ᴹ✶short final [e], [a], [o] vanished; [-S{ĕăŏǝ}] > [-Sø]

ᴹ✶short final [e], [a], [o] vanished; [-S{ĕăŏǝ}] > [-Sø]

References ✧ PE18/49, 56; PE19/55

Related

Phonetic Rule Elements

[-Sǝ] > [-Sø]
[-Sĕ] > [-Sø]
[-Să] > [-Sø]
[-Sŏ] > [-Sø]

Phonetic Rule Examples

atara > atar -Să > -Sø ᴹ✶atar > Ilk. adar ✧ Ety/ATA
ɣarana > ɣaran -Să > -Sø ᴹ√ƷAR > Dor. garan ✧ EtyAC/ƷAR
karda > kard -Să > -Sø ᴹ√KAR > N. carð ✧ Ety/KAR
kwāra > kwār -Să > -Sø ᴹ√KWAR > ᴹQ. qár ✧ Ety/KWAR
makla > makl -Să > -Sø ᴹ✶makla > ᴹQ. makil ✧ Ety/MAK
makla > makl -Să > -Sø ᴹ✶maklă > ᴹQ. makal ✧ PE19/39
rāwa > rāw -Să > -Sø ᴹ✶rắwă > ᴹQ. †rāu ✧ PE21/69
taŋkla > taŋkl -Să > -Sø ᴹ✶tankla > Ilk. tangol ✧ Ety/TAK
taŋkla > taŋkl -Să > -Sø ᴹ✶tankla > ᴹQ. tankil ✧ Ety/TAK
taŋkla > taŋkl -Să > -Sø ᴹ✶tañklă > tañkal(a) > ᴹQ. tañkal ✧ PE19/40
arɣandōre > arɣandōr -Sĕ > -Sø ᴹ✶arʒā + ndōrē > arʒandōrǝ > ON. Arandur ✧ PE21/32
balandore > balandor -Sĕ > -Sø ᴹ✶bala-ndore > ON. Balandor ✧ Ety/BAL
balare > balar -Sĕ > -Sø ᴹ✶bálāre > N. Balar ✧ Ety/BAL
kjabine > kjawin -Sĕ > -Sø ᴹ√KYAB > ᴹQ. tyavin ✧ Ety/KYAB
ndīse > ndīs -Sĕ > -Sø ᴹ✶ndīse > ON. ndîs ✧ Ety/NDIS
parmāne > parmān -Sĕ > -Sø ᴹ✶parmānĕ > parmān > ᴹQ. parman ✧ PE21/61
peltakse > peltaks -Sĕ > -Sø ᴹ✶peltakse > ᴹQ. peltas ✧ Ety/PEL
peltakse > peltaks -Sĕ > -Sø ᴹ✶péle-tàksē > péle-tàksĕ > ᴹQ. péle-taks(ǝ) ✧ PE19/57
tēɣe > tēɣ -Sĕ > -Sø ᴹ✶tēñe > N. ✧ Ety/TEÑ
wilwarinde > wilwarind -Sĕ > -Sø ᴹ√WIL > Ilk. gwilwering ✧ Ety/WIL
