ᴱQ. voiceless spirants became stops before stops, [s] or [z]; [{ɸxxʷθʲ}{ptkbdgsz}] > [{pkkk}{ptkbdgsz}]

⚠️ᴱQ. voiceless spirants became stops before stops, [s] or [z]; [{ɸxxʷθʲ}{ptkbdgsz}] > [{pkkk}{ptkbdgsz}]

References ✧ PE12/18, 20-21

Order ()

After 01100 [θ] became [s]
Before [tʲ], [kʷ] became [t], [k] before [t], [s]
Before 01400 [ɸ] usually became [f]

Related

Phonetic Rule Elements

[xs] > [ks] ✧ PE12/18 (χs > ks)
[xt] > [kt]
[xk] > [kk]
[xkʷ] > [kkʷ]
[ɸs] > [ps] ✧ PE12/20 (ᵽs > ps)
[ɸt] > [pt] ✧ PE12/20 (ᵽt > pt)
[xs] > [h]

Phonetic Rule Examples

vaxko > vakko xk > kk ᴱ✶baχa > ᴱQ. vakko ✧ GL/21
maxkʷa > makkʷa xkʷ > kkʷ ᴱ√MAHA > ᴱQ. maqa ✧ QL/57
taxsōra > tahōra xs > h ᴱ✶taχ-sṓđā́ > ᴱQ. tahóra ✧ PE12/21
taxsōra > tahōra xs > h ᴱ√TAHA > ᴱQ. †tahōra ✧ QL/87
saxsōra > saksōra xs > ks ᴱ✶saχsōđa > ᴱQ. saxóra ✧ PE12/18
saxsōra > saksōra xs > ks ᴱ✶saχ-sōđā > ᴱQ. saxóra ✧ PE12/21
texse > tekse xs > ks ᴱ√tehe > ᴱQ. tekse ✧ PE15/69
axta > akta xt > kt ᴱ√‘AHA > ᴱQ. akta ✧ QL/29
extard > ektard xt > kt ᴱ√EKE > ᴱQ. ektar ✧ QL/35
loxta- > lokta- xt > kt ᴱ√LOHO > ᴱQ. lokta- ✧ QL/55
loxte > lokte xt > kt ᴱ√LOHO > ᴱQ. lokte ✧ QL/55
luxta > lukta xt > kt ᴱ√LUHU > ᴱQ. lukta ✧ QL/56
luxta- > luxta- xt > kt ᴱ√LUHU > ᴱQ. lukta- ✧ QL/56
nexte > nekte xt > kt ᴱ√NEHE > ᴱQ. nekte ✧ QL/65
puxta- > pukta- xt > kt ᴱ√PU(HU) > ᴱQ. pukta- ✧ QL/75
raxta- > rakta- xt > kt ᴱ√RAHA > ᴱQ. rakta¹ ✧ QL/78
aɸsa > apsa ɸs > ps ᴱ√AFA > ᴱQ. apsa ✧ QL/29
leɸsa > lepsa ɸs > ps ‽ᴱ√LEFE > ᴱQ. lepsa ✧ QL/52
aɸta- > apta- ɸt > pt ᴱ√AFA > ᴱQ. apta- ✧ QL/29
aɸte > apte ɸt > pt ᴱ√AFA > [aft]yǝ > ᴱQ. apte ✧ QL/29
nuɸte > nupte ɸt > pt ᴱ√NUFU > ᴱQ. nupte ✧ QL/68