S. Gil-galad m. “Starlight, (lit.) Star of Radiance”
Last high-king of the Noldor and leader of the elves in the Last Alliance against Sauron at the end of the Second Age (LotR/52). His name is a compound of S. gil “star” and S. galad “radiance, glittering reflection”, the latter also an element in the name S. Galadriel “Glittering-garland” (RGEO/65, Let/425). In The Lord of the Rings his name was translated “Starlight” (LotR/191) but elsewhere Tolkien translated this name in various ways all roughly with the meaning: “Star of Radiance” (PM/347), which was the translation used by Christopher Tolkien in The Silmarillion index (SI/Gil-galad).
Conceptual Development: This name appeared in The Etymologies from the 1930s as N. Gil-galad “Starlight” (Ety/GIL). At this stage, the final element was probably the lenited form of N. calad “light” (PE17/50), though N. galad also appeared in The Etymologies with the gloss “light” (EtyAC/GAL).
References ✧ Let/279, 425-426; LotR/191; LotRI; PE17/15, 23, 50, 59, 84, 152, 169; PM/347, 350; PMI/Gil-galad, Rodnor; RGEO/65; SA/gil, kal; SI; UTI; WJI/Gilgalad
|gil||“star; (bright) spark, silver glint, twinkle of light”||✧ PE17/23; PE17/50 (Gill); RGEO/65; SA/gil|
|galad||“radiance, glittering reflection; light, fire, brightness, shining”||✧ Let/425; PE17/84; PM/347|
|calad||“light, fire, brightness, shining”||soft-mutation||✧ PE17/50 (galad)|
|√Ñ(G)AL||“shine (by reflection)”||strengthened||✧ PE17/59 (ÑGAL)|
|✶ñ(g)alatā||“glory, radiance”||✧ PE17/169 (galatā-)|
|√GAL¹||“light; shine, be bright”||✧ SA/kal|
N. Gil-galad m. “Starlight”
References ✧ Ety/GIL; LRI; RS/179, 215; RSI/Gilgalad; SDI2/Gilgalad; TII; WRI
|geil||“star”||✧ Ety/GIL (gíl)|