balīndōre > βalīndōr -Sĕ > -Sø ᴹ✶balī́-ndō̆re > ᴹQ. Valinor ✧ Ety/BAL
balīndōre > βalīndōr -Sĕ > -Sø ᴹ✶Bắlī + ndṓrḗ > Bálīndṑrē > Bálĭndṑrĕ > Balindor > ᴹQ. Valinor ✧ PE19/59
balīnōre > βalīnōr -Sĕ > -Sø ᴹ✶Balī-nṓrē̆ > Bali-nṓr(e) > ᴹQ. Valinor ✧ PE18/56
abāro > abār -Sŏ > -Sø ᴹ✶ábārō̆ > ᴹQ. Avar/Avaro ✧ Ety/AB
endero > ender -Sŏ > -Sø ᴹ√DER > N. Enner ✧ Ety/TULUK
galāsŏ > galāsǝ -Sŏ > -Sø ᴹ✶galā́sŏ > galṓsǝ > ON. galṓs ✧ PE22/26
koro > kor -Sŏ > -Sø ᴹ✶koro > N. Cór ✧ Ety/KOR
kǭro > kǭr -Sŏ > -Sø ᴹ✶kǭro > N. Caur ✧ EtyAC/KOR
kʰatro > kʰatr -Sŏ > -Sø ᴹ√KHAT > N. hador ✧ Ety/KHAT
pʰajanāro > pʰajanār -Sŏ > -Sø ᴹ✶Phay-anāro > ON. Phayanṓr ✧ Ety/PHAY
spanturo > spantur -Sŏ > -Sø ᴹ✶Spanturo > N. Fennyr/Fennuir ✧ Ety/SPAN
tollo > toll -Sŏ > -Sø ᴹ✶tollo > ᴹQ. tol ✧ Ety/TOL²
wājaro > wājar -Sŏ > -Sø ᴹ✶wā́yārō̆/Vā́yārō̆ > N. Uiar ✧ Ety/WAY
-wego > -weg -Sŏ > -Sø ᴹ✶-wego > weg > ᴹQ. -we ✧ Ety/WEG
anārǝ > anār -Sǝ > -Sø ᴹ✶anār- > N. Anor ✧ Ety/ANÁR
aŋgolǝ > aŋgol -Sǝ > -Sø ᴹ✶aññol- > N. angol ✧ Ety/ÑOL
aŋgolǝ > aŋgol -Sǝ > -Sø ᴹ✶aññol > N. angol ✧ EtyAC/N
aŋgossǝ > aŋgoss -Sǝ > -Sø ᴹ✶añgoss- > N. angos ✧ EtyAC/GOS
boronǝ > boron -Sǝ > -Sø ᴹ✶bóron- > ON. boron ✧ Ety/BOR
bradilǝ > bradil -Sǝ > -Sø ᴹ✶b’radil- > ON. Bradil ✧ Ety/BARÁD
jārǝ > jār -Sǝ > -Sø ᴹ√YAR > Ilk. ôr ✧ Ety/YAR
mōlǝ > mōl -Sǝ > -Sø ᴹ✶mōl- > N. mûl ✧ Ety/MŌ
nājǝ > nāj -Sǝ > -Sø ᴹ✶nāyǝ > noi > ON. nui ✧ Ety/NAY
oŋgolǝ > oŋgol -Sǝ > -Sø ᴹ✶oññol- > N. ongol ✧ EtyAC/ÑOL
skjapatǝ > skjapat -Sǝ > -Sø ᴹ✶skyapat- > ON. skhapa ✧ Ety/SKYAP

