Middle Quenya Words


#-a suf. “adjectival suffix”
a pron. “it, one, indefinite subject”
á¹ particle. “imperative particle”
á² interj. “Oh!”
aha n. “rage”
ahto n. “wright, maker”
ahtumat n. “supper”
ai adv. “supposing, suppose, maybe”
aiano n. “stranger”
aika adj. “sharp”
aikale n. “peak”
aikasse n. “mountain peak”
ailin n. “pool, lake”
aina adj. “holy”
Aini n. “holy one, angelic spirit (f.)”
Ainu n. “holy one, angelic spirit”
aiqa adj. “steep”
aira adj. “red, copper-coloured, ruddy”
aire n. “sea”
airen n. “sea”
aista- v. “to dread”
aiwe n. “(small) bird”
aksa n. “ravine, narrow path; edge”
al- v. “to thrive”
al(a)- pref. “not, negative prefix”
ala- v. “to grow”
ala n. “day”
alako n. “rush, rushing flight, wild wind”
alalme n. “elm-tree”
alama n. “[unglossed]”
alan n. “daytime”
alaninqitálima adj. “that cannot be made white (again)”
alanwa adj. “fully grown, adult, mature”
(a)larka adj. “swift, rapid”
alasse n. “joy, merriment”
alat- pref. “large, great in size” see alta
alaure n. “*gold” see laure
alda n. “tree”
aldarwa adj. “having trees, tree-grown”
Aldarya n. “*Tuesday”
alfárima adj. “impossible to pursue”
#alfírima adj. “immortal”
Alfírimo n. “Immortal”
-alima suf. “able to be done, -able, -ible” see -ima
alistima adj. “unknowable, secret”
alka n. “ray of light”
alkar(e) n. “radiance, brilliance”
alkárima adj. “impossible to make”
alkarinqa adj. “radiant, glorious”
alla interj. “hail!”
alma n. “good fortune, weal, wealth, *well-being”
almare n. “blessedness, blessings, good fortune, bliss”
almárea adj. “blessed”
almie n. “blessedness, blessings, good fortune, bliss” see almare
alómea adj. “voiceless”
alqa n. “swan”
alqettima adj. “unutterable”
alta- v. “to (make) grow”
alta (alat-) adj. “large, great in size”
alwa adj. “well-grown”
alwara adj. “useless”
alya adj. “rich, prosperous, abundant, blessed”
am- pref. “up”
ama adv. “up” see amba
#amaldume n. “[unglossed]”
aman n. “bond”
amatikse n. “dot or point placed above the line of writing”
amba adv. “up(wards)”
ambal n. “shaped stone, flag”
ambale n. “yellow bird, ‘yellow hammer’”
am(ba)penda adj. “uphill”
Ambar n. “Earth, World”
ambar (ambart-) n. “fate” see umbar
ambaróne n. “uprising, sunrise, Orient”
ambo n. “hill”
ambon n. “upward slope, hill-side”
ambor n. “breast”
amil n. “mother”
ammale n. “yellow bird, ‘yellow hammer’” see ambale
amme n. “mother”
ampa n. “hook, crook”
#ampan- v. “to build”
ampano n. “building (especially of wood), wooden hall, construction, edifice”
ampanóta- v. “to build, erect a (large) building”
ampanotalea adj. “architectural”
ampanotalye n. “architecture”
ampenda adj. “uphill” see am(ba)penda
ampende n. “upward slope”
an- pref. “intensive prefix”
an(a) prep. “to, towards”
ana- pref. “to, towards”
ananta conj. “but yet, and yet”
Anar n. “Sun”
anaristya n. “[unglossed]”
anaróre n. “sunrise”
Anarya n. “Sunday, (lit.) Sun-day”
anda adj. “long”
andamunda n. “elephant”
andatehta n. “long mark”
andatelko n. “long stem, long leg”
andave adv. “*long”
ando n. “gate, door”
-ando suf. “agent (male)”
andólama n. “long consonant”
andon (andond-) n. “great gate”
andul n. “long pole”
andúne n. “sunset”
anga n. “iron”
angaina adj. “of iron”
ango (angu-) n. “snake, dragon”
angulóke n. “dragon”
anka n. “jaw, row of teeth”
anna n. “gift”
an(ner) adv. “at hand”
anqale n. “*death agony” see unqale
anta n. “face”
anta- v. “to give”
antaro n. “high mountain, peak”
ante n. “giver (f.)”
anto n. “giver (m.)”
anwa adj. “true, real, actual”
apsa- v. “to away, go away”
apsa¹ n. “meat, cooked food”
apsa² n. “juice”
ar conj. “and; but”
ar- pref. “outside, beside”
ara prep. and adv. “outside, beside”
ára n. “dawn, day”
aran¹ n. “king”
aran² (arn-) n. “child”
aranaite adj. “*kingly, royal”
araníe n. “kingship”
(a)ranya adj. “free”
arat n. “weed”
áratenkele n. “writing of A, (lit.) daywriting”
arda n. “realm, region”
are n. “day”
-(á)re suf. “general action verbal suffix”
arie n. “daytime”
arin n. “morning”
arinya adj. “morning, early”
arka adj. “narrow”
armar coll. “goods”
arta n. “fort, fortress”
artuile n. “dayspring, early morn”
arwa adj. and suf. “possessing, having, in control of”
arya n. “day (twelve hours)”
aryon n. “heir”
#as (astu-) n. “bone”
asea [þ] n. “*healing herb”
asea aranaite [þ] n. “*kingsfoil”
#askat- v. “to rend, break asunder”
assa n. “hole, perforation, opening, mouth”
asto n. “dust”
astula adj. “bony”
at(a)- pref. “back, again, re-”
ata adv. “again, *(lit.) a second time”
atalta- v. “to collapse, fall in, fall down, slip down in ruin”
ataltare n. “collapse”
Atan n. “Man”
ataqe n. “construction, building”
atar n. “father”
atsa¹ n. “claw, catch, hook”
atsa² n. “tassel, fryse, fringe”
atta num. card. “two”
atto n. “father (hypocoristic)”
attul- v. “to come back, return”
atwa adj. “double”
au- pref. “without” see ava-
aule n. “invention”
auta-¹ v. “to away, go away”
auta-² v. “to invent, originate, devise”
au(ve) adv. “might (have), would (have)”
ava- pref. “without”
ava adv. and adj. “outside, beyond; outer, exterior”
avahaira adj. “*far beyond, very remote”
(a)vaháya adv. “*far away” see vahai(y)a
avanóte adj. “without number, numberless”
avaqet- v. “to refuse, forbid”
-dil suf. “-friend” see -(n)dil
-dildo suf. “-friend” see -(n)dil
-dur suf. “*servant” see -(n)dur
e pron. “he, she, it”
é interj. “indeed”
Ea n. “all that is, the World”
ea- v. “to be; to exist, have being, be found extant in the real world”
ear n. “(open) sea; water”
eare n. “(open) sea” see ear
Earenya n. “Thursday*, Sea-day”
earuile n. “seaweed”
easte n. “being, essence”
ef- v. “to emerge (especially from water)”
ehta- v. “to stab”
ehte (*ehti-) n. “spear”
ehtele n. “spring, issue of water”
ehtelu- v. “to well, bubble up”
ehtyar n. “spearman”
ekkaira adj. “?out-far”
ekko n. “spine, point, thorn”
(ek)koiru- v. “to come to life”
él n. “star”
-el suf. “friend”
Elda n. “Elf”
Eldalie n. “People of the Elves, Elf-folk”
Eldarin adj. and n. “of the Elves, Elvish”
éle n. “star-ray, beam, flashing of [?starry] light”
elen n. “star”
elena n. “star” see elen
Elenya n. “Saturday, Star-day*”
ella pron. “of you, for you”
ellen n. “star” see elen
-ello suf. “ablative element” see *-llo
elloa n. “next year”
éma ? “[unglossed]” see engwa²
en adv. “there, yonder, far away; look yon(der); that; in that (future) case”
enar n. “tomorrow”
ende n. “centre, middle, core”
ender n. “bridegroom”
enga prep. “save, *except”
enge adv. “ago, once (in past), †it was”
engwa¹ adj. “sickly”
engwa² ? “[unglossed]”
enke n. “spear point”
enna¹ n. “fact”
enna² adj. “first”
enne n. “thought, purpose”
ennie n. “person (female), *being (female)”
enno n. “person, *being”
enqe num. card. “six”
enta pron. and adv. “that yonder, then (fut.)”
