Primitive Elvish Roots

ABA root. see BĀ/ABA
AD(A) root. “by (the side of), beside, alongside; against, opposed to, opposite”
AK root. “hostile return”
AKAS root. “neck, ridge”
AL(A) root. “good (physically), blessed, fortunate, prosperous, health(y)”
ALAB root. “elm”
ALAK root. “rushing”
AM¹ root. “mother”
AM² root. “go up”
AMA root. “addition, increase, plus”
AMAN root. “good (morally), blessed, holy, unmarred, free from evil” see MAN
ANA root. see NA/ANA
ANAD root. “long; far”
ANGA root. “iron”
APA root. see PĀ/APA
APHA root. “before of time” see PHĀ/APHA
AR root. “beyond, further than; outside; beside, along side”
ARA root. see RĀ/ARA
ARAN root. “good, excellent, noble”
ARAT root. “good, excellent, noble”
ARI root. “good, excellent, noble”
AS¹ root. “warmth”
AS² root. “beside”
AT root. “two, double, bi-, di-; back, re-; across, over, lying from side to side”
AT(AR) root. “father”
ATATA root. “two”
ATHA root. see THĀ/ATHA
ATTA root. see ATATA
AW root. “possess, own, keep (have in hand, use or with one)”
AYA(N) root. “blessed; treat with awe/reverence”
AYAR root. “sea” see GAY(AR)
BĀ/ABA root. “refuse, forbid, prohibit, say nay (in refusal or denial)”
BAL root. “power; powerful, mighty; have power”
BA(N) root. “meet, come up against; go (away)”
BAN root. “beauty (due to lack of fault or blemish); fair, beautiful”
#BAR root.
BARAD root. “lofty, high, height combined with strength/size/majesty”
BARAS root. “height combined with strength/majesty”
BARAT root. “lofty, high, height combined with strength/size/majesty”
BARATH root. “height combined with strength/size/majesty”
BEL root. “*strong”
BER root. “to mate, be mated, joined in marriage”
BUZBU root. “*large fly”
DAL root. “bottom, ground”
DANTA root. “*fall down” see DAT
DAT root. “fall down, fall to ground”
DAY root. “*great”
DEL¹ root. “walk, go, proceed, travel”
DEL² root. “fair”
DEL³ root. “thick, dense”
DER root. “hard, difficult”
DEW root. “go wrong, fail”
DOM root. “dark, faint, dim”
DOR root. “hard, tough”
DROB root.
DUR root. “to show special interest in things”
DUY root. “flow (strongly), flood, drench, inundate, pour”
EB root. “can of mere possibility according to likelihood, natural probability, etc.”
EK root. “sharp point”
EKE root. “it is open” see KE/EKE
EL root. “star; behold!”
ELED root. “Star-Folk, Elf”
EM¹ root. “depict, portray”
EM² root. “mother” see AM¹
EN root. “again, once more, go on doing, next; further, beyond”
root. “be, exist”
ENED root. “centre, middle”
ENEK root. “six”
ENET root.
ER root. “one, single, alone”
ET root. “out, forth”
EWE root. see WĒ/EWE
EYE root. “feminine”
GAL¹ root. “light; shine, be bright”
GAL² root. “grow (like plants), flourish, be healthy, be vigorous, bloom”
GAL(AB) root. “flower”
GALAM root. “elm”
GAP root. “bend (tr.)”
GAS root. “*warmth” see AS¹
GAY(AR) root. “awe, dread; astound, make aghast; sea”
GIL root. see (Ñ)GIL
(G)LAN root. “rim, edge, border, boundary”
(G)LAWAR root. “gold (colour)”
GLIM root. “gleam, glint”
(G)LOS root. “snow, whiteness”
GRON root.
GUR root. “hard, stiff, difficult, cumbrous, slow”
GWAL root. “be stirred, excited; emotion, movement of feelings”
(G)WAN root. “pale, fair”
GWAY root.
