S. Calben pn. “*Light One”

S. Calben, pn. “*Light One”

Sindarin equivalent of Q. Calaquendi, a translation of that name rather than an ancient word, otherwise it would have been **Calbend (WJ/362). It was also applied differently than the Quenya name, used for all Elves except the Avari, rather than only those Elves who had seen Valinor (WJ/376). This name is a combination of shortened form of calad “light” and the suffixal form -ben of pen² “one, somebody”, hence: “*Light One”.

Conceptual Development: In The Etymologies from the 1930s, the equivalent of ᴹQ. Kalaqendi was Caleledh or Celion (EtyAC/KAL).

References ✧ WJ/362, 376; WJI/Calben, Kalaquendi

Variations

Related

Inflections

Celbin plural ✧ WJ/362; WJ/376; WJI/Calben

Elements

calad “light, fire, brightness, shining”
pen² “one, somebody, anybody” soft-mutation ✧ WJ/362 (ben); WJ/376 (ben)

Cognates


N. Caleledh pn. “*Light Elf”

Noldorin form that appeared in a marginal note in The Etymologies from the 1930s along side a variant Celion and an unclear form Celelidh, possibly its plural (EtyAC/KAL). It appears to be a singular Noldorin equivalent to ᴹQ. Kalaqendi “*Light Elves”, a combination of ᴹ√KAL “shine” and Eledh “Elf”.

References ✧ EtyAC/KAL

Variations

Inflections

?Celelidh plural ✧ EtyAC/KAL

Elements

ᴹ√KAL “shine” ✧ Ety/KAL
Eledh “Star-folk, Elf”

Cognates


N. Celion pn. “*Light Elf”

Noldorin form that appeared in a marginal note in The Etymologies from the 1930s along side a variant Caleledh, replacing a deleted form Calion (EtyAC/KAL). It appears to be a singular Noldorin equivalent ᴹQ. Kalaqendi “*Light Elves”, a combination of ᴹ√KAL “shine” and the masculine suffix -on¹ (though why the i was added is unclear). This might be a precursor to later S. Calben.

References ✧ EtyAC/KAL

Variations

Changes

Elements

ᴹ√KAL “shine” ✧ Ety/KAL
-on¹ “masculine suffix”