enwa adj. and n. “existent, real, true; fact”
enya adj. “middle”
enyáre adv. “in that day”
er adj. and adv. “one, alone”
erde¹ n. “seed, germ”
erde² n. “repose”
ére n. “existing”
ereáma ? “[unglossed]”
eresse n. “solitude”
eressea adj. “lonely”
erka n. “prickle, spine”
erka- v. “to prick”
erkasse n. “holly”
erke n. “holly”
Erkoire n. “February, *First-stirring”
Erlaire n. “June, *First-summer”
Erqelle n. “September, *First-autumn”
Erríve n. “November, *First-winter”
Ertuilë n. “April, *First-spring”
Eru n. “The One God”
erume n. “desert”
erya adj. “single, sole, only”
es adv. “[unglossed]” see en
eske n. “rustle, noise of leaves”
esse¹ n. “name”
esse² n. “beginning”
esse³ n. “place”
essea¹ adj. “?primary”
essea² adj. “in place, local”
-esta suf. “*close grouping” see -sta¹
esta adj. “first”
esta-¹ v. “to name”
esta-² v. “to place, set, plant”
esta-³ v. “to precede”
estaina adj. “named”
et prep. “out of”
et- pref. “forth, out”
etse n. “outside, exterior”
etsir n. “mouth of a river”
etta pron. “his”
ette¹ adj. “outside”
ette² pron. “he (emphatic)”
ettele n. “outer lands, foreign parts”
ettelea adj. “foreign”
#ettul- v. “*to come out”
#etya adj. “exiled”
évea adj. “future”
fafarra- v. “*to keep on hunting”
faika adj. “contemptible, mean”
faina- v. “to emit light”
faire¹ n. “radiance”
faire² n. “natural death (as act)”
falasse n. “beach”
falle n. “foam”
falma n. “(crested) wave”
falmar(in) (falmarind-) n. “sea-spirit, nymph”
fána adj. and n. “cloud; white”
fanga n. “beard”
fanya n. and adj. “sky; white”
fára n. “beach, shore”
fara- v. “to hunt”
farale n. “hunting”
faraste n. “hunting, the chase”
farastea adj. “of the chase (that it is proper to hunt)”
fáre n. “sufficiency, plenitude, all that is wanted” see farme
fárea adj. “enough, sufficient”
faren adv. “enough”
farino n. “hunted man, outlaw, fugitive”
farma n. “?carpet”
farme n. “sufficiency, plenitude, all that is wanted”
farna adj. “quarry, prey”
farne n. “foliage”
farya- v. “to suffice”
fas (fass-) n. “fringe, border”
fasse n. “tangled hair, shaggy lock”
fasta adj. “pleased”
fasta-¹ v. “to tangle”
fasta-² v. “to please”
fauka adj. “thirsty, parched, (lit.) open-mouthed”
fealóke n. “spark-dragon”
felya n. “cave”
fenda n. “threshold”
feren n. “beech-tree” see ferne
ferinya adj. “beechen”
ferna n. “mast, beechnuts”
ferne n. “beech-tree”
feuya- v. “to feel disgust at, abhor”
filet n. “cobweb”
filinke n. “*finch”
filit (filik-) n. “small bird, sparrow”
finde n. “tress, braid of hair”
fine n. “larch”
fion (fiond-) n. “?hawk or haste”
*fir- v. “*to fade”
fire n. “mortal man”
Fírien n. “Winter”
fírima adj. “mortal”
fírimáre n. “mortality (being mortal)”
firin adj. “dead (by natural cause)”
firya adj. “human”
formaite adj. “righthanded, dexterous”
formen n. “north, right hand”
formenya adj. “northern”
forte (forti-) adj. “right or north”
forya adj. “right (hand), dexter”
fuine n. “deep shadow” see huine
ha pron. “it, subjective abstract particle”
hahta n. “heap, pile, (piled) mound”
haime n. “habit”
haira adj. “remote, far”
haiya adv. “far off, far away”
hala n. “(small) fish”
halatir(no) (halatirn-) n. “kingsfisher, (lit.) fish-watcher”
halda¹ adj. “veiled, hidden, shadowed, shady”
halda² adj. “tall” see halla
halla adj. “tall”
halla² adj. “naked”
halma n. “skin, fell”
halya- v. “to veil, conceal, screen from light”
ham- v. “to sit (down), be situated in ”
hamma n. “chair”
hamu- v. “to sit down, take a seat”
hana n. “post”
hanako n. “giant”
handa¹ adj. “understanding, intelligent”
handa² n. “chair”
handasse n. “intelligence”
hande n. “knowledge, understanding”
handele n. “intellect”
hanu n. “male, man (of Men or Elves), male animal”
hanuvoite adj. “*masculine”
hanwa adj. “male”
hanya- v. “to understand, know about, be skilled in dealing with”
har- v. “to dwell, abide, reside; to sit”
haran n. “king, chieftain, lord or king of a specified region”
harda n. “realm” see arda
harma¹ n. “treasure, treasured thing”
harma² n. “wolf, hound”
harmen n. “south” see hyarmen
harna- v. “to wound”
harna¹ adj. “wounded”
harna² n. “helmet”
haro n. “hawk”
harpa n. “helmet” see harna²
harwe¹ n. “treasure, treasury”
harwe² n. “wound”
harya- v. “to possess”
haryon n. “prince (heir)”
hat (haht-) n. “comb, ridge”
hat-¹ v. “to break asunder”
hat-² v. “?to throw down”
hauta- v. “to cease, take a rest, stop”
háya adv. “far off, far away” see haiya
he pron. “they”
helda¹ adj. “naked, stripped bare”
helda² adj. “friendly, having love (for)”
helde n. “friend”
heldo n. “friend”
helen (helem-) n. “icicle”
helka adj. “ice-cold”
helke n. “ice”
helkelimbe n. “*icicle, (lit.) ice-drop”
helle n. “sky”
helle² n. “frost”
helma n. “skin, fell”
helme n. “friendship”
helmo n. “friend”
helor n. “frost”
helwa adj. “(pale) blue”
helyanwe n. “rainbow, (lit.) sky-bridge”
hen (hend-) n. “eye”
héra adj. “chief, principal”
heren n. “fortune, (lit.) governance”
herenya adj. “fortunate, wealthy, blessed, rich”
heri n. “lady”
heru n. “lord, master”
hesto n. “captain”
#hilde n. “heir”
hilya- v. “to follow”
him- v. “to adhere”
himba adj. “adhering, sticking”
himíte (himíti-) adj. “clinging, able to stick on”
himya- v. “to stick to, adhere, cleave to, abide by”
hinna adv. “still”
híse (hísi-) [þ] n. “mist, fog”
Hísime [þ] n. “November, *Misty-one”
hiswa [þ] adj. “grey”
hiswe [þ] n. “fog”
hiuta- v. “to hint”
hlasta- v. “to hear” see lasta-
hlik- v. “to creep”
n. “shout”
ho prep. “from”
holme n. “odour” see olme
holmo adv. “from the middle”
hón (hom-) n. “heart (physical)”
#hondo adj. “*hearted”
hont adv. “inwards”
hópa n. “haven, harbour, small landlocked bay”
hopasse n. “harbourage”
hora- v. “to wait for”
hóre n. “impulse”
hórea adj. “impulsive”
horme n. “urgency”
horro interj. “ugh, alas!, ow!” see orro¹
horta- v. “to send flying, speed, urge”
hortale n. “speeding, urging”
horya- v. “to have an impulse, be compelled to do something, set vigorously out to do”
hos (host-) n. “crowd, assembly” see hosto
hosta n. “large number”
hosta- v. “to collect”
hosto n. “crowd, assembly”
hríve n. “winter”
hu n. “howl”
huan n. “hound”
huine n. “deep shadow, nightshade”
humpe adv. “in the middle”
hún (hun-) n. “earth”
húna- v. “to howl”
huo n. “dog”
hwan (hwand-) n. “sponge, fungus”
hwarin adj. “crooked”
hwarma n. “crossbar”
hwesta n. “breeze, breath, puff of air”
hwesta- v. “to puff”
hwinde n. “eddy, whirlpool”
hwinya- v. “to swirl, eddy, gyrate”
hyalma n. “conch, shell, horn of Ulmo”
hyanda n. “a throng, crowd”
hyando n. “cleaver, hewer (sword)”
hyanna adj. “compact, compressed” see hyarna
hyapat n. “shoe”
hyar- v. “to cleave”
hyarmaite adj. “left-handed”
hyarmen n. “south, left hand”
hyarmenya adj. “southern”
hyarna adj. “compact, compressed”
hyarya adj. “left (hand)”
hyatse n. “cleft, gash”
hyelle n. “glass”
hyelma ? “[unglossed]”
hyóla n. “trump”
í conj. “when, whenever” see íqa
article. “the”
pron. “that”
ia adv. “ever”
iale n. “everlasting age”
-ie¹ suf. “abstract noun”
-ie² suf. “gerund suffix”
-ie³ suf. “perfect suffix”
-ie⁴ suf. “stative suffix”
-iel¹ suf. “daughter”
-iel² suf.