GWEN root. “fair, beautiful; (probably originally) fresh, fair, unblemished (especially of beauty of youth)”
GWETH root. “report, give account of”
GYEL root. “ringing”
GYOL root. see GYEL
HAN root. “add to, increase, enhance, enrich, honour (especially by gift); give”
HATH root. “treat kindly/make easy, (help to) cure”
HEK root. “aside, apart, separate”
HEN root. “middle; again”
HENET root. “middle”
HO root.
HOR root. “urge, impel, move; warn, counsel”
ƷAN root. “adorn; extend”
IBI root.
ID root. “desire, long for”
IL root. “all”
IMI root. see MI/IMI
ING root. “first, foremost”
IN(ID) root. “mind, (inner) thought, inmost heart, inner senses”
INIS root. “inmost heart, thought, mind” see IN(ID)
IR root. “desire, long for”
IS root. “know”
IT¹ root. “glitter, shine, shimmer, twinkle”
IT² root. “repeat, multiply; (great) enhancement”
root. “after (later than) of time”
KAB root. “hold, contain, retain, possess, have in hand”
KAL root. “light; shine, be bright”
KALAK root. “glass”
KALAR root.
KALAT root.
KAM root. “fit, suit, agree, be agreeable”
KAN root. “cry aloud; (Q.) command”
KANAT root. “four”
KAR root. “do, make”
KARAK root. “sharp fang, spike, tooth”
KARAP root.
KAS root. “head”
KAT root. “shape”
KAW root. “shelter”
KAY root. “lie (down)”
KAYAN root. “ten”
KE root. “may (be)”
KE/EKE root. “it is open”
KEL root. “flow (down or away), run (of water or rivers), go away”
KEN root. “see, perceive, note”
KES root. “other”
KETH root. “to examine (something), enquire of, question, *seek”
KEW root. “new, fresh; anew, repeated; live of vegetables”
KEY root.
KHAB root. “heap up, pile up”
KHAD root. “sit”
KHAG¹ root. “stake”
KHAG² root. “pile up”
KHAL root. “raise; lift up or extend upwards”
KHAN¹ root. “brother”
KHAN² root. “back”
KHAP root. “keep, detain”
KHAW¹ root. “rest, lie at ease; cover up, hide away, lay in store”
KHAW² root. “big”
KHAWAD root. “store, hoard”
KHEL root. “ice”
KHELEK root. “ice”
KHEN root. “base of eye-words”
KHEP root. “retain, keep, do not give away or release, keep hold of”
KHER root. “possess”
KHIL root. “follow (behind)”
KHIM root. “adhere, stick, cleave [to]”
KHIN root. “child”
KHIR root. “light on, find”
KHITH root. “mist”
KHOL¹ root. see SKOL
KHOL² root. “crow, cry aloud”
KHO(M) root. “heart”
KHOT root. “gather”
KHU root.
KHUG root. “bark, bay”
KHY- root. “other”
KHYĀ root. “before, in front of place”
KIL root. “choose, select”
KIM root. “edge, brink of”
KIN/KIT root.
KIR root. “cut, cleave, pass swiftly through”
KIRIS root. “cleave, cut”
KOB/KOM root. “gather, collect”
KOL root. “bear, carry, wear”
KON root. “lord; to lead” see *KUN(DU)
KOR root. “round”
KOROK root. “hen” see POROK
KOT(H) root. “strive, quarrel”
KOY root.
KUB root. “hide, secrete”
KUL root. “golden-red”
*KUN(DU) root. “to lead; lord”
KUR root. “skill, craft; have power, strength, ability inherent physically or mentally”
KUY root. “live”
KWA root. “complete, full, whole, all, every”
KWAL root. “die, pain”
KWAR root. “press together, squeeze, wring”
KWAT root. “fill; full”
KWAY root. “ten”
KWE root. “vocal speech”
KWEL root. “fade (away), die away, grow faint; wither”
KWEN root. “speak with rational words”
KWENED root. “Elf”
KWER root. “revolve”
KWET root. “say”
KWI root. “suppose”
KWIN root. “crest, salient or top edge”
KWIS root. “inquire, suppose”
KYAB root. “taste” see KYAW
?KYANAT root.
