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ᴹQ. kuina adj. “alive” (Category: to Live; Living; Life)

⚠️ᴹQ. cuina, adj. “alive” (Category: to Live; Living; Life)
ᴺQ. coina “alive, ⚠️living”

An adjective appearing as ᴹQ. kuina “alive” in The Etymologies of the 1930s derived from the root ᴹ√KUY “come to life, awake” (Ety/KUY).

Conceptual Development: A similar adjective ᴱQ. koina “living, alive” appeared in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s based on the early root ᴱ√KOẎO “have life” (QL/48).

Neo-Quenya: Tolkien vacillated between the two roots √KOY and √KUY for “life”; I prefer to use √KOY for purposes of Neo-Eldarin, so I’d use ᴺQ. coina for “alive”. For “living” I’d using the word Q. coirëa from the 1950s (PM/399).

Reference ✧ Ety/KUY ✧ “alive”



Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√KUY > kuina [kuina] ✧ Ety/KUY

ᴱQ. koina adj. “living, alive” (Category: to Live; Living; Life)

See ᴹQ. kuina for discussion.

References ✧ LT1A/Koivië-néni; QL/48



Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√KOẎO > koina [koðʲnā] > [koðʲna] > [kojna] > [koina] ✧ QL/48