-ien¹ suf. “daughter”
#-ien² suf. “-land”
il- pref. “no, not”
ilduma n. “heaven”
ilfirin adj. “immortal”
ilin adj. “pale blue”
illume conj. “when, whenever” see íqallume
ilqa n. “everything, all”
ilu n. “universe, world”
ilúve n. “universe, world; Heaven”
ilya adj. “all, the whole”
-ima suf. “able to be done, -able, -ible”
imbe¹ adv. “in(wards)”
imbe² n. “dell, deep vale, ravine, glen”
in pron. “that” see
-ina suf. “adjective suffix; passive participle”
indis (indiss-) n. “bride”
indo n. “heart, mood”
indyalme n. “clamour” see yalme
indyo n. “grandchild, descendant, grandson”
inga adj. “first”
ingole n. “deep lore, magic”
inimeite adj. “*feminine”
inka n. “idea”
#-inqa suf. “*-ful, complete”
intin pron. “they”
intya n. “guess, supposition, idea, notion”
intya- v. “to guess, suppose”
intyale n. “imagination”
inya adj. “female”
inye pron. “I (emphatic)”
-ion suf. “-son”
íqa conj. “when, whenever”
íqallume adv. “when, whenever”
íra adj. “eternal”
íre¹ n. “desire, longing”
íre² conj. “when”
íre³ n. “eternal, eternity?”
írima adj. “lovely, desirable”
Isil [þ] n. “Moon, (lit.) Sheen”
Isilya [þ] n. “*Monday, Moon-day”
ista- v. “to know”
ista n. “knowledge” see istya
istalima adj. “knowable, ascertainable”
istare n. “knowledge”
istima adj. “having knowledge, wise, learned”
istya n. “knowledge”
istyar n. “scholar, learned man, lore-master, wizard”
-ite suf. “(verbal) adjective ending”
kaila adj. and n. “lying in bed, bedridden; sickness”
kaima n. “bed”
kaimasan (kaimasamb-) n. “bedchamber”
kaimasse n. “lying in bed, sickness”
kaimassea adj. “bedridden, sick”
kainen num. card. “ten”
kaita- v. “to lie”
kakarra- v. “to keep on doing”
kala n. “light”
kalarin(a) adj. “*brilliant”
#kalima adj. “*bright”
kalina adj. “light”
kallo n. “noble man, hero”
kalma n. “light, lamp”
kalmatéma n. “k-series”
kalpa n. “water-vessel, bucket”
kalpa- v. “to draw water, scoop out, bale out”
kalta- v. “to (cause to) shine, light up, kindle (lamp etc.)”
kaltua ? “[unglossed]”
kalumet (kalumett-) n. “lamp”
kalya- v. “to illuminate”
kambe n. “hollow (of hand)”
kamparu n. “[unglossed]”
#kanda n. “[unglossed]”
káne n. “valour”
káno n. “chief”
kanta- v. “to shape”
kanta¹ num. card. “four”
kanta² n. and adj. “shape, frame; shaped”
kantea adj. “shapely”
kantele n. “music”
kanya adj. “bold; wise”
kap- v. “to leap”
kapsa n. “case, vessel”
kapta- v. “to make spring, scatter”
kar- v. “to do, make, build”
kár (kas-) n. “head”
kar¹ (kard-) n. “building, house”
kar² (kard-) n. “deed”
karaite (karaiti-) adj. “able to make, handy, crafty, craftsmanlike, skilled”
karakse n. “jagged hedge of spikes”
karamaite adj. “able to make, handy, crafty, craftsmanlike, skilled” see karaite
karanya- v. “to make red, redden”
karaste n. “making, manufacture, construction”
karie n. “making”
kárima adj. “able to be made, feasible”
karino- v. “to get finished/made”
karka n. “tooth”
karkane n. “row of teeth”
karne (karni-) adj. “red”
káro n. “doer, actor, agent”
kas¹ n. “head”
kas² adv. “upwards, towards the top”
kas³ (kaps-) n. “case, vessel” see kapsa
kassa n. “helmet”
kata prep. “after”
kato adv. “afterwards”
#kav- v. “to be able”
ke pron. “you (sg)”
kelma n. “channel”
kelu- v. “to (begin to) flow, spring forth (of water)”
kelulinde (kelulindi-) n. “spring”
kelume n. “stream, flow”
kelure n. “fountain”
keluste n. “outflow”
kelut n. “rivulet”
kelya- v. “to send running down; to rain”
kemen n. “soil, earth; Great Lands”
kemna adj. “of earth, earthen”
kemnaro n. “potter”
kén (kem-) n. “soil, earth” see kemen
#ken- v. “to see”
kénima adj. “visible, able to be seen”
kentano n. “potter”
kenya- v. “to see”
Kermie n. “July”
kesta- v. “to ask”
khus- v. “to come up, emerge”
kilya n. “cleft, pass between hills, gorge”
kim- v. “to find”
kirisse n. “slash, gash”
kirka n. “sickle”
kirya n. “ship, boat”
kiryahto n. “shipwright”
kiryasta n. “sail, *sailing”
kiuka n. “thigh”
koire n. “Stirring”
koita- v. “to live, be alive, have life”
kolma n. “ring (?on finger)”
kóma n. “ball”
korin n. “circular enclosure”
korko n. “crow”
korna adj. “round, globed”
koromindo n. “cupola, dome”
koron (corn-) n. “globe, ball”
kosta- v. “to quarrel”
kotumo n. “enemy”
kotya adj. “hostile”
ksara- v. “to yearn, long for”
ksenna n. “odour”
n. “bow”
kuile n. “life, being alive”
kuina adj. “alive”
kuive n. “awakening” see kuivie
kuivea adj. “wakening”
kuivie n. “awakening”
kukua n. “dove”
kukumba- v. “to nod repeatedly, (lit.) keep on bowing”
kulda adj. “flame-coloured, golden-red”
kulina adj. “flame-coloured, golden-red”
kullo n. “red gold”
kulo n. “flame”
kulu n. “gold (metal)”
kuluina adj. “orange (coloured); of gold, golden”
kuluma n. “orange [fruit]”
kúma n. “void”
#kumba adj. and n. “*bellied, belly”
kumbe n. “mound, heap”
kumna adj. “empty”
kundu n. “prince”
kunduina adj. “of princes, princely”
kurwe n. “craft”
kuv- v. “to bow”
kúvima adj. “flexible”
kúvula adj. “flexible, pliant”
lá- v. “to not be”
lá¹ adv. “no, not”
lá³ interj. “(?please)”
lah- v. “to kick”
lai adv. “very”
laika adj. “keen, sharp, acute”
laike n. “acuteness, keenness of perception”
laime n. “shadow (cast by an object or form), shade”
laiqa adj. “green”
laira adj. “shady”
laire¹ n. “summer”
laire² n. “poem”
laita- v. “to praise”
laite n. “colour”
laive n. “ointment”
laiwa adj. “sick, sickly, ill”
lala adv. “no, not” see lá¹
lala- v. “to deny”
lalme n. “elm-tree” see alalme
láma n. “ringing sound, echo; sound”
laman (lamn-) n. “tame beast”
lamba¹ n. “tongue”
lamba² n. “hammer” see namba
lambe n. “language, tongue”
lámina adj. “echoing”
lamma n. “sound”
lamya- v. “to sound”
lanat n. “weft”
landa¹ adj. “wide”
landa² n. “(a) plain”
lango n. “broad sword; prow of a ship”
lanko n. “throat”
lanna n. “plain” see landa²
lanne n. “tissue, cloth”
lanta n. “fall”
lanta- v. “to fall”
lanwa n. “loom”
lanya- v. “to weave”
lapsa- v. “to lick (frequentative)”
lapsa n. “licking up (food or drink), gluttonous eating”
lapse n. “babe”
laqe[t]- v. “[unglossed]”
lár n. “ear”
lar n. “fat, riches [richness?]”
