S. [x], [ɸ] vocalized between a vowel and [s], [θ]; [{ieau}{ɸx}{θs}|o{ɸx}{θs}] > [{ieau}i{θs}|ou{θs}]

S. [x], [ɸ] vocalized between a vowel and [s], [θ]; [{ieau}{ɸx}{θs}|o{ɸx}{θs}] > [{ieau}i{θs}|ou{θs}]
@@@ possible counter example on order with a-affection: raitha-

Order (01300)

Before 01400 short [i], [u] became [e], [o] preceding final [a] RUKU > S. gruitha
nuktā- > S. nuitha-
WJ/415
WJ/413

Phonetic Rule Elements

[eɸθ] > [euθ]
[exθ] > [eiθ]
[axθ] > [aiθ]
[uxθ] > [uiθ]

Phonetic Rule Examples

maxθa- > maiθa- axθ > aiθ MAG > S. maetha- ✧ PE17/161
maxθa- > maiθa- axθ > aiθ maʒtā > maχtā > S. maetha ✧ VT47/6
maxθe > maiθe axθ > aiθ MAG > S. maeth ✧ PE17/161
paxθa > paiθa axθ > aiθ PAKAT > S. paeth ✧ PE17/126
belexθa > beleiθa exθ > eiθ mbelek > S. belaith ✧ PE17/115
exθa- > eiθa- exθ > eiθ ek-tā > S. eitha- ✧ WJ/365
exθele > eiθele exθ > eiθ et-kelē > S. eithel ✧ SA/kel
gwexθe > gweiθe exθ > eiθ weg-tē > S. gwaith ✧ PE17/190
nexθano > neiθano exθ > eiθ NEK > S. neithan ✧ PE17/167
nexθe > neiθe exθ > eiθ nek-tē > neith > S. naith ✧ PE17/55
rexθa- > reiθa- exθ > eiθ RIK > S. raitha ✧ PE17/167
texθa > teiθa exθ > eiθ tek-tā > teith > S. taith ✧ PE17/43
texθa- > teiθa- exθ > eiθ tekta- > S. teith- ✧ PE17/43
leɸθa- > leuθa- eɸθ > euθ LEP > S. leutha- ✧ VT47/10
gruxθa- > gruiθa- uxθ > uiθ RUKU > S. gruitha ✧ WJ/415
nuxθa- > nuiθa- uxθ > uiθ nuktā- > S. nuitha- ✧ WJ/413

N. [x], [ɸ] vocalized between a vowel and [s], [θ]; [{iea}{ɸx}{θs}|{ou}{ɸx}{θs}|juiθ] > [{iea}i{θs}|{ou}u{θs}|juxθ]

GS/§4.82 GS/§4.90 GS/§4.91 WG/175:§108iv @@@ possible counter example on order with a-affection: lhûtha-

References ✧ PE22/39-40

Variations

Order (01300)

After 01200 short [i], [u] became [e], [o] preceding final [a] ᴹ√SUK > N. sautha-
ᴹ✶tupsē > N. taus
Ety/SUK
Ety/TUP

Related

Phonetic Rule Elements

[ixθ] > [īθ]
[exθ] > [eiθ]
[aɸs] > [ais]
[axs] > [ais]
[axθ] > [aiθ]
[juxθ] > [juiθ]
[oxθ] > [ouθ]
[oxs] > [ous]
[oɸs] > [ous]
[uxθ] > [ūθ]

Phonetic Rule Examples

naxsa > naisa axs > ais ᴹ✶nakse > N. naes ✧ EtyAC/NAK
pelθaxsa > pelθaisa axs > ais ON. pelthaksa > N. pelthaes ✧ Ety/PEL
taxsa > taisa axs > ais ᴹ✶taksē > N. taes ✧ Ety/TAK
jaxθa > jaiθa axθ > aiθ ᴹ✶yakta- > N. iaeth ✧ Ety/YAK
maxθa > maiθa axθ > aiθ ᴹ√MAK > N. maeth ✧ Ety/MAK
maxθa- > maiθa- axθ > aiθ ᴹ√MAK > N. maetha ✧ Ety/MAK
naxθa > naiθa axθ > aiθ ᴹ√NAK > N. naeth ✧ Ety/NAK
taxθa- > taiθa- axθ > aiθ ᴹ√TAK > N. taetho ✧ Ety/TAK
aɸsa > aisa aɸs > ais ᴹ√AP > N. aes ✧ Ety/AP
laɸse > laise aɸs > ais ᴹ√LAP > N. lhaes ✧ Ety/LAP
andatexθa > andateiθa exθ > eiθ ON. andatektha > N. andeith ✧ Ety/TEK
brexθa- > breiθa- exθ > eiθ ᴹ✶b’rekta > N. breitho ✧ Ety/BERÉK
brexθa- > breiθa- exθ > eiθ ᴹ√MERÉK > N. breitha ✧ EtyAC/MERÉK
exθe > eiθe exθ > eiθ ᴹ√EK > N. aith ✧ Ety/EK
exθe > eiθe exθ > eiθ ᴹ√EK > N. eith ✧ EtyAC/EK
exθele > eiθele exθ > eiθ ᴹ✶ektele > N. eithel ✧ Ety/KEL
gwexθe > gweiθe exθ > eiθ ᴹ✶weg-tē > N. gweith ✧ Ety/WEG
lexθ- > leiθ- exθ > eiθ ᴹ√LEK > N. Leth- ✧ Ety/LEK
lexθa- > leiθa- exθ > eiθ ᴹ√LEK > N. lheitho ✧ Ety/LEK
texθa > teiθa exθ > eiθ ON. #tektha > N. teith ✧ Ety/TEK
texθa- > teiθa- exθ > eiθ ᴹ√TEK > N. teitho ✧ Ety/TEK
krixθa- > krīθa- ixθ > īθ ᴹ✶k’rikta > N. critho ✧ Ety/KIRIK
rixθa- > rīθa- ixθ > īθ ᴹ√RIK(H) > N. rhitho ✧ Ety/RIK(H)
juxθa > juiθa juxθ > juiθ ᴹ√YUK > N. iuith ✧ Ety/YUK
juxθa- > juiθa- juxθ > juiθ ᴹ√YUK > N. iuitho ✧ Ety/YUK
loxsa > lousa oxs > ous ᴹ√LOKH > N. lhaws ✧ Ety/LOKH
oxθa > ouθa oxθ > ouθ ᴹ✶oktā > N. auth ✧ Ety/KOT
soxθa- > souθa- oxθ > ouθ ᴹ√SUK > N. sautha- ✧ Ety/SUK
toɸsa > tousa oɸs > ous ᴹ✶tupsē > N. taus ✧ Ety/TUP
luxθa- > lūθa- uxθ > ūθ ᴹ√LUK > N. lhûtha ✧ Ety/LUK
luxθe > lūθe uxθ > ūθ ᴹ√LUK > N. lhûth ✧ Ety/LUK
suxθo > sūθo uxθ > ūθ ᴹ√SUK > N. sûth ✧ Ety/SUK