KYAW root. “taste, select, choose”
KYEL¹ root. “go down slowly”
KYEL² root. “(come to an) end, cease, run out”
KYELEP root. “silver”
LA root. “no, not; to be not”
root. “interjection of pleasure/assent”
LAB root. “lick, move the tongue”
LAD root. “bottom, ground”
LAƷ root. “cross, pass over, go beyond”
LAL root. “laugh”
LAM root. “inarticulate voiced sounds”
LAN root. “stretch, extend”
LAP root. “fold, bend”
LAS¹ root. “leaf”
LAS² root. “listen”
LAT¹ root. “open, unenclosed, free to entry; low, lowlying, at ground level”
LAT² root. “fall (to the ground)”
LAW¹ root.
LAW² root. “flourish (green), grow”
LAWAR root. see (G)LAWAR
LAY root. “*fresh, green; [ᴱ√] be alive, flourish”
LED root. “go, proceed”
LEK root. “loose, unbind, let, permit”
LEMEK root.
LEN root. “way” see LED
LEÑ root.
LEP root. “pick up/out (with the fingers)”
LEPEN root. “five”
LER root. “free”
LEWEK root. “worm”
LI root. “many”
LIM root. “link, join; ?swift”
LIN¹ root. “pool, mere, lake”
LIN² root. “sing, make a musical sound”
LIND root. “sing” see LIN²
LIP root. “oil”
LIR root. “sing, warble”
LIS root.
LISKI root.
LOG root. “wet (and soft), soaked, swampy”
LOK root. “bend, loop”
LON root.
LOR root. see (O)LOS/R
LOS¹ root. see (G)LOS
LOS² root. see (O)LOS/R
LOT(H) root. “flower”
LOW root. “flow freely (fully)”
LOY root. “go wrong, fail”
LUB¹ root. “bend”
LUB² root. “shadow, darkness” see LUM
LUK root. “haul, drag, *pull”
LUM root. “shadow, darkness”
LUT root. “float”
LUY root. “blue”
MA root. “interrogative base”
MAB root. “lump, mass”
MAG root. “good (physically); to thrive, be in a good state”
MAH root. “handle, manage, control, wield; serve, be of use”
MAƷ root. see MAH
MAK root. “cut, cleave, hew with a sharp edge; kill, slay; forge metal”
MAL root. “yellow, gold”
MALAT root. “gold”
MAN root. “good (morally), blessed, holy, unmarred, free from evil”
MAP root. “take away, take hold of, grasp”
MASAG root.
MAT root. “eat”
MAY root. “excellent, admirable; (make) art”
MBAR root. “settle, dwell; establish, fix, decide, determine, make a decision”
M(B)ARAT root. “doom, fate”
MBAS root. “bake”
MBEL root. “*strong” see BEL
(M)BELEK root. “great, mighty, powerful, strong”
(M)BOL root. see
MBON root.
MEL root. “love”
MEN root. “go, move, proceed, make for, go towards; have as object, (in)tend”
MENEL root. “heavens, firmament”
MET root. “end, finally”
MI/IMI root. “in, within”
MIK root. “pierce”
MIL(IK) root. “*greed, lust”
MIN root. “stand alone, stick out; one, first of a series”
MIR root. “precious; esteem, value”
MITH root. “grey”
MIZDI root.
root. “labour, be afflicted”
MOR root. “black”
MOT root. “fen, marsh”
root. “be, exist”
NA/ANA root. “to, towards”
NAK root. “bite”
NAKH root. “narrow, thin”
ÑAL root. see Ñ(G)AL
*NAM root. “judge”
NAP root. “take (hold), pick up, grasp (with the whole hand), seize quickly (with fingers)”
ÑAR root. “by, beside, near”
NAR root. “fire, flame”
NASAG root.