lár- v. “to happen”
lára¹ adj. “flat”
lára² n. “grave”
lárea adj. “fat, rich”
larka adj. “swift, rapid” see (a)larka
larma n. “(?pig-)fat, flesh”
lasse n. “leaf”
lassekanta adj. “leaf-shaped”
lasselanta n. “leaf-fall, autumn; October”
lasta n. “listening, hearing”
lasta- v. “to listen; to hear”
lat- v. “to be extended, stretch; to be situated (of an area), lie (of lands or regions)”
latimbe n. “glen”
latina adj. “open, free, cleared (of land)”
latta¹ n. “hole, pit”
latta² n. “strap”
lauka adj. “warm”
lau(me) adv. “no, no indeed not, on the contrary”
laure n. “gold”
laurea adj. “*golden”
lauta- v. “to abound”
lau(w)e ? “[unglossed]”
lav-¹ v. “to lick”
lav-² v. “to yield, allow, grant”
#lavar n. “*(golden) blossom”
lavaralda n. “tree with long green leaves with golden undersides and pale flowers with a yellow flush”
-le suf. “abstract noun”
le¹ pron. “you (plural)”
le² prep. “with, by”
lehta- v. “to loose, slacken”
lemba adj. “left behind”
lemnar n. “(Valarin five-day) week”
lempe num. card. “five”
lemya- v. “to remain, tarry”
lenda- v. “to linger”
lenka- v. “to loose, slacken” see lehta-
lenna- v. “to go, depart; to come”
leo n. “shade, shadow cast by any object”
lepse n. “finger”
#lepta adj. “*fingered”
lesta- v. “to leave”
#lesta n. “measure”
lesto (lestu-) n. “journey”
let (leps-) n. “finger”
#lhit- v. “to speed”
-li suf. “plural (suffix)”
lia n. “fine thread, spider filament”
liante n. “spider”
lie n. “people, folk”
*lihlikka- v. “to sneak about”
lilta- v. “to dance”
limba n. “drop”
limpe n. “wine, drink of the Valar”
lin-¹ pref. “many”
lin-² v. “to sing”
linda adj. “fair, beautiful (of sound)”
#linda- v. “*to make music”
lindale n. “music”
linde¹ n. “air, tune”
linde² n. “pool”
lindo n. “singer, singing bird”
lindornea adj. “having many oak-trees”
líne n. “cobweb”
linga-¹ v. “to hang, dangle”
linga-² v. “to ring”
lingwe (lingwi-) n. “fish”
lingwilóke n. “fish-dragon, sea-serpent”
linqe adj. “wet”
lintyulussea adj. “having many poplars”
#linwe n. “short lay”
linya n. “pool”
linyenwa adj. “old, having many years”
lipsa n. “soap”
#lir- v. “to sing, chant”
liri n. “finch”
liru- v. “to sing (gaily)”
liruima adj. “able to be sung”
lirule n. “merry song”
liruste n. “singing, chant”
lirustea adj. “fit for singing, to be sung”
lis (liss-) n. “honey”
liske n. “reed”
litse n. “sand”
líve n. “sickness”
*-llo suf. “ablative element”
ló¹ prep. “ablative element”
ló² n. “night, a night”
#loa n. “year”
lóke n. “dragon”
lokse n. “hair”
lóme n. “night, night-time, shades of night, gloom”
lómelinde n. “nightingale”
lóna¹ n. “island, remote land difficult to reach”
lóna² adj. “dark”
londe n. “road (in sea), fairway, entrance to harbour; gulf”
lopo n. “rabbit”
lopotun n. “rabbithole” see lopotundo
lopotundo (lopotundu-) n. “rabbithole”
-lóra suf. “without, less”
lóre n. “slumber”
lorna adj. “asleep”
losse n. “(white) blossom, flower”
lóte n. “(large single) flower”
Lótesse n. “May, (lit.) *Flower-ness”
lu- v. “to be heavy, be sad”
n. “a time, occasion”
luhta- v. “to enchant”
luina adj. “pale”
lúke n. “enchantment”
lumba adj. “weary”
lumbe n. “gloom, shadow”
lúme n. “time, hour”
lumenyáre n. “*history”
lúmeqenta n. “history, chronological account”
lúmeqentale n. “history”
lúmeqentalea adj. “historical”
#lúmie n. “annals”
lumna adj. “lying heavy, burdensome, oppressive, ominous”
lumna- v. “to lie heavy, be heavy”
lúne (lúni-) adj. “blue”
lunga adj. “heavy; fraught”
lungu n. “dragon”
lunte n. “boat”
lúpe n. “plume”
luppo n. “clumsy piece or lump”
lussa- v. “to whisper”
lusse n. “whispering sound”
lusta adj. “void, empty”
-lya suf. “imperfect participle”
-ma suf. “instrumental”
#ma adv. “interrogative particle”
má¹ n. “hand”
má² n. “land, region”
mahta- v. “to handle, wield; to deal with, treat; to stroke, feel; to wield a weapon, fight”
mahtar n. “warrior, [ᴱQ.] soldier”
mahtya ? “[unglossed]”
maile n. “lust”
mailea adj. “lustful”
-maite suf. see -ite
maite (maisi-) adj. “handy, skilled”
maiwe n. “gull”
mai(y)a n. “[unglossed]”
makal n. “sword” see makil
makar n. “tradesman”
makil n. “sword”
maksa adj. “soft, pliant”
makse¹ n. “dough”
makse² n. “meat”
makso n. “sticky substance, mire”
mál n. “grit”
malda n. “gold (as metal)” see malta
maldo n. “[unglossed]”
malina adj. “yellow”
malka adj. “how great”
malle n. “street, (made or stone) road”
mallo adv. “whence”
málo n. “friend”
malo¹ (malu-) n. “pollen, yellow powder”
malo² (malu-) n. “rust”
malta n. “gold (as metal)”
malwa adj. “fallow, pale”
mammata- v. “to gobble up, devour, gorge”
man pron. “what”
mana pron. “who”
mána adj. “blessed”
manar n. “doom, final end, fate, fortune; final bliss”
#manda n. “prison, *duress”
mande n. “doom, final end, fate, fortune; final bliss” see manar
mandos n. “doomsman, judge”
mandu n. “lord”
manima adj. “of what kind, of what sort”
manka- v. “to trade”
mankale n. “commerce”
manna adv. “whither”
manu n. “departed spirit”
mapa- v. “to grasp, seize”
mar- v. “to abide”
mar (mar(d)-) n. “home, dwelling, house, habitation; earth”
mára adj. “good (of things), useful, fit”
maranwe n. “destiny”
mar(dar) adv. “homewards”
maril n. “glass, crystal”
marre adv. “at home”
marta¹ adj. and n. “fated, fey; fate”
marta² n. “home”
martya- v. “to destine”
marya adj. “pale, fallow, fawn [light yellowish tan color]”
marye adv. “at home” see marre
masse¹ adv. “where”
masse² n. “handful, share, just portion (in distribution), measure or capacity (of a person)”
masta n. “bread”
masta- v. “to bake”
mat (matt-) n. “food, meal”
mat- v. “to eat”
#matie n. “eating”
mattima adj. “edible”
maure n. “need”
mausta n. “compulsion”
mauya- v. “to compel”
#-me suf. “abstract noun”
me pron. “we, us”
mel- v. “to love (as friend)”
melda adj. “beloved, dear, sweet”
meldo n. “(friend), lover”
melima adj. “loveable, fair”
melin adj. “dear”
melindo n. “lover (m.)”
melisse n. “lover (f.)”
melme n. “love”
men n. “place, spot”
men- v. “to wish, mean, intend”
mena- v. “to be making for, be on way to”
ména n. “region”
menel n. “the heavens, firmament, sky”
Menelya n. “*Wednesday, Heavens-day”
meneste n. “intention”
mente n. “point, end”
mer- v. “to wish, desire, want”
meren(de) (merend-) n. “feast, festival”
merka adj. “wild, untamed”
merya adj. “festive”
meryale n. “holiday”
mestanyatse n. “suffixion”
Metelaire n. “August, (lit.) *End-summer”
Meterríve n. “January, (lit.) *End-winter”
metta n. “ending”
metya- v. “to put an end to”
mi prep. “in, within”
n. “small fly”
miksa adj. “wet”
milka adj. “greedy”
milme n. “desire, greed”
milya adj. “soft, gentle, weak”
milya- v. “to long for”
min num. card. “one”
minda adj. “prominent, conspicuous”
mindo n. “(isolated) tower” see #mindon
#mindon n. “(isolated) tower”
mine num. card. “one” see min
minna prep. and adv. “into, to the inside”
minqe num. card. “eleven”
minqetyarme n. “accentuation”
minta prep. and adv. “inwards, (?into)” see mitta
mintye n. “peak”
minya num. ord. “first”
miqilis n. “kiss”
mir prep. and adv. “to the inside, into”
míre n. “jewel, precious thing, treasure”
miril (mirill-) n. “shining jewel”
mirilya- v. “to glitter”
mirima adj. “free”
mista- v. “to stray about”
miste n. “fine rain”
mitsa adj. “small”
mitta prep. and adv. “inwards, (?into)”
mitta- v. “to insert; to come in”
mittande n. “infixion, insertion”
mitya adj. “interior”
miue (miuy-) n. “cat”
miule n. “whining, mewing”
míwa adj. “small, tiny, frail”
#-mo suf. “agental suffix”
moina adj. “familiar, dear”
mól n. “slave, thrall”
#móla adj. “enslaved”
mólome n. “hard work, burden”
mordo n. “shadow, obscurity, stain, smear, dimness”
more (mori-) adj. “black, dark”
móre (móri-) n. “blackness, dark, night”
morilinde n. “nightingale”
morko n. “bear”
morna adj. “gloomy, sombre”
móta- v. “to labour, toil”
motto n. “blot”
muile n. “secrecy”
muina adj. “hidden, secret”
mulo (mulu-) n. “dust”
mun- v. “to dislike, to not like”
mundo n. “snout, nose; cape [of land]”
-n suf. “genitive suffix”
na prep. “to, towards” see an(a)
ná- v. “to be”
naham- v. “to summon”
naháme n. “summons”
nahamna adj. “summoned”
nahta- v. “to slay”
nahta¹ n. “bite”
nahta² num. card. “eighteen”
nai interj. “alas”
naike n. “sharp pain”
naikea adj. “cruel”
naikele n. “*anguish”
naikelea adj. “painful”
naina- v. “to lament”
(nai)naina- v. “to lament” see naina-
naire n. “lament, sorrow”
nairea adj. “sorrowful”
nak-¹ v. “to kill, slay; to hate”
nak-² v. “to bite”
nalláma n. “echo”
namárie interj.
