- ✧ Ety/SWIN

ᴱQ. initial [s] vanished before liquids and nasals; [s{lrmnŋ}-] > [{lrmnŋ}-]

Phonetic Rule Elements

[sl-] > [l-]
[sr-] > [r-]
[sm-] > [m-]
[sn-] > [n-]
[sŋ-] > [ŋ-]

Phonetic Rule Examples

sleiwa > leiwa sl- > l- ᴱ✶sleiwa > ᴱQ. laiwa ✧ PE13/149
smaika > maika sm- > m- ᴱ✶smaika- > ᴱQ. maika ✧ GL/33

ᴱQ. initial [sw] and [sβ] became [f], [sj] became [j̊]; [s{wβ}-|sj-] > [f-|j̊-]

References ✧ PE12/18-19, 26

Variations

Order ()

After 00900 initial [θʲ] became [sj]
After 01100 [θ] became [s]

Phonetic Rule Elements

[sw-] > [f-] ✧ PE12/26 (sẇ > hw > f)
[sβ-] > [f-] ✧ PE12/19 (su̯, sw̑, sƀ > f)
[sj-] > [j̊-] ✧ PE12/19 (sı̯, sẏ > hy); PE12/26 (sẏ > hy)

Phonetic Rule Examples

sjā > j̊ā sj- > j̊- ᴱ√HYA > ᴱQ. hyá ✧ QL/41
sja > j̊a sj- > j̊- ᴱ√HYA > ᴱQ. hya ✧ QL/41
sja > j̊a sj- > j̊- ᴱ√HYA > ᴱQ. hya ✧ QL/41
sjanda > j̊anda sj- > j̊- ᴱ√HYAŘA > ᴱQ. hyanda ✧ QL/41
sjanda- > j̊anda- sj- > j̊- ᴱ√χ̑ṇđ > ᴱQ. hyanda- ✧ GL/48
sjapa > j̊apa sj- > j̊- ᴱ√saẏap- > ᴱQ. hyapa ✧ PE12/26
sjarm > j̊arm sj- > j̊- ᴱ√HYAŘA > ᴱQ. hyar ✧ QL/41
swada > fada sw- > f- ᴱ✶swada > ᴱQ. fara ✧ PE13/146
swand > fand sw- > f- ᴱ✶swandǝ > ᴱQ. fan ✧ PE12/26
swiond > fiond sw- > f- ᴱ✶þẉ-iı̯on-d > ᴱQ. fion ✧ QL/87

ᴱQ. medial [sj] became [j̊]; [sj] > [j̊]

Phonetic Rule Elements

[sj] > [j̊]

Phonetic Rule Examples

pisje > pij̊e sj > j̊ ᴱ✶pisye > ᴱQ. pihye ✧ PE13/147