G. [f], [v] sometimes became [u]; [{fv}] > [u]

HPG/§2.6 @@@ also alewthion

Order (04000)

Before 04100 final voiceless spirants restopped after consonants

Phonetic Rule Elements

[afθ] > [auθ]
[avk] > [auk]
[avm] > [aum]
[avs] > [aus]
[avθ] > [auθ]

Phonetic Rule Examples

safθ > sauθ afθ > auθ ᴱ√sab- > G. sauth ✧ GL/67
kavk > kauk avk > auk ᴱ√kava- > G. caug ✧ GL/25
kavk > kauk avk > auk ᴱ√kava- > G. caug ✧ GL/25
kavm > kauk avm > aum ᴱ√kava- > G. caum ✧ GL/25
gavst > gaust avs > aus ᴱ√ı̯aƀa > G. gaust ✧ GL/38
mavs > maus avs > aus ᴱ√maƀ > G. maus ✧ GL/57
navs > naus avs > aus ᴱ√naf- > G. naus ✧ GL/59
ravst > raust avs > aus ᴱ√RAVA > G. raust ✧ LT1A/Meássë
kavθa- > kauθa- avθ > auθ #ᴱ√tyav- > G. cautha- ✧ GL/24

G. [x], [ɣ] sometimes became [i]; [{xɣ}] > [i]

HPG/§2.6 @@@

Order (03900)

Before 04100 final voiceless spirants restopped after consonants

Phonetic Rule Elements

[axC] > [aiC]
[aɣC] > [aiC]
[exC] > [aiC]
[eɣC] > [aiC]
[oxC] > [uiC]
[uɣC] > [uiC]
[-ax] > [-ai]
[-aɣ] > [-ai]
[-uɣ] > [-ui]

Phonetic Rule Examples

dax > dai -ax > -ai ᴱ√TAHA > G. dai ✧ LT1A/Telimektar
baɣ > bai -aɣ > -ai ᴱ√Baʒ̔- > G. Bai ✧ GL/21
fuɣ > fui -uɣ > -ui ᴱ√fuʒu > G. fui¹ ✧ GL/36
gaxs > gais axC > aiC ᴱ✶ı̯aksĕ > G. gais ✧ GL/37
kaxθ > kaiθ axC > aiC ᴱ✶kahta > G. caith ✧ GL/24
baɣð > baið aɣC > aiC ᴱ√Baʒ̔- > G. Baith ✧ GL/21
baɣða- > baiða- aɣC > aiC ᴱ√Baʒ̔- > G. baidha- ✧ GL/21
baɣl > bail aɣC > aiC ᴱ√Baʒ̔- > G. bail ✧ GL/21
baɣn > bain aɣC > aiC ᴱ√Baʒ̔- > G. Bain ✧ GL/21
exθ > aiθ exC > aiC ᴱ✶eχtă- > G. aith¹ ✧ GL/18
exθ > aiθ exC > aiC ᴱ✶ektĭ > G. aith² ✧ GL/18
exθaθ > aiθaθ exC > aiC ᴱ✶eχt·taþ· > G. aithos ✧ GL/18
exθi > aiθi exC > aiC ‽ᴱ✶ektī > G. †aithi ✧ GL/18
exθl > aiθl exC > aiC ᴱ✶ektḷ > G. aithl ✧ GL/18
kexθl > kaiθl exC > aiC ᴱ✶kekt(ǝ)lḗ > G. caithl ✧ GL/25
lexs > lais exC > aiC ᴱ✶leχ-sa > G. lais ✧ GL/53
mexs > mais exC > aiC ᴱ✶meχse > G. †mais ✧ GL/56
meɣðan > maiðan eɣC > aiC ᴱ✶megđana > G. maidhon ✧ GL/56
seɣðan > saiðan eɣC > aiC ᴱ✶sek’·ðana > G. Saidhon ✧ GL/66
foxn > fuin oxC > uiC ᴱ√foχo > G. fuin ✧ GL/36
foxs > fuis oxC > uiC ᴱ√foχo > G. fuis ✧ GL/36
foxθa- > fuiθa- oxC > uiC ᴱ√foχo > G. fuitha¹ ✧ GL/36
fuɣθa- > fuiθa- uɣC > uiC ᴱ√fuʒu > G. fuitha² ✧ GL/36