namba n. “hammer”
namba- v. “to hammer”
nan conj. and adv. “but, on the contrary, on the other hand; again”
ná(n) conj. and adv. “but, on the contrary, on the other hand” see nan
nan-¹ pref. “backwards”
#nan-² v. “to go back”
nanda n. “water-mead, watered plain”
nanda- [ñ] v. “to harp”
nandakka- v. “[unglossed]”
nandaro [ñ] n. “harper”
nande [ñ] n. “harp”
nandele n. “harping, *repetition”
nandelle [ñ] n. “little harp”
nangwa n. “jaw”
#napanna n. “additional letter”
naraka adj. “harsh, rending, violent of (?sounds)”
narda n. “knot”
nár(e) n. “flame”
Nárie n. “June, *Fire-ness”
narka- v. “to rend”
narmo [ñ] n. “wolf”
Narqelie n. “October”
Narqelion n. “Fire-fading, Autumn”
narta- v. “to kindle”
Narvinye n. “January, *New-fire”
narwë n. “sign, token”
nasse n. “thorn, spike”
nasta- v. “to prick, sting”
nasta n. “spear-head, spear-point, gore, triangle”
nasto n. “animal, beast”
#na-súrima n. “aspirate”
nat n. “thing”
natse n. “web, net”
nau prep. “*under” see nu
nauko n. “dwarf”
naule [ñ] n. “wolfhowl”
nauro [ñ] n. “werewolf”
nause [þ] n. “imagination”
nauta adj. “bound, obliged”
-nde suf. “general action verbal suffix”
-(n)dil suf. “-friend”
#-ndo suf. “*agent (male)”
-ndon suf. “like, as”
-ndor suf. “-land”
-(n)dur suf. “*servant”
adv. “ago”
nehte n. “honeycomb”
nel- pref. “tri-”
nelde num. card. “three”
nele (nelk-) n. “tooth” see nelke
nelet (nelk-) n. “tooth”
nelke n. see nelet
nelle n. “brook”
neltil (neltild-) n. “triangle”
nem- v. “it seems (impersonal)”
néme n. “leave, *permission”
nemeste n. “appearance”
nemestea adj. “apparent”
nén (nen-) n. “water”
nende n. “pool”
Nendesse n. “February, *Wet-ness”
nenemma- v. “to keep on (re-)appearing”
nengwe n. “nose”
nengwea adj. “nasal”
nengwetanwa adj. “nasal-infixed”
nengwetehta n. “nasal sign”
nér (ner-) n. “man, adult male”
nerno ? “[unglossed]”
nerte num. card. “nine”
nése [þ] n. “youth” see nesse
nessa adj. “young”
nesse n. “youth”
nessima adj. “youthful”
neuma n. “snare”
neuna adj. “second”
neuro n. “follower, successor”
ngolfine n. “magical skill”
ni pron. “I”
n. “woman, female”
nie n. “tear”
nieninqe n. “snowdrop, (lit.) white tear”
nikse n. “minnow, ‘little fish’”
-nil suf. “-friend” see -(n)dil
nil (nild-) n. “blue-bell, harebell”
nilda adj. “friendly, loving (towards)”
nilde n. “friend (f.)”
-nildo suf. “-friend” see -(n)dil
nildo n. “friend [m.]”
nilme n. “friendship”
nilmo n. “friend”
nin n. “nose, beak”
nindari n. “river-maid, nymph”
ninde adj. “slender”
ninqe (ninqi-) adj. “white, pale”
ninqeri n. “*white (female thing or personification)”
ninqeru n. “white man, white male swan, white ship, white (male thing or personification)”
ninqinta- v. “to grow pale”
ninqisse n. “whiteness”
ninqita- v. “to whiten, make white; to shine white”
ninqitáre n. “whitening, whitewashing”
ninya pron. “my”
niqe n. “snow”
níre n. see nie
nirwa n. “bolster, cushion”
nirwa² adj. “scarred”
nirwe n. “scar”
nis (niss-) n. “woman”
nis² (niks-) n. “minnow, ‘little fish’” see nikse
nissa n. “lady”
nisse n. “woman” see nis
níte (*níti-) adj. “moist, dewy”
niule ? “[unglossed]”
no prep. “under” see nu
#nó¹ prep. “yester-, *after”
nó² (nów-) n. “conception, idea, thought”
noa¹ n. “conception, idea” see nó²
noa² n. “thigh”
Nókoire n. “March, *After-stirring”
nóla¹ n. “round head, knoll, round hilltop; summit”
nóla² [ñ] adj. “wise, learned”
Nólairë n. “July, *After-summer”
nóle [ñ] n. “wisdom”
nóloa n. “yesteryear”
nolwe [ñ] n. “wisdom, (secret) lore”
ñón n. “growl, groan” see hu
ñóna- v. “to groan” see húna-
Nóqelle n. “October, *After-autumn”
nóre n. “land, country, region where certain people live; clan, race, folk, kindred”
#nornea adj. “*of oak”
norno n. “oak”
Norríve n. “December, *After-winter”
norsa [þ] n. “giant”
norta [ñ] adj. “horrible”
norto [ñ] n. “horror”
nosse n. “clan, family, ‘house’”
not- v. “to reckon”
nóte n. “number”
Nótuile n. “May, *After-spring”
nov- v. “?to think, form idea, imagine”
-nta suf. “to become or be made”
nu prep. “under”
nui n. “lament” see ON. nui
nukumna adj. “humbled”
nulda adj. “secret” see nulla
nulla adj. “dark, dusky, obscure; hidden, secret”
numbe n. “root, foundation”
núme n. “west” see númen
númen n. “west”
númenya adj. “western”
nún adv. “down below, underneath”
nuqerna adj. “inverted”
nur- v. “to grow/be dark”
núra adj. “deep”
#núre n. “night”
núro n. “servant”
nuru [ñ] n. “death”
nusta- v. “to smell [something]”
#nut- v. “to tie”
núta- v. “to set, sink (of Sun or Moon)”
núte n. “bond, knot”
-nwa suf. “perfective participle”
nwalka [ñ] adj. “cruel”
nwalma [ñ] n. “pain”
nwalme [ñ] n. “torment”
nwalya- [ñ] v. “to pain, torment”
nwara- v. “to gnaw, erode, wear away”
ñwe pron.
nyar(a)- v. “to relate, tell, recite (in sing-voice voice), talk”
nyáre n. “tale, saga, history”
#nyarie n. “talking”
nyarna n. “tale, saga”
nyarro n. “rat”
nyárula adj. “apt to talk”
-nye suf. “I”
nye pron. “me, I”
nyelle n. “bell”
nyello n. “singer”
nyûna adj. “second” see neuna
-o suf. “*genitive ending”
o prep. “*from” see ho
o- pref. “together”
ohta n. “war”
ohtakáro n. “warrior”
ohtatyaro n. “warrior”
oi- v. “to live, pass one’s days”
oi adv. “ever”
oia adj. and adv. “everlasting”
oiale n. “everlasting age”
oio (oiw-) n. “bird”
oira adj. “eternal”
oire n. “everlasting (?age)”
okamna n. “diphthong”
ol- v. “to become”
ola- v. “to grow, grow up, reach its prime, become”
#ólama n. “consonant”
#ólamaite adj. “consonantal”
olar n. “dream”
olaste n. “growth”
olinwa adj. “fully grown, adult”
olme n. “odour”
ololla- v. “*to keep on growing”
olombo n. “horse”
olor n. “dream”
olos(se) n. “snow, fallen snow”
olta- v. “[unglossed]”
olwa n. “branch”
óma n. “voice”
#ómaise n. “voiced [stop]”
ómalóra adj. “voiceless”
óman (omand-) n. “vowel”
#ómanda adj. “vocalic”
ómataile n. “vowel-lengthening”
ómataima n. “vocalic extension”
#ómea adj. “voiced”
omentie n. “meeting”
#-on suf. “great”
ondo n. “stone (as a material)”
onna n. “creature”
onóne n. “kinswoman; sister”
onóro n. “kinsman; brother”
onot- v. “to count up”
onta- v. “to beget, create”
ontale n. “descent”
ontare n. “begetter, parent (f.)”