NATH root. “welcome, be kind to”
NAY¹ root. “cause bitter grief or pain, lament”
NAY² root. “have opportunity, chance or permission; be allowed by circumstance [or] way of the world”
NDA root. “long; far” see ANAD
NDAB¹ root. “endeavor, try, seek opportunity”
NDAB² root. “to judge”
NDAK root. “hew, slay”
(N)DAN root. “back (again)”
NDAY root. “dreadful, abominable, detestable”
NDEB root. see NDAB¹
N(D)ER root. “male (person), man”
(N)DIL root. “to love (as a friend or equal), be devoted to”
(N)DIP/B root. “bending and drooping”
NDOR root. “land; hard, firm; [ᴹ√] dwell, stay, rest, abide”
NDU root. “under, down; sink, descend”
(N)DUP/B root. “bending and drooping”
(N)DUR root. “bow down, obey, serve”
NE root. “scent”
NEB root. “turn towards (speaker)”
NEG root. “‽ooze, drip”
NEK¹ root. “narrow”
NEK² root. “divide, separate, part; deprive”
NEL root. “three”
NELED root. “3”
NELEK root. “tooth”
NEN root. “water”
NER root. see N(D)ER
NET root. “trim (pretty/dainty)”
NETER root. “9”
NETH root. “young, fresh, lively, merry; young woman”
Ñ(G)AL root. “shine (by reflection)”
ÑGAW root. “howl; falsify, deform, disguise”
(Ñ)GAY root. “gape, become wide, open, vast”
(Ñ)GIL root. “shine (white); silver glint”
ÑGOL¹ root. “knowledge, wisdom, lore”
ÑGOL² root. “dark-hued, dark-brown”
ÑGOLOD root.
ÑGOR root. “dread, horror, fear, terror”
ÑGUL root. “dark with sinister associations”
ÑGUR root. “death”
(Ñ)GWAL root. “(suffer) torment, agony”
NGWAW root. “howl” see ÑGAW
NI root. “me”
NĪ/INI root.
NID root. “force, press(ure), thrust”
NIƷ root.
NIK root. “small”
NIK(W) root. “white; snow, ice”
NIP root. “small”
NIR root. “will, intention, conscious resolve to move or do”
NIS root. “woman”
NŌ/ONO root. “beget, give birth to; be born”
NOR root. “run (or leap) of animals or men”
NOT root. “count, reckon”
NŪ/UNU root. “under, down; go down, sink”
NUK root. “dwarf, stunted”
ÑYEL/ÑYOL root. “ringing”
OKO root. “evil, wicked, bad”
OL root.
OLOB root. “branch”
OLOR root. see (O)LOS/R
(O)LOS/R root. “dream, vision; sleep”
OM root. “of resonant sounds”
ONO root. see NŌ/ONO
OP root.
OPO root. “before of place, ahead, in front”
ORO root. see RŌ/ORO
OROK root.
OS root. “making a hissing foaming noise”
OTO root. see TŌ/OTO
OTOS/OTOK root. “seven”
OWO root. “masculine”
OY root. “ever, continual, unceasing”
PĀ/APA root. “touch; after, behind of place”
PAK root. “close, shut”
PAKAT root. “*talk, speech”
PAL root. “wide (open), broad, extended”
PAN root. “arrange, set in order”
PAR¹ root. “arrange, compose, put together; learn”
PAR² root. “peel”
PATH root. “smooth (to feel), silky”
PED root. “slope, slant down”
PEL root. “fence, border, edge, bound, limit”
PEN root. “lack, be without, have not”
PEÑ root. “*lip, mouth”
PER root. “divide in middle, halve”
PEY root.
PHĀ/APHA root. “before of time”
PHAL root. “foam, splash”
PHAN root. “cover, screen, veil”
PHAR(AN) root. “*rowan”
PHAW root. “breath, puff of breath; gape, emit (foul breath)”
PHAY root. “spirit”
PHEL root. “*emotion”
PHELEK root. “*cave”
PHELES root. “*cave” see PHELEK
PHEN root. “door”
PHER root.
PHĪ root. “skill, dexterity” see PHIN¹
PHILIK root. “finch”
PHIM root.
PHIN¹ root. “clever, skillful; neat, fine, delicate; skill, dexterity”
PHIN² root. “hair” see SPIN(ID)
PHIR root. “exhale, expire, breathe out”
PHŌ/Ū root. “interjection of displeasure/dissent”
PHUT root.
