S. Minas Tirith loc. “Tower of Guard, Tower of Watch”
The name of Minas Anor after the resurgence of Mordor, translated “Tower of Guard” (LotR/245) or “Tower of Watch” (PE17/31). The name was also used for a stronghold of the Noldor on Tol Sirion in Beleriand (S/120). This name is a combination of minas “tower” and tirith “watching, guarding” (SA/minas, tir; PE17/31).
Conceptual Development: As a tower of the Noldor, Tolkien first used the name N. Inglormindon, but revised it to N. Minnastirith (LR/146), translated “Watchtower” (LR/264). The form Minnas-tirith also appeared in The Etymologies (Ety/TIR). In Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s, Tolkien considered a variety of names for the capital of Gondor before settling on N. Minas Tirith (TI/115-6), which he initially translated as “Tower of Guard” (TI/127).
References ✧ LotR/245; LotRI/Minas Tirith; LT2I/Minas Tirith; PE17/31; PMI/Minas Tirith, Mundburg; S/297; SA/minas, tir; SD/129; SDI2/Minas Tirith; SI/Minas Tirith; UTI/Minas Tirith
|minas||“tower, fort, city (with a citadel and central watch tower)”||✧ SA/minas|
|tirith||“watching, guarding, watch, ward, guard”||✧ PE17/31 (tĭrith)|
|√TIR||“watch (over), look at, observe, gaze at”||✧ SA/tir|
N. Minas Tirith loc. “Tower of Guard”
References ✧ PE22/125; SDI1/Minas Tirith; TI/115-116, 127; TII/Minas Tirith; WRI/Minas Tirith
|S. minas||“tower, fort, city (with a citadel and central watch tower)”|
|tirith||“watch, guard”||✧ PE22/125|
N. Minnastirith loc. “Watchtower”
References ✧ Ety/TIR; LR/146, 264, 269; LRI/Inglormindon, Minnastirith; WJI/Minnas-tirith
|tirith||“watch, guard”||✧ Ety/TIR|
|ᴹ√MIN||“stand alone, stick out”||✧ Ety/TIR (MINI)|
N. Inglormindon loc.
See S. Minas Tirith for further discussion.
References ✧ LR/146, 269; LRI/Inglormindon, Minnastirith
|Inglor||“*Heart of Gold”|
|mindon||“tower, isolated hill (especially a hill with a watchtower)”|