ᴱ✶final [ǝ] vanished; [-ǝ] > [-ø]

Reference ✧ PE12/4

Order (00400)

After 00300 short final [e], [a], [o] became [ǝ]
Before 00600 short final [i], [u] became [e], [o]

Phonetic Rule Elements

[-ǝ] > [-ø]

Phonetic Rule Examples

ajǝ > aj -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√AY̯A > ᴱQ. ai ✧ QL/34
ajstǝ > ajst -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√AY̯A > ᴱQ. ais ✧ QL/34
akajristǝ > akajrist -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√KAYA > ᴱQ. akairis ✧ QL/46
arakǝ > arak -ǝ > -ø ᴱ✶a + raka- > ᴱQ. arak ✧ QL/30
areandǝ > areand -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√ARA > ᴱQ. arean ✧ QL/32
awrinǝ > awrin -ǝ > -ø ᴱ✶aurina- > ᴱQ. aurin ✧ PE13/160
awrinǝ > awrin -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√AWA > ᴱQ. aurin ✧ QL/33
aɸtjǝ > aɸtj -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√AFA > [aft]yǝ > ᴱQ. apte ✧ QL/29
etlǝ > etl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√ETE > ᴱQ. etl ✧ QL/36
ɣalastǝ > ɣalast -ǝ > -ø ‽ᴱ✶ʒalast- > ᴱQ. alas ✧ QL/30
ɣirdǝ > ɣird -ǝ > -ø ᴱ✶ʒirdǝ > ᴱQ. hir ✧ PE13/161
ɣirdǝ > ɣird -ǝ > -ø ᴱ✶ʒird- > ᴱQ. ir ✧ PE13/144
kaklǝ > kakl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√KAKA > ᴱQ. katl ✧ QL/44
kalumektǝ > kalumekt -ǝ > -ø ᴱ✶k’lamektā > ᴱQ. kalumet ✧ PE13/162
kantjǝ > kantj -ǝ > -ø ᴱ✶kantya > ᴱQ. kante ✧ PE13/140
karasǝ > karas -ǝ > -ø ᴱ✶karase > karar > ᴱQ. kalar ✧ PE14/70
kḷtǝ > kḷt -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√KLTL > ᴱQ. kilt ✧ QL/47
kṇtlǝ > kṇtl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√KᴬNTᴬN > ᴱQ. kantl ✧ QL/45
kṛniǝ > kṛni -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√KṚN > [kṛn]ı̯ǝ > ᴱQ. karne ✧ QL/48
kʷalinǝ > kʷalin -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√QALA > ᴱQ. qalin ✧ QL/76
kʷetlǝ > kʷetl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√QETE > ᴱQ. qetl ✧ QL/77
kʷinðǝl > kʷinðl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√QIŘI > ᴱQ. qindl ✧ QL/77
kʷintǝl > kʷintl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√QINI > ᴱQ. qintl ✧ QL/77
lakʷsǝ > lakʷs -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√LAQA > ᴱQ. las ✧ QL/51
lamnǝ > lamn -ǝ > -ø ᴱ✶labna > lamna > lamn > ᴱQ. lama ✧ PE14/70
laptǝ > lapt -ǝ > -ø ‽ᴱ√LAPA > ᴱQ. Lat ✧ QL/51
linðǝ > linð -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√LIŘI > ᴱQ. lin ✧ PME/54
linðǝ > linð -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√LIŘI > ᴱQ. lin¹ ✧ QL/54
liplǝ > lipl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√LIPI > ᴱQ. litl ✧ QL/54
lḷtǝ > lḷt -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√LḶTḶ > ᴱQ. lilt ✧ QL/55
luklǝ > lukl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√LUKU > ᴱQ. lutl ✧ QL/56
malwǝ > malw -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√MALA¹ > [mal]wǝ > ᴱQ. malo ✧ QL/58
matlǝ > matl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√MATA > ᴱQ. matl ✧ QL/59
maxǝ > max -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√MAHA > maha > ᴱQ. ✧ QL/57
maxntǝl > maxntl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√MAHA > ᴱQ. mantl ✧ QL/57
mburjǝ > mburj -ǝ > -ø ᴱ✶mbúrya: > ᴱQ. mure ✧ PE13/139
meklǝ > mekl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√MEKE > ᴱQ. metl ✧ QL/60
mḷdðʲǝ > mḷdðʲ -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√MLŘL > mldẏǝ > ᴱQ. mildi ✧ QL/62
ŋarkðʲǝ > ŋarkðʲ -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√ŊARA > ‽narkẏǝ > ᴱQ. narte ✧ QL/64
ṇðjǝ > ṇðj -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√NÐN > > ᴱQ. ande ✧ QL/31