[ᴱ√]*PIN root. “little”
PIRI root. “close eyes, blink, wink”
POL root. “can, have physical power and ability”
POROK root. “hen”
PUT root.
RĀ/ARA root. “noble, high, royal”
RAB root. “astray, wandering, unsettled”
RAD root.
RAN root. “wander, stray, meander, go on an uncertain course, go aside from a course (commanded or self-chosen); err”
RAPH root. “seize, grab”
RAS root. “horn”
RAT² root. “tower up”
RATH root. “climb”
RAY¹ root. “net, knit, contrive network or lace, involve in a network, enlace”
RAY² root. “smile”
REB root. “entangle, snare, trap” see REM
RED root. “scatter, sow”
REK root. “to recover, save (from ruin, peril, loss), get out or away”
REM root. “entangle, snare, trap”
REN root. “recall, have in mind”
RES root. “remain in same place” see RETH
RET root. “climb”
RETH root. “remain in same place”
RIG root. “wreath, twine; garland, crown”
RIK¹ root. “put forth effort, strive, endeavour”
RIK² root. “twist”
RIL root. “brilliant, brilliance”
RINGI root. “cold”
RIS root. “cleave, cut; slash, rip”
RŌ/ORO root. “up; rise (up), mount”
ROM root. “loud noise; horn noise”
*ROÑ root.
RON¹ root. “arch over, roof in”
RON² root. “solid, tangible, firm”
ROS root. “spindrift, spray”
ROT root. “dig, excavate, tunnel”
RUƷUS root.
RUK root.
RUN¹ root. “red, glowing”
RUN² root. “rub, grind, smooth, polish”
RUS root. “brownish red”
RUTH root. “anger, rage, wrath”
RUY root. “blaze (red)”
S- root. “privative”
SAB root. “believe (that statements, reports, traditions, etc. are) true, accept as fact”
SAD root. “strip, flay, peel off”
SAK root. “draw, pull”
SAL root.
SAM¹ root. “to have”
SAM² root. “mind, think, reflect, be aware”
SAN root. “think, use mind; (tran.) ponder, consider in thought”
SAP root. “dig”
SAR root. “score, incise; write”
SAT root. “space, place; divide, apportion, mark off”
SATAR root. “faithful, trust, loyal, rely, steadfast”
SATH root. “pair”
SAW root. “digusting, foul, vile”
SED root. “rest, repose”
SEN root. “let loose, free, let go”
SEREK root. “blood”
SIB root. “rest, quiet”
SIL root. “shine (white or silver)”
SI(N) root. “this, here, now”
SIR root. “flow”
SKAL root. “cover, veil, cloak, conceal”
SKEY root. “pass”
SKOL root. “shut, close”
SKOR root. “rough, marred, unequal or unsymmetrical in shape”
SKŪ/KHŪ root. “curse”
SLAS root. “ear”
SLON root. “noise”
SLOUN root.
SLOY root.
SNAG root. “wound, gash”
SOK root. “drink, gulp, quaff, drain” see SUK
SOÑ root.
SOT root. “shelter, protect, defend”
SPAN root. “cover, veil, cloak, conceal; white”
SPAR root. “hunt, pursue”
SPIN(ID) root. “fine thread, filament; hair”
SRAB root. “wild”
SRAG root. “awkward, awry; hard, (very) difficult”
SRAK root. “hard, difficult” see SRAG
SRAW root. “body, flesh”
SRAY root. “easy, pliant, moving with ease”
SRIS root. “snow”
SRIT root. “to complete a work or design”
SRITH root. “snow”
SRON root. “flesh, substance, matter”
(S)ROT root. see ROT
SRUG root. “*evil, wicked”
STAL root. “strong”
STAR root. “stiff”
STEL root. “remain firm”
STEN root. “cut short, limit, confine, cramp”
STIN root. “grey”
*STIR root. “face”
STOR root. “steadfast”
STUK root.
root. “wind”
SUK root. “drink, gulp, quaff, drain”
SUR root. “noise of wind”
SYAD root. “compress”
SYAR root. “score, incise; write” see SAR
TA root. “that, there, then; demonstrative”
TĀ/TAƷ root. “high”
TAK root. “fasten, fix”
TAL root. “foot; *flat; [ᴱ√] support”
TALAM root. “flat space”
TALAT root. “slip (down)”
TAM root. “construct”
TAN¹ root. “construct, make with tools”
TAN² root. “indicate, show”
TAR root. “stand”
TAS root. “point out, indicate”
TATA root. see ATATA
TATHAR root.
