Q. Aulë m. “The Maker, The Smith”
Aulë is the Valar of crafting and smithing, spouse of Yavanna, and his name is variously glossed as “The Maker” (S/44) or “The Smith” (LotR/1137). His Quenya name is an adaptation of his Valarin name Val. Aʒūlēz of unknown meaning (WJ/399). His name may also be related to the word (ᴹQ.) aule “invention”.
Conceptual Development: This name dates back to the earliest Lost Tales, appearing from the beginning in the same form: ᴱQ. Aule (LT1/16), and it was translated “Smith” in an early name list (PE13/104). In Tolkien’s Old English version of the Quenta Noldorinwa, his name is translated as “Cræftfréa”, Old English for “Craft Lord” (SM/208). In The Etymologies, ᴹQ. Aule is derived from the root ᴹ√GAWA and thus connected to ᴹQ. aule “invention” (Ety/GAWA). In the Quendi and Eldar essay from 1959-60, Tolkien said that his name was derived from Valarin Aʒūlēz (WJ/399), and this appears to be the last thing Tolkien wrote on the derivation of this name.
References ✧ LotR/1137; LotRI; MRI; PM/391; PMI; S/44; SI; UTI; WJ/399; WJI/Aulë, Mahal
|Val. Aʒūlēz > Aulë||[aɣūlē] > [aulē] > [aule]||✧ WJ/399|
ᴹQ. Aule m. “Cræftfréa”
References ✧ Ety/GAWA; LRI/Aulë; PE22/23; SDI2/Aulë; SM/208; SMI/Aulë
ᴱQ. Aule m. “Smith”
References ✧ GL/18, 62; LBI/Aulë; LT1A/Aulë; LT1I/Aulë; LT2I/Aulë; PE13/104; PE14/12; PE15/8, 29