Q. Moriquendi coll. “Elves of the Darkness, (lit.) Dark Elves”

Q. Moriquendi, coll. “Elves of the Darkness, (lit.) Dark Elves”

Originally, this term was used for the Elves who never saw the light of the Two Trees of Valinor (S/51, WJ/361). Later, the meaning of this term was modified to exclude the Sindar, and so became more or less equivalent to Avari (WJ/373, SI/Moriquendi). It is a compound of morë (mori-) “darkness” and the plural of Quendë “Elf”.

Conceptual Development: One of the earliest name for the Dark Elves may have been ᴱQ. Hisildi “Twilight People” (LT1/232). The term ᴹQ. Moriqendi first appeared in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (LR/197). It also appeared in The Etymologies, with the same derivation as given above (Ety/MOR). In this earlier period, Tolkien also used the terms ᴹQ. Moreldar and ᴹQ. Morimor for “Dark-elves” (LR/197, 405; Ety/MOR).

A singular form, Moriq(u)en, appeared in linguistic notes from the 1930s and 1940s (PE19/59; PE21/69), as an illustration of the loss of short final vowels in trisyllabic or longer words. A longer singular form Moriquende, reformed from the independent word Quendë, also appeared (PE19/59).

References ✧ LT2I/Moriqendi; MRI; PE18/74; S/53; SA/mor, quen; SI/Dark Elves, Moriquendi; WJ/361, 373, 376; WJI/Morben, Moriquendi

Glosses

Elements

morë “dark, black; darkness, night”
Quendë “Elf, (lit.) One That Speaks” plural ✧ SA/quen (Quendi); WJ/361
MOR “black, dark, darkness” ✧ SA/mor

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

mori-kwendī > Moriquendi [morikwendī] > [morikwendi] ✧ WJ/373

ᴹQ. Moreldar coll. “Dark-elves”

See Q. Moriquendi for discussion.

References ✧ LR/405; LRI

Glosses

Elements

more “black, dark”
Elda “Elf” plural

ᴹQ. Morimor coll. “Dark Elves, (lit.) *Dark-ones”

See Q. Moriquendi for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/MOR; LR/197; LRI

Glosses

Elements

more “black, dark” ✧ Ety/MOR
#-mo “agental suffix”

ᴹQ. Moriqendi coll. “Dark-elves”

See Q. Moriquendi for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/MOR; LR/197; LRI; PE18/24; PE19/57, 59; PE21/69

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

Moriquen singular   ✧ PE19/59
moriqen singular   ✧ PE21/69
móri-kwèn(ǝ)dĕ singular “Dark-elf” ✧ PE19/57

Elements

more “black, dark” ✧ Ety/MOR
Qende “Elf” plural

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶móri-kwenedḕ > móri-kwèn(ǝ)dĕ [morikwenedē] > [morikwendē] > [morikwende] ✧ PE19/57
ᴹ✶móri-kwènedḗ > móri-kwènǝdĕ > móri-kwèndĕ > móri-kwèn(d) > Moriquen [morikwenedē] > [morikwendē] > [morikwende] > [morikwend] > [morikwen] ✧ PE19/59
ᴹ✶mŏrĭkwĕndĕ > moriqen [morikwende] > [morikwend] > [morikwen] ✧ PE21/69

ᴱQ. Hisildi coll. “Twilight People, Dark Elves”

Name of the Dark Elves that chose not to journey to Valinor in the earliest Lost Tales (LT1/232), apparently an elaboration on híse “dusk” as suggested by Christopher Tolkien (LT1A/Hisilómë). Tolkien considered and rejected a number of alternate names, including: Humarni, Kaliondi, Lómear (LT1/244) and Úvalear (LT1/237). Of these rejected terms, only Lómear has a clear etymology.

See Q. Moriquendi for further discussion.

References ✧ LT1/232, 244; LT1A/Hisildi; LT1I/Hisildi, Humarni, Kaliondi, Úvalear

Glosses

Variations

Elements

híse “dusk, mist, haze; bleared” ✧ LT1A/Hisilómë

ᴱQ. Lómear (Lómearn-) pn. “Child of Gloom”

A name of the Dark Elves in drafts of the earliest Lost Tales, appearing in its plural form Lómearni (LT1/244). In the Qenya Lexicon, the name was glossed “Child of Gloom” derived from the primitive root ᴱ√LOMO (QL/55).

See ᴱQ. Hisildi for further discussion.

References ✧ LT1/244; LT1A/Hisilómë; LT1I/Lómëarni; PME/55; QL/55

Glosses

Variations

Changes

Inflections

Lómëarni plural   ✧ LT1A/Hisilómë
Lómëarni plural “Dark Elves” ✧ LT1I/Lómëarni

Elements

lóme “dusk, gloom, darkness; shadow, cloud” ✧ QL/55 (Lōme)

Derivations