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ᴹQ. ton- v. (basic-verb) “to knock, tap” (Category: to Hit, Strike, Beat)

ᴹQ. ton-, v. (basic-verb) “to knock, tap” (Category: to Hit, Strike, Beat)

A verb in the Quenya Verbal System of 1948 derived from the root ᴹ√TON “tap, knock” and so presumably with the same meaning (PE22/103). It replaced a verb tun- from a deleted root ᴹ√TUN “tap, knock, touch (with the fingers)” (PE22/103).

Conceptual Development: A possible precursor ᴱQ. otto- “knock” appeared in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s under the early root ᴱ√OTO of the same meaning (QL/71). This in turn may have become ᴹQ. tam- “to tap” and ᴹQ. tamba- “to knock, keep on knocking” from The Etymologies of the 1930s under the root ᴹ√TAM “knock” (Ety/TAM). Finally there are some roots √TOK and √NOK from 1959-60 notes used of “non-resonant sounds” but with no derivatives (PE17/138).

Neo-Quenya: For purposes of Neo-Quenya, I would use the later attested verbs, but I would assume tam- is for a lighter “tap” vs. ton- for a deeper (single) “knock”, whereas tamba- is for repeated knocking or tapping.

References ✧ PE22/103



tone aorist “tap, knock” ✧ PE22/103
tune aorist “tap, knock, touch (with the fingers)” ✧ PE22/103
tonne past   ✧ PE22/103
tunne past   ✧ PE22/103
otonnie perfect; reformed-perfect   ✧ PE22/103
otónie perfect   ✧ PE22/103
utunnie perfect; reformed-perfect   ✧ PE22/103
utúnie perfect   ✧ PE22/103


Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√TON > tone [ton-] ✧ PE22/103
ᴹ√TUN > tune [tun-] ✧ PE22/103

ᴱQ. otto- v. “to knock” (Category: to Hit, Strike, Beat)

See ᴹQ. ton- for discussion.

References ✧ QL/71




otonte past ✧ QL/71


Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√OTO > otto- [otto-] ✧ QL/71