ontaro n. “begetter, parent”
opele n. “walled house or village, town”
opto n. “back”
óre n. “rising”
orhal- v. “to exalt”
ork n. see orko
orko (orcu-) n. “goblin”
orme n. “haste, violence, wrath, rushing”
orna adj. “hasty”
orne n. “(high isolated) tree”
oron (oront-) n. “mountain”
ororia- v. “to keep on rising (and falling)”
orro- v. “to rise (from ground)”
orro¹ interj. “ugh, alas!, ow!”
orro² adv. “up in the air, on high”
orta-¹ v. “to raise, lift”
orta-² v. “to rise”
ortalima adj. “able to be raised”
ortare n. “lifting up”
orto n. “mountain-top”
orya- v. “to rise”
oselle [þ] n. “[sworn] sister, associate [f.]”
osse n. “terror”
ostirion n. “fort”
osto n. “city, town with wall round, fort”
otornasse n. “brotherhood”
otorno n. “sworn brother, associate [m.]”
otso num. card. “seven”
ovesta n. “contract, compact, treaty”
pa prep. “about”
palan adj. and adv. “far, distant, wide, to a great extent, over a wide space, to a distance”
palantir n. “far-seer”
palar n. “flat field, ‘wang’, plain”
palka- v. “to beat flat”
palla adj. “wide, expansive”
palme n. “surface”
palpa- v. “to beat, batter”
palu- v. “to open wide, spread, expand, extend” see palya-
palúre n. “surface, bosom, bosom of Earth, (Old English) folde”
palya- v. “to open wide, spread, expand, extend”
pamba n. “ball”
panda n. “enclosure”
pano n. “piece of shaped wood”
panta adj. “open”
panta- v. “to unfurl, spread out, open”
panya- v. “to fix, set”
parka adj. “dry; thirsty”
parma n. “book”
parmaina adj. “of books, literary”
parmatéma n. “p-series”
pasta [þ] adj. “smooth”
n. “mouth”
pel- v. “to go round, revolve, return”
peler n. “fenced field, [ᴱQ.] fence”
pelko n. “leg” see telko
peltas (peltaks-) n. “pivot”
penda adj. “sloping down, inclined”
pende n. “slope, downslope, declivity”
#per- pref. “half, semi”
#perómanda adj. and n. “semivocalic, *semi-vowel”
perya- v. “to divide in middle, halve”
pilen n. “feather”
pilin (pilind-) n. “arrow”
pirya n. “juice, syrup”
pis- [þ] v. “to spit”
pite n. “juice”
piuta- v. “to spit”
poika adj. “clean, pure”
poinesse n. “?cleanliness”
polda adj. “strong, burly”
poldore n. “physical strength; might”
poldórea adj. “strong, strong-bodied”
pole (poli-) n. “meal, flour”
pore (pori-) n. “flour, meal”
psar- v. “to rub”
psára n. “peel”
punta n. “stopped consonant”
pupso n. “blow fly”
pusta n. “stop, in punctuation full stop”
pusta- v. “to stop, put a stop to, cease”
putta n. “stop (in punctuation)”
qalin adj. “dead”
qalme n. “(death) agony, (process of) death”
qáme n. “sickness”
qanta adj. “full”
qanta-tenkele n. “full writing”
qantien n. “century, (lit.) full year”
qáqi adv. “all”
qár(e) n. “fist, hand”
qe conj. “if”
#qel- v. “†to fail”
qelesta n. “dying, fading”
qelet (qelets-) n. “corpse”
#qelie n. “*fading”
qelle n. “Autumn”
Qen (Qend-) n. “Elf”
Qende n. “Elf”
Qenderin adj. and n. “Quendian”
Qendya n. “Elvish” see Qenya
qéne n. “petrel”
qenso n. “minstrel”
qenta n. “tale, story, account, history”
qentale n. “account, history”
qentaro n. “narrator, reciter, minstrel”
qentasse n. “history”
Qenya n. “Elvish (Tongue), Elfspeech, Elf-latin; belonging to the Qendi, Quendian”
qeqetta- v. “to repeat, keep on saying”
qesse n. “feather”
qesset (*qessek-) n. “pillow”
qessetéma n. “q-series”
#qesta n. “speech, language”
qet- v. “to say”
qetil n. “tongue, language, talk”
qettima adj. “utterable”
qilir n. “quiet”
qinga n. “bow (for shooting)”
qingatelko adj. “*bow-legged”
-r¹ suf. “plural suffix”
#†-r² suf. “*archaic allative”
(ráv-) n. “lion”
raf- v. “to snatch, seize”
raika adj. “crooked, bent, wrong”
raiqa adj. “angry”
ráka n. “wolf”
#rakka n. “*claw”
rakkalepta adj. “*claw-fingered”
ráma n. “wing”
rámalóke n. “winged dragon”
ramba¹ n. “wall”
ramba² n. “beam of wood” see ran
rampa ? “[unglossed]”
ran (ramb-) n. “beam of wood”
Rana n. “Moon, (lit.) Wayward”
randa n. “cycle, age (100 Valian Years)”
ráne n. “straying, wandering”
ránen adj. “errant”
rangwe n. “fathom”
ranko (ranku-) n. “arm”
ranta n. “course”
ranya adj. “free” see (a)ranya
ranya- v. “to stray, *wander”
rasko n. “horn” see rasse
rasse n. “horn [of both animals and mountains]”
#-rasta suf. “twelve”
rauko n. “demon”
rauta n. “metal”
ráva¹ adj. “wild, untamed”
ráva² n. “bank (especially of a river)”
ráva³ n. see
ravanda n. “wilderness”
-re suf. “gerund”
rempa adj. “crooked, hooked”
réna n. “edge, border, margin”
#rer- v. “to sow”
resta n. “‘sown’, sown field, acre”
n. “reed, grass-stem”
ríe n. “crown”
rihta- v. “to jerk, give quick twist or move, twitch”
?rille n. “brilliance”
rilma n. “glittering light”
rilya adj. “glittering”
ríma n. “edge, hem, border”
rimba adj. “frequent, numerous”
rimbe n. “crowd, host”
rimpa adj. “rushing, flying”
#-rin suf. “-ian, racial-adjective, language”
rína adj. “crowned”
rinda adj. “circular”
rinde n. “circle”
Ringare n. “December, *Cold-day”
ringe (ringi-) n. “cold”
ringwe n. “cold pool or lake (in mountains)”
rinka n. “twitch, jerk, trick, sudden move”
rinke (rinki-) n. “flourish, quick stroke, hook”
#rip- v. “to hurl”
rista n. “cut”
rista- v. “to cut”
#-ro suf. “agental suffix”
rohta- v. “?to run on foot”
roime n. “hunt, hunting”
roina adj. “ruddy”
roita- v. “to pursue”
rokko n. “(swift) horse”
róma n. “loud sound, trumpet-sound”
romba n. “horn, trumpet”
rómen n. “east”
rómenya adj. “eastern”
róminya adj. “*eastern” see rómenya
róna adj. “east”
rondo n. “roof; cave, cavern”
ronyo n. “‘chaser’, hound of chase”
rosse n. “fine rain, dew”
rotto n. “cave, tunnel”
n. “lion” see
ruk- v. “to pluck”
runda n. “rough piece of wood”
runya n. “slot, footprint”
russe n. “corruscation, †sword-blade”
-rya suf. “imperfect participle” see -lya
sa pron. “that”
sahte n. “[unglossed]”
saira adj. “wise”
sairon n. “wizard”
sak- v. “to be hurt”
#sakkat- v. “to rend, break asunder” see #askat-
salpa- v. “to lick up, sup, sip”
salqe n. “grass”
sambe [þ] n. “room, chamber”
samna¹ [þ] n. “wooden post”
#samna² n. “diphthong”
samno [þ] n. “carpenter, wright, builder”
#sampane n. “combination”
san conj. “*then”
sana adj. “that”
sanda [þ] adj. “firm, true, abiding”
sanga [þ] n. and adj. “crowd, throng, press, pack; crowded, packed”
sanga- v. “*to press”
sanguma n. “press, *thing that presses”
sangwa n. “poison”
sanka [þ] adj. “cleft, split”
sanya [þ] adj. “regular, law-abiding, normal”
sanye [þ] n. “rule, law”
sapsarra- v. “to keep on rubbing, fray away”
sar (sard-) n. “stone (small)”
sara [þ] n. “stiff dry grass, bent”
sára adj. “bitter”
sa-rinke (sa-rinki-) n. “s-hook, hooked stroke in tengwa”
sarna adj. “of stone”
sarne n. “stony place”
#sáro [þ] n. “savior”
sat (sap-) n. “pit”
saura [þ] adj. “foul, evil-smelling, putrid”
saurikumba [þ] adj. “*foul-bellied”
sáva n. “juice”
selda n. “child [n.]”
