Q. Calaquendi coll. “Elves of the Light, (lit.) Light Elves”

Q. Calaquendi, coll. “Elves of the Light, (lit.) Light Elves”

This term was used for Elves who saw the light of the two trees in Valinor (S/53). Later the meaning was extended to include the Elves of Beleriand (the Sindar) who also opposed Morgoth (WJ/373). It is a compound of cala “light” and the plural form Quendi of the term Quendë “Elf” (WJ/361).

Conceptual Development: An early term ᴱQ. kalmar “child of day or light” form the 1910s (QL/44) seems to be the first precursor to this name, apparently replaced by ᴱQ. Kalmaliondo and ᴹQ. Kalion “Son of Light” from the 1920s and early 1930s (PE14/75, PE21/33). A similar term ᴹQ. Kalamor “Light-elves” appeared in a discussion of the branches of the Elves in the mid-1930s, along with ᴹQ. Kalaqendi (LR/197). Both these terms appeared in the Etymologies (Ety/KAL), though Christopher Tolkien incorrectly indicated that Kalamor was Noldorin rather than Quenya (EtyAC/KAL). Thereafter, only the term Calaquendi appeared, though it was sometimes spelled with a K.

References ✧ MR/169; MRI/Kalaquendi; PE18/74; S/53; SA/kal, quen; SI/Calaquendi, Eldar; WJ/361, 373, 375-376; WJI/Calapendi, Calben, Kalaquendi

Glosses

Variations

Elements

cala “light”
Quendë “Elf, (lit.) One That Speaks” plural ✧ SA/quen (Quendi); WJ/361
KAL “light; shine, be bright” ✧ SA/kal

Cognates

Derivations


ᴹQ. Kalaqendi coll. “*Light Elves”

See Q. Calaquendi for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/KAL; LR/197; LRI; PE19/29

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

Kalaqendi plural “Light-elves” ✧ LR/197

Elements

kala “light” ✧ Ety/KAL
Qende “Elf” plural

Element In

Cognates


ᴹQ. Kalamor coll. “Light-elves”

A name for the “Light-elves” appearing in linguistic notes and the Etymologies from the 1930s (LR/197, KAL/ID). It seems to be a combination of kala “light” and the plural of the agental suffix -mo. Note that this form was incorrectly marked as Noldorin in the Etymologies as published in the Lost Road (EtyAC/KAL).

See Q. Calaquendi for further discussion.

References ✧ Ety/KAL; EtyAC/KAL; LR/197; LRI

Glosses

Changes

Elements

kala “light” ✧ Ety/KAL
#-mo “agental suffix” plural ✧ Ety/KAL (#-mo)

ᴹQ. Kalion pn. “Son of Light, Valinorian Elda”

The name ᴱQ. Kalmaliondo appeared in the Early Qenya Grammar (PE14/75), apparently a later variant of of kalmar. It is a combination of kalma “light” and the patronymic suffix -ion, and illustrates how that suffix sometimes incorporates the pluralizer -li. In somewhat later writings from the early 1930s, this word appeared as kalion “Valinorian Elda, ‘son of light’” (PE21/33).

See Q. Calaquendi for further discussion.

References ✧ PE21/33, 36-37

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

[kali]ondyo ablative ✧ PE21/36
[kali]onulo ablative ✧ PE21/36
kaliondullo ablative ✧ PE21/37
kalionda accusative ✧ PE21/37
[kali]ondata allative ✧ PE21/36
[kali]onta allative ✧ PE21/36
kaliondanta allative ✧ PE21/37
kaliondonta allative ✧ PE21/37
kaliondanen instrumental ✧ PE21/37
†[kali]onwen instrumental ✧ PE21/36
kalion nominative ✧ PE21/37
kalionduva possessive-adjectival ✧ PE21/37
kaliondanon similative ✧ PE21/37

Elements

ᴹ✶k’lā “light” ✧ PE21/37 (kalĭ)
ᴹ✶yondō “son” ✧ PE21/37 (ı̯ondō)

ᴱQ. Kalmaliondo pn. “Son of Light”

See ᴹQ. Kalion for discussion.

References ✧ PE14/75

Variations

Inflections

Kalmaliondi plural “sons of Light” ✧ PE14/75

Elements

kalma “(day)light; candle”
-ion “-son” ✧ PE14/75 (-iond-)

ᴱQ. kalmar (kalmarn-) n. “child of light”

References ✧ PME/44; QL/44

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

kalmarn- stem ✧ QL/44

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√KALA > kalmar [galmarn] > [kalmarn] > [kalmar] ✧ QL/44