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ᴹQ. #rer- v. (basic-verb) “to sow” (Category: to Sow; Seed)

ᴹQ. #rer-, v. (basic-verb) “to sow” (Category: to Sow; Seed)
ᴺQ. ^rel- “to sow”

A verb appearing as 1st sg. ᴹQ. rerin “I sow” with past tense rende in The Etymologies of the 1930s, derived from the root ᴹ√RED “scatter, sow” (Ety/RED). Here the ancient d became r as it usually did after vowels.

Neo-Quenya: In both Outline of Phonetic Development (OP1) from the 1930s and Outline of Phonology (OP2) from the 1950s, Tolkien indicated that when medial d followed an r, it could dissimilate to l rather that following its usual development to r (PE19/32, PE19/70). In OP2 he gave the verb Q. ral- < √RAD as an example (PE19/99). Thus it is possible that ᴹQ. rer- should be revised to ᴺQ. rel- “to sow” to fit this rule, as suggested by Elaran. However, since Tolkien had this rule in the 1930s but still had ᴹQ. rer- in The Etymologies, I prefer to think the dissimilation of medial d to l was a sporadic change, and would therefore retain rer- for purposes of Neo-Quenya.

Conceptual Development: The Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s had ᴱQ. orya- “sow” in the Qenya Lexicon under the early root ᴱ√ORO² (QL/70).

References ✧ Ety/RED


rerin aorist 1st-sg “I sow” ✧ Ety/RED
rende past   ✧ Ety/RED

Element In



Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√RED > rerin [redin] > [reðin] > [rerin] ✧ Ety/RED

ᴱQ. orya- v. “to sow” (Category: to Sow; Seed)

See ᴹQ. #rer- for discussion.

References ✧ QL/70




orīne past ✧ QL/70: irreg.


Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√ORO² > orya- [orja-] ✧ QL/70