S. Parth Galen loc. “Green Sward”

S. Parth Galen, loc. “Green Sward”

Field by the shore of Nen Hithoel glossed “Green Sward” (LotR/417, RC/349), a combination of parth “sward” and the lenited form of calen “green”.

Conceptual Development: In Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s, Tolkien considered several names for this field, first N. Kelufain and Forfain revised to Calenbel >> N. Calembel (TI/371, TI/382). The name Calembel went through a number of revision starting with Cale(m)- before Tolkien settled on Parth Galen (WR/301, 307). Later, the name S. Calembel was reused for a town in Gondor (LotR/790).

References ✧ LotR/417; LotRI/Parth Galen; RC/349; SA/calen; TI/377; TII/Parth Galen; UTI/Parth Galen; WR/307; WRI/Calembel, Parth Galen

Glosses

Variations

Related

Elements

parth “field, enclosed grassland, sward” ✧ RC/349
calen “green; fresh, vigorous; †bright” soft-mutation ✧ RC/349; SA/calen

N. Calembel loc.

An earlier name for S. Parth Galen that appeared in Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s (TI/382), also appearing in variant forms Calenbel (TI/371), Calledin (WR/301) and Calembrith (WR/307). These forms all seem to contain N. calen “green”, but the meaning of the second element not entirely clear; Roman Rausch offered several suggestions in his analysis of these forms (EE/3.32). The name S. Calembel was later used for the name of a town in Gondor.

References ✧ TI/371, 382; TII/Calembel, Calenbel; WR/301, 307; WRI

Variations

Changes

Elements

calen “green, bright colored”
?

N. Forfain loc. “?White Beach”

An earlier name for S. Parth Galen that appeared in Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s (TI/382). It seems to be a combination of faur “beach, shore” and fein “white”, as suggested by Roman Rausch (EE/2.62).

Reference ✧ TI/382

Changes

Elements

faur “beach, shore”
fein “white, radiant”

N. Kelufain loc. “?White Source”

An earlier name for S. Parth Galen that appeared in Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s (TI/371, 382). It seems to be a combination of celw “spring, source” and fein “white”, as suggested by Roman Rausch (EE/2.62).

References ✧ TI/371, 382

Changes

Elements

celw “spring, source”
fein “white, radiant”