S. Minas Tirith loc. “Tower of Guard, Tower of Watch”

S. Minas Tirith, loc. “Tower of Guard, Tower of Watch”

The name of Minas Anor after the resurgence of Mordor, translated “Tower of Guard” (LotR/245) or “Tower of Watch” (PE17/31). The name was also used for a stronghold of the Noldor on Tol Sirion in Beleriand (S/120). This name is a combination of minas “tower” and tirith “watching, guarding” (SA/minas, tir; PE17/31).

Conceptual Development: As a tower of the Noldor, Tolkien first used the name N. Inglormindon, but revised it to N. Minnastirith (LR/146), translated “Watchtower” (LR/264). The form Minnas-tirith also appeared in The Etymologies (Ety/TIR). In Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s, Tolkien considered a variety of names for the capital of Gondor before settling on N. Minas Tirith (TI/115-6), which he initially translated as “Tower of Guard” (TI/127).

References ✧ LotR/245; LotRI/Minas Tirith; LT2I/Minas Tirith; PE17/31; PMI/Minas Tirith, Mundburg; S/297; SA/minas, tir; SD/129; SDI2/Minas Tirith; SI/Minas Tirith; UTI/Minas Tirith

Glosses

Elements

minas “tower, fort, city (with a citadel and central watch tower)” ✧ SA/minas
tirith “watching, guarding, watch, ward, guard” ✧ PE17/31 (tĭrith)
TIR “watch (over), look at, observe, gaze at” ✧ SA/tir

Element In

Cognates


N. Minas Tirith loc. “Tower of Guard”

See S. Minas Tirith for discussion.

References ✧ PE22/125; SDI1/Minas Tirith; TI/115-116, 127; TII/Minas Tirith; WRI/Minas Tirith

Glosses

Variations

Changes

Elements

S. minas “tower, fort, city (with a citadel and central watch tower)”
tirith “watch, guard” ✧ PE22/125

Cognates


N. Minnastirith loc. “Watchtower”

See S. Minas Tirith for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/TIR; LR/146, 264, 269; LRI/Inglormindon, Minnastirith; WJI/Minnas-tirith

Glosses

Variations

Changes

Elements

minnas “tower”
tirith “watch, guard” ✧ Ety/TIR
ᴹ√MIN “stand alone, stick out” ✧ Ety/TIR (MINI)

N. Inglormindon loc.

Earliest name for the Minas Tirith of Beleriand in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (LR/146 note #14), a combination of the name Inglor and mindon “tower”.

See S. Minas Tirith for further discussion.

References ✧ LR/146, 269; LRI/Inglormindon, Minnastirith

Changes

Elements

Inglor “*Heart of Gold”
mindon “tower, isolated hill (especially a hill with a watchtower)”