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ᴹQ. lára² n. “grave” (Category: Grave, Tomb)

⚠️ᴹQ. lára², n. “grave” (Category: Grave, Tomb)
ᴺQ. ^sapta “(delved) hole, pit; [ᴱQ.] grave”

A rejected noun for “grave” in a deleted entry in The Etymologies written around 1937 for the root ᴹ√DAG “dig” (EtyAC/DAG).

Conceptual Development: There was a word ᴱQ. kaune “grave” in the Qenya Lexicon and Poetic and Mythological Words of Eldarissa of the 1910s based on the early root ᴱ√KAVA which also meant “dig” (QL/45; PME/45). In the first version of the ᴱQ. Oilima Markirya poem and its drafts written around 1930, Tolkien used ᴱQ. sapsa or sapta for “grave” (MC/221; PE16/75), a word that is clearly based on another root meaning “dig”: ᴱ√SAPA.

Neo-Quenya: Since √SAP appeared in Tolkien’s later writings with the same or similar meaning (PE19/86), I’d adapted ᴺQ. sapta for “grave”, along with the meaning “(delved) hole, pit”; see that entry for discussion.

Reference ✧ EtyAC/DAG ✧ lára “grave”


Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√DAG > lára [dagra] > [lagra] > [laɣra] > [lāra] ✧ EtyAC/DAG

ᴱQ. kaune n. “grave” (Category: Grave, Tomb)

See ᴹQ. lára² for discussion.

References ✧ PME/45; QL/45



Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√KAV > kaune [kaβnē] > [kaβne] > [kaune] ✧ PME/45
ᴱ√KAVA > kaune [kaβnē] > [kaβne] > [kaune] ✧ QL/45