selde n. “child (f.)”
seldo n. “child [m.]”
seler (sell-) [þ] n. “sister”
senda adj. “resting, at peace”
-ser suf. “friend”
ser- v. “to rest”
séra [þ] ? “[unglossed]”
sére n. “rest, repose, peace”
serme n. “friend (f.)”
sermo n. “friend [m.]”
seron n. “friend”
seru- v. “to settle on, sit or lit down, come to rest on”
adv. “now”
sikil n. “dagger, knife”
sil- v. “to shine”
silma adj. “silver, shining white”
silme n. “moonlight, light of Silpion, †silver”
símane n. “here” see sinome
símen n. “here” see sinome
sin adv. “now” see
sinan adv. “at present”
sinar n. “today, this morning”
sinde (sindi-) [þ] adj. “grey, pale”
sinome n. “here”
sinta [þ] adj. “short”
sinta- [þ] v. “to fade, *(lit.) become grey”
sinya adj. “new”
sinye [þ] n. “evening”
sir- v. “to flow”
síre n. “river”
siril n. “rivulet”
sirya- v. “to flow (smoothly)”
sisilla- v. “to glitter (white)”
sisíria- v.
siule n. “incitement”
sóla ? “[unglossed]”
solor (solos-) n. “surf”
sonda adj. “dear, fond”
sondo n. “friend”
sorasta n. “equipment”
sorne [þ] n. “eagle” see soron
soron [þ] n. “eagle”
-sse¹ suf. “locative ending”
#-sse² suf. “abstract noun”
-sta¹ suf. “close grouping”
#-sta² suf.
-ste n. “general action verbal suffix”
suhto n. “draught”
suk- v. “to drink”
súle (súli-) [þ] n. “breath; spirit”
Súlime [þ] n. “March”
sulka n. “root (especially as edible)”
súlo (*súlu-) n. “goblet”
sulpa- v. “to lap up, drink greedily”
sumba- v. “to submerge”
sundo n. “base, root, root-word”
sundóma [þ] n. “determinant vowel, vocalic determinant”
sungwa n. “drinking-vessel”
surya n. “spirant consonant”
sút n. “pain, (esp.) death-throe”
#suv- v. “to sink (esp. in water)”
súya- [þ] v. “to breathe”
-ta suf. “causative”
ta pron. “that, it”
taile n. “lengthening, extension”
#taima n. “extension”
taina adj. “lengthened, extended, prolonged”
taita- v. “to prolong”
tak- v. “to fasten”
takse n. “nail”
tal adv. “downwards”
tál (tal-) n. “foot; bottom”
talan (talam-) n. “floor, ground”
talat n. “sheet”
tallune n. “sole of foot”
talma n. “base, foundation, root”
talta- v. “to slip (down), fall, slide down, slope”
talta¹ adj. “sloping, tilted, leaning, inclined”
talta² n. “incline”
talte adv. “down, at the bottom”
tam- v. “to tap”
tamba- v. “to knock, keep on knocking”
tambaro n. “woodpecker, knocker”
tambe (tambi-) n. “pot”
tampa n. “stopper”
tana pron. “that (anaphoric)”
tanga- v. “to twang” see tinga-
tango n. “twang” see tinge
tangwa n. “hasp, clasp”
tanka adj. “firm, fixed; sure”
tankal(a) n. “clasp, brooch, fastener” see tankil
tankata- v. “to make fixed/firm, confirm”
tankil n. “brooch, clasp, pin; fastener”
tano n. “craftsman, smith”
tanta adj. “double”
tante n. “[unglossed]”
tanwe n. “craft, thing made, device, construction”
tap- v. “to stop, block”
tar- affix. “high; king or queen (in compounds)”
tár n. “king”
tar adv. “thither, beyond”
tára adj. “lofty, high”
taras (tarass-) n. “mount, hill”
táre adv. “*that day”
tári n. “queen”
Tárinar n. “*alternate name of Valanya”
tarka n. “horn [of animals]”
tarki- v. “to trouble”
tarya adj. “tough, stiff”
tasar(e) [þ] n. “willow-tree”
tasse adv. “there”
tatalla- v. “to admire, wonder at (the excellence of), marvel”
tatalta- v.
tatya- v. “to double, repeat”
taura adj. “mighty”
taure n. “great wood, forest”
taurina adj. “of wood”
tavar n. “wood (material)”
tavaril n. “dryad, spirit of woods (f.)”
tavaron n. “dryad, spirit of woods (m.)”
te pron. “him, it”
n. “path” see tie
tea n. “straight line, road”
tehta n. “mark (in writing), sign, diacritic”
tek- v. “to write”
tekil n. “pen”
tekko n. “stroke (of pen or brush), accent [´]”
tel- v. “to intend”
telemna adj. “*silver”
telepsa adj. “of silver”
telko (telq-) n. “leg, stem”
tella adj. “hindmost, last”
telle n. “rear”
telme n. “hood, covering”
telpe n. “silver”
telpina adj. “of silver”
telta- v. “to canopy, overshadow, screen”
telume n. “vault, dome (of heaven)”
telumet (telumett-) n. “canopy”
téma n. “row, series, line”
ten prep. “for”
téna adj. “straight, right”
tengwa n. “letter; writing, grammar”
tengwanda n. “alphabet”
tengwe n. “writing”
tengwesta n. “grammar; collection of writing”
tenkele n. “writing (system), spelling”
tenna¹ prep. “until”
tenna² n. “a letter”
ter prep. “through”
téra adj. “straight, right” see téna
tere prep. “through” see ter
teren adj. “slender”
terene adj. “slender” see teren
tereva adj. “fine, acute”
terhat- v. “to break apart”
terra n. “fine pierced hole”
tet(ta) n. “baby”
teuka ? “[unglossed]”
thar-¹ v. “[unglossed]”
#thar-² v. “to stand”
the pron. “it”
tie n. “path, course, line, direction, way”
tikse n. “dot, tiny mark, point”
tilde n. “spike, horn”
timpana n. “[unglossed]”
#tin- v. “to glint”
tinda adj. “glinting (silver)”
tinde n. “glint”
tindóme n. “(starry) twilight, starlit dusk”
#tinga n. “*flint”
tinga- v. “to twang”
tingahondo adj. “flint-hearted”
tinge n. “twang”
tingilinde n. “twinkling star” see tingilya
tingilya n. “twinkling star”
tinko n. “metal”
tinkotéma n. “t-series”
tinta- v. “to kindle, make to spark”
tintina- v. “to sparkle”
tinwe n. “spark (star)”
#tir- v. “to watch”
tirion n. “watch-tower, tower”
#tiriste n. “*watch, guard”
tis n. “kitten” see titse
tithilla- v. “to twinkle”
titse (tits-) n. “kitten”
titta adj. “little, tiny”
tiuka adj. “thick, fat”
tiuko n. “thigh”
tiuya- v. “to swell, grow fat”
to prep. “in”
n. “wool”
toa adj. “of wool, woollen”
toi pron. “they”
toina adj. “[unglossed]”
tol (toll-) n. “island”
tolto num. card. “eight”
tolu- v. “to stand up, get up, leave one’s seat”
ton- v. “to tap, knock”
top- v. “to cover”
tópa n. “roof”
tópa- v. “to roof”
tormen n. “north” see formen
toróma n. “[unglossed]”
toron (torn-) n. “brother”
tsette n. “fly”
-tta suf. “close grouping” see -sta¹
tuia- v. “to sprout, spring”
tuile n. “spring, spring-time”
Tuilear n. “Springdays”
tuilindo n. “swallow, (lit.) spring-singer”
tuilu- v. “to bud, open (of flowers and leaves)”
tuima n. “sprout, bud”
tuk- v. “to draw, *pull (behind)”
tul- v. “to come”
túlima adj. “*able to be brought”
tulka adj. “firm, immovable, steadfast; strong”
tulko (*tulku-) n. “support, prop”
tulma n. “event”
tulta- v. “to send for, fetch, summon, send hither, (lit.) cause to come”
tulumaite adj. “likely to come, probable (of future events)”
tulurya adj. “future, coming”
tuluste n. “arrival”
tumba adj. “deep, lowlying”
tumba- v. “to cast down (into a pit[?])”
