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S. calad n. “light, fire, brightness, shining” (Category: Light)

S. calad, n. “light, brightness, shining, ⚠️fire” (Category: Light)

A noun for “light” derived from the root √KAL of similar meaning (PE17/50, 84), and appearing in the phrase Lacho calad! Drego morn! “Flame light! Flee night!” (UT/65). In one place it was glossed “light, fire, brightness, shining” (PE17/84), so it seems it could refer to any shining thing or source of light. For purposes of Neo-Sindarin, I would only use it in reference to “fire” as a source of illumination, not as a flame.

Conceptual Development: N. calad “light” appeared in The Etymologies of the 1930s, already with the derivation given above (Ety/KAL). In this document it was the basis for the final element of the name N. Gil-galad, and this was true in some later writings as well (PE17/50), but Tolkien eventually decided the second element of Gil-galad was (ñ)galad “radiance”, an element also seen in the name of Galadriel (PM/347).

References ✧ PE17/50, 84; UT/65

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

galad soft-mutation; c-mutation ✧ PE17/50

Element In

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

KAL > calad [kalata] > [kalat] > [kalad] ✧ PE17/50
CAL > calad [kalata] > [kalat] > [kalad] ✧ PE17/84

N. calad n. “light” (Category: Light)

See S. calad for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/KAL, KIL

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

galad soft-mutation; c-mutation “light” ✧ Ety/KIL

Element In

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√KAL > calad [kalata] > [kalat] > [kalad] ✧ Ety/KAL