TAW root. “wood”
TAY root. “stretch, extend, make long(er); mark, line, limit”
TE root. “3rd person plural pronoun”
TEG root. “line”
TEK root. “make a written mark, sign”
TEL root. “close, end, complete, come to an end”
TELES root. “come at rear, end a line or series”
TELU root. “roof in, put the crown on a building”
TEN root. “direction; point (toward); end (in sense of point aimed at)”
TEÑ root. “indicate, signify, show, represent, betoken, mark, to point at”
TER root. “pierce”
TEW root. “show, sign, indicate” see TEÑ
THĀ/ATHA root. “ease, comfort, heal; be helpful; be willing to assist (in any work, etc.), agree, consent”
THAG root. “oppress, crush, press”
THAN root. “kindle, set light to, fire, light”
THAR¹ root. “*across, beyond”
THAR² root. “vigour”
THAW root. “cruel; stink”
THER root. “sew”
THIL root. “shine silver”
THIN root.
THOL root. “stand up, top”
THOR root. “steadfast” see STOR
THOS root. “frighten, terrify; show dread of”
THOW root. “stink”
THŪ root. “puff, blow”
THUS root. “evil mist, fog, darkness”
TIG root.
TIL root. “point, horn”
TIN root. “sparkle, spark”
TIR root. “watch (over), look at, observe, gaze at”
TŌ/OTO root. “back”
TOK/NOK root. “non-resonant sounds”
TOL root. “stick up”
TOLOB root.
TOLOD root. “8”
TOLOT root. see TOLOD
TOM root. “of resonant sounds”
TOR root. “secrete, hide”
TUD root.
TUL root. “come, approach, move towards (point of speaker)”
TUP root. “cover over, hide”
TUR root. “dominate, master, conquer; power [over others], mastery (legitimate or illegitimate), control (of other wills); strong, mighty in power”
TURUK root. “*strong”
TUY root. “sprout, bud”
Ū root. “denial of fact, privation”
UB root. “have in mind, consider, ponder; to approach”
UG root. “dislike”
UGU/UMU root. “expressing privation”
UK root. “nasty”
UL root. “pour (out), flow”
UM root. “teem, throng; large”
UÑG root. “spider word”
UNU root. see NŪ/UNU
UR root. “heat, be hot”
URUN root. “copper”
(U)RUTH root. see RUTH
USUK root. “dusk”
UTHU root. “[wrong] with a bad sense”
root. “blow; noise of wind”
WĀ/AWA root. “away (from); go (away), depart, pass away, move (from speaker); before (of time), ago”
WAN root. see (G)WAN
WATH root. “*shade”
WATHAR root.
WAW root. “blow (of wind), be disturbed”
WAY root. see WAW
WE root. “dual”
WĒ/EWE root. “a person or being”
WEG root. “live, be active”
WEƷ root. “masculinity apart from sex” see WEG
WEN(ED) root. “maiden, girl, virgin; woman”
WIG root. see WIR
WIN root. “young”
WIR root. “weave”
WIS root. “alter, change, shift”
WIW root. see WAW
WO root. “together”
WOR root. “express, cause to exude (by pressure)”
YA root. “there, over there, back/ago (of time)”
YAD root. “wide” see YAN¹
YAG root. “gap; yawn, gape”
YAN¹ root. “wide, extensive, large, vast, huge; extend”
YAN² root. “*join”
YOD root. “fence, enclose”
YON¹ root. “son”
YON² root. “wide, extensive”
YU root. “two, both”
YUL root. “drink”