tumbo (tumbu-) n. “deep valley (under or among hills, with high sides)”
tumna adj. “lowlying, deep, low”
tumpo n. “hump, lump”
tunda adj. “tall”
tundo (tundu-) n. “hill, mound; ️hole”
tunga adj. “taut, tight; resonant (of strings)”
tunt (tump-) n. “lump” see tumpo
tuo n. “muscle, sinew; vigour, physical strength”
tupse n. “thatch”
-tur suf. “master, victor, lord”
tur- v. “to wield, control, govern”
túre n. “mastery, victory”
turma n. “shield”
turo n. “master, victor, lord”
turut n. “tree-stem”
turya- v. “to strengthen”
turyande n. “fortification, strengthening”
turyanwa adj. “fortified”
tussa n. “bush”
tutulla- v. “to keep on coming (and going)”
#tuv- v. “to find”
#tyal- v. “to play”
tyalangan (*tyalangand-) n. “harp-player”
tyalie n. “play, game, sport”
tyar- v. “to cause”
tyaro n. “doer, actor, agent”
tyatyamba- v. “*to keep on tasting”
tyav- v. “to taste”
tyaz- v. “to like”
tye pron. “thee”
tyel (tyeld-) n. “end”
tyel- v. “to end, cease”
tyelima adj. “final”
tyelka adj. “swift, agile”
tyelma n. “ending”
tyelpe n. “silver” see telpe
tyue n. “[unglossed]”
tyúka n. “thigh”
tyulma n. “mast”
tyulusse n. “poplar-tree”
ú- pref. “not, un-, in-”
ufárea adj. “not enough”
uile n. “long trailing plant”
-ula suf. “verbal adjective (likelihood, aptitude)”
ula adj. “apt to, likely to do so”
úlea adj. “pouring, flooding, flowing”
ullume adv. “forever”
ululla- v. “to keep on pouring”
ulunde n. “flood”
ulundo n. “monster, deformed and hideous creature”
ulya- v. “to pour, flow”
um- v. “to not be, to not do”
úmahta(le) n. “nuisance”
uman adv. “at one time”
umbar (umbart-) n. “fate, doom”
umbas [þ] n. “shield”
úmea adj. “evil”
-umne suf. “past-future”
umpano n. “build[ing]” see ampano
un-/um- pref. “intensive prefix with evil sense”
undo adv. “down, low down”
undu prep. and adv. “down, under, beneath”
ungo n. “cloud, dark shadow”
ungwale n. “torture”
ungwe n. “gloom”
unka- v. “to hollow out”
unqa adj. “hollow”
unqale n. “death agony, agony, death”
unqe n. “hollow, cavity, hole”
unta- v. “to come down, descend”
untamo n. “enemy”
unutikse n. “dot or point placed below the line of writing”
uphto n. “pit”
úr n. “fire, heat”
úra adj. “large”
Úrime n. “August, *Hot-one”
uruite adj. “fiery”
urulóke n. “fire-dragon”
úruva adj. “fiery”
urya- v. “to blaze”
usqe n. “reek; dusk, twilight”
-(u)va suf. “future suffix”
uvana adj. “wicked”
úvanimo n. “monster”
úve n. “abundance, great quantity”
úvea adj. “abundant, in very great number, very large”
úvie n. “considering a matter (with a view to decision)”
-va suf. “adjectival”
#va prep. “away”
vahai(y)a adv. “far away”
vaháya adv. “far away” see vahai(y)a
vahta- v. “to soil, stain”
vainar n. “sailor”
vaita- v. “to enfold”
vaiwa n. “wind”
vai(y)a n. “envelope”
vakse n. “stain”
Vala n. “Power, God”
valaina adj. “of or belonging to the Valar, divine”
Valarya n. “*Friday, Vala-day”
valasse n. “divinity”
valya adj. “having (divine) authority or power”
ván n. “goose”
vanima adj. “fair”
Vanimo n. “The Beautiful; Fair Folk”
vanta n. “walk”
vanta- v. “to walk”
vanwa adj. “gone (for good), departed, vanished, lost, past, over, dead”
vanwie n. “the past, past time”
vanya adj. “beautiful, fair”
vanya- v. “to go, depart, disappear”
vára adj. “soiled, dirty”
varile n. “protection”
varinye n. “[unglossed]”
varna adj. “safe, protected, secure”
varnasse n. “security”
varne adj. “brown, swart, dark brown”
varya- v. “to protect”
ve prep. “with”
vea¹ adj. “adult, manly, vigorous”
vea² n. “sea”
veaner¹ n. “(adult) man”
veaner² (veanér-) n. “sailor”
veasse n. “vigour”
vende n. “maiden” see wende
véne adj. “virginity”
venesse n. “virginity”
venno n. “husband”
veo n. “man”
vére n. “bond, troth, compact, oath”
verie n. “boldness”
verka adj. “wild”
veru¹ n. “husband”
veru² coll. “husband and wife, married pair”
verya adj. “bold”
verya- v. “to dare”
vesse n. “wife”
vesta-¹ v. “to wed”
vesta¹ n. “matrimony”
vesta-² v. “to swear (to do something), contract, make a compact”
vesta² n. “contract”
vestale n. “wedding”
vestale² n. “oath”
vie n. “manhood, vigour”
vinda- v. “to fade”
vinde adj. “pale blue”
vinya¹ adj. “young, new”
vinya² adj. “pale blue”
vinye n. “evening”
Víresse n. “April, *Freshness”
vírie n. “youth”
virya adj. “fresh”
vista n. “air as substance”
#-voite suf. “adjective suffix”
vóre n. “lasting”
vórea adj. and n. “continuous, enduring, lasting; continuant”
vórima adj. “continuous, enduring, repeated”
vor(o)- pref. “continual repetition”
voro adv. “ever, continually”
vorongandele n. “continual repetition, (lit.) harping on one tune”
voronwa adj. “enduring, long-lasting”
voronwie n. “endurance, lasting quality”
vorosanya [þ] adj. “*ever-law-abiding”
wa- pref. “together” see o-
war- v. “to err”
n. “man, warrior”
-we¹ suf. “masculine suffix”
-we² suf. “abstract suffix”
wén n. “greenness, freshness; youth”
wende n. “maiden”
wenya adj. “green, yellow-green, fresh”
wil- v. “to fly, ⚠️[ᴱQ.] float, sail”
wilma n. “inner or lower air”
wilwa n. “lower air” see wilma
wilwarin (wilwarind-) n. “butterfly”
winge n. “foam, crest of wave, crest”
wingi n. “mermaid, foam-maid” see wingil
wingil (wingild-) n. “nymph, mermaid, foam-maid”
adv. “formerly, ago”
#-ya¹ suf. “adjective suffix”
-ya² suf. “aorist active participle, general verbal adjective”
yaiwe n. “mocking, scorn”
yallume adv. “at last”
yalme n. “clamour”
yalúme n. “former times”
yalúmea adj. “olden”
yána n. “holy place, fane, sanctuary”
yana pron. “that (the former)”
yanga- v. “to yawn”
yanta¹ n. “bridge”
yanta² n. “yoke”
yanwe n. “bridge, joining, isthmus”
yár (yar-) n. “blood”
yára adj. “old, ancient, belonging to or descending from former times”
yáre n. “former days”
yárea adj. “olden”
yasse adv. “once upon a time; there”
yat¹ (yaht-) n. “neck”
yat² (yak-) n. “goat”
yatta n. “narrow neck, isthmus”
Yavannie n. “September, *Yavanna-ness”
yáve n. “fruit”
yáwe n. “ravine, cleft, gully”
ye- v. “to be”
ye prep. “at”
yé¹ interj. “*lo!”
yé² n. “eye”
yelda adj. “friendly, dear as friend”
yelde n. “daughter”
yelka n. “sword?”
yello n. “call, shout, cry of triumph”
yelme¹ n. “loathing”
yelme² n.
yelta- v. “to loathe, abhor”
yelwa adj. “loathsome”
yén n. “year”
yen(de) n. “daughter”
yénie n. “annals”
yenya n. “last year”
yére n. “*sexual desire”
yerna adj. “old, worn”
yerya- v. “to wear (out), get old”
yesta- v. “to desire”
yeste n. “being, existence”
yo conj. “and”
yondo n. “son”
yór n. “blood” see yár
yu conj. “and” see yo
yú- pref. “both”
adv. “too”
yuale n. “twilight” see yúkale
yúkale n. “twilight”
yul- v. “to smoulder”
yúla n. “ember, smouldering wood”
yulma n. “brand”
yulme n. “red (?heat), smouldering heat”
yurasta num. card. “twenty four”
yúyo adj. “both”