nṇgwǝ > nṇgw -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√NṆGṆ > ‽nṇg·ẇǝ > ᴱQ. nungo ✧ QL/66
nʲatlǝ > nʲatl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√NYATA > ᴱQ. nyatl ✧ QL/68
orjǝ > orj -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√ORO² > [or]ı̯ǝ > ᴱQ. ore ✧ QL/70
paplǝ > papl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√PAPA > ᴱQ. patl ✧ QL/72
pelesǝ > peles -ǝ > -ø ᴱ✶pelesa > ᴱQ. peler ✧ PE13/147
petlǝ > petl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√PETE > ᴱQ. petl ✧ QL/73
pḷtʲǝ > pḷtʲ -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√PḶT͡YḶ > ᴱQ. pilt ✧ QL/74
puntlǝ > puntl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√PU(HU) > ᴱQ. puntl ✧ QL/75
rotlǝ > rotl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√ROTO > ᴱQ. rotl ✧ QL/80
ṛtʲǝ > ṛtʲ -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√ᴵRTYᴵR > ᴱQ. irt ✧ QL/43
saklǝ > sakl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√SAKA > ᴱQ. satl ✧ QL/81
skendǝ > skend -ǝ > -ø ᴱ✶ske-ndá > ᴱQ. hen ✧ PE13/147
sṇtjǝ > sṇtj -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√SṆTṆ > -ẏe > ᴱQ. sinte ✧ QL/85
suklǝ > sukl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√SUKU > ᴱQ. sutl ✧ QL/87
swandǝ > swand -ǝ > -ø ᴱ✶swandǝ > ᴱQ. fan ✧ PE12/26
swǝnī > swnī -ǝ > -ø ᴱ✶sw(ǝ)nī́ > ᴱQ. suni ✧ PE12/26
swǝnī > swnī -ǝ > -ø ᴱ✶sẇǝnī́ > ᴱQ. suni ✧ QL/82
tentlǝ > tentl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√TENE > ᴱQ. tentl ✧ QL/91
tetlǝ > tetl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√TETE > ᴱQ. tetl ✧ QL/92
tilnǝ > tiln -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√TILI² > tilnǝ > ᴱQ. til² ✧ QL/92
tṇtlǝ > tṇtl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√TṆTṆ > ᴱQ. tantl ✧ QL/93
tompǝl > tompl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√TOMPO > ᴱQ. tontl ✧ QL/94
tṛtʲǝ > tṛtʲ -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√TṚT͡YṚ > ᴱQ. tirt ✧ QL/94
θxendǝ > θxend -ǝ > -ø ᴱ✶þχe-ndǝ > ᴱQ. hen ✧ PE12/21
θʲaðmǝ > θʲaðm -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√HYAŘA > ᴱQ. hyar ✧ QL/41
tʲetlǝ > tʲetl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√TYETE > ᴱQ. tyetl ✧ QL/50
xaðǝ > xað -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√HAŘA > ᴱQ. har(e) ✧ QL/39
xaliskǝ > xalisk -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√HALA > ᴱQ. halis ✧ QL/39
xeplǝ > xepl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√HEPE > ᴱQ. hetl ✧ QL/40
xestǝ > xest -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√HESE > ᴱQ. hes ✧ QL/40
xondǝ > xond -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√HONO > ᴱQ. hon ✧ QL/40
xontʲǝ > xontʲ -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√HOTYO > ᴱQ. hont ✧ QL/41
xostǝ > xost -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√HOSO > ᴱQ. hos ✧ QL/41
ɸalassǝ > ɸalass -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√FALA > ᴱQ. falas ✧ QL/37
ɸantǝl > ɸantl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√FANA > ᴱQ. fantl ✧ QL/37
ɸinðǝl > ɸinðl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√FIŘI > ᴱQ. findl ✧ QL/38
ɸintǝ > ɸint -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√FINI > ᴱQ. fint ✧ QL/38
ɸṇðosǝ > ɸṇðos -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√FṆÐṆ > ᴱQ. fandor ✧ QL/38
ɸṇðossǝ > ɸṇðoss -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√FṆÐṆ > ᴱQ. fandos ✧ QL/38
βaxnǝl > βaxnl -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√VAHA > ᴱQ. vandl ✧ LT1A/Qalvanda
βṛtʲǝ > βṛtʲ -ǝ > -ø ᴱ√VṚT͡YṚ > ᴱQ. virt ✧ QL/102

ᴱ✶final [j], [w] became [i], [u]; [-{jw}] > [-{iu}]

@@@ this means in EQ, final [tj] and [gw] developed differently from [tʲ], [gʷ]; distinguish y, w from ẏ, ẇ?

References ✧ PE12/5, 11

Order (00500)

Before final [l], [r], [n] became syllabic after a consonant
Before 00600 short final [i], [u] became [e], [o]

Phonetic Rule Elements

[-j] > [-i]
[-w] > [-u]

Phonetic Rule Examples

aɸtj > aɸti -j > -i ᴱ√AFA > [aft]yǝ > ᴱQ. apte ✧ QL/29
kantj > kanti -j > -i ᴱ✶kantya > ᴱQ. kante ✧ PE13/140
mburj > mburi -j > -i ᴱ✶mbúrya: > ᴱQ. mure ✧ PE13/139
ṇðj > ṇði -j > -i ᴱ√NÐN > > ᴱQ. ande ✧ QL/31
orj > ori -j > -i ᴱ√ORO² > [or]ı̯ǝ > ᴱQ. ore ✧ QL/70
sṇtj > sṇti -j > -i ᴱ√SṆTṆ > -ẏe > ᴱQ. sinte ✧ QL/85
malw > malu -w > -u ᴱ√MALA¹ > [mal]wǝ > ᴱQ. malo ✧ QL/58
nṇgw > nṇgu -w > -u ᴱ√NṆGṆ > ‽nṇg·ẇǝ > ᴱQ. nungo ✧ QL/66

ᴱ✶short final [e], [a], [o] became [ǝ]; [-S{ĕăŏ}] > [-Sǝ]

@@@ but not in monosyllables or after vowels [nauva < naχū́a]

References ✧ PE12/4, 9

Order (00300)

Before 00400 final [ǝ] vanished

Phonetic Rule Elements

[-Sĕ] > [-Sǝ]
[-Să] > [-Sǝ]
[-Sŏ] > [-Sǝ]

Phonetic Rule Examples

aja > ajǝ -Să > -Sǝ ᴱ√AY̯A > ᴱQ. ai ✧ QL/34
araka > arakǝ -Să > -Sǝ ᴱ✶a + raka- > ᴱQ. arak ✧ QL/30
awrina > awrinǝ -Să > -Sǝ ᴱ✶aurina- > ᴱQ. aurin ✧ PE13/160
awrina > awrinǝ -Să > -Sǝ ᴱ√AWA > ᴱQ. aurin ✧ QL/33
kantja > kantjǝ -Să > -Sǝ ᴱ✶kantya > ᴱQ. kante ✧ PE13/140
kʷalina > kʷalinǝ -Să > -Sǝ ᴱ√QALA > ᴱQ. qalin ✧ QL/76
lamna > lamnǝ -Să > -Sǝ ᴱ✶labna > lamna > lamn > ᴱQ. lama ✧ PE14/70
maxa > maxǝ -Să > -Sǝ ᴱ√MAHA > maha > ᴱQ. ✧ QL/57
mburja > mburjǝ -Să > -Sǝ ᴱ✶mbúrya: > ᴱQ. mure ✧ PE13/139
pelesa > pelesǝ -Să > -Sǝ ᴱ✶pelesa > ᴱQ. peler ✧ PE13/147
skenda > skendǝ -Să > -Sǝ ᴱ✶ske-ndá > ᴱQ. hen ✧ PE13/147
kalumekta > kalumektǝ -Sĕ > -Sǝ ᴱ✶k’lamektā > ᴱQ. kalumet ✧ PE13/162
karase > karasǝ -Sĕ > -Sǝ ᴱ✶karase > karar > ᴱQ. kalar ✧ PE14/70
sṇtje > sṇtjǝ -Sĕ > -Sǝ ᴱ√SṆTṆ > -ẏe > ᴱQ. sinte ✧ QL/85
xondo > xondǝ -Sŏ > -Sǝ ᴱ√HONO > ᴱQ